Bartica

Last updated
Bartica
Town and regional capital
Bartica.png
Etymology: Red Earth
Nickname(s): 
Gateway to the Interior
Guyana location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bartica
Location in Guyana
Coordinates: 06°24′N58°37′W / 6.400°N 58.617°W / 6.400; -58.617 Coordinates: 06°24′N58°37′W / 6.400°N 58.617°W / 6.400; -58.617
CountryFlag of Guyana.svg  Guyana
Region Cuyuni-Mazaruni
Population
 (2012) [1]
  Total8,004
Demonym(s) Bartician
Climate Af

Bartica, Essequibo, is a town on the left bank of the Essequibo River in Cuyuni-Mazaruni (Region 7), at the confluence of the Cuyuni and Mazaruni Rivers with the Essequibo River in Guyana. It is the regional capital of Cuyuni-Mazaruni. [2]

Contents

Considered the "Gateway to the Interior", the town has a population of 8,004 as of 2012, [1] and is the launching point for people who work in the bush, mining gold and diamonds. [3]

History

The town developed from an Anglican missionary settlement, established in 1837, and consecrated in 1843. [4] The name Bartica comes from an indigenous word meaning "red earth", abundant in the area. [4]

Education

Bartica has two secondary school Bartica Secondary and Three Miles Secondary and three primary schools, St. Anthony's Primary and St. John-the-Baptist and Two Miles Primary. There are several other primary schools in the surrounding riverine communities.

Road in Bartica One of the main avenue in Bartica.jpg
Road in Bartica

Health

The region 7 hospital is located in Bartica and is known for having implemented the country’s first electronic Health Information System in 2005, developed by Peace Corps volunteers Geoffrey Thompson and Jason Knueppel. [5]

Tourism

Bartica can be reached from Parika, Essequibo and Linden, Demarara. The Denham Suspension Bridge, also known as the Garraway Stream Bridge, links Bartica to Mahdia. [5]

Bartica Airport is 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) southwest of the town.

North of Bartica lie the ruins of the Dutch fort Kyk-Over-Al, [4] former government seat for the County of Essequibo. Bartica is also close to Marshall Falls. [4]

There are several hotels in the town including the Platinum Inn, The New Modern Hotel, Balkarran's Guest House (D factor to D interior), and Zen's Plaza. There is also a thriving nightclub located in the Modern Hotel building.

Central Bartica.jpg

Several Brazilians live in Bartica, so one can find Brazilian restaurants and bars. There are several restaurants as well as local fast food joints including Sunset Boulevard, which is a perfect place to meet and have a bite while getting information from locals. There are also several resorts around the Bartica area including Baganara, Shanklands (not open at the moment), Whitewater and a Guesthouse in Byderabo. From Bartica, persons can also gain access to pristine riverain communities to experience the true indigenous way of life.

During the Easter weekend every year, Bartica hosts the Bartica Regatta, [5] with a growing variety of entertaining holiday activities including water sports (featuring mostly speed boats), cricket, boxing, soccer, talent shows, a street parade, and a Miss Bartica Regatta Pageant. The Regatta attracts people from all parts of Guyana, and even from other countries. There is also a summer Regatta, which is held annually in August.

Notable people

Massacre

On the 17th of February 2008 Bartica was allegedly attacked by Rondell Rawlins' heavily armed gang. Twelve people, including three policemen, were shot dead as the gang terrorized the town. The Bartica Police Station was overrun by the gunmen during the rampage and several business places robbed during the hour-long mayhem. The gang and attack is believed to linked to the Lusignan Massacre three weeks earlier. The perpetrators were killed on August 28, 2008 at one of their hideouts near the Guyanese capital Georgetown in a shootout with the police. [9]

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Essequibo River

The Essequibo River is the largest river in Guyana, and the largest river between the Orinoco and Amazon. Rising in the Acarai Mountains near the Brazil–Guyana border, the Essequibo flows to the north for 1,014 kilometres (630 mi) through forest and savanna into the Atlantic Ocean. With a total drainage basin of 151,000 square kilometres (58,000 sq mi) and an average discharge of 4,531 cubic metres per second (160,000 cu ft/s).

Regions of Guyana

Guyana is divided into 10 Regions:

Cuyuni River

The Cuyuni River is a South American river and a tributary of the Essequibo River. It rises in the Guiana Highlands of Venezuela, where it descends northward to El Dorado, and turns eastward to meander through the tropical rain forests of the Cuyuni-Mazaruni Region of Guyana. It finally turns southeastward, flowing to its confluence with the Mazaruni River.

Cuyuni-Mazaruni Region of Guyana

Cuyuni-Mazaruni is a region of Guyana. Venezuela claims the territory as part of Guayana Esequiba.

