East Midlands Railway

Last updated

East Midlands Railway
East Midlands Railway logo.svg
Leicester - Abellio 222104 Lincoln service.JPG
Class 222 at Leicester in EMR Intercity livery
Overview
Franchise(s)
  • East Midlands
  • 18 August 2019 – 16 October 2030 [1]
Main region(s)
Other region(s) East of England
Fleet size
Parent company Abellio
Reporting mark EM [2]
Predecessor East Midlands Trains
Other
Website www.eastmidlandsrailway.co.uk OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

Abellio East Midlands Limited, [3] trading as East Midlands Railway (EMR), is a train operating company in England, owned by Abellio, and is the current operator of the East Midlands franchise.

Contents

History

In March 2017, the Department for Transport announced that Arriva, a joint venture between FirstGroup and Trenitalia, and incumbent Stagecoach had been shortlisted to bid for the next East Midlands franchise. [4] Abellio was added in February 2018. [5]

FirstGroup and Trenitalia pulled out of the bidding process in April 2018 to focus on the West Coast Partnership franchise. [6] In April 2019 the franchise was awarded to Abellio, with East Midlands Railway (EMR) to take over the franchise from East Midlands Trains (EMT) on 18 August 2019 for a period of eight years. [7]

In June 2019, Abellio revealed branding and colour scheme using distinct purple and white colours to reflect the heritage of the East Midlands. It also confirmed it would divide the services into three segments: [8]

In April 2021 it was announced that EMR Electrics would be rebranded as EMR Connect. [9]

Franchise suspension and termination agreement

With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic leading to a collapse in revenues in March 2020, the franchise was suspended and replaced by an Emergency Measure Agreement for six months under which the Department for Transport assumed responsibility for all revenues and costs and EMR was paid a management fee. [10] This was superseded by an Emergency Recovery Measures Agreement (ERMA) under which the original franchise agreement was terminated. The franchise will operate until March 2022. [11] [12]

In 2021, the DfT issued an updated prior information notice, which confirmed that the ERMA period would be extended until 16 October 2022. [13] Following this the company was given a direct award of a four-year National Rail Contract, with the option of extending it for a further period of up to four years. [1]

Strike

EMR was one of several train operators impacted by the 2022-2023 United Kingdom railway strikes, which was the first national rail strike in the UK for three decades. [14] Its workers were amongst those who participated in industrial action due to a dispute over pay and working conditions. [15]

Services

Route map of the East Midlands Railway network East Midlands Railway.svg
Route map of the East Midlands Railway network
A vector map of EMR InterCity and EMR Connect services EMR vector map.jpg
A vector map of EMR InterCity and EMR Connect services

EMR operates commuter services from London St Pancras to Corby, as well as InterCity services from London St Pancras along the Midland Main Line to Nottingham and Sheffield with limited extensions to Lincoln. EMR also operate the local East Midlands services and inter regional services to Liverpool and Norwich (Express service). Services from Nottingham to Liverpool Lime Street were to transfer to another operator during the life of the franchise, [16] although following a review by the DfT, this will no longer take place; the service instead being split at Nottingham as intended but remaining with EMR. [17] The Barton line was expected to transfer from Northern in 2019 but this was delayed until May 2021. [18] [19]

On 19 June 2021, the EMR Regional services were cut to enable the timetable to run effectively. [20] Although EMR said that 85% of services were still running, there was still an impact to local commuter services. [21]

Contactless payment cards can be used between London St Pancras International and Luton Airport Parkway. [22]

Over the course of the franchise, several planned timetable changes are to be made: [16]

As of December 2022, East Midlands Railway's off-peak services Monday-Friday include: [23]

EMR InterCity
RoutetphCalling at
London St Pancras InternationalNottingham 2
London St Pancras InternationalSheffield 2
EMR Connect
RoutetphCalling at
London St Pancras InternationalCorby 2
EMR Regional
RoutetphCalling at
DerbyMatlock 1
CreweNewark Castle 1
LeicesterLincoln 12
LeicesterGrimsby Town 12
Newark North GateLincoln 5tpd
NottinghamSkegness 1
NottinghamWorksop 1
PeterboroughLincoln 1
PeterboroughDoncaster 12
Liverpool Lime StreetNorwich 1
Barton-on-HumberCleethorpes 12

    Rolling stock

    East Midlands Railway inherited a fleet of 28 Class 43s, 21 Class 153s, 15 Class 156s, 26 Class 158s, and 27 Class 222s from East Midlands Trains. In January 2020 nine additional Class 156 units from Greater Anglia were introduced into service. Nine 8-carriage InterCity 125 sets were also transferred from London North Eastern Railway, with the first set having entered service on 4 May 2020. They were replaced in May 2021. [24] To replace the ex-Grand Central “buffered” HST sets, EMR commenced a lease of the 4 former Hull Trains Class 180 fleet despite their history of technical difficulties, with the first units entering service on 13 December 2020. [25] [26] On 16 May 2021, East Midlands Railway launched EMR Connect services between Corby and London St Pancras, which has enabled the final HSTs to be withdrawn. [27] The Connect service is operated by ex-Greater Anglia Class 360s. [28] [29]

