Ituni

Last updated
Ituni
village
Guyana location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Ituni
Location in Guyana
Coordinates: 5°32′N58°15′W / 5.533°N 58.250°W / 5.533; -58.250 Coordinates: 5°32′N58°15′W / 5.533°N 58.250°W / 5.533; -58.250
Country Flag of Guyana.svg Guyana
Region Upper Demerara-Berbice
Government
  ChairmanCurt Murphy [1]
Population
 (2012) [2]
  Total676
Time zone UTC-4
Climate Af

Ituni is a village in the interior of Guyana, at an altitude of 100 metres (331 feet). The area grew as a result of bauxite mining in the area. [3]

Ituni is closely affiliated with Linden, its closest neighbours are Kwakwani, Aroaima, Maple Town and Laddern’s Ville on the Berbice River. It is located between two of Guyana’s major rivers, the Berbice and the Demerara. [4] It has a primary school, Howell Wilson Primary School, but students attend secondary school in Kwakwani or Linden. [4]

In 1946, a railway line opened between Ituni and Mackenzie. Even though the line was for mining operations, irregular passenger trains continued until 1982. The railway line has been replaced by trucks, however most of the track is still in place. [5]

In the active times of Demerara Bauxite Company (owned by Alcan [6] ), Ituni had consistent water and electricity. [7] Ituni depends solely on logging for its economic livelihood. It has the Ituni Small Loggers Association. [8]

Poor conditions of the Linden/Kwakwani road led to a protest in 2013 by residents of Ituni and other Berbice river communities. The road serves as lifeline for the people of the sub-region and was in a state of disrepair for decades. [9] [10]

In 2019, a well was installed by Guyana Water Incorporated. Before, water was only provided for two hours a day. [11]

Related Research Articles

The transport sector comprises the physical infrastructure, docks and vehicle, terminals, fleets, ancillary equipment and service delivery of all the various modes of transport operating in Guyana. The transport services, transport agencies providing these services, the organizations and people who plan, build, maintain, and operate the system, and the policies that mold its development.

Regions of Guyana

Guyana is divided into 10 Regions:

Berbice River River in Guyana

The Berbice River, located in eastern Guyana, is one of the country's major rivers. It rises in the highlands of the Rupununi region and flows northward for 595 kilometres (370 mi) through dense forests to the coastal plain. The river's tidal limit is between 160 and 320 km (99–199 mi) from the sea.

Demerara River River in Guyana

The Demerara River is a river in eastern Guyana that rises in the central rainforests of the country and flows to the north for 346 kilometres until it reaches the Atlantic Ocean. Georgetown, Guyana's largest seaport and capital, is situated on the east bank of the river's mouth. The river divides Essequibo Islands-West Demerara on the west bank from Demerara-Mahaica to the east.

Linden, Guyana Town and regional capital in Upper Demerara-Berbice, Guyana

Linden is the second largest city in Guyana after Georgetown, and capital of the Upper Demerara-Berbice region, located at 6°0′0″N58°18′0″W, altitude 48 m (160 ft). It was declared a town in 1970, and includes the communities of MacKenzie, Christianburg, and Wismar. It lies on the Demerara River and has a population of 27,277 as of 2012. It is primarily a bauxite mining town, containing many mines 60–90 m deep, with many other pits now in disuse. Linden is the regional capital of Upper Demerara-Berbice.

Rosignol Village in Guyana

Rosignol is a small village on the west bank of the Berbice River in Mahaica-Berbice, Guyana.

Upper Demerara-Berbice Region of Guyana

Upper Demerara-Berbice is a region of Guyana, bordering the regions of Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, Demerara-Mahaica and Mahaica-Berbice to the north, the region of East Berbice-Corentyne to the east, and the regions of Potaro-Siparuni and Cuyuni-Mazaruni to the west.

Kwakwani village in Upper Demerara-Berbice, Guyana

Kwakwani is a mining and logging village on the Berbice River in the Upper Demerara-Berbice Region of Guyana. Its altitude is 44 metres (147 feet). Kwakwani is approximately 100 km south of Linden. In 1942, the Berbice Bauxite Company opened a Bauxite Mining in the area which is the main industry of the village. The population as of 2012 is about 2,504 people.

