Last updated
Clinical data
Other names5F-MET
  • N-ethyl-2-(5-fluoro-1H-indol-3-yl)-N-methylethanamine
PubChem CID
Chemical and physical data
Formula C13H17FN2
Molar mass 220.291 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
  • CCN(C)CCC1=CNC2=C1C=C(C=C2)F
  • InChI=1S/C13H17FN2/c1-3-16(2)7-6-10-9-15-13-5-4-11(14)8-12(10)13/h4-5,8-9,15H,3,6-7H2,1-2H3

5-Fluoro-MET (5F-MET, 5-fluoro-N-methyl-N-ethyltryptamine) is a psychedelic tryptamine derivative related to drugs such as 5-Fluoro-DMT and N-Methyl-N-ethyltryptamine (MET). It acts as an agonist at the 5-HT2A receptor with an EC50 of 20.6 nM and produces a head-twitch response in animal studies. Ring fluorination in this case increases efficacy at 5-HT2A, with 5F-MET having an efficacy of 87.6% vs 5-HT, vs 36.2% for the partial agonist MET. It is claimed to have antidepressant activity. [1]

See also

Related Research Articles

Psilocin Psychedelic substance

Psilocin is a substituted tryptamine alkaloid and a serotonergic psychedelic substance. It is present in most psychedelic mushrooms together with its phosphorylated counterpart psilocybin. Psilocin is a Schedule I drug under the Convention on Psychotropic Substances. The mind-altering effects of psilocin are highly variable and subjective and resemble those of LSD and DMT.

5-MeO-AET Chemical compound

5-Methoxy-alpha-ethyltryptamine (5-MeO-α-ET) is a psychoactive drug and member of the tryptamine chemical class. It produces psychedelic, entactogenic, and stimulant effects.

5-Fluoro-AMT Chemical compound

5-Fluoro-α-methyltryptamine, also known as PAL-544, is a putative stimulant, entactogen, and psychedelic tryptamine derivative related to α-methyltryptamine (αMT). It has been found to act as a well-balanced serotonin-norepinephrine-dopamine releasing agent, a 5-HT2A receptor agonist, and a potent and specific MAO-A inhibitor. It produces a strong head-twitch response in mice, and this effect is known to correlate with psychedelic effects in humans, which suggests that 5-fluoro-αMT could be an active psychedelic in humans, although it is not known to have been tested in humans and could be dangerous due to its strong inhibition of MAO-A.

LY-334370 Chemical compound

LY-334370 is a selective 5-HT1F receptor agonist which was under development by Eli Lilly and Company for the treatment of migraine headaches. The drug showed efficacy in a phase II clinical trial but further development was halted due to toxicity detected in animals.

A serotonin releasing agent (SRA) is a type of drug that induces the release of serotonin into the neuronal synaptic cleft. A selective serotonin releasing agent (SSRA) is an SRA with less significant or no efficacy in producing neurotransmitter efflux at other types of monoamine neurons.

A serotonin–dopamine releasing agent (SDRA) is a type of drug which induces the release of serotonin and dopamine in the body and/or brain.

Befiradol Chemical compound

Befiradol is an experimental drug being studied for the treatment of levodopa-induced dyskinesia. It is a potent and selective 5-HT1A receptor full agonist.

5-Fluoro-DMT Chemical compound

5-Fluoro-N,N-dimethyltryptamine is a tryptamine derivative related to compounds such as 5-bromo-DMT and 5-MeO-DMT. Fluorination of psychedelic tryptamines either reduces or has little effect on 5-HT2A/C receptor affinity or intrinsic activity, although 6-fluoro-DET is inactive as a psychedelic despite acting as a 5-HT2A agonist, while 4-fluoro-5-methoxy-DMT is a much stronger agonist at 5-HT1A than 5-HT2A.

7-Methyl-α-ethyltryptamine Chemical compound

7-Methyl-α-ethyltryptamine (7-Me-αET) is a tryptamine derivative related to α-ethyltryptamine (αET). It was discovered by a team at Upjohn in the early 1960s. It has similar pharmacological effects to αET, but is both 3-4 times more potent as a serotonin releasing agent, and 10 times more potent as a monoamine oxidase inhibitor, making it potentially hazardous as this pharmacological profile is shared with drugs such as PMA and 4-MTA, which are known to be dangerous in humans when used at high doses.


4-Fluoro-5-Methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (4-F-5-MeO-DMT) was first described by David E. Nichols team in 2000. It is a potent 5-HT1A agonist. Substitution with the 4-fluorine markedly increased 5-HT1A selectivity over 5-HT2A/2C receptors with potency greater than that of the 5-HT1A agonist 8-OH-DPAT.