    By 2023 East Midlands Railway plans to run EMR Regional services using 40 Class 170s, and plans to run EMR InterCity services using 33 new bi-mode Class 810 Aurora. [30]

    Current fleet

    ClassFamilyImageTypeTop SpeedNumberCarsRoutes operated and notesBuilt
    mphkm/h
    Shunting locomotive
    08 Neville Hill - EMT 08908 (cropped).jpg Shunter 15244N/A
    • Stock movements
    19521962
    EMR InterCity
    222 Meridian Bombardier Voyager 222020 at Wellingborough Station.jpg DEMU 12520023 [31] 520032005
    4 [31] 7
    222 1 EMR Interim.png 222-0 7 car EMR Interim Livery.png
    180 Adelante Alstom Coradia CL180KET.jpg DHMU 1252003 [32] 520002001
    1 [32] 4
    180 EMR Interim Livery.png
    EMR Connect
    360 Desiro Siemens Desiro CL360 KET.jpg EMU 11018021 [32] 420022003
    Class 360 East Midlands Railway Electrics livery updated.png
    EMR Regional
    156 Super Sprinter Sprinter Matlock Bath - Abellio 156406 (Stagecoach colours).JPG Nottingham - EMR 156413 off to Skegness.jpg
    Leicester - EMR 156406 arriving from Lincoln.jpg
    DMU 7512011 [33] [lower-alpha 1] 2
    • Regional routes
    19871989
    Class 156 East Midlands Railway Ex-EMT Plain Blue Diagram.png
    East Midlands Railway Class 156 Purple.png
    158/0 Express Sprinter Sheffield - Abellio 158770+158705 Stagecoach livery.JPG

    Derby - EMR 158773 arriving from Matlock.jpg

    9014526 [32] 2
    • Regional routes
    19891992
    Class 158 East Midlands Railway Diagram.png
    170 Turbostar Bombardier Turbostar Nottingham - EMR 170417 Worksop service.jpg 1001618 [34] 3
    • Regional routes
    19992001
    Class 170 East Midlands Railway 3-Car Diagram.png
    East Midlands Railway Class 170 (EMR Regional Livery).jpg 10016116 [32] 2
    • Regional routes
    19992002
    Class 170 East Midlands Railway 2-Car Diagram.png
    1. 9 in service

    Future fleet

    To replace the Class 180 and Class 222 units, 33 5-carriage Class 810 bi-mode trains will be introduced in 2023. [35] [36] In May 2020, EMR opened a competition to give the class their own unique brand name. [37] In October 2020, EMR announced that the fleet will have the 'Aurora' brand. [38]

    Other existing stock to be added consist of 39 Class 170s; 23 from West Midlands Trains, 12 from Transport for Wales and 4 from Southern. [39] [40] [41] [42] Those altogether will enable the Class 153, Class 156, and Class 158 sets to be withdrawn, although some of the gaps were to be filled in when the Liverpool-Nottingham service was taken over by another operator. This will now not take place, with a proposal made to transfer 15 Class 185 units from TransPennine Express to prevent the shortfall in stock caused by EMR retaining this service, with another solution being to retain the Class 158s. [17] [43] It was expected that 12 Class 171 units would transfer from Southern. [39] [44] [45] However, due to no replacement units being sourced, this will not take place, with the Transport for Wales Class 170s replacing the planned transfer of Class 171s from Southern. [39] [43] In May 2022 however, it was announced that 4 Class 171s would transfer from Southern, with expected entry into service being in the autumn of 2022. These units will be converted to Class 170s, reformed into 3-carriage sets and work alongside the rest of the fleet. [42] Three of these units were transferred to EMR on 7 September 2022 having been reformed from their previous two-and-four-car formations. [34] The fourth unit is due to transfer in late 2023 as 170421. [46]

    ClassFamilyImageTypeTop SpeedNumberCarsRoutes operatedIn service
    mphkm/h
    EMR InterCity
    810 Aurora Hitachi AT300 EMR AT300.jpg BMU 12520033 [47] 52023 [48]
    EMR Regional
    170 Turbostar Bombardier Turbostar East Midlands Railway Class 170 (EMR Regional Livery).jpg DMU 10016111 [49] [lower-alpha 1] 2
    • Regional routes
    2022
    Class 170 East Midlands Railway 2-Car Diagram.png
    Cyffordd Twnnel Hafren - TfW 170203.JPG 10016183
    • Regional routes
    Class 170 East Midlands Railway 3-Car Diagram.png
    British Rail Class 171 171722.jpg 10016113
    • Regional routes
    2023
    Class 170 East Midlands Railway 3-Car Diagram.png
    1. 170530-170535 formerly in 3 car formation

