List of countries and dependencies by area

Last updated

This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area.

Contents

Entries in this list include, but are not limited to, those in the ISO 3166-1 standard, which includes sovereign states and dependent territories. All 193 member states of the United Nations plus the Vatican City are given a rank number. Largely unrecognised states not in ISO 3166-1 are included in the list in ranked order. The areas of such largely unrecognised states are in most cases also included in the areas of the more widely recognised states that claim the same territory; see the notes in the "notes" column for each country for clarification.

Not included in the list are individual country claims to parts of the continent of Antarctica, entities such as the European Union [Note 1] that have some degree of sovereignty but do not consider themselves to be sovereign countries or dependent territories, and unrecognised micronations such as the Principality of Sealand.

This list includes three measurements of area:

Data is taken from the United Nations Statistics Division unless otherwise noted. [3]

Map

World map colour-coded by areas of countries in square kilometres Countries by area.svg
World map colour-coded by areas of countries in square kilometres

Countries and dependencies by area

RankSovereign state/dependencyTotal in km2 (mi2)Land in km2 (mi2)Water in km2 (mi2)% waterNotes
  World 510,072,000 (196,940,000)148,940,000 (57,510,000)361,132,000 (139,434,000)70.8
1Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 17,098,246 (6,601,670)16,377,742 (6,323,482)720,500 (278,200)4.21Largest country in the world (10.995% of the world's land mass); its Asian portion makes it the largest country in Asia, and its European portion of roughly 3,960,000 km2 (1,530,000 sq mi) makes it the largest country in Europe. [Note 2]
  Antarctica 14,000,000 (5,400,000)14,000,000 (5,400,000)0 (0)013,720,000 km2 (5,300,000 sq mi) (98%) of the land area is covered by ice. Though not itself a country, areas are claimed by a number of countries. [Note 3]
2Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 9,984,670 (3,855,100)9,093,507 (3,511,023)891,163 (344,080)8.93Largest English and French-speaking country and the largest country completely in the Western Hemisphere by total area (second-largest by land area, after the United States), with the largest surface area of water. Total area and water area figures include area covered by freshwater only, and do not include internal waters (non-freshwater) of about 1,600,000 km2, or territorial waters of 200,000 km2. [4] [5]
3Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 9,596,961 (3,705,407)9,326,410 (3,600,950)270,550 (104,460)2.82Second-largest country in Asia (though the largest located wholly within the continent), and second-largest country in the world by land area. Excludes Taiwan, disputed territories with India, and disputed islands in the South China Sea. Figures for total area and water area also exclude all coastal and territorial waters. [Note 4]
4Flag of the United States.svg  United States 9,525,067 (3,677,649)
9,833,517 (3,796,742) [7]
9,147,593 (3,531,905)
9,147,643 (3,531,925) [7]
377,424 (145,724)
685,924 (264,837) [7]
3.96–6.97Largest country in the English-speaking world and the Western Hemisphere by land area (second-largest by total area, after Canada). Secondary figures for total area and water area denote the inclusion of all coastal and territorial waters into the statistical area. [Note 4]
5Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 8,515,767 (3,287,956)8,460,415 (3,266,584)55,352 (21,372)0.65Largest Portuguese-speaking country, largest country in South America and in the Southern Hemisphere, and the largest contiguous territory in the Americas. [11]
6Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 7,692,024 (2,969,907)7,633,565 (2,947,336)58,459 (22,571)0.76Third-largest English-speaking country and largest country in Oceania, largest country without land borders, and the largest country completely in the Southern Hemisphere. [Note 5]
7Flag of India.svg  India 3,287,263 (1,269,219)2,973,190 (1,147,960)314,073 (121,264)9.55Third-largest country in Asia and largest country in South Asia. [Note 6]
8Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 2,780,400 (1,073,500)2,736,690 (1,056,640)43,710 (16,880)1.57Largest Spanish-speaking country and second-largest country in South America. [Note 7]
9Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan 2,724,900 (1,052,100)2,699,700 (1,042,400)25,200 (9,700)0.92Largest landlocked country. [16] Second-largest Russian-speaking country, after Russia, and the largest country in Central Asia. Transcontinental country located between Asia and Europe.
10Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria 2,381,741 (919,595)2,381,741 (919,595)0 (0)0Largest country in Africa; also largest in the Arab world and the Mediterranean Basin. [Note 8]
11Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,344,858 (905,355)2,267,048 (875,312)77,810 (30,040)3.32Second-largest French-speaking country. Largest country in Central and Sub-Saharan Africa. Second-largest country in Africa, has the largest French-speaking city i.e. Kinshasa.
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 2,220,093 (857,183)2,220,072 (857,175)21 (8.1)0UN figure does not include the entire Kingdom of Denmark area.
Flag of Greenland.svg  Greenland (Denmark)2,166,086 (836,330)2,166,086 (836,330) [Note 9] 0 (0)0Part of the Kingdom of Denmark. Largest island in the world.
12Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 2,149,690 (830,000)2,149,690 (830,000)0 (0)0Largest country in Western Asia. Second-largest in the Arab world, after Algeria.
13Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 1,964,375 (758,449)1,943,945 (750,561)20,430 (7,890)1.04Second-largest Spanish-speaking country by area, after Argentina.
14Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia 1,910,931 (737,815)1,811,569 (699,451)93,000 (36,000)4.87Largest country in Southeast Asia. Largest island country and archipelagic state in the world by area and population. [18]
15Flag of Sudan.svg  Sudan 1,861,484 (718,723) Formerly the largest country in Africa. It is now the third-largest country in Africa, [Note 11] and also third-largest in the Arab world.
16Flag of Libya.svg  Libya 1,759,540 (679,360)1,759,540 (679,360)0 (0)0
17Flag of Iran.svg  Iran 1,648,195 (636,372)1,531,595 (591,352)116,600 (45,000)7.07 [Note 12]
18Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia 1,564,110 (603,910)1,553,556 (599,831)10,560 (4,080)0.68Largest landlocked country that does not border a closed sea.
19Flag of Peru.svg  Peru 1,285,216 (496,225)1,279,996 (494,209)5,220 (2,020)0.41Third-largest Spanish-speaking country and third-largest country in South America.
20Flag of Chad.svg  Chad 1,284,000 (496,000)1,259,200 (486,200)24,800 (9,600)1.93Third-largest landlocked country and largest outside of Asia.
21Flag of Niger.svg  Niger 1,267,000 (489,000)1,266,700 (489,100)300 (120)0.02Largest country in West Africa.
22Flag of Angola.svg  Angola 1,246,700 (481,400)1,246,700 (481,400)0 (0)0
23Flag of Mali.svg  Mali 1,240,192 (478,841)1,220,190 (471,120)20,002 (7,723)1.61
24Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 1,221,037 (471,445)1,214,470 (468,910)4,620 (1,780)0.38Largest country in Southern Africa.
25Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 1,141,748 (440,831)1,038,700 (401,000)100,210 (38,690)8.8
26Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia 1,104,300 (426,400)1,000,000 (390,000)104,300 (40,300)0.7Largest country in East Africa. [Note 13]
27Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia 1,098,581 (424,164)1,083,301 (418,265)15,280 (5,900)1.39
28Flag of Mauritania.svg  Mauritania 1,030,700 (398,000)1,025,520 (395,960)4,480 (1,730)0.44
29Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt 1,002,450 (387,050)995,450 (384,350)6,000 (2,300)0.6Transcontinental country located between Asia and Africa.
30Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania 945,087 (364,900)885,800 (342,000)61,500 (23,700)6.49
31Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 923,768 (356,669)910,768 (351,649)13,000 (5,000)1.41
32Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela 916,445 (353,841)882,050 (340,560)30,000 (12,000)3.29
33Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 907,132 (350,246)881,912 (340,508)25,220 (9,740)2.86 [Note 14]
34Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia 825,615 (318,772)823,290 (317,870)2,425 (936)0.12
35Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique 801,590 (309,500)786,380 (303,620)13,000 (5,000)1.63
36Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 783,562 (302,535)769,632 (297,157)13,930 (5,380)1.78Transcontinental country located between Asia and Europe.
37Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 756,102 (291,933)743,812 (287,187)12,290 (4,750)1.63 [Note 15]
38Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia 752,612 (290,585)743,398 (287,028)9,220 (3,560)1.23
39Flag of Myanmar.svg  Myanmar 676,578 (261,228)653,508 (252,321)23,070 (8,910)3.41
40Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan 652,230 (251,830)652,230 (251,830)0 (0)0
41Flag of South Sudan.svg  South Sudan 644,329 (248,777) [Note 16]
42Flag of France.svg  France 640,679 (247,368)640,427 (247,270)3,374 (1,303)0.52Figures include metropolitan France (in Europe) as well as the five overseas regions. This does not include New Caledonia (an autonomous sui generis collectivity), the five autonomous overseas collectivities, and the two uninhabited territories (the French Southern and Antarctic Lands and Clipperton Island) which are listed individually, although also part of the French Republic. [Note 17] Third-largest country by European area, and largest within the EU by EU territory.
43Flag of Somalia.svg  Somalia 637,657 (246,201)627,337 (242,216)10,320 (3,980)1.62
44Flag of the Central African Republic.svg  Central African Republic 622,984 (240,535)622,984 (240,535)0 (0)0
45Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 603,500 (233,000)579,300 (223,700)24,200 (9,300)4.01Second-largest country by European area and largest country wholly in Europe. [Note 18]
46Flag of Madagascar.svg  Madagascar 587,041 (226,658)581,540 (224,530)5,501 (2,124)0.94
47Flag of Botswana.svg  Botswana 581,730 (224,610)566,730 (218,820)15,000 (5,800)2.58 [Note 19]
48Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 580,367 (224,081)569,140 (219,750)11,227 (4,335)1.93
Flag of France.svg  France 543,940 (210,020) Metropolitan France (the part of France located in Europe)
49Flag of Yemen.svg  Yemen 527,968 (203,850)527,968 (203,850)0 (0)0
50Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 513,120 (198,120)510,890 (197,260)2,230 (860)0.43
51Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 505,992 (195,365)498,980 (192,660)6,390 (2,470)1.26

Largest country in Southern Europe and second-largest member state of European Union.

