Timeline of Manila

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city and metropolitan area of Manila, the capital city of the Philippines.


9th Century onward

16th Century

18th -19th Century

20th Century onward

20th century



21st century

See also

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Metro Manila</span> Metropolitan area and region of the Philippines

Metropolitan Manila, officially the National Capital Region, is the seat of government and one of three defined metropolitan areas of the Philippines. It is composed of 16 highly urbanized cities: the city of Manila, Quezon City, Caloocan, Las Piñas, Makati, Malabon, Mandaluyong, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Navotas, Parañaque, Pasay, Pasig, San Juan, Taguig, and Valenzuela, as well as the municipality of Pateros. The region encompasses an area of 619.57 square kilometers (239.22 sq mi) and a population of 13,484,462 as of 2020. It is the second most populous and the most densely populated region of the Philippines. It is also the 9th most populous metropolitan area in Asia and the 5th most populous urban area in the world.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Manila</span> Capital of the Philippines

Manila, officially the City of Manila, is the capital and second-most populous city of the Philippines. Located on the eastern shore of Manila Bay on the island of Luzon, it is classified as a highly urbanized city. As of 2019, it is the world's most densely populated city proper. It was the first chartered city in the country, and was designated as such by the Philippine Commission Act No. 183 on July 31, 1901. It became autonomous with the passage of Republic Act No. 409, "The Revised Charter of the City of Manila", on June 18, 1949. Manila is considered to be part of the world's original set of global cities because its commercial networks were the first to extend across the Pacific Ocean and connect Asia with the Spanish Americas through the galleon trade; when this was accomplished, it was the first time an uninterrupted chain of trade routes circling the planet had been established. Manila is among the most-populous and fastest-growing cities in Southeast Asia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rizal (province)</span> Province in Calabarzon, Philippines

Rizal, officially the Province of Rizal, is a province in the Philippines located in the Calabarzon region in Luzon. Its capital is the city of Antipolo. It is about 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) east of Manila. The province is named after José Rizal, one of the main national heroes of the Philippines. It is bordered by Metro Manila to the west, Bulacan to the north, Quezon to the east and Laguna to the southeast. The province also lies on the northern shores of Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country. Rizal is a mountainous province perched on the western slopes of the southern portion of the Sierra Madre mountain range.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mandaluyong</span> Highly urbanized city in Metro Manila, Philippines

Mandaluyong, officially the City of Mandaluyong, is a first class highly urbanized city in the National Capital Region of the Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 425,758 people.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pasig</span> Highly urbanized city in Metro Manila, Philippines

Pasig, officially the City of Pasig, is a highly urbanized city in the National Capital Region of the Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 803,159 people.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Marikina</span> Highly urbanized city in Metro Manila, Philippines

Marikina, officially the City of Marikina, is a 1st class highly urbanized city in the National Capital Region of the Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 456,159 people.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tondo, Manila</span> District in Metro Manila, Philippines

Tondo is a district located in Manila, Philippines. It is the largest in terms of area and population of Manila's sixteen districts, with a Census-estimated 654, 220 people in 2020 and consists of two congressional districts. It is also the second most densely populated district in the city.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Taguig</span> Highly urbanized city in Metro Manila, Philippines

Taguig, officially the City of Taguig, is a 1st class highly urbanized city in Metro Manila, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 886,722 people. Located in the northwestern shores of Laguna de Bay, the city is known for Bonifacio Global City, one of the leading financial centers of the Philippines. Originally a fishing village during the Spanish and American colonial periods, it experienced rapid growth when former military reservations were converted by the Bases Conversion and Development Authority (BCDA) into mixed-use planned communities. Taguig became a highly urbanized city with the passage of Republic Act No. 8487 in 2004.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Antipolo</span> Capital of Rizal, Philippines

Antipolo, officially the City of Antipolo, is a 1st class component city and capital of the province of Rizal, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 887,399 people. It is the most populous city in the Calabarzon region, and the seventh most-populous city in the Philippines.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Caloocan</span> Highly urbanized city in Metro Manila, Philippines

Caloocan, officially the City of Caloocan, is a 1st class highly urbanized city in Metro Manila, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 1,661,584 people making it the fourth-most populous city in the Philippines.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Binondo</span> District of Manila, Metro Manila, Philippines

