Cummingsburg, or historically Cumingsburg, is a ward in Georgetown, Guyana.It began as 500-acre plantation, La Bourgade about 1759. When Thomas Cumming, a Scotsman, bought the property, he developed a town plan with residential and commercial lots and streets. The town layout was modified after a fire that burnt much of the town in 1864. Today, it is the site of several museums, including a national and anthropological museum.
Jaques Salignac established 500-acre plantation, La Bourgade, about 1759 after having received approval for a grant by the Court of Policy. It was renamed Plantation La Bourgade Cummingsburg after it was purchased in 1807 by Scotsman Thomas Cumming.A church was established in Cummingsburg by the London Missionary Society by 1814. Dorothy Thomas, also known as Miss Doll, was considered the head of the "colored class", who was considered wealthy and had the "deportment of an empress". She owned property in Cummingsburg and by 1832 had 51 enslaved people, which were employed by here as huckstresses. Thomas lived on her cotton estate called Kensington on the coast and in Georgetown in a "splendidly furnished house".
An asylum was established in Cummingsburg by 1859, and Queens College Grammar School was establishedby 1866. On July 5, 1864, a fire spread through Georgetown and destroying much of South Cummingsburg, which became known as the "burnt district", and within days planning began to rebuild the area with an improved plan, as well as improvements to Northwestern Cummingsburg. For instance, plans were made to change the layout of the house lots and streets, including the addition of new streets. There were also plans to ensuring that there was sufficient infrastructure to support expansion.
A town two miles in circumference, it was regularly arranged and had fresh water reservoirs that were stocked with small fish. Luke M. Hill later had Lotus lilies and Victoria Amazonica planted in the bodies of water.At the end of the 19th century, neighborhoods throughout Georgetown were cleared of old, dilapidated slum housing. In Cummingsburg, housing was lost for the expansion of the Promenade Gardens, where in 1897, the Main Street reservoir was filled up and made into a walkway called the Queen Victoria Promenade, in honor of the queen's Diamond Jubilee. It is now named Main Street Avenue. Other reservoirs were covered as well at a later date.
Andrew Carnegie, a Scottish-American philanthropist and industrialist, provided the money for the construction of a public library in 1909. Initially, it was partially a museum with sections for History, Anthropology, and Economic Science. By 1951, the library occupied the entire building.
By the early 20th century, the ward was populated by Afro-Guyanese, Portuguese, a few of the Indo-Guyanese, and some of the area's few Europeans.The Europeans were primarily those of British heritage, who were also the most financially secure within Georgetown. The ward had pockets of upper-class residences. Infracture indicated the degree to which there were people with stable finances, based upon race, class and ethnicity. Cummingsburg was the only ward to have concrete-lined drains by 1912. The area's public health department was located in Cummingsburg, one of the areas that benefited from an aggressive plan to curb mosquitos in the early 20th century.
Georgetown is the capital and largest city of Guyana. It is situated in Demerara-Mahaica, region 4, on the Atlantic Ocean coast, at the mouth of the Demerara River. It is nicknamed the "Garden City of the Caribbean." It is the retail and administrative and financial services centre of the country, and the city accounts for a large portion of Guyana's GDP. The city recorded a population of 118,363 in the 2012 census.
The history of Guyana begins about 35,000 years ago with the arrival of humans coming from Eurasia. These migrants became the Carib and Arawak tribes, who met Alonso de Ojeda's first expedition from Spain in 1499 at the Essequibo River. In the ensuing colonial era, Guyana's government was defined by the successive policies of Spanish, French, Dutch, and British settlers.
British Guiana was a British colony, part of the mainland British West Indies, which resides on the northern coast of South America. Since 1966 it has been known as the independent nation of Guyana.
Georgetown Public Hospital (GPHC), in Georgetown, Guyana, is the country's largest hospital. GPHC is the main teaching hospital in Guyana and serves as both a regional public hospital and as the national referral hospital.