Mazaruni River

The Mazaruni River is a tributary of the Essequibo River in northern Guyana. Its source is in the remote western forests of the Pakaraima Mountains and its confluence with the Cuyuni River is near Bartica. As it descends from the Guiana Highlands the river runs south-east, past Issano, then northward to Bartica. The river is a source of alluvial gold.

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Upper Demerara-Berbice is a region of Guyana, bordering the regions of Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, Demerara-Mahaica and Mahaica-Berbice to the north, the region of East Berbice-Corentyne to the east, and the regions of Potaro-Siparuni and Cuyuni-Mazaruni to the west.

Fort Kyk-Over-Al

Fort Kyk-Over-Al was a Dutch fort in the colony of Essequibo, in what is now Guyana. It was constructed in 1616 at the intersection of the Essequibo, Cuyuni and Mazaruni rivers. It once served as the centre for the Dutch administration of the county, but now only ruins are left. The name Kyk-Over-Al derives from the Dutch for "See over all", a reference to the commanding view of the river from the fort.

Kartabo, Guyana Village in Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Guyana

Kartabo is a village in the Cuyuni-Mazaruni Region of Guyana.

Kamarang Village in Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Guyana

Kamarang is an Amerindian village, standing at the confluence of the Kamarang River and Mazaruni River, in the Cuyuni-Mazaruni Region of Guyana.

Kurupung Mining community in the Cuyuni-Mazaruni Region of Guyana, near the Pakaraima Mountains

Kurupung is a mining community in the Cuyuni-Mazaruni Region of Guyana, near the Pakaraima Mountains.

Guayana Esequiba Disputed territory in South America

Guayana Esequiba, sometimes also called Esequibo or Essequibo, is a disputed territory of 159,500 km2 (61,600 sq mi) west of the Essequibo River that is administered and controlled by Guyana but claimed by Venezuela. The boundary dispute was inherited from the colonial powers and has been complicated by the independence of Guyana from the United Kingdom in 1966.

Rondell "Fineman" Rawlins was a Guyanese gang leader and fugitive believed responsible for a number of crimes in the South American nation. Rawlins was implicated in the murder of Guyanese Agriculture Minister Satyadeow Sawh on April 22, 2006, along with Sawh's brother and a security guard. On January 26, 2008, Rawlins and his men killed eleven people, including five children, in an attack on the village of Lusignan in what is known as the Lusignan Massacre. On February 17, the gang carried out the Bartica Massacre, when they attacked the town of Bartica, Essequibo, and killed 12 people including three police officers.

The Lusignan massacre refers to the murder of eleven residents of Lusignan, East Coast Demerara, Guyana, on 26 January 2008. The victims were murdered by a group led by Rondell "Fineman" Rawlins. After carrying out another massacre when they attacked the town of Bartica, Essequibo, and murdered 12 people, Rawlins and many of the other suspected gang members were later killed by Guyanese security forces. This massacre was part of a series of murders which appeared to have begun with the murder of a prison officer, Troy Williams, during the Mash Day Prison break on 23 February 2003.

The Bartica Massacre refers to the murder of twelve residents of Bartica, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Guyana, murdered by the criminal gang led by Rondell "Fineman" Rawlins. Rawlins and many of the other suspected gang members were later killed by Guyanese security forces. This massacre was part of a series of murders that appeared to have begun with the Mash Day Prison break.

Patrick Evans is a former Guyanese cricketer who played a single first-class match for Essequibo in the final of the 1980–81 inter-county Jones Cup. Aged 20, he was the youngest player on the side, a year younger than Birchmore Reid.

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Issano Village in Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Guyana

Issano is a village of Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Guyana. It's located along the Mazaruni River, and is a hub for mining.

Isseneru Amerindian Village in Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Guyana

Isseneru is an Amerindian settlement in the Cuyuni-Mazaruni region of Guyana, approximately 15–20 miles west of Kurupung.

References

  1. 1 2 "2012 Population by Village". Statistics Guyana. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. "Capital towns and economic development". Ministry of Communities. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  3. "Gold and Diamond Mining in Guyana". Buy Gold Online. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  4. 1 2 3 4 "BARTICA – A Missed Opportunity of History". Guyanese Online. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  5. 1 2 3 "Bartica–a fusion of valleys, undulating hills, and happy people". Kaieteur News Online. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  6. "Ferreira-James among Bartica's Wall of Fame inductees". Newsroom.gy. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  7. "Ivor Mendonca". ESPN cricinfo. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  8. "From Bartica to Antigua: Prospective West Indies Women player Kaysia Schultz tells her story". Guyana Times. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  9. "Bartica Massacre". Guyana.org. Retrieved 17 August 2020.