Binondo is a district in Manila and is referred to as the city's Chinatown. Its influence extends beyond to the places of Quiapo, Santa Cruz, San Nicolas and Tondo. It is the oldest Chinatown in the world, established in 1594 by the Spaniards as a settlement near Intramuros but across the Pasig River for Catholic Chinese, it was positioned so that colonial rulers could keep a close eye on their migrant subjects. It was already a hub of Chinese commerce even before the Spanish colonial period. Binondo is the center of commerce and trade of Manila, where all types of business run by Filipino-Chinese thrive.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Santa Cruz, Manila</span> District of Manila, Metro Manila, Philippines

Santa Cruz is a district in the northern part of the City of Manila, Philippines, located on the right bank of the Pasig River near its mouth, bordered by the districts of Tondo, Binondo, Quiapo, and Sampaloc, as well as the areas of Grace Park and Barrio San Jose in Caloocan and the district of La Loma in Quezon City. The district belongs to the 3rd congressional district of Manila.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Manila</span>

Manila's history begins around 65,000 BC the time the Callao Man first settled in the Philippines, predating the arrival of the Negritos and the Malayo-Polynesians. The nearby Angono Petroglyphs, are then dated to be around 3,000 BC and the earliest recorded history of Manila, the capital of the Philippines, dates back to the year 900 AD as recorded in the Laguna Copperplate Inscription. By the thirteenth century, the city consisted of a fortified settlement and trading quarter near the mouth of the Pasig River, the river that bisects the city into north and south.

The geography of the City of Manila is characterized by its coastal position at the estuary of the Pasig River that flows to Manila Bay. The city is located on a naturally protected harbor, regarded as one of the finest harbors in Asia. The scarce availability of land is a contributing factor that makes Manila the densest populated city in the world.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Manila (province)</span> Philippine province (1571–1901)

Manila, also formerly known as Tondo until 1859, was a province in the Philippines, encompassing the former pre-Hispanic polities of Tondo, Maynila and Namayan. In 1898, it included the City of Manila and 23 other municipalities. Alongside the District of Morong, it was incorporated into the Province of Rizal in 1901.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tourism in Metro Manila</span>

Tourism is an important industry in Metro Manila, Philippines. In 2012, the city and region welcomed 974,379 overnight visitors. As the main gateway to the Philippines' many destinations, the city is visited mainly by international tourists to the country, with a total of 3,139,756 tourists visiting in 2012. Global Blue is ranked in Manila as eleventh as its "Best Shopping Destinations" in Asia. The city is ranked tenth in MasterCard's global top 20 fastest growing cities for international visitors from 2009-2013.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Circumferential Road 1</span>

Circumferential Road 1 (C-1), informally known as the C-1 Road, is a network of roads and bridges that all together form the first and innermost beltway of Metro Manila in the Philippines. Spanning some 5.98 kilometers (3.72 mi), it connects the districts of Ermita, Intramuros, San Miguel, Quiapo, Sampaloc, Santa Cruz, Binondo, San Nicolas, and Tondo in Manila.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Outline of Metro Manila</span> Overview of and topical guide to Metro Manila

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Metro Manila:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Index of Metro Manila–related articles</span>

The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to the Philippine capital region of Metro Manila.


