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ATC code
  • none
  • 2-[6-bromo-2-(2-methylbut-3-en-2-yl)-1H-indol-3-yl]-N-methylethanamine
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Chemical and physical data
Formula C16H21BrN2
Molar mass 321.262 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
  • C=CC(C)(C)c2[nH]c1cc(Br)ccc1c2CCNC
  • InChI=1S/C16H21BrN2/c1-5-16(2,3)15-13(8-9-18-4)12-7-6-11(17)10-14(12)19-15/h5-7,10,18-19H,1,8-9H2,2-4H3 X mark.svgN
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Desformylflustrabromine (dFBr) is a monomethyltryptamine derivative which was first isolated as a secondary metabolite of the marine bryozoan Flustra foliacea . [1]



dFBr has been identified as a novel positive allosteric modulator of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor with sub-type specificity for heteromeric receptor with no effect on homomeric sub-type. [2] A recent study has been published which describes the synthesis of water-soluble salts of dFBr and its action has been confirmed as selective potentiator of α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor responses by using two-electrode voltage clamp whole cell recordings. [3] In the year 2002 it was reported that dFBr was cytotoxic on human colon cancer cell line HCT 116. [4]

Desformylflustrabromine has also been found to be a positive allosteric modulator for the α2β2 subtype of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. Additionally it relieves the inhibition of both α2β2 and α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors by β-Amyloid (1–42) Peptide. [5] Thus desformylflustrabromine can potentially be used in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Many of the analogues and derivatives of dFBr are reported to have a potentiating effect on the α4β2 receptors. [6] [7]

Modulation of nicotonic acetylcholine receptor function by desformylflustrabromine has also been found to produce analgesic and anti-allodynic effects in animal models, which could potentially make it of interest for the treatment of neuropathic pain. [8] [9] Anti-addictive and pro-cognitive actions have also been demonstrated. [10] [11] Furthermore, limited experimental data suggests a potential use in treating the compulsive behaviors seen in OCD. [12]

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Further reading