Hyde Park, New York

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Hyde Park, New York
Hyde Park, NY, town hall.jpg
Town hall of Hyde Park
Dutchess County New York incorporated areas Hyde Park highlighted.svg
Location within Dutchess County and New York
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Hyde Park, New York
Location within Dutchess County and New York
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Hyde Park, New York
Hyde Park, New York (the United States)
Coordinates: 41°47′N73°54′W / 41.783°N 73.900°W / 41.783; -73.900 Coordinates: 41°47′N73°54′W / 41.783°N 73.900°W / 41.783; -73.900
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
County Dutchess
Government
  Type Town council
   Town supervisor Aileen Rohr (D)
   Town council
List of members
Area
[1]
  Total39.86 sq mi (103.23 km2)
  Land36.66 sq mi (94.95 km2)
  Water3.19 sq mi (8.28 km2)
Elevation
240 ft (73 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total21,571
  Estimate 
(2016) [2]
21,048
  Density574.11/sq mi (221.66/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
12538
Area code 845
FIPS code 36-027-37209
GNIS feature ID0979090
Website www.hydeparkny.us

Hyde Park is a town in Dutchess County, New York, bordering the Hudson River north of Poughkeepsie. Within the town are the hamlets of Hyde Park, East Park, Staatsburg, and Haviland. Hyde Park is known as the hometown of Franklin D. Roosevelt, the 32nd president of the United States. His house there, now the Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site, is listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places, as are the homes of Eleanor Roosevelt, Isaac Roosevelt, and Frederick William Vanderbilt, along with Haviland Middle School (formerly Franklin D. Roosevelt High School).

Contents

Hyde Park is home to the main campus of the Culinary Institute of America, a four-year college for culinary and baking and pastry arts, and the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum, the first presidential library in the United States.

Hyde Park's population was 21,571 at the 2010 United States Census. [3] In 2016, it was estimated 21,048 people lived in Hyde Park. [2] U.S. Route 9 passes through the town near the Hudson River.

History

Springwood, Franklin D. Roosevelt's home Springwood FDR home NY1.jpg
Springwood, Franklin D. Roosevelt's home
The Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site Vanderbilt Mansion - IMG 7944.JPG
The Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site

Settlement of the region officially began around 1742, but may have begun as early as 1710.

The name of the area was changed to "Hyde Park" around 1810. Previously, it was part of the Fauconnier Patent and was named "Stoutenburgh", after the town's first settler, Jacobus Stoughtenburg. Part of the town was from the Great Nine Partners Patent of 1697.

Doctor John Bard had called his estate "Hyde Park" in honor of Edward Hyde, who was Lord Cornbury and governor of New York from 1702 to 1708. In 1697, Hyde granted nine close friends of his a large swatch of land "south of Albany" in the Great Nine Partners Patent, which would eventually make up much of Hyde Park. [4] In 1804 a tavern keeper named Miller, seeking new guests, renamed the tavern "the Hyde Park Inn", much to the annoyance of Doctor Bard. He then applied for a post office to be located at his inn, common among tavern keepers. The request was granted as the "Hyde Park Post Office". The settlement gradually came to be known not as Stoutenburgh but as Hyde Park, which it officially became in 1812.

Hyde Park was a part of Clinton, New York until 1821, when it was incorporated as a separate town. The Hyde Park Railroad Station, located at the mouth of Crum Elbow Creek along the Hudson River, was used by the town's residents, including the Roosevelts.

The town includes Frederick William Vanderbilt's spring and autumn mansion, now maintained as the Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site.

The Roosevelt family

Hyde Park is the hometown of Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882–1945), who served as president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. [5] His estate, Springwood, is the site of the Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site maintained by the National Park Service. Also on the site are his presidential library and museum. [5] Roosevelt used this residence throughout his life. FDR's historical house is now a museum that can be visited.

Val-Kill was the home of Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of Franklin D. Roosevelt. It is located about 2 miles (3 km) east of the home of FDR. [6]

Franklin D. Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt are both buried in the rose garden at "Springwood". [7]

President Roosevelt's father, James Roosevelt, Sr., served a term as supervisor of the town of Hyde Park.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Hyde Park has a total area of 39.8 square miles (103.2 km2), of which 36.7 square miles (95.0 km2) is land and 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2), or 8.02%, is water. [3]

The Hudson River defines the west town line, which is the border with Ulster County. Hyde Park is bordered by the town of Poughkeepsie to the south, Rhinebeck to the north, and Clinton and Pleasant Valley to the east.

NY Route 9G was overlaid with asphalt in 2006 from St. Andrew Road to Crum Elbow Road. A. Colarusso & Son Inc., based in Hudson, New York was the contractor.

