1796 United States House of Representatives elections in Pennsylvania

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United States House of Representatives elections in Pennsylvania, 1796
Flag of Pennsylvania.svg
  1794 October 11, 1796 1798  

All 13 Pennsylvania seats to the United States House of Representatives
 Majority partyMinority party
 
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Last election94
Seats won76
Seat changeDecrease2.svg 2Increase2.svg 2

Elections to the United States House of Representatives in Pennsylvania were held on October 11, 1796 for the 5th Congress

Contents

Background

Thirteen Representatives (9 Democratic-Republicans and 4 Federalists) had been elected in 1794. One Representative, Daniel Hiester (DR) of the 5th district resigned on July 1, 1796. His seat was vacant at the time of the 1796 election, and was filled in a special election held at the same time.

Congressional districts

Pennsylvania was divided into 12 districts, one of which (the 4th ) was a plural district, with 2 Representatives. These districts remained in use until redistricting after the Census of 1800.

The counties that made up the 5th district did not border each other. That district was therefore made up of two separate pieces rather than being a single contiguous entity

Note: Many of these counties covered much larger areas than they do today, having since been divided into numerous counties

Election results

11 incumbents (7 Democratic-Republicans and 4 Federalists) ran for re-election. Frederick Muhlenberg (DR) of the 2nd district did not run for re-election. Of the incumbents who ran for re-election, 9 (5 Democratic-Republicans and 4 Federalists) were re-elected. Overall, 7 Democratic-Republicans and 6 Federalists were elected, a net gain of 2 seats for the Federalists.

1796 United States House election results
District Democratic-Republican Federalist
1st John Swanwick (I)1,50751.3%Edward Tilgham1,43248.7%
2nd Blair McClenachan 1,18260.2% Robert Waln [1] 79539.8%
3rd William Gibbons1,14347.1% Richard Thomas 1,28252.9%
4th
2 seats
Peter Muhlenberg 1,14813.0% Samuel Sitgreaves (I)3,75242.6%
John Richards (I)1,08112.3% John Chapman 2,21425.2%
Robert Lollar6046.9%
5th Joseph Hiester [1] 1,53843.2% George Ege 2,02856.8%
6th John A. Hanna 89874.3%John Carson25521.1%
Samuel Maclay (I)564.6%
7th John W. Kittera (I)1,67995.6%
William Webb774.4%
8th Thomas Hartley (I)1,502100%
9th Andrew Gregg (I)1,14153.8%James Wallace1687.9%
William Irvine 67832.0%Thomas Kennedy492.3%
Robert Whitehill864.1%
10th David Bard 1,58145.1%William M. Brown86224.6%
Abraham Smith1,06230.3%
11th William Findley (I)2,09079.3%James Findley54620.7%
12th Albert Gallatin (I)2,52261.7% John Woods 1,07926.4%
Thomas Stokely48611.9%
5th (special) Joseph Hiester 1,55343.2% George Ege 2,03956.8%

Special Elections

George Ege (F) of the 5th district resigned in October, 1797 and was replaced in a special election held October 10, 1797

1797 Special election
District Democratic-Republican Federalist
5th Joseph Hiester 1,259100%

With Hiester's election, the Democratic-Republicans gained 1 seat, increasing their majority to 8-5

John Swanwick (DR) of the 1st district died on August 1, 1798 and Samuel Sitgreaves (F) of the 4th district resigned on August 29, 1798. Special elections were held in those districts on October 9, 1798, the same day as the elections to the 6th Congress.

1798 Special elections
District Democratic-Republican Federalist
1st Samuel Miles38030.5% Robert Waln 86669.5%
4th Robert Brown 5,10962.1%Jacob Everly3,12037.9%

Both also won election to the 6th Congress. The 1st district changed from Democratic-Republican to Federalist while the 4th district changed from Federalist to Democratic-Republican, leaving no net change in seats for the remainder of the 5th Congress.

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References

  1. 1 2 Elected in subsequent special election