52Flag of Turkmenistan.svg  Turkmenistan 488,100 (188,500)469,930 (181,440)18,170 (7,020)3.72
53Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon 475,442 (183,569)472,710 (182,510)2,730 (1,050)0.57
54Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg  Papua New Guinea 462,840 (178,700)452,860 (174,850)9,980 (3,850)2.16
55Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 450,295 (173,860)410,335 (158,431)39,960 (15,430)8.87Largest country in Northern Europe. Third-largest member state of European Union.
56Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan 447,400 (172,700)425,400 (164,200)22,000 (8,500)4.92
57Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 446,550 (172,410)446,300 (172,300)250 (97)0.06Does not include the disputed Western Sahara, shown separately. [Note 20]
58Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq 438,317 (169,235)437,367 (168,868)950 (370)0.22 [Note 21]
59Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay 406,752 (157,048)397,302 (153,399)9,450 (3,650)2.32
60Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe 390,757 (150,872)386,847 (149,362)3,910 (1,510)1
61Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 377,975 (145,937)364,545 (140,752)13,430 (5,190)3.55Largest island country in East Asia and the world's 4th largest island country. [Note 22]
62Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 357,114 (137,882)348,672 (134,623)8,350 (3,220)2.34Largest country in Central Europe. Before the 1990 German reunification, West Germany was 248,577 (95,976) and East Germany was 108,333 (41,828).
63Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg  Republic of the Congo 342,000 (132,000)341,500 (131,900)500 (190)0.15
64Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 338,424 (130,666)303,815 (117,304)34,330 (13,250)10.15 [Note 23]
65Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam 331,212 (127,882)310,070 (119,720)21,140 (8,160)6.38
66Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia 330,803 (127,724)329,613 (127,264)1,190 (460)0.35
67Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 323,802 (125,021)304,282 (117,484)19,520 (7,540)6.03 [Note 24]
68Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast 322,463 (124,504)318,003 (122,782)4,460 (1,720)1.38
69Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 312,696 (120,733)311,888 (120,421)791 (305)3.07
70Flag of Oman.svg  Oman 309,500 (119,500)309,500 (119,500)0 (0)0
71Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 301,339 (116,348)294,140 (113,570)7,200 (2,800)2.39
72Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 300,000 (120,000)298,170 (115,120)1,830 (710)0.61
73Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador 276,841 (106,889)256,369 (98,985)6,720 (2,590)2.37 [Note 25]
74Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso 274,222 (105,878)273,602 (105,638)620 (240)0.23 [Note 26]
75Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 270,467 (104,428)262,443 (101,330)4,395 (1,697)1.65 [Note 27]
76Flag of Gabon.svg  Gabon 267,668 (103,347)257,667 (99,486)10,000 (3,900)3.74
Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svg  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic 266,000 (103,000)266,000 (103,000)0 (0)0Disputed territory. Administrative control is limited to approximately one-third of this area, with the remaining area controlled by Morocco.
77Flag of Guinea.svg  Guinea 245,857 (94,926)245,717 (94,872)140 (54)0.06
78Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 242,495 (93,628)241,930 (93,410)1,680 (650)0.69

Largest island country in Europe and Western Hemisphere. [Note 28]

79Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda 241,550 (93,260)197,100 (76,100)43,938 (16,965)18.23
80Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana 238,533 (92,098)227,533 (87,851)11,000 (4,200)4.61
81Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 238,397 (92,046)231,291 (89,302)7,100 (2,700)2.97
82Flag of Laos.svg  Laos 236,800 (91,400)230,800 (89,100)6,000 (2,300)2.53Only landlocked country in South East Asia.
83Flag of Guyana.svg  Guyana 214,969 (83,000)196,849 (76,004)18,120 (7,000)8.43
84Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus 207,600 (80,200)202,900 (78,300)4,700 (1,800)2.26Largest landlocked country in Europe.
85Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg  Kyrgyzstan 199,951 (77,202)191,801 (74,055)8,150 (3,150)4.08
86Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal 196,722 (75,955)192,530 (74,340)4,192 (1,619)2.13
87Flag of Syria.svg  Syria 185,180 (71,500)183,630 (70,900)1,550 (600)0.84 [Note 29]
88Flag of Cambodia.svg  Cambodia 181,035 (69,898)176,515 (68,153)4,520 (1,750)2.5
89Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 176,215 (68,037)175,015 (67,574)1,200 (460)0.68
Flag of Somaliland.svg  Somaliland 176,120 (68,000) [Note 30]
90Flag of Suriname.svg  Suriname 163,820 (63,250)156,000 (60,000)7,820 (3,020)4.77Smallest country in South America.
91Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia 163,610 (63,170)155,360 (59,980)8,250 (3,190)5.04
92Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh 147,570 (56,980)130,168 (50,258)13,830 (5,340)9.6 [Note 31]
93Flag of Nepal.svg  Nepal 147,181 (56,827)143,351 (55,348)3,830 (1,480)2.6Largest country in the Himalayan range.
94Flag of Tajikistan.svg  Tajikistan 143,100 (55,300)141,510 (54,640)2,590 (1,000)1.81
95Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 131,957 (50,949)130,647 (50,443)1,310 (510)0.99
96Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua 130,373 (50,337)119,990 (46,330)10,380 (4,010)7.96Largest country in Central America.
97Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea 120,540 (46,540)120,538 (46,540)2 (0.77)0.11
98Flag of Malawi.svg  Malawi 118,484 (45,747)94,080 (36,320)24,404 (9,422)20.6
99Flag of Eritrea.svg  Eritrea 117,600 (45,400)101,000 (39,000)16,600 (6,400)14.12
100Flag of Benin.svg  Benin 114,763 (44,310)114,305 (44,133)457.569 (176.668)0.40 [Note 32]
101Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras 112,492 (43,433)111,890 (43,200)200 (77)0.18
102Flag of Liberia.svg  Liberia 111,369 (43,000)96,320 (37,190)15,049 (5,810)13.51
103Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 111,002 (42,858)108,612 (41,935)2,390 (920)2.16
104Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 109,884 (42,426)109,820 (42,400)1,040 (400)0.94Largest country in the West Indies.
105Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala 108,889 (42,042)107,159 (41,374)1,730 (670)1.59
106Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland 103,000 (40,000)100,250 (38,710)2,750 (1,060)2.67
107Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 100,210 (38,690)99,909 (38,575)301 (116)0.3
108Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 93,028 (35,918)89,608 (34,598)3,420 (1,320)3.68
109Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 92,090 (35,560)91,470 (35,320)620 (240)0.67
110Flag of Jordan.svg  Jordan 89,342 (34,495)88,802 (34,287)540 (210)0.6
111Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 88,361 (34,116)88,246 (34,072)115 (44)0.13The largest Serbo-Croatian-speaking country. [Note 33]
112Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan 86,600 (33,400)86,100 (33,200)500 (190)0.13Largest country in Caucasus. Transcontinental country located between Asia and Europe. [Note 34]
113Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 83,871 (32,383)82,445 (31,832)1,426 (551)1.7
114Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 83,600 (32,300)83,600 (32,300)0 (0)0
115Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 78,865 (30,450)77,247 (29,825)1,620 (630)2.05
116Flag of Panama.svg  Panama 75,417 (29,119)74,340 (28,700)1,080 (420)1.43
117Flag of Sierra Leone.svg  Sierra Leone 71,740 (27,700)71,620 (27,650)120 (46)0.17
118Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland 70,273 (27,133)68,883 (26,596)1,390 (540)1.98The figure shown is for the Republic of Ireland, the island of Ireland is 84,421 km2 or 32,595 sq mi. [30]
119Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia 69,700 (26,900)69,700 (26,900)0 (0)0Transcontinental country located between Asia and Europe. [Note 35]
120Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka 65,610 (25,330)62,732 (24,221)2,878 (1,111)4.4
121Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania 65,300 (25,200)62,680 (24,200)2,620 (1,010)4.01
122Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia 64,559 (24,926)62,249 (24,034)2,340 (900)3.62
Flag of Norway.svg  Svalbard (Norway)62,045 (23,956)62,045 (23,956)0 (0)0 [Note 36]
123Flag of Togo.svg  Togo 56,785 (21,925)54,385 (20,998)2,400 (930)4.23
124Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 56,594 (21,851)55,974 (21,612)620 (240)1.1
125Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,209 (19,772)51,187 (19,763)10 (3.9)0.02
126Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica 51,100 (19,700)51,060 (19,710)40 (15)0.08
127Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia 49,037 (18,933)48,105 (18,573)930 (360)1.9
128Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic 48,671 (18,792)48,320 (18,660)350 (140)0.72
129Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia 45,227 (17,462)42,388 (16,366)2,840 (1,100)6.28
130Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 43,094 (16,639)42,434 (16,384)660 (250)1.53Metropolitan Denmark only, without Greenland and the Faroe Islands. [Note 37]
131Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 41,850 (16,160)33,893 (13,086)7,650 (2,950)18.41Includes the special municipalities, but excludes other countries in the Kingdom of the Netherlands, shown separately. [Note 38]
132Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland 41,284 (15,940)39,997 (15,443)1,280 (490)3.1 [Note 39]
133Flag of Bhutan.svg  Bhutan 38,394 (14,824)38,394 (14,824)0 (0)0
Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan 36,193 (13,974)32,260 (12,460)3,720 (1,440)10.34Between 1945 and 1949, the Republic of China included Mainland China, Mongolia, Taiwan and other areas, totaling 11,418,174 km2 (4,408,582 sq mi). [Note 40]
134Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg  Guinea-Bissau 36,125 (13,948)28,120 (10,860)8,005 (3,091)22.16
135Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova 33,846 (13,068)32,891 (12,699)960 (370)2.84 [Note 41]
136Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 30,528 (11,787)30,278 (11,690)250 (97)0.82
137Flag of Lesotho.svg  Lesotho 30,355 (11,720)30,355 (11,720)0 (0)0
138Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia 29,743 (11,484)28,342 (10,943)1,401 (541)4.71
139Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg  Solomon Islands 28,896 (11,157)27,986 (10,805)910 (350)3.15
140Flag of Albania.svg  Albania 28,748 (11,100)27,398 (10,578)1,350 (520)4.7
141Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg  Equatorial Guinea 28,051 (10,831)28,051 (10,831)0 (0)0
142Flag of Burundi.svg  Burundi 27,834 (10,747)25,680 (9,920)2,150 (830)7.73
143Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti 27,750 (10,710)27,560 (10,640)190 (73)0.68
144Flag of Rwanda.svg  Rwanda 26,338 (10,169)24,668 (9,524)1,670 (640)6.34
145Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia 25,713 (9,928)25,433 (9,820)280 (110)1.09
146Flag of Djibouti.svg  Djibouti 23,200 (9,000)23,180 (8,950)20 (7.7)0.09
147Flag of Belize.svg  Belize 22,966 (8,867)22,806 (8,805)160 (62)0.7
148Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador 21,041 (8,124)20,721 (8,000)320 (120)1.52Smallest country in continental North America.
149Flag of Israel.svg  Israel 20,770 (8,020)20,330 (7,850)440 (170)2.12 [Note 42]
150Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 20,273 (7,827)20,151 (7,780)122 (47)0.6
Flag of FLNKS.svg  New Caledonia (France)18,575 (7,172)18,275 (7,056)300 (120)1.62
151Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji 18,272 (7,055)18,274 (7,056)0 (0)0
152Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait 17,818 (6,880)17,818 (6,880)0 (0)0
153Flag of Eswatini.svg  Eswatini 17,364 (6,704)17,204 (6,643)160 (62)0.92
154Flag of East Timor.svg  East Timor 14,919 (5,760)14,919 (5,760)0 (0)0
155Flag of the Bahamas.svg  The Bahamas 13,943 (5,383)10,010 (3,860)3,870 (1,490)27.88
156Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro 13,812 (5,333)13,452 (5,194)360 (140)2.61
157Flag of Vanuatu.svg  Vanuatu 12,189 (4,706)12,189 (4,706)0 (0)0
Flag of the Falkland Islands.svg  Falkland Islands (United Kingdom)12,173 (4,700)12,173 (4,700)0 (0)0
158Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar 11,586 (4,473)11,586 (4,473)0 (0)0
Flag of Artsakh.svg  Artsakh 11,458 (4,424)11,458 (4,424)1,200 (460)1 [Note 43] 5.000 km2. Armenian-controlled territories surrounding Nagorno-Karabakh by regions 11,5 km2.
159Flag of The Gambia.svg  The Gambia 11,295 (4,361)10,000 (3,900)1,295 (500)11.47Smallest country in continental Africa.
160Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 10,991 (4,244)10,831 (4,182)160 (62)1.46
Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo 10,887 (4,203) [Note 44]
161Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon 10,452 (4,036)10,230 (3,950)170 (66)1.63Second smallest country in continental Asia.
162Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus 9,251 (3,572)9,241 (3,568)10 (3.9)0.11 [Note 45]
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico (United States)9,104 (3,515)9,104 (3,515)3,054 (1,179)35.2An American territory, it is the third-largest island of the United States after the Big Island of Hawaii and Kodiak Island of Alaska. Also the smallest part of Hispanic America.
Flag of the Republic of Abkhazia.svg  Abkhazia 8,660 (3,340) [Note 46]
Flag of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands.svg  French Southern and Antarctic Lands (France)7,747 (2,991)7,668 (2,961)79.8 (30.8)1.03Excludes claim on Adélie Land in Antarctica. [Note 47]
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Minor Outlying Islands 6,959.41 (2,687.04)34.2 (13.2)6,937 (2,678)
Flag of Palestine.svg  State of Palestine 6,020 (2,320)6,000 (2,300)220 (85)3.9 [Note 48]
163Flag of Brunei.svg  Brunei 5,765 (2,226)5,265 (2,033)500 (190)8.67
164Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 5,130 (1,980)5,128 (1,980)0 (0)0
Flag of French Polynesia.svg  French Polynesia (France)4,167 (1,609)3,827 (1,478)340 (130)8.16
Flag of Transnistria.svg  Transnistria 4,163 (1,607) [Note 49]
165Flag of Cape Verde.svg  Cape Verde 4,033 (1,557)4,033 (1,557)0 (0)0
Flag of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.svg  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (United Kingdom)3,903 (1,507)3,903 (1,507)0 (0)0 [Note 16]
Flag of South Ossetia.svg  South Ossetia 3,900 (1,500) [Note 50]
Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg  Northern Cyprus 3,355 (1,295) [Note 51]
166Flag of Samoa.svg  Samoa 2,842 (1,097)2,821 (1,089)10 (3.9)0.35
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong (China)2,755 (1,064)1,106 (427)1,649 (637) [37] 59.8
167Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg 2,586 (998)2,586 (998)0 (0)0The smallest country that is not a European microstate or island country
Bir Tawil (Terra nullius)2,060 (800)2,060 (800)0 (0)0
168Flag of Mauritius.svg  Mauritius 2,040 (790)2,030 (780)10 (3.9)0.49 [Note 52]
169Flag of the Comoros.svg  Comoros 1,862 (719)1,862 (719)0 (0)0 [Note 53]
