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Temporal range: Late Miocene to Present
Scientific classification OOjs UI icon edit-ltr.svg
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Reduncinae
Knottnerus-Meyer, 1907


The bovid subfamily Reduncinae or tribe Reduncini [1] is composed of nine species of antelope, all of which dwell in marshes, floodplains, or other well-watered areas, including the waterbucks and reedbucks. [2] These antelopes first appear in the fossil record 7.4 million years ago in Eurasia and 6.6 Mya in Africa.


Alternate classification

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bovidae</span> Family of mammals belonging to even-toed ungulates

The Bovidae comprise the biological family of cloven-hoofed, ruminant mammals that includes cattle, yaks, bison, buffalo, antelopes, sheep and goats. A member of this family is called a bovid. With 143 extant species and 300 known extinct species, the family Bovidae consists of 11 major subfamilies and thirteen major tribes. The family evolved 20 million years ago, in the early Miocene.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kob</span> Species of mammal

The kob is an antelope found across Central Africa and parts of West Africa and East Africa. Together with the closely related reedbucks, waterbucks, lechwe, Nile lechwe, and puku, it forms the Reduncinae tribe. Found along the northern savanna, it is often seen in Murchison Falls and Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda; Garamba and Virunga National Park, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as well as grassy floodplains of South Sudan. Kob are found in wet areas, where they eat grasses. Kob are diurnal, but inactive during the heat of the day. They live in groups of either females and calves or just males. These groups generally range from five to 40 animals.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Puku</span> Species of antelope

The puku is a medium-sized antelope found in wet grasslands in southern Democratic Republic of Congo, Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia and more concentrated in the Okavango Delta in Botswana. Nearly one-third of all puku are found in protected areas, zoos, and national parks due to their diminishing habitat.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bohor reedbuck</span> Species of mammal

The bohor reedbuck is an antelope native to central Africa. The animal is placed under the genus Redunca and in the family Bovidae. It was first described by German zoologist and botanist Peter Simon Pallas in 1767. The bohor reedbuck has five subspecies. The head-and-body length of this medium-sized antelope is typically between 100–135 cm (39–53 in). Males reach approximately 75–89 cm (30–35 in) at the shoulder, while females reach 69–76 cm (27–30 in). Males typically weigh 43–65 kg (95–143 lb) and females 35–45 kg (77–99 lb). This sturdily built antelope has a yellow to grayish brown coat. Only the males possess horns which measure about 25–35 cm (9.8–13.8 in) long.

Adenota is an alternative genus or sub-genus within the Reduncinae sub-family of family Bovidae, composed of the species Kobus kob (Kob) and Kobus vardonii (Puku). It was described by Nowak in 1991.

This is a list of the taxonomic contributions of Major Percy Horace Gordon Powell-Cotton.

Sivacobus is an extinct species of antelope that lived in South Asia during the Plio-Pleistocene.


  1. Database, Mammal Diversity (2021-11-06), Mammal Diversity Database, doi:10.5281/zenodo.5651212 , retrieved 2022-01-30
  2. "Subfamily Reduncinae - Rhebok, reedbucks, and waterbucks". Retrieved 2019-08-01.
  3. Vrba, Elisabeth S.; Bibi, Faysal; Costa, August G. (2015-07-04). "First Asian record of a late Pleistocene reduncine (Artiodactyla, Bovidae, Reduncini), Sivacobus sankaliai, sp. nov., from Gopnath (Miliolite Formation) Gujarat, India, and a revision of the Asian genus Sivacobus Pilgrim, 1939". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 35 (4): e943399. doi:10.1080/02724634.2014.943399. ISSN   0272-4634. S2CID   83914701.
  4. Ronald, H. Pine (1993-02-19). "Nowak, R. M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, 5th ed., 1: i–xlviii + 1–642 + xlix–lxiii and 2: i–xiii + 643–1629 pp. ISBN 0-8018-3970-X. Price (hardbound)". Journal of Mammalogy. 74 (1): 236–238. doi:10.2307/1381927. ISSN   0022-2372. JSTOR   1381927.