  1. Patanñe,E.P. Philippines in the Sixth to Sixteenth Centuries. 1996.
  2. Abinales, Patricio N. and Donna J. Amoroso, State and Society in the Philippines. Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield, 2005.
  3. 1 2 Scott, William Henry (1994). Barangay: Sixteenth Century Philippine Culture and Society. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. ISBN 971-550-135-4.
  4. Odal-Devora, Grace (2000). The River Dwellers, in Book Pasig : The River of Life (Edited by Reynaldo Gamboa Alejandro and Alfred A. Yuson). Unilever Philippines. pp. cited by Nick Juaquin43–66.
  5. "Pre-colonial Manila". Malacañang Presidential Museum and Library. Malacañang Presidential Museum and Library Araw ng Maynila Briefers. Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office. 23 June 2015. Archived from the original on 9 March 2016. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
  6. 1 2 Dery, Luis Camara (2001). A History of the Inarticulate. Quezon City: New Day Publishers. ISBN 971-10-1069-0.
  7. 1 2 Blair, Emma Helen; Robertson, James Alexander, eds. (1903). Relation of the Conquest of the Island of Luzon. The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898. 3. Ohio, Cleveland: Arthur H. Clark Company. p. 145.
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Britannica 1910.
  9. Made in the Americas: the New World Discovers Asia. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. 2015. ISBN   978-0-87846-812-6.
  10. 1 2 Schellinger 1996.
  11. Catholic Encyclopedia 1910.
  12. 1 2 3 4 Bankoff 2012.
  13. Henri Bouchot (1890). "Topographical index of the principal towns where early printing presses were established". In H. Grevel (ed.). The book: its printers, illustrators, and binders, from Gutenberg to the present time. H. Grevel & Co.
  14. 1 2 3 Artemio R. Guillermo (2012). "Chronology". Historical Dictionary of the Philippines. Maryland, USA: Scarecrow Press. ISBN   978-0-8108-7246-2.
  15. "Southeast Asia, 1600–1800 A.D.: Key Events". Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art . Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  16. Morse 1823.
  17. 1 2 Haydn 1910.
  18. "History". Ateneo de Manila University. Archived from the original on 19 January 2013.
  19. 1 2 Huetz de Lemps 2001.
  20. 1 2 3 4 Chambers 1901.
  21. Burzynski 2002.
  22. Chiba 2005.
  23. "Manila (Philippines) Newspapers". WorldCat. USA: Online Computer Library Center . Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  24. David E. Gardinier & Josefina Z. Sevilla-Gardinier (1989). "Rosa Sevilla de Alvero and the Instituto de Mujeres of Manila". Philippine Studies. 37 (1): 29–51. JSTOR   42633130.
  25. 1 2 David H. Stam, ed. (2001). "Philippines". International Dictionary of Library Histories. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN   1579582443.
  26. Nelly Young Egbert, ed. (1907). List of Books in the American Circulating Library of Manila. Manila: Bureau of Printing.
  27. "An Act Amending Act Numbered One Hundred And Eighty-Three, Entitled "An Act to Incorporate the City of Manila," by Fixing New Boundaries for the City of Manila". Lawyerly. 20 February 902. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  28. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Stinner 1981.
  29. 1 2 Webster's Geographical Dictionary, USA: G. & C. Merriam Co., 1960, p. 666, OL   5812502M
  30. The History of Volleyball in the Philippines The Volleyball Story London Olympic Media Guide Volleyball Early Development Archived 25 January 2013 at archive.today Volleyball: Striking the interest of Filipinos since 1910 The Volleyball Story Archived 11 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine Vball Trivia History of Volleyball Memorandum to Colonel Bruce Palmer Giving the Game Away Archived 2 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  31. The Straits Times, Singapore, 18 January 1910, page 7.
  32. Charles C. Mann (2011). 1493: Uncovering the New World Columbus Created. Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN   978-0-307-26572-2.
  33. 1 2 "Movie Theaters in Manila, Philippines". CinemaTreasures.org. Los Angeles: Cinema Treasures LLC. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  34. Lenman 2004.
  35. Executive Order No. 58, s. 1945 (25 July 1945). Reducing the Territory of the City of Greater Manila . Retrieved 24 August 2022.
  36. 1 2 "Timelines: History of the Philippines from 30000 BC to AD 2013", World Book , USA
  37. "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1955. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations.
  38. 1 2 "Philippines". Europa World Year Book 2004. Taylor & Francis. 29 July 2004. ISBN   1857432533.
  39. 1 2 Arn 1995.
  40. Illy 1986.
  41. "San Francisco Sister Cities". USA: City & County of San Francisco. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  42. van Naerssen 1989.
  43. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1987). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1985 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 247–289.
  44. 1 2 3 4 BBC News (4 November 2011). "Timeline". Philippines Profile. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  45. Sumsky 1992.
  46. "The Manila Yacht Club". Baysider. Retrieved 5 February 2023.
  47. "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1995 Demographic Yearbook. New York: United Nations Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Statistics Division. 1997. pp. 262–321.
  48. 1 2 "Philippines". Art Spaces Directory. New York: New Museum . Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  49. Garrido 2008.
  50. "Typhoon kills 32 in Vietnam; Philippine toll at 246". Reuters. 29 September 2009.
  51. "Population of Capital Cities and Cities of 100,000 or More Inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2012. United Nations Statistics Division. 2013.
  52. "Rains Flood a Third of Manila Area, Displacing Thousands". New York Times. 7 August 2012.
  53. Pope Manila Mass drew record crowd of 6-7 million, Reuters, 18 January 2015
  54. "Table 8 - Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants", Demographic Yearbook – 2018, United Nations


Published in the 19th century

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Published in the 21st century