Stabroek, Guyana

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Coordinates: 6°48′25″N58°09′36″W / 6.8070406°N 58.1599689°W / 6.8070406; -58.1599689 Coordinates: 6°48′25″N58°09′36″W / 6.8070406°N 58.1599689°W / 6.8070406; -58.1599689
Country Guyana
City Georgetown
  Total0.6 km2 (0.25 sq mi)

Stabroek was the old name of Georgetown, Guyana, between 1784 and 1812, and was the capital of Demerara. Stabroek is currently a ward in the centre of Georgetown.



In 1748, Governor Laurens Storm van 's Gravesande build a guard post at the mouth of the Demerara River. Later English planters started to build houses around the guard post creating a little village. [1] The town was established in 1782 during a brief occupation by the French of the Dutch colony of Demerara. The original name of Longchamps was changed to Stabroek in 1784, after Nicholaas Geelvinck (1732 1787), Lord of Stabroek, the then President of the Dutch West India Company. [2]

Historical population
1789780 [3]
18078,500 [3]
2012251 [4]

In 1789, the population was 780 people of which 239 were whites, [3] however the town rapidly started to grow and by 1807 had a population of around 8,500 people. [3] American traders started to built a wharf which became known as American Stelling, and little towns started to appear around the main settlement. [5]

The city's name changed again in 1812 when, under British rule, it became Georgetown. [3] A ward of the city, one fourth of a mile broad and one mile long, retains the name Stabroek. [6]

Brickdam, Stabroek's main street, was paved with bricks and made of burnt earth until 1921 when it was paved over for the arrival of the Prince of Wales. [6] The upper side of Brickdam was once lined with palm trees. [6]

The old name of the city is still reflected in Georgetown's main market, Stabroek Market, which has existed on or near its present location since the 18th century, [7] and the newspaper Stabroek News , established in 1986. [8] The Parliament Building is located in Stabroek on the same spot where the Court of Policy used to be. [6]

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  1. "Establishment of Demerara". Guyana Times International. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  2. Smith, Raymond T. (1956). "CHAPTER II HISTORY: EARLY SETTLEMENT AND THE PERIOD OF DUTCH CONTROL". London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited. ISBN   0415863295. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2021-04-08.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Netscher 1888, p. 301.
  4. "2012 Population by Village". Statistics Guyana. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  5. "36. GROWTH OF GEORGETOWN" . Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  6. 1 2 3 4 "The development of Stabroek". National Trust of Guyana . Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  7. Lloyd Kandasammy, Celebrating Guyana's built heritage: Stabroek Market, a brief history in Stabroek News, April 14, 2005
  8. Andrew Graham-Yooll, The newspaper Stabroek News, Round Table, Oct 94 Issue 332, p447