    Past fleet

    The last of the InterCity 125 sets East Midlands Railway inherited from East Midlands Trains were withdrawn in December 2020, having been replaced by five ex LNER InterCity 125 sets which were more compliant with new regulations and four Class 180s. [50] Originally nine former LNER sets were to replace a similar number of sets inherited from East Midlands Trains. However, after the carriages were found to require more repairs than originally envisaged, this was cut back to five sets. [51]

    In December 2021, the final Class 153s were withdrawn, as they were not PRM (Persons with Reduced Mobility) compliant, with Class 156s replacing them on the Barton line from 13 December. [52] [53] These units were placed into storage at Long Marston and Ely Papworth Sidings in December 2021. [54]

    In December 2022, four Class 156 units went off lease and were sent for storage at Barrow Hill, with East Midlands Railway stating that they will be moved to Ely Papworth sidings at a later date. [55] [56]

    ClassFamilyImageTypeTop SpeedNumberCarsRoutesWithdrawn
    mphkm/h
    EMR InterCity
    43 (HST) InterCity 125 Leicester - Abellio 43055 (Stagecoach colours).JPG Loco 12520024N/A2020
    St Pancras - Abellio 43423-43465 (Stagecoach colours).JPG 6 [57]
    Class 43 MTU- Nottingham.jpg 2320202021
    Mark 3 East Midlands Railway Mark 3 Overview.jpg Coach 94 [58] 2020
    Ex-LNER MK3 EMR.jpg 78 [59] 20202021
    EMR Regional
    153 Super Sprinter Sprinter Derby - Abellio 153383+153374+153308 (Stagecoach colours).JPG DMU 7512021 [58] [60] 1
    • Regional routes
    20192021
    156 Super Sprinter
    Matlock Bath - Abellio 156406 (Stagecoach colours).JPG
    Nottingham - EMR 156413 off to Skegness.jpg
    Leicester - EMR 156406 arriving from Lincoln.jpg
    13 [33] 22021-2022

    Depots

    EMR operates two depots: Derby Etches Park and Nottingham Eastcroft. [61] The Class 360s are maintained at Bedford Cauldwell Walk depot by Siemens Mobility. [62]

    Controversy

    East Midlands Railway was investigated by the Advertising Standards Authority, who in September 2021 found that they had breached marketing codes. The firm had launched a competition in February 2021 asking participants for ideas to "Build Back Better" with the chance of winning £5,000. However, the competition was closed and the prize not awarded. East Midlands Railway stated that this was due to financial concerns regarding the COVID-19 pandemic and due to the low quality of entries received. [63]

    Related Research Articles

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Midland Mainline</span> Train operating company

    Midland Mainline was a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by National Express that operated the Midland Main Line franchise from April 1996 until November 2007. Midland Mainline ran fast and semi-fast passenger services from London to the East Midlands and Yorkshire, on the Midland Main Line. Most services ran between London St Pancras and either Derby, Nottingham or Sheffield. Some services extended to Burton upon Trent, Matlock, Barnsley, Leeds, York and Scarborough.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Midland Main Line</span> Railway in the UK

    The Midland Main Line is a major railway line in England from London to Sheffield in Yorkshire via the East Midlands. It comprises the lines from London's St Pancras station via Leicester, Derby/Nottingham and Chesterfield.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">British Rail Class 156</span> Diesel multiple unit train

    The British Rail Class 156 Super Sprinter is a diesel multiple unit passenger train. A total of 114 sets were built between 1987 and 1989 for British Rail by Metro-Cammell's Washwood Heath works. They were built to replace elderly first-generation DMUs and locomotive-hauled passenger trains.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">British Rail Class 360</span> British electric passenger train

    The British Rail Class 360 Desiro is an electric multiple-unit class that was built by Siemens Transportation Systems between 2002 and 2005. The Class 360 is currently operated by East Midlands Railway and the Global Centre of Rail Excellence.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">British Rail Class 170</span> British diesel multiple-unit train by Bombardier

    The British Rail Class 170 Turbostar is a British diesel multiple unit (DMU) passenger train built by Adtranz and later Bombardier Transportation at Derby Litchurch Lane Works. Introduced after privatisation, these trains operate regional as well as long-distance services, and to a lesser extent suburban services. A total of 139 units were built, but some were later converted to Class 168 and Class 171 units. These trains are currently in use with West Midlands Trains, CrossCountry, East Midlands Railway, Transport for Wales Rail, ScotRail and Northern Trains.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">British Rail Class 153</span> British single-carriage diesel railcars

