Thomaston, Georgia

Last updated

City of Thomaston
Thomaston-Upson County Government Administration Complex.jpg
Thomaston-Upson County Government Administration Complex
Motto(s): 
"One of the Best 100 Towns" [1]
Upson County Georgia Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Thomaston Highlighted.svg
Location in Upson County and the state of Georgia.
Coordinates: 32°54′N84°20′W / 32.900°N 84.333°W / 32.900; -84.333 Coordinates: 32°54′N84°20′W / 32.900°N 84.333°W / 32.900; -84.333
Country United States
State Georgia
County Upson
Area
  Total9.2 sq mi (23.8 km2)
  Land9.1 sq mi (23.4 km2)
  Water0.1 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Elevation
784 ft (239 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total9,170
  Estimate 
(2018) [2]
8,740
  Density1,024/sq mi (395.4/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
30286
Area code(s) 706
FIPS code 13-76168 [3]
GNIS feature ID0324093 [4]
Website Official City of Thomaston, Georgia Government Website

Thomaston is a city in and the county seat of Upson County, [5] Georgia, United States. [6] The population was 9,170 at the 2010 census. It is the principal city of and is included in the Thomaston, Georgia Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Atlanta - Sandy Springs (GA) - Gainesville (GA) - Alabama (partial) Combined Statistical Area.

Upson County, Georgia U.S. county in Georgia

Upson County is a county located in the west central Piedmont portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,153. The county seat is Thomaston. The county was created on December 15, 1824.

Georgia (U.S. state) U.S. state in the United States

Georgia is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Georgia is the 24th largest in area and 8th-most populous of the 50 United States. Georgia is bordered to the north by Tennessee and North Carolina, to the northeast by South Carolina, to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by Florida, and to the west by Alabama. Atlanta, a "beta(+)" global city, is both the state's capital and largest city. The Atlanta metropolitan area, with an estimated population of 5,949,951 in 2018, is the 9th most populous metropolitan area in the United States and contains about 60% of the entire state population.

Atlanta metropolitan area Metropolitan area in Georgia, United States

Metro Atlanta, designated by the United States Office of Management and Budget as the Atlanta–Sandy Springs–Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, is the most populous metro area in the US state of Georgia and the ninth-largest metropolitan statistical area (MSA) in the United States. Its economic, cultural and demographic center is Atlanta, and has an estimated 2018 population of 5,949,951 according to the U.S. Census Bureau. The metro area forms the core of a broader trading area, the Atlanta–Athens-Clarke–Sandy Springs Combined Statistical Area. The Combined Statistical Area spans up to 39 counties in north Georgia and has an estimated 2017 population of 6,555,956. Atlanta is considered a "beta(+) world city." It is the third largest metropolitan region in the Census Bureau's Southeast region behind Greater Washington and Greater Miami.

Contents

Thomaston is located on US Route 19 and State Route 3, which run north and south, and on State Routes 36 and 74, which run (more or less) east and west.

History

Upson County Courthouse built in 1908 in Thomaston, Georgia. Upson County Courthouse (West face).JPG
Upson County Courthouse built in 1908 in Thomaston, Georgia.

Thomaston was incorporated on January 1, 1825, [7] and designated as the seat of Upson County. The town was named for General Jett Thomas, an Indian fighter in the War of 1812. [8]

Jett Thomas was an American military officer and builder.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 570
1890 1,181107.2%
1900 1,71445.1%
1910 1,645−4.0%
1920 2,50252.1%
1930 4,92296.7%
1940 6,39629.9%
1950 6,5802.9%
1960 9,33641.9%
1970 10,0247.4%
1980 9,682−3.4%
1990 9,127−5.7%
2000 9,4113.1%
2010 9,170−2.6%
Est. 20188,740 [2] −4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]

As of the census [3] of 2000, there were 9,411 people, 3,862 households, and 2,386 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,039.4 people per square mile (401.5/km²). There were 4,152 housing units at an average density of 458.6 per square mile (177.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 62.75% White, 35.30% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.77% of the population.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. This term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include traditional culture, business, supplies, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practices.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area, or exceptionally unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 3,862 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.0% were married couples living together, 21.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.2% were non-families. 35.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 3.00.

Marriage Social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a culturally recognised union between people, called spouses, that establishes rights and obligations between them, as well as between them and their children, and between them and their in-laws. The definition of marriage varies around the world, not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion. Over time, it has expanded and also constricted who and what is encompassed. Typically, it is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. Article 16 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights declares that "Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses."

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 20.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 77.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,695, and the median income for a family was $33,093. Males had a median income of $31,168 versus $20,420 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,193. About 18.4% of families and 22.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.3% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.

Per capita income mean income of the people in an economic unit such as a country or city

Per capita income (PCI) or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population.

Health Care

Its principal hospital is the Upson Regional Medical Center at 801 West Gordon Street.

Industry

Industry in the city is driven primarily by manufacturing which makes up 36.5%. The second largest industry is educational, health, and social service comprising 21.0%. The third largest industry is retail trade at 11.6% of the total industry in Thomaston. The remaining portions of industry include agriculture, construction,wholesale trade, transportation, information, finance, management, administration, arts and entertainment, food service, recreation, accommodation, and public administration.