Flag of Aland.svg  Åland Islands (Finland)1,580 (610) [Note 54]
Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands (Denmark)1,393 (538)1,393 (538) [Note 55]
170Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg  São Tomé and Príncipe 964 (372)964 (372)0 (0)0
Flag of the Turks and Caicos Islands.svg  Turks and Caicos Islands (United Kingdom)948 (366)430 (170)0 (0)0 [Note 16]
171Flag of Kiribati.svg  Kiribati 811 (313)811 (313)0 (0)0 [Note 56]
172Flag of Bahrain.svg  Bahrain 778 (300)778 (300)0 (0)0
173Flag of Dominica.svg  Dominica 751 (290)751 (290)0 (0)0
174Flag of Tonga.svg  Tonga 747 (288)717 (277)30 (12)4.02
175Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore 716 (276)687 (265)10 (3.9)1.43
176Flag of Federated States of Micronesia.svg  Federated States of Micronesia 702 (271)702 (271)
177Flag of Saint Lucia.svg  Saint Lucia 616 (238)606 (234)10 (3.9)1.62 [Note 57]
Flag of the Isle of Man.svg  Isle of Man (United Kingdom)572 (221)572 (221)0 (0)0
Flag of Guam.svg  Guam (United States)549 (212)544 (210)0 (0)0
178Flag of Andorra.svg  Andorra 468 (181)468 (181)0 (0)0
Flag of the Northern Mariana Islands.svg  Northern Mariana Islands (United States)464 (179)464 (179)0 (0)0
179Flag of Palau.svg  Palau 459 (177)459 (177)0 (0)0
180Flag of the Seychelles.svg  Seychelles 452 (175)455 (176)0 (0)0Smallest country in Africa.
Flag of Curacao.svg  Curaçao (Netherlands)444 (171)444 (171)0 (0)0 [Note 38]
181Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg  Antigua and Barbuda 442 (171)442.6 (170.9)0 (0)0
182Flag of Barbados.svg  Barbados 430 (170)431 (166)0 (0)0
Flag of Australia.svg  Heard Island and McDonald Islands (Australia)412 (159)412 (159)0 (0)0 [Note 16]
183Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 389 (150)389 (150)0 (0)0
Flag of Norway.svg  Jan Mayen (Norway)377 (146)377 (146)0 (0)0
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg  U.S. Virgin Islands (United States)347 (134)346 (134)1,564 (604)81.88
184Flag of Grenada.svg  Grenada 344 (133)344 (133)0 (0)0
185Flag of Malta.svg  Malta 316 (122)316 (122)0 (0)0Smallest European Union member state.
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom)308 (119)308 (119)0 (0)0 [Note 58]
186Flag of Maldives.svg  Maldives 300 (120)298 (115)0 (0)0Smallest country in Asia.
Flag of Bonaire.svg  Bonaire (Netherlands)294 (114)294 (114)0 (0)0
Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg  Cayman Islands (United Kingdom)264 (102)264 (102)0 (0)0
187Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Saint Kitts and Nevis 261 (101)261 (101)0 (0)0Smallest country in the Americas and the Western Hemisphere.
Flag of Niue.svg  Niue (New Zealand)260 (100)260 (100)0 (0)0 [Note 59]
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Akrotiri and Dhekelia (United Kingdom)253.8 (98.0)There is a salt lake and some wetlands of unknown area.
Flag of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.svg  Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France)242 (93)242 (93)0 (0)0
Flag of the Cook Islands.svg  Cook Islands (New Zealand)236 (91)236 (91)0 (0)0 [Note 60]
Flag of American Samoa.svg  American Samoa (United States)199 (77)199 (77)0 (0)0
188Flag of the Marshall Islands.svg  Marshall Islands 181 (70)181 (70)11,673 (4,507)98.47
Flag of Aruba.svg  Aruba (Netherlands)180 (69)180 (69)0 (0)0
189Flag of Liechtenstein.svg  Liechtenstein 160 (62)160 (62)0 (0)0
Flag of the British Virgin Islands.svg  British Virgin Islands (United Kingdom)151 (58)151 (58)0 (0)0
Flag of Wallis and Futuna.svg  Wallis and Futuna (France)142 (55)142 (55)0 (0)0
Flag of Christmas Island.svg  Christmas Island (Australia)135 (52)135 (52)0 (0)0 [Note 61]
Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey (United Kingdom)116 (45)116 (45)0 (0)0
Flag of Montserrat.svg  Montserrat (United Kingdom)102 (39)102 (39)0 (0)0
Flag of Anguilla.svg  Anguilla (United Kingdom)91 (35)91 (35)0 (0)0
Flag of Guernsey.svg  Guernsey (United Kingdom)78 (30)78 (30)0 (0)0
190Flag of San Marino.svg  San Marino 61 (24)61 (24)0 (0)0
Flag of the British Indian Ocean Territory.svg  British Indian Ocean Territory (United Kingdom)60 (23)60 (23)54,340 (20,980)99.89 [Note 62]
Flag of France.svg  Saint Martin (France)54 (21)54.4 (21.0) [Note 16]
Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda (United Kingdom)54 (21)54 (21)0 (0)0
Flag of Norway.svg  Bouvet Island (Norway)49 (19)49 (19)0 (0)0 [Note 16]
Flag of the Pitcairn Islands.svg  Pitcairn Islands (United Kingdom)47 (18)47 (18)0 (0)0 [Note 63]
Flag of Norfolk Island.svg  Norfolk Island (Australia)36 (14)36 (14)0 (0)0
Flag of Sint Maarten.svg  Sint Maarten (Netherlands)34 (13)34 (13)0 (0)0 [Note 38]
Flag of Macau.svg  Macau (China)31.3 (12.1)28.2 (10.9)0 (0)0 [Note 64]
191Flag of Tuvalu.svg  Tuvalu 26 (10)26 (10)0 (0)0Smallest Commonwealth realm.
192Flag of Nauru.svg  Nauru 21 (8.1)21 (8.1)0 (0)0Smallest island country, smallest republic and smallest country that is not a city-state
Flag of Saint Barthelemy (local).svg  Saint Barthélemy (France)21 (8.1) [Note 16]
Flag of Sint Eustatius.svg  Sint Eustatius (Netherlands)21 (8.1)
Flag of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands.svg  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia)14 (5.4)14 (5.4)0 (0)0 [Note 61]
Flag of Saba.svg  Saba (Netherlands)13 (5.0)
Flag of Tokelau.svg  Tokelau (New Zealand)12 (4.6)12 (4.6)0 (0)0
Flag of Gibraltar.svg  Gibraltar (United Kingdom)6 (2.3)6.5 (2.5)0 (0)0 British Overseas Territory
Flag of France.svg  Clipperton Island (France)6 (2.3)2 (0.77)4 (1.5)66.67
Flag of Australia.svg  Ashmore and Cartier Islands (Australia)5 (1.9)5 (1.9)0 (0)0
  Spratly Islands (disputed)0 (0)0
Flag of Australia.svg  Coral Sea Islands (Australia)0 (0)0
193Flag of Monaco.svg  Monaco 2.02 (0.78)2.02 (0.78)0 (0)0Smallest country with a coastline. Smallest United Nations member state.
194Flag of the Vatican City.svg  Vatican City 0.44 (0.17)0.44 (0.17)0 (0)0Smallest country in the world.