Demographics

As of the 2010 census, the town's population was 21,571. The racial makeup was 87.1% white, 6.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.5% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.8% other races, 2.4% two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 5.6% of the population. [8]

As of the U.S. Census [9] of 2000, there were 20,851 people, 7,395 households, and 5,220 families residing in the town. The population density was 564.2 people per square mile (217.8/km2). There were 7,704 housing units at an average density of 208.5 per square mile (80.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 91.02% White, 4.25% African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.39% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 1.19% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.23% of the population.

There were 7,395 households, out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the town, the age distribution of the population shows 24.7% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $50,870, and the median income for a family was $58,047. Males had a median income of $42,251 versus $28,176 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,260. About 4.4% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.3% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.

Hyde Park
Population growth since 1830
Year1830184018501860187018801890190019101920193019401950196019701980199020002010
Population2,5542,3642,4252,7492,6952,8732,8212,8063,0192,8803,3884,0566,13612,68116,91020,76821,23020,85121,571
U.S. Decennial Census [10]

Communities and locations in Hyde Park

Communities

Places of interest

Hyde Park campus of the Culinary Institute of America Culinary Institute of America (276630633).jpg
Hyde Park campus of the Culinary Institute of America

Notable people

Actors

Artists

Business people

Frederick W. Vanderbilt FrederickWilliamVan1856-1938.jpg
Frederick W. Vanderbilt

Journalism

Music

Political figures

FDR in 1933.jpg
Eleanor Roosevelt portrait 1933.jpg
Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt

Religious figures

Science and medicine

Sports

George Browne of the New York Giants GeorgeBrownebaseball.jpg
George Browne of the New York Giants

Writers

See also

Related Research Articles

Dutchess County, New York County in New York

Dutchess County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 297,488. The county seat is the city of Poughkeepsie. The county was created in 1683, one of New York's first twelve counties, and later organized in 1713. It is located in the Mid-Hudson Region of the Hudson Valley, north of New York City.

Haviland, New York Census-designated place in New York, United States

Haviland is a community and census-designated place (CDP) in Dutchess County, New York, United States. The population was 3,634 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Poughkeepsie–Newburgh–Middletown, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the larger New York–Newark–Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area.

Poughkeepsie, New York City in New York, United States

Poughkeepsie is a city in the U.S. state of New York. It is the county seat of Dutchess County, with a 2019 census-estimated population of 30,515. Poughkeepsie is in the Hudson River Valley region, midway between the core of the New York metropolitan area and the state capital of Albany. It is a principal city of the Poughkeepsie–Newburgh–Middletown metropolitan area which belongs to the New York metropolitan area. It is served by the nearby Hudson Valley Regional Airport and Stewart International Airport in Orange County, New York.

Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site United States historic place

Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site is a historic house museum in Hyde Park, New York. It became a National Historic Landmark in 1940. It is owned and operated by the National Park Service.

Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site

Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site was established by the U.S. Congress to commemorate the life and accomplishments of Eleanor Roosevelt. Once part of the larger Roosevelt family estate in Hyde Park, New York, today the property includes the 181 acres (73 ha), buildings and other historic features that Eleanor Roosevelt called Val-Kill. It is located approximately two miles east of Springwood, the Franklin D. Roosevelt home. It is a few hundred feet east of New York State Route 9G, along which runs the Dutchess County bus route C to Tivoli.

New York State Route 9G (NY 9G) is a state highway in the Hudson Valley of New York in the United States. It runs north from U.S. Route 9 (US 9) at Poughkeepsie, starting out as Violet Avenue, then follows the Hudson River mostly along the eastern side of the US 9 to Rhinebeck, where the two routes cross just north of the village. From this point onward, NY 9G runs on the western side of US 9, closer to the Hudson River, to Hudson. It ends at another junction with US 9 in the city. NY 9G initially extended from Rhinebeck to Hudson when it was assigned as part of the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York. It was extended to its current length in the late 1930s, supplanting New York State Route 9F, an alternate route of US 9 between Poughkeepsie and Rhinebeck.

United States Post Office (Hyde Park, New York) United States historic place

The U.S. Post Office in Hyde Park, New York, serves the 12538 ZIP Code. It is a stone building in the Dutch Colonial Revival architectural style, located on East Market Street just east of US 9.

Top Cottage United States historic place

Top Cottage, also known as Hill-Top Cottage, in Hyde Park, New York, was a private retreat designed by and for Franklin D. Roosevelt. Built in 1938 to 1939, during Roosevelt's second term as President of the United States, it was designed to accommodate his need for wheelchair accessibility. It was one of the earliest such buildings in the country, and the first significant building designed by a person with a disability.

United States Post Office (Poughkeepsie, New York) United States historic place

The main U.S. Post Office, Poughkeepsie, New York, USA, is located at the intersection of Market and Mansion Streets downtown. The Post Office serves the 12601 ZIP Code, which covers the city of Poughkeepsie, New York and portions of the Town of Poughkeepsie adjacent to the city. It employs a hundred people and handles 300,000 pieces of mail a day and 10 million a year.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt High School is a public high school located in Hyde Park, New York in Dutchess County. Named for President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who grew up in Hyde Park, the school serves about 1,300 students in grades 9 to 12 in the Hyde Park Central School District.

