Northeast Asia

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Coastal Northeast Asia, including Northeast China Sea of Okhotsk map with state labels.png
Coastal Northeast Asia, including Northeast China
The countries and territories of East Asia, parts or all of which, along with the Russian Far East, make up the region of Northeast Asia Map of East Asia.png
The countries and territories of East Asia, parts or all of which, along with the Russian Far East, make up the region of Northeast Asia

Northeast Asia or Northeastern Asia is a geographical subregion of Asia; its northeastern landmass and islands are bounded by the Pacific Ocean.

Contents

The term Northeast Asia was popularized during the 1930s by American historian and political scientist Robert Kerner. Under Kerner's definition, "Northeast Asia" included the Mongolian Plateau, the Northeast China Plain, the Korean Peninsula, the Japanese archipelago and the mountainous regions of the Russian Far East, stretching from the Lena River in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east. [1]

Definitions

The definition of Northeast Asia is not static but often changes according to the context in which it is discussed.

In common usage, the term Northeast Asia typically refers to a region which includes Northern China. [2] [3] Other countries and territories which make up Northeast Asia are the Russian Far East, Mongolia, Japan, North Korea and South Korea, [4] which can be seen as a combination of North Asia and East Asia.

The Economic Research Institute for Northeast Asia defines the region as Russia, Mongolia, Japan, Korea and China. [5]

The Yellow Sea, the Sea of Okhotsk, and the East China Sea are also included in discussions of the region.

Economics

The world's largest automobile manufacturing plant in South Korea Hyundai car assembly line.jpg
The world's largest automobile manufacturing plant in South Korea

Northeast Asia is one of the most important economic regions of the world, accounting for 25.3% of the world's nominal GDP in 2019, which is slightly larger than the United States. It is also one of the major political centers and has significant influence on international affairs. By the end of the 1990s, Northeast Asia had a share of 12% of the global energy consumption, with a strong increasing trend. By 2030, the major economic growth in the region is expected to double or triple this share.

Biogeography

In biogeography, Northeast Asia generally refers roughly to the area spanning Japan, the Korean Peninsula, Northeast China, and the Russian Far East between Lake Baikal in Central Siberia and the Pacific Ocean.

Northeast Asia is mainly covered by temperate forest, taiga, and the Eurasian steppe, while tundra is found in the region's far North. Summer and winter temperatures are highly contrasted. It is also a mountainous area.

See also

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Kantokuen Planned World War II Japanese military campaign

Kantokuen was an operational plan created by the General Staff of the Imperial Japanese Army for an invasion and occupation of the Russian Far East, capitalizing on the outbreak of the Soviet-German War in June 1941. Involving seven Japanese armies and a major portion of the empire's naval and air forces, it would have been the largest combined arms operation in Japanese history up to that point, and one of the largest of all time.

References

Citations

  1. Narangoa 2014, p. 2.
  2. "Northeast Asia dominates patent filing growth." Retrieved on August 8, 2001.
  3. "Paper: Economic Integration in Northeast Asia." Retrieved on August 8, 2011.
  4. Gilbet Rozman (2004), Northeast asia's stunted regionalism: bilateral distrust in the shadow of globalization. Cambridge University Press, pp. 3-4
  5. Economic Research Institute for Northeast Asia (1999). Japan and Russia in Northeast Asia: Partners in the 21st Century. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 248.

Sources

  • Narangoa, Li (2014). Historical Atlas of Northeast Asia, 1590-2010: Korea, Manchuria, Mongolia, Eastern Siberia. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN   9780231160704.