St. George's Cathedral is an Anglican cathedral in Georgetown, Guyana. The wooden church reaches a height of 43.5 metres (143 ft). It is the seat of the Bishop of Guyana.
Buxton is a village in the Demerara-Mahaica Region of Guyana, standing about midway between Georgetown and Enmore.
The Railways of Guyana comprised two public railways, the Demerara-Berbice Railway and the Demerara-Essequibo railway. There are also several industrial railways mainly for the bauxite industry. The Demerara-Berbice Railway is the oldest in South America. None of the railways are in operation in the 21st century.
Georgetown City Hall is a nineteenth-century Gothic Revival building located on the corner of Regent Street and Avenue of the Republic in Georgetown, Guyana. The building was designed by architect Reverend Ignatius Scoles in 1887, and was completed in June 1889. The building houses the offices of the Mayor, the City Council, and the City Engineer.
Jan Lowe Shinebourne, also published as Janice Shinebourne, is a Guyanese novelist who now lives in England. In a unique position to be able to provide an insight into multicultural Caribbean culture, Shinebourne's is a rare and distinctive voice : She grew up on a colonial sugar plantation and was deeply affected by the dramatic changes her country went through in its transition from a colony to independence. She wrote her early novels to record this experience.
Guyana National Museum is a museum in Georgetown, Demerara-Mahaica, Guyana. It was established on 13 February 1868. The idea of starting a museum was conceived by members of the Royal Agricultural and Commercial Society (RACS) of British Guiana. When RACS was established in 1844, one of its aims was to construct a Museum to house local minerals, soils, timbers, fruits, seeds, gums, resins, dyes and drugs, as well as the flora and fauna of the country. British explorer Robert Schomburgk, the German botanist Carl Ferdinand Appun, Mr Bratt, and W.H. Campbell presented gifts to the RACS in order to start a Museum Collection. A fire in 1864 destroyed the donated collections.
New Amsterdam Public Hospital in New Amsterdam, Guyana, is the country's biggest hospital after Georgetown Public Hospital. It's old building is one of the two surviving buildings designed by Cesar Castellani, an architect employed in the Public Works Department of British Guiana.
Walter Edmund Roth was a British colonial administrator, anthropologist and medical practitioner, who worked in Queensland, Australia and British Guiana between 1898 and 1928.
The first numbers of Chinese arrived in British Guiana in 1853, forming an important minority of the indentured workforce. After their indenture, many who stayed on in Guyana came to be known as successful retailers, with considerable integration with the local culture. The most notable person of Chinese ancestry, Arthur Chung, was independent Guyana's first President from 1970 to 1980, and the first head of state of a non-Asian country.
Bourda Cemetery is an eighteenth-century cemetery situated on Bourda Street in Georgetown, Guyana. Formerly known as "Bourda's Walk", Bourda cemetery is the oldest cemetery in Georgetown, and the only surviving plantation cemetery in the city. It is considered a national landmark and has been listed as a monument by the National Trust of Guyana.
Alfred Athiel Thorne, LLD, MA or A.A. Thorne, was a Popular Statesman, author, education and human rights advocate in British Guiana. He established and lead one of the first human rights and labor rights institutions in the Western Hemisphere and founded one of the world's first co-educational private secondary schools in 1894.
General elections were held in British Guiana in 1916.
General elections were held in British Guiana in 1906.
James Rodway was an eminent British-born Guyanese historian, botanist and novelist. Widely credited as Guyana's premier historian, Rodway helped to establish national institutions such as the Royal Agricultural and Commercial Society of British Guiana and the British Guiana Museum. A fellow of the Linnean Society, in later years he served as Editor of the colony's literary and scientific journal, Timehri.
Plantation Peter's Hall was a plantation on the east bank of the River Demerara in Dutch Guiana and British Guiana. It was probably laid out in the mid-eighteenth century and by the early nineteenth century had over 200 slaves before that institution was abolished in the British Empire.
Werk-en-rust, also Werken-Rust, is a ward in Georgetown, Guyana, located along the Demerara River that feeds into the Atlantic Ocean.