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Rupicapra rupicapra 0.jpg
Scientific classification OOjs UI icon edit-ltr.svg
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Caprinae
Tribe: Caprini
Genus: Rupicapra
Garsault, 1764
Type species
Capra rupicapra
Linnaeus, 1768
Range of Rupicapra during the Holocene (grey) and present range (red) Rupicapra range.jpg
Range of Rupicapra during the Holocene (grey) and present range (red)

Rupicapra is a genus of goat-antelope called the chamois. They belong to the bovine family of hoofed mammals, the Bovidae.

Two extant species are recognized. [1]

ImageScientific nameCommon NameDistribution
Gamse (Rupicapra rupicapra) Zoo Salzburg 2014 g-crop.jpg Rupicapra rupicapra Alpine chamois the mountains of southern and central Europe and Turkey and the Caucasus in southwest Asia
Rebeco en Aiguestortes.JPG Rupicapra pyrenaica Pyrenean chamois the Pyrenees (a mountain range in southwestern Europe) and Apennines

The Apennine chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica ornata) [2] is a subspecies of the Pyrenean chamois, a goat-like mammal found in the mountains of Europe. Both male and female have hook-shaped horns that slightly curl backwards and grow little by little each year, never falling off. Their coats are light brown in the summer and darker in the winter, with a light colored mark on the throat. There are also two darker bands on their flanks.

In the summer, the Apennine chamois prefers rock faces and pasture lands at heights above 1700 meters for its habitat, and in the winter it prefers to retreat to the woods below. Diet of the chamois consists of grasses, leaves, buds, shoots and fungi. Adult males prefer a solitary life, only approaching females during the mating season. Groups consist only of females, young males, and "kids." Females give birth to only one kid after a gestation period of 23 to 24 weeks. [3]

A 2014 study by Durham University discovered that these goats are shrinking in size due to global warming and climatic changes. [4]

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  1. Grubb, P. (2005). "Order Artiodactyla". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 711–712. ISBN   978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC   62265494.
  2. "ITIS - Report: Rupicapra pyrenaica ornata". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
  3. "Apennine Chamois Facts - Photos - Earth's Endangered Creatures".
  4. "Mountain Goats Are Shrinking—A Lot—Because of Global Warming". National Geographic Society. Retrieved 23 October 2014.