Graphical charts

The charts below are based on the CIA World Factbook [38] as of February 15, 2005.

Sovereign states with areas greater than 100,000 km2 are shown in green. In addition, non-sovereign territories are included for purposes of comparison, and are shown in gray. Areas include inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers). Claims to parts of Antarctica by various countries are not included.

Countries greater than 1.5 million km2

MongoliaIranLibyaSudanIndonesiaMexicoSaudi ArabiaGreenlandDemocratic Republic of the CongoAlgeriaKazakhstanArgentinaIndiaEuropean UnionAustraliaBrazilUnited StatesGeography of China#Boundary disputesPeople's Republic of ChinaCanadaEuropeAntarcticaRussiaList of countries and dependencies by area

Countries less than 1.5 million km2

IcelandGuatemalaCubaBulgariaLiberiaHondurasBeninMalawiNorth KoreaEritreaNicaraguaGreeceNepalTajikistanBangladeshSurinameTunisiaUruguayCambodiaSyriaSenegalKyrgyzstanBelarusOmanGuyanaUgandaLaosRomaniaGhanaUnited KingdomGuineaWestern SaharaGabonNew ZealandBurkina FasoEcuadorPhilippinesItalyPolandCôte d'IvoireNorwayVietnamMalaysiaFinlandRepublic of the CongoGermanyJapanZimbabweParaguayIraqMoroccoUzbekistanSwedenPapua New GuineaCameroonTurkmenistanSpainThailandYemenFranceKenyaMadagascarBotswanaUkraineSouth SudanCentral African RepublicSomaliaAfghanistanBurmaZambiaChileTurkeyMozambiquePakistanNamibiaVenezuelaNigeriaTanzaniaEgyptMauritaniaBoliviaEthiopiaColombiaSouth AfricaMaliAngolaNigerChadPeruList of countries and dependencies by area