Substituted tryptamine Class of indoles

Substituted tryptamines, or serotonin analogues, are organic compounds which may be thought of as being derived from tryptamine itself. The molecular structures of all tryptamines contain an indole ring, joined to an amino (NH2) group via an ethyl (−CH2–CH2−) sidechain. In substituted tryptamines, the indole ring, sidechain, and/or amino group are modified by substituting another group for one of the hydrogen (H) atoms.

O-4310 Chemical compound

O-4310 (1-isopropyl-6-fluoro-psilocin) is a tryptamine derivative developed by Organix Inc which acts as a serotonin receptor agonist. It is claimed to have an EC50 of 5nM at 5-HT2A with 89% efficacy vs 5-HT, and 100x selectivity over 5-HT2C, while being apparently inactive at the 5-HT2B antitarget.

5-Chloro-αMT Chemical compound

5-Chloro-α-methyltryptamine (5-Chloro-αMT), also known as PAL-542, is a tryptamine derivative related to α-methyltryptamine (αMT) and one of only a few known specific serotonin-dopamine releasing agents (SDRAs). It has been investigated in animals as a potential treatment for cocaine dependence. The EC50 values of 5-chloro-αMT in evoking the in vitro release of serotonin (5-HT), dopamine (DA), and norepinephrine (NE) in rat synaptosomes were reported as 16 nM, 54 nM, and 3434 nM, with an NE/DA ratio of 63.6 and a DA/5-HT ratio of 3.38, indicating that it is a highly specific and well-balanced SDRA. However, 5-chloro-αMT has also been found to act as a potent full agonist of the 5-HT2A receptor, with an EC50 value of 6.27 nM and an efficacy of 105%, and almost assuredly acts as a potent agonist of other serotonin receptors as well.


5-MeO-MET (5-Methoxy-N-methyl-N-ethyltryptamine) is a relatively rare designer drug from the substituted tryptamine family, related to compounds such as N-methyl-N-ethyltryptamine and 5-MeO-DMT. It was first synthesised in the 1960s and was studied to a limited extent, but was first identified on the illicit market in June 2012 in Sweden. It was made illegal in Norway in 2013, and is controlled under analogue provisions in numerous other jurisdictions.


7-Chloro-α-methyltryptamine (7-Cl-AMT) is a tryptamine derivative with stimulant effects, invented in the 1960s. It is a weak monoamine oxidase inhibitor but its pharmacology has not otherwise been studied by modern techniques, though several closely related compounds are known to act as serotonin–dopamine releasing agents and agonists of the 5-HT2A receptor.

5-Fluoro-AET Chemical compound

5-Fluoro-α-ethyltryptamine (5-F-AET) is a tryptamine derivative which acts as a serotonin–dopamine releasing agent and agonist of the 5-HT2A receptor.

5-Chloro-DMT Chemical compound

5-Chloro-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-chloro-DMT) is a tryptamine derivative related to compounds such as 5-bromo-DMT and 5-fluoro-DMT. It acts as a serotonin receptor agonist and has primarily sedative effects in animal studies. It has been sold as a designer drug.

5-Fluoro-EPT Chemical compound

5-Fluoro-EPT (5F-EPT, 5-fluoro-N-ethyl-N-propyltryptamine) is a psychedelic tryptamine derivative related to drugs such as EPT and 5-MeO-EPT. It acts as a potent full agonist at the 5-HT2A receptor with an EC50 of 5.54 nM and an efficacy of 104% (compared to serotonin). It produces a head-twitch response in animal studies, and is claimed to have antidepressant activity.

5-Fluoro-DET Chemical compound

5-Fluoro-DET is a tryptamine derivative related to drugs such as DET and 5-MeO-DET. It acts as an inhibitor of the enzyme myeloperoxidase, and is also thought to be an agonist at the 5-HT2A receptor.

6-Fluoro-DET Chemical compound

6-Fluoro-DET is a substituted tryptamine derivative related to drugs such as DET and 5-fluoro-DET. It acts as a partial agonist at the 5-HT2A receptor, but while it produces similar physiological effects to psychedelic drugs, it does not appear to produce psychedelic effects itself even at high doses. For this reason it saw some use as an active placebo in early clinical trials of psychedelic drugs but was regarded as having little use otherwise, though more recent research into compounds such as AL-34662 and AAZ-A-154 has shown that these kind of non-psychedelic 5-HT2A agonists can have various useful applications.


  1. WO 2021/168082,Kruegel AC, Sporn J,"Specific Tryptamines for use in the Treatment of Mood Disorders.",published 26 August 2021, assigned to Gilgamesh Pharmaceuticals, Inc..