Zeelandia, Guyana

Last updated
Zeelandia
Village
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Zeelandia
Location in Guyana
Coordinates: 7°01′N58°27′W / 7.017°N 58.450°W / 7.017; -58.450
Country Flag of Guyana.svg Guyana
Region Essequibo Islands-West Demerara
Population
 (2012) [1]
  Total211

Zeelandia, a community in the Essequibo Islands-West Demerara region of Guyana.

Zeelandia is one of many villages and plantations on Wakenaam, the most developed of the Essequibo River islands. The village is named after the sugar plantation Zeelandia. [2]

Located at the extreme northern end of the island facing the Atlantic Ocean, Zeelandia is a fishing village. The area is subject to land degradation and flooding. [3]

Zeelandia is also home to many agricultural farms, growing items such as rice, coconut, and various other fruits and vegetables. [2]

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Essequibo River

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Demerara

Demerara is a historical region in the Guianas on the north coast of South America which is now part of the country of Guyana. It was a Dutch colony until 1815 and a county of British Guiana from 1838 to 1966. It was located about the lower courses of the Demerara River, and its main town was Georgetown.

Wakenaam

Wakenaam is an island of about 17.5 square miles (45 km2) at the mouth of the Essequibo River of Guyana. One of the largest islands in the Essequibo Islands group, it was settled at one time by the Dutch in the 18th Century; the name Wakenaam is Dutch meaning "waiting for a name" and still contains old Dutch graves at various locations on the island. The island, like most other islands in the Essequibo River in Guyana, is characterized by green vegetation, blue skies and cool breeze from the Atlantic. Wakenaam has multiple villages which include Maria's Pleasure, Good Success, Sans Souci, Melville, Belle Plaine, Sarah, Zeelandia, Friendship, Bank Hall, Meer Zorg, Caledonia, Free and Easy, Arthurville, Palmyra, Maria Johanna, Domburg, Fredericksburg, Noitgedacht, Rush Brook and Ridge.

Berbice

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Essequibo (colony)

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Takutu River

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Leguan Island

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Fort Zeelandia (Guyana)

Fort Zeelandia is located on Fort Island, a fluvial island of the Essequibo River delta in the Essequibo Islands-West Demerara region of Guyana. Not to be confused with Fort Zeelandia in Paramaribo, Suriname, the current brick fort was built in 1743 for the Essequibo colony, replacing an earlier wooden fort built in 1726, and is among the oldest structures in Guyana. The fort replaced Fort Kyk-Over-Al as the capital of Essequibo in 1739.

Noitgedacht village in Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, Guyana

Noitgedacht also Nooitgedacht is one of the villages on the island of Wakenaam, Guyana. It is populated mainly by small farmers. The main access to this section of the island is by ferry/speedboat from the Essequibo coast.

Pomeroon (colony)

Pomeroon is the name of a former Dutch plantation colony on the Pomeroon River in the Guiana region on the north coast of South America. After early colonization attempts in the late 16th century were attacked by Spaniards and local Indians, the original inhabitants fled the interior of Guiana, founding the colony of Essequibo around Fort Kyk-Over-Al shortly after. A second, and more serious attempt at colonization started in 1650, but was ultimately unsuccessful, as French privateers destroyed the colony in 1689. In the late 18th century, a third attempt of colonization was started, this time under the jurisdiction of the Essequibo colony.

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Laurens Storm van 's Gravesande was a Dutch governor of the colonies of Essequibo and Demerara from 1743 to 1772. He turned Demerara in a successful plantation colony, and the borders of Guyana are mainly based on his expeditions into the interior. He is also noted for his treatment of the Amerindians.

References

  1. "2012 Population by Village". Statistics Guyana. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. 1 2 "The quiet farming island of Wakenaam". Guyana Chronicle. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
  3. "Improving coastal management". Stabroek News. 2019-01-11. Retrieved 2021-01-12.

Coordinates: 7°01′N58°27′W / 7.017°N 58.450°W / 7.017; -58.450