See also

Notes

  1. The European Union is a unique supranational union. It covers a total area of 4,479,968 km2 (1,729,725 sq mi), [1] and would be ranked 7th if it were included (3.0% of world's total land area).
  2. The figure shown does not include the area of Crimea (27,000 km2 or 10,000 sq mi), de facto controlled by Russia, claimed by Ukraine.
  3. The following countries have territorial claims in Antarctica: Argentina (969,000 km2 or 374,000 sq mi), Australia (5,896,500 km2 or 2,276,700 sq mi), Chile (1,250,000 km2 or 480,000 sq mi), France (432,000 km2 or 167,000 sq mi), New Zealand (450,000 km2 or 170,000 sq mi), Norway (including Peter I Island) (2,500,000 km2 or 970,000 sq mi) and United Kingdom (1,395,000 km2 or 539,000 sq mi), which to some extent overlap. The area from 90°W to 150°W (2,100,000 km2 or 810,000 sq mi) is currently unclaimed territory. These areas usually have no human inhabitants, excluding scientists.
  4. 1 2 The following two primary sources (non-mirrored) represent the range (min./max.) of total area for China and the United States. Both sources (1) exclude Taiwan from the area of China; (2) exclude China's coastal and territorial waters. However, the CIA World Factbook includes the United States coastal and territorial waters, while Encyclopædia Britannica excludes the United States coastal and territorial waters.
    1. The Encyclopædia Britannica lists China as world's third-largest country (after Russia and Canada) with a total area of 9,572,900 sq km, [6] and the United States as fourth-largest at 9,525,067 sq km. [7]
    2. The CIA World Factbook lists China as fourth-largest country (after Russia, Canada and the United States) with a total area of 9,596,960 sq km, [8] and the United States as the third-largest at 9,833,517 sq km. [9]
    Notably, Encyclopædia Britannica specifies the United States' area (excluding coastal and territorial waters) as 9,525,067 sq km, which is less than either source's figure given for China's area. [7] Therefore, while it can be determined that China has a larger area excluding coastal and territorial waters, it is unclear which country has a larger area including coastal and territorial waters.
    United Nations Statistics Division's figure for the United States is 9,833,517 sq km and China is 9,596,961 sq km. These closely match the CIA World Factbook figures and similarly include coastal and territorial waters for the United States, but exclude coastal and territorial waters for China.
    Further explanation of disputed ranking: The dispute for world's third-largest country arose from the inclusion of coastal and territorial waters for the United States. This discrepancy was deduced from comparing the CIA World Factbook and its previous iterations [10] against the information for United States on Encyclopædia Britannica, particularly its footnote section. [7] In sum, according to older versions of the CIA World Factbook (from 1982 to 1996), the US was listed as the world's fourth-largest country (after Russia, Canada, and China) with a total area of 9,372,610 sq km. However, in the 1997 edition, the US added coastal waters to its total area (increasing it to 9,629,091 sq km). And then again in 2007, US added territorial water to its total area (increasing it to 9,833,517 sq km). During this time, China's total area remained unchanged. In other words, no coastal or territorial water area was added to China's total area figure. The United States has a coastal water area of 109,362 sq km, and a territorial water area of 195,213 sq km, for a total of 304,575 sq km of additional water space. This is larger than entire countries like Italy, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. Adding this figure to the US will boost it over China in ranking since China's coastal and territorial water figures are currently unknown (no official publication) and thus cannot be added into China's total area figure.
  5. Figures exclude the external territories of Norfolk Island, Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Coral Sea Islands Territory, and Heard Island and McDonald Islands, [12] each shown separately. Excludes the claim of the Australian Antarctic Territory (5,896,500 km2 or 2,276,700 sq mi). The UN's previous data, [13] as well as the current data shown by the World Bank and the CIA, [1] [14] give the figure as 7,741,220 km2 (2,988,900 sq mi).
  6. The total area given is from Encyclopædia Britannica and includes disputed territories not under Indian control but claimed by India. The total area claimed by India, according to the figure given by the United Nations and the Indian government, totals 3,287,263 km2 (1,269,219 sq mi). [15]
  7. Excludes claims on Argentine Antarctica (969,000 km2 or 374,000 sq mi), on Malvinas/Falkland Islands (12,173 km2 or 4,700 sq mi) and on South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (3,903 km2 or 1,507 sq mi).
  8. The area of internal waters is officially reported as 0 [17] even though several seasonal lakes and permanent reservoirs exist in the country. Prior to 2011, Sudan was the largest country in Africa but the secession of South Sudan led to Algeria becoming the largest country in Africa In 2011.
  9. A total of 1,755,636 km2 (677,855 sq mi) (81%) of the land area is covered by ice; the ice-free area amounts to 410,450 km2 (158,480 sq mi). [14]
  10. 1 2 The water area percentage of Sudan prior to the secession of South Sudan was 5.18.
  11. Prior to the independence of South Sudan in 2011, Sudan's total area as reported by the UN source was 2,505,813 km2 (967,500 sq mi). Updated figure shown is from the CIA. [1]
  12. The area given is from the 2007 data and the CIA World Factbook. [1] [13] The UN Demographic Yearbook lists a figure of 1,628,750 km2 (628,860 sq mi), which refers to land area only.
  13. Excluding the Ilemi Triangle (14,000 km2 or 5,400 sq mi).
  14. Includes data for Pakistani-claimed territories of Kashmir, Azad Kashmir (13,297 km2 or 5,134 sq mi) and Gilgit–Baltistan (72,520 km2 or 28,000 sq mi). [19] Excluding these territories would produce an area figure of 796,095 km2 (307,374 sq mi).
  15. Excludes claims in Antarctica.
  16. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Figures shown in this entry are taken from the CIA. [1]
  17. Source gives area of metropolitan France as 551,500 km2 (212,900 sq mi) and lists overseas regions separately, whose areas sum to 89,179 km2 (34,432 sq mi). Adding these give the total shown here for the entire French Republic. The CIA reports the total as 643,801 km2 (248,573 sq mi). [1] Another source, the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies, gives an area figure of 632,759 km2 (244,310 sq mi). [20] (The CIA gives a water area of metropolitan France as 1,530 km2 (590 sq mi).)
  18. The figure shown includes the area of Crimea (27,000 km2 or 10,000 sq mi), de facto controlled by Russia, but claimed by Ukraine and internationally recognised as part of it.
  19. All figures are those cited by the Food and Agriculture Organization. [21]
  20. If the whole of Western Sahara is included (which Morocco controls approximately two-thirds of), the area would be 710,800 km2 (274,460 sq mi) and the rank would be #39.
  21. Figure shown is from the 2007 data and the CIA World Factbook. [1] [13] The UN figure of 435,244 km2 (168,049 sq mi) excludes the three autonomous provinces of Iraqi Kurdistan.
  22. Figure shown is from the 2019 (Reiwa 1) Geospatial Information Authority of Japan. [22] [23]
  23. Includes the Åland Islands (1,552 km2 or 599 sq mi).
  24. Figures shown are from the CIA World Factbook; the UN data refers to mainland area only. All figures exclude Svalbard, Jan Mayen and Bouvet Island, shown separately, and the Antarctic territorial claims of Queen Maud Land and Peter I Island (243 km2 or 94 sq mi).
  25. May or may not include the Galápagos Islands (7,880 km2 or 3,040 sq mi). The 2007 data, [13] as well as the current data given by the CIA, explicitly includes the Galápagos and gives the figure as 283,561 km2 (109,484 sq mi). [1]
  26. The total area figure is that reported by the National Institute of Statistics and Demography of Burkina Faso (INSD). [24] The water area is that reported by the Food and Agriculture Organization [25] and the land area is taken to be the difference between these two figures.
  27. The government gives the total figure as 266,838 square kilometres (103,027 sq mi). [26] CIA World Factbook has total/land area of 267,710 km2 (103,360 sq mi). All figures exclude