Stabroek, Guyana

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Stabroek
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Stabroek
Coordinates: 6°48′25″N58°09′36″W / 6.8070406°N 58.1599689°W / 6.8070406; -58.1599689 Coordinates: 6°48′25″N58°09′36″W / 6.8070406°N 58.1599689°W / 6.8070406; -58.1599689
Country Guyana
City Georgetown
Established1782
Area
  Total0.6 km2 (0.25 sq mi)

Stabroek was the old name of Georgetown, Guyana, between 1784 and 1812, and was the capital of Demerara. Stabroek is currently a ward in the centre of Georgetown.

Contents

History

In 1748, Governor Laurens Storm van 's Gravesande build a guard post at the mouth of the Demerara River. Later English planters started to build houses around the guard post creating a little village. [1] The town was established in 1782 during a brief occupation by the French of the Dutch colony of Demerara. The original name of Longchamps was changed to Stabroek in 1784, after Nicholaas Geelvinck (1732 1787), Lord of Stabroek, the then President of the Dutch West India Company. [2]

Historical population
YearPop.
1789780 [3]
18078,500 [3]
2012251 [4]

In 1789, the population was 780 people of which 239 were whites, [3] however the town rapidly started to grow and by 1807 had a population of around 8,500 people. [3] American traders started to built a wharf which became known as American Stelling, and little towns started to appear around the main settlement. [5]

The city's name changed again in 1812 when, under British rule, it became Georgetown. [3] A ward of the city, one fourth of a mile broad and one mile long, retains the name Stabroek. [6]

Brickdam, Stabroek's main street, was paved with bricks and made of burnt earth until 1921 when it was paved over for the arrival of the Prince of Wales. [6] The upper side of Brickdam was once lined with palm trees. [6]

The old name of the city is still reflected in Georgetown's main market, Stabroek Market, which has existed on or near its present location since the 18th century, [7] and the newspaper Stabroek News , established in 1986. [8] The Parliament Building is located in Stabroek on the same spot where the Court of Policy used to be. [6]

Related Research Articles

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Georgetown, Guyana Capital of Guyana

Georgetown is the capital and largest city of Guyana. It is situated in Demerara-Mahaica, region 4, on the Atlantic Ocean coast, at the mouth of the Demerara River. It is nicknamed the "Garden City of the Caribbean." It is the retail and administrative and financial services centre of the country, and the city accounts for a large portion of Guyana's GDP. The city recorded a population of 118,363 in the 2012 census.

Demerara

Demerara is a historical region in the Guianas on the north coast of South America which is now part of the country of Guyana. It was a Dutch colony until 1815 and a county of British Guiana from 1838 to 1966. It was located about the lower courses of the Demerara River, and its main town was Georgetown.

Berbice

Berbice is a region along the Berbice River in Guyana, which was between 1627 and 1815 a colony of the Dutch Republic. After having been ceded to the Kingdom of Great Britain in the latter year, it was merged with Essequibo and Demerara to form the colony of British Guiana in 1831. In 1966, British Guiana gained independence as Guyana.

Demerara-Mahaica Region of Guyana

Demerara-Mahaica is a region of Guyana, bordering the Atlantic Ocean to the north, the region of Mahaica-Berbice to the east, the region of Upper Demerara-Berbice to the south and the region of Essequibo Islands-West Demerara to the west.

Rosignol Village in Guyana

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Essequibo (colony)

Essequibo was a Dutch colony on the Essequibo River in the Guiana region on the north coast of South America from 1616 to 1814. The colony formed a part of the colonies that are known under the collective name of Dutch Guiana.

Stabroek Market

Stabroek Market is the largest market of Georgetown, Guyana. Located in the centre of the capital city, the market is housed in an iron and steel structure with a prominent clock tower.

St. Andrews Kirk, Georgetown Church in Georgetown, Guyana

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Demerara-Essequibo

The colony of Demerara-Essequibo was created on 28 April 1812, when the British combined the colonies of Demerara and Essequibo into the colony of Demerara-Essequibo. They were officially ceded to Britain on 13 August 1814. On 20 November 1815 the agreement was ratified by the Netherlands.

Berbice slave uprising

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Vreed en Hoop village and regional capital in Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, Guyana

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Cesar Castellani was an architect. He was born in Malta. He was attracted by the prosperity of British Guiana and emigrated there in 1860 with a group of Italian priests.

Nicolaas Geelvinck, son of Nicolaes Geelvinck, Lord of Stabroek, was President of the Dutch West India Company from 1764 until 1787.

Pomeroon (colony)

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Bourda Cemetery is an eighteenth-century cemetery situated on Bourda Street in Georgetown, Guyana. Formerly known as "Bourda's Walk", Bourda cemetery is the oldest cemetery in Georgetown, and the only surviving plantation cemetery in the city. It is considered a national landmark and has been listed as a monument by the National Trust of Guyana.

Den Amstel village in Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, Guyana

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Mahaica Place in Demerara-Mahaica, Guyana

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Werk-en-rust Ward in Georgetown, Guyana

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Borsselen former capital and island in Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, Guyana

Borsselen is an island in the Demerara River of Guyana, and was the capital of Demerara between 1755 and 1782.

References

  1. "Establishment of Demerara". Guyana Times International. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  2. Smith, Raymond T. (1956). "CHAPTER II HISTORY: EARLY SETTLEMENT AND THE PERIOD OF DUTCH CONTROL". London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited. ISBN   0415863295. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2021-04-08.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Netscher 1888, p. 301.
  4. "2012 Population by Village". Statistics Guyana. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  5. "36. GROWTH OF GEORGETOWN" . Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  6. 1 2 3 4 "The development of Stabroek". National Trust of Guyana . Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  7. Lloyd Kandasammy, Celebrating Guyana's built heritage: Stabroek Market, a brief history in Stabroek News, April 14, 2005
  8. Andrew Graham-Yooll, The newspaper Stabroek News, Round Table, Oct 94 Issue 332, p447

Bibliography