Arts and culture

Historical mural on Gordon St. Mural on Gordon St. in Thomaston, GA.JPG
Historical mural on Gordon St.

National Register of Historic Places

The Upson County courthouse was built in 1908, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [10]

National Register of Historic Places Federal list of historic sites in the United States

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred in preserving the property.

Annual events

Thomaston hosts an annual Emancipation Proclamation Celebration each May. It is the nation's oldest and longest running emancipation celebration of its kind. [7]

Parks and recreation

Education

Thomaston-Upson County School District

The Thomaston-Upson County School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of two elementary schools, a middle school, and a high school. [11] The district has 279 full-time teachers and over 5,009 students. [12]

Colleges and universities

Southern Crescent Technical College is located in Thomaston, and is a two-year technical school. [13] [14]

Notable people

John Brown Gordon portrait by Mathew Brady. John Brown Gordon - Brady-Handy.jpg
John Brown Gordon portrait by Mathew Brady.

Related Research Articles

Worth County, Georgia U.S. county in Georgia

Worth County is a county located in the south central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia.

Webster County, Georgia U.S. county in Georgia, United States

Webster County is a county located in the west central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 Census reflected a population of 2,799, making it the third-least populous county in Georgia. The county seat is Preston.

Stewart County, Georgia U.S. county in Georgia

Stewart County is a county located in the west portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,058. The county seat is Lumpkin. The county was created on December 23, 1830.

Pike County, Georgia U.S. county in Georgia

Pike County is a county located in the west central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,869. The county seat is Zebulon.

Monroe County, Georgia U.S. county in Georgia

Monroe County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,424. The county seat is Forsyth. The county was created on May 15, 1821. The county was named for James Monroe.

Meriwether County, Georgia U.S. county in Georgia

Meriwether County is a county located in the west central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,992. The county seat is Greenville, home of the Meriwether County Courthouse. The county was formed on December 14, 1827 as the 73rd county in Georgia. It was named for David Meriwether, a general in the American Revolutionary War and member of Congress from Georgia.

Lamar County, Georgia U.S. county in Georgia

Lamar County is a county located in the west central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,317. The county seat is Barnesville.

Bleckley County, Georgia U.S. county in Georgia, United States

Bleckley County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,063. The county seat is Cochran.

Ben Hill County, Georgia U.S. county in Georgia, United States

Ben Hill County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,634. The county seat is Fitzgerald. The county was organized in 1906. It is named after Benjamin Harvey Hill, a former Confederate and United States Senator.

Thomaston, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Thomaston is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 7,887 at the 2010 census. The urban center of the town is the Thomaston census-designated place, with a population of 1,910 at the 2010 census.

Cochran, Georgia City in Georgia, United States

Cochran is a city in Bleckley County, Georgia, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 5,150. The city is the county seat of Bleckley County.

Pembroke, Georgia City in Georgia, United States

Pembroke is a small city in Bryan County, Georgia, United States. The population was 2,196 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Bryan County. Pembroke is located approximately 35 miles west of Savannah, GA, and approximately 20 miles south of Statesboro, GA.

Gibson, Georgia City in Georgia, United States

Gibson is a city in Glascock County, Georgia, United States. The population was 663 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Glascock County and home to the Glascock County Courthouse, a National Register of Historic Places listed site.

Hampton, Georgia City in Georgia, United States

Hampton is a city in southwestern Henry County, Georgia, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 6,987, up from 3,857 at the 2000 census. By 2018 the estimated population was 7,922. "Hampton" mailing addresses outside the city limits reach into rural parts of eastern Clayton County and northern Spalding County. It is a southeastern suburb in the Atlanta metropolitan area.

Barnesville, Georgia City in Georgia, United States

Barnesville is a city in Lamar County, Georgia, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 6,755. The city is the county seat of Lamar County.

Leesburg, Georgia City in Georgia, United States

Leesburg is a city in Lee County, Georgia, United States. The population was 2,896 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Lee County and is part of the Albany, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Lexington, Georgia City in Georgia, United States

The city of Lexington is the county seat of Oglethorpe County, Georgia, United States. The population was 239 at the 2000 census.

Zebulon, Georgia City in Georgia, United States

Zebulon is a city in Pike County, Georgia, United States. The population was 1,181 at the 2000 census. The city is the county seat of Pike County. The city and county were named after explorer Zebulon Pike.

Lyons, Georgia City in Georgia, United States

Lyons is a city in Toombs County, Georgia, United States. The population was 4,367 at the 2010 census, up from 4,169 in 2000. The city is the county seat of Toombs County.

References

  1. "Official City of Thomaston, Georgia Government Website". Official City of Thomaston, Georgia Government Website. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved August 18, 2019.
  3. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. "Profile for Thomaston, Georgia, GA". ePodunk. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
  7. 1 2 "Thomaston". Georgia Gov. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
  8. Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 225. ISBN   0-915430-00-2.
  9. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. "Thomaston". Georgia Department of Community Affairs. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
  11. Georgia Board of Education [ permanent dead link ], Retrieved June 27, 2010.
  12. School Stats, Retrieved June 27, 2010.
  13. "Thomaston". Georgia Department of Community Affairs. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
  14. "Flint River Campus". Southern Crescent Technical College. Archived from the original on October 5, 2012. Retrieved September 5, 2012.