Timeline of Western philosophers

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Timeline of Eastern | Western philosophers

This is a list of philosophers from the Western tradition of philosophy.


Western philosophers

Ancient Greece

600–500 BC

  • Thales of Miletus (c. 624 – 546 BC). Of the Milesian school. Believed that all was made of water.
  • Pherecydes of Syros (c. 620 – c. 550 BC). Cosmologist.
  • Anaximander of Miletus (c. 610 – 546 BC). Of the Milesian school. Famous for the concept of Apeiron, or "the boundless".
  • Anaximenes of Miletus (c. 585 – 525 BC). Of the Milesian school. Believed that all was made of air.
  • Pythagoras of Samos (c. 580 – c. 500 BC). Of the Ionian School. Believed the deepest reality to be composed of numbers, and that souls are immortal.
  • Xenophanes of Colophon (c. 570 – 480 BC). Advocated monotheism. Sometimes associated with the Eleatic school.
  • Heraclitus of Ephesus (c. 535 – c. 475 BC). Of the Ionians. Emphasized the mutability of the universe.
  • Epicharmus of Kos (c. 530 – 450 BC). Comic playwright and moralist.
  • Parmenides of Elea (c. 515 – 450 BC). Of the Eleatics. Reflected on the concept of Being.
  • Anaxagoras of Clazomenae (c. 500 – 428 BC). Of the Ionians. Pluralist.

400 BC

Hellenistic era

300–200 BC

Classical Rome

100 BC–100 AD


Middle Ages





Early modern period




Modern philosophers





See also

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