The Torani Canal in northeastern Guyana serves to move water from the Berbice River into the Canje River. It was to serve as irrigation for the sugar industry, and subsequently the rice industry.

Mahdia, Guyana Town and regional capital in Potaro-Siparuni, Guyana

Mahdia is the capital of the Potaro-Siparuni region of Guyana, located near the centre of the country at an altitude of 415 metres (1,362 ft).

Mahaica River

The Mahaica River is a small river in northern Guyana that drains into the Atlantic Ocean. The village of Mahaica is found at its mouth.

The Railways of Guyana comprised two public railways, the Demerara-Berbice Railway and the Demerara-Essequibo railway. There are also several industrial railways mainly for the bauxite industry. The Demerara-Berbice Railway is the oldest in South America. None of the railways are in operation in the 21st century.

Esau and Jacob village in Mahaica-Berbice, Guyana

Esau and Jacob is a village in the Mahaica-Berbice Region of Guyana. One of the oldest villages on the Mahaicony River, Esau and Jacob was named by Dutch settlers for a pair of twins in the Bible.

Vreed en Hoop village and regional capital in Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, Guyana

Vreed en Hoop is a village at the mouth of the Demerara River on its left bank, in the Essequibo Islands-West Demerara region of Guyana, located at sea level. It is the location of the Regional Democratic Council office making it the administrative center for the region. There is also a police station, magistrate's court and post office.

Guyana Power and Light (GPL) is a publicly owned utility company in Guyana, providing electric power in the country. Domestic voltage can be 110 or 220 depending on the area, both 50 and 60 cycle power. Services are provided from Charity to Moleson Creek, including the islands of Leguan and Wakenaam in the Essequibo River.

Rockstone village in Upper Demerara-Berbice, Guyana

Rockstone is a town on the right bank of the Essequibo River in the Upper Demerara-Berbice Region of Guyana, altitude 6 metres. Rockstone is approximately 26 km west of Linden and is linked by road.

Mining is a significant contributor to the economy of Guyana, owing to sizable reserves of bauxite, gold, and diamonds. Much of these resources are found in Guyana's Hilly Sand and Clay belt, a region that makes up 20% of the country.

Kurupukari Place in Upper Demerara-Berbice, Guyana

Fairview (Kurupukari) is an indigenous settlement on the Essequibo River, in the Upper Demerara-Berbice region of Guyana. It is the entry point to the Iwokrama Forest. Former president David A. Granger once referred to Iwokrama as the "green heart of Guyana."

Paradise, Guyana Place in Demerara-Mahaica, Guyana

Paradise is a village located in the Demerara-Mahaica region of Guyana, and used to be its regional capital, however the administrative building burnt down in 2006, and the regional capital moved to Triumph.

Goed Fortuin Place in Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, Guyana

Goed Fortuin is a village located in the Essequibo Islands-West Demerara region of Guyana. The village started as a sugar plantation in the early 1800s.

References

  1. "Ituni gets asphalted roads for first time". Guyana Chronicle.
  2. "2012 Population by Village". Statistics Guyana. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  3. "Ituni Bauxite Mine". Industry About. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  4. 1 2 "Ituni". Stabroek News. 2012-03-04. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
  5. "Mining Railways in Guyana, 2014". International Steam. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  6. Grant, C. H. (1971). "Company Towns in the Caribbean: A Preliminary Analysis of Christianburg-Wismar-Mackenzie". Caribbean Studies. 11 (1): 46–72. ISSN   0008-6533. JSTOR   25612363.
  7. "'We live in hell,' Ituni resident says". Stabroek News. 2008-04-14. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
  8. "Ituni loggers get 2,005 tracking tags". Stabroek News. 2020-10-19. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
  9. "Ituni blockade lifted, 14 protestors arrested". Stabroek News. 2013-09-04. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
  10. "Kwakwani logger apologises for clash with cops in road protest". Stabroek News. 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
  11. "Ituni to get improved roads, water supply and street lights". Stabroek News. 2019-10-21. Retrieved 2021-01-05.