Poughkeepsie–Newburgh–Middletown metropolitan area

The Poughkeepsie–Newburgh–Middletown Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of two counties in New York's Hudson Valley, with the cities of Poughkeepsie, Newburgh, and Middletown as its principal cities. As of the 2010 census, the MSA had a population of 670,301 The area was centered on the urban area of Poughkeepsie-Newburgh.

Bergh–Stoutenburgh House United States historic place

The Bergh–Stoutenburgh House is located on U.S. Route 9 opposite Mansion Drive in Hyde Park, New York. It is currently used as a district office by state senator Sue Serino.

Main Street–Albertson Street–Park Place Historic District United States historic place

The Main Street–Albertson Street–Park Place Historic District is located in the residential neighborhood just west of US 9 near central Hyde Park, New York, United States. It is a predominantly residential area of 6.8 acres (2.8 ha) along the named streets, also including Hyde Park's library and a few former church buildings since converted into houses.

Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area

The Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area includes the Hudson Valley in the U.S. state of New York from Saratoga Springs south almost to New York City. The National Heritage Area provides a unified promotional framework for the area's tourist attractions, with concentration on the area's architecture, history, landscape, artistic heritage and environment, as well as interpretation of the area's historical significance in the American Revolution, the Industrial Revolution and its continuing history through the present day. The Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area was designated in 1996.

Hyde Park (CDP), New York Census-designated place in New York, United States

Hyde Park is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in the town of Hyde Park, Dutchess County, New York, United States. Its population was 1,908 as of the 2010 census.

St. James Episcopal Church (Hyde Park, New York)

St. James Episcopal Church is a parish church of the Episcopal Diocese of New York, located at 4526 Albany Post Road in Hyde Park, New York, across the street from the Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site. The church is associated with Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the 32nd President of the United States, whose family estate is located 2.7 miles south of the church. Roosevelt served in the vestry and as senior warden of the church, even during his presidency, and he, his wife Eleanor, and their family regularly attended service there whenever they were in Hyde Park.

Maritje Kill

The Maritje Kill is a tributary of the Hudson River in Hyde Park, New York. Its source is three miles northeast of the village of Hyde Park, and it enters the Hudson at the Hyde Park campus of the Culinary Institute of America (CIA). The river's name uses an old Dutch version of the given name Marietje, meaning "little Mary". It is one of two major waterways in Hyde Park, and flows north to south through the town.

Dutchess County Historical Society

Dutchess County Historical Society, located in Poughkeepsie, New York, was formed in Pleasant Valley, New York May 26, 1914 and received its Charter from the Regents of the University of the State of New York in 1918. Its mission is to discover, preserve and share the local area's history and artifacts from the time of its earliest people to the present.

Guinea Town Settlement, Hyde Park is located in Hudson Valley, New York and was a thriving African American settlement in the 1790s to 1850 built by free and runaway, formerly enslaved Blacks. It was a settlement of over 60 families at its peak. Guinea Town was part of the Underground Railroad that assisted in the transport of runaway slaves to Nova Scotia, Canada.

Fauconnier Patent

The Fauconnier Patent was a royal land patent granted in 1705 in Dutchess County, Province of New York. It was the twelfth of fourteen granted between 1685 and 1706 that came to comprise the entirety of the historic county footprint.

References

  1. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Hyde Park town, Dutchess County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  4. Shelley., Ross (1988). Fall from grace : sex, scandal, and corruption in American politics from 1702 to the present (First ed.). New York. p. 6. ISBN   0345353811. OCLC   18264791.
  5. 1 2 "Plan Your Visit – Home of Franklin D Roosevelt National Historic Site". Nps.gov. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
  6. "Nearby Attractions – Home of Franklin D Roosevelt National Historic Site". Nps.gov. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
  7. Roosevelt Homes, FDR Library
  8. American FactFinder, 2010: Hyde Park, NY https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=CF Accessed May 30, 2019
  9. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  10. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. "Wolf (1994) Filming & Production: Filming Locations". IMDb.com. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  12. "Heavy (1995) Filming & Production: Filming Locations". IMDb.com. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  13. Liefeld, Rob (February 1997). "That Which Gods Have Joined Together...". The Avengers. Vol. 2 no. 4. New York, NY: Marvel Entertainment.
  14. "Food TV star noshes at Hyde Park diner". Poughkeepsie Journal . June 4, 2007. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved November 27, 2015.
  15. Barry, John W. (July 17, 2015). "Matthew Broderick, Chloe Sevigny film movie in Dutchess". Poughkeepsie Journal . Retrieved November 27, 2015.
  16. Barry, John W. (May 5, 2020). "Brian Dennehy: 'Driveways,' filmed locally, set for online debut Wednesday". Poughkeepsie Journal . Retrieved May 17, 2021.