    The British Rail Class 153Super Sprinters are single-coach railcars converted from two-coach Class 155 diesel multiple units in the early 1990s. The class was intended for service on rural branch lines, either where passenger numbers do not justify longer trains or to boost the capacity on services with high passenger volume.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">British Rail Class 222</span> Diesel multiple-unit high-speed passenger train

    The British Rail Class 222 Meridian is a diesel-electric multiple-unit high-speed passenger train capable of 125 mph (200 km/h). Twenty-seven sets were built by Bombardier Transportation in Bruges, Belgium.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Bedford railway station</span> Railway station in Bedfordshire, England

    Bedford railway station is the larger of two railway stations in the town of Bedford in Bedfordshire, England. It is on the Midland Main Line from London St Pancras to the East Midlands and the terminus of the Marston Vale line from Bletchley through Bedford St Johns.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">British Rail Class 43 (HST)</span> British high speed diesel locomotive

    The British Rail Class 43 (HST) is the TOPS classification used for the InterCity 125 High Speed Train power cars, built by British Rail Engineering Limited from 1975 to 1982, and in service in the UK since 1976.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Wellingborough railway station</span> Railway station in Northamptonshire, England

    Wellingborough railway station is a Grade II listed station located in the market town of Wellingborough in Northamptonshire, England. It lies on the Midland Main Line and is 65 miles (104 km) from London St. Pancras. The station is operated by East Midlands Railway, which is also the primary operator serving the station with passenger services.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Kettering railway station</span> Railway station in Northamptonshire, England

    Kettering railway station serves the town of Kettering in Northamptonshire, England. It lies south-west of the town centre, on the Midland Main Line, 71 miles (115 km) north of London St. Pancras.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Lincoln railway station</span> Railway station in Lincolnshire, England

    Lincoln railway station serves the city of Lincoln in Lincolnshire, England. The station is owned by Network Rail and managed by East Midlands Railway. East Midlands Railway provides the majority of services from the station, with other services being provided by Northern and London North Eastern Railway.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Corby railway station</span> Railway Station in Northamptonshire, England

    Corby railway station, owned by Network Rail and managed by East Midlands Railway, is in Corby, Northamptonshire, England. The current station, opened on 23 February 2009, replaces an earlier one dating from 1879, first closed on 18 April 1966 but reopened between 1987 and 1990.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">CrossCountry</span> Train operating company in the United Kingdom

    CrossCountry is a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by Arriva UK Trains, operating the Cross Country franchise.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">East Midlands Trains</span> Stagecoach Group-owned former train operating company in England

    East Midlands Trains (EMT) was a British train operating company owned by the transport group Stagecoach, which operated the East Midlands franchise between November 2007 and August 2019.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Greater Anglia (train operating company)</span> British train operating company owned by Abellio

    Greater Anglia is a train operating company in Great Britain owned as a joint venture by Abellio, the international arm of the state-owned Dutch national rail operator Nederlandse Spoorwegen, and the Japanese trading company Mitsui & Co. It operates the East Anglia franchise, providing the commuter and intercity services from its Central London terminus at London Liverpool Street to Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk and parts of Hertfordshire and Cambridgeshire as well as many regional services throughout the East of England.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Abellio ScotRail</span> British train operating company owned by Abellio

    Abellio ScotRail, operating services under the name ScotRail, was the national train operating company of Scotland. A subsidiary of Abellio, it operated the ScotRail franchise from 1 April 2015, taking over from predecessor First ScotRail.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">West Midlands Trains</span> Train operator based in West Midlands

    West Midlands Trains (WMT) is a train operating company in the United Kingdom. It operates passenger trains on the West Midlands franchise between London and the English Midlands under two trade names: West Midlands Railway (WMR) and London Northwestern Railway (LNR).

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">London North Eastern Railway</span> British train operating company

    London North Eastern Railway (LNER) is a British train operating company. It is owned by the DfT OLR Holdings for the Department for Transport (DfT). The company's name echoes that of the London and North Eastern Railway, one of the Big Four companies which operated between 1923 and 1948.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">British Rail Class 810</span> Hitachi bi-mode train

    The British Rail Class 810 Aurora is a type of bi-mode multiple unit being constructed by Hitachi Rail for East Midlands Railway. Based on the Hitachi AT300 design, 33 five-car units are being built to replace Class 180 and Class 222 units on EMR's intercity routes.

    References

    1. 1 2 "East Midlands Railway signs National Rail Contract". London: Abellio East Midlands. 6 October 2022. Retrieved 12 November 2022.
    2. "National Rail Enquiries - East Midlands Railway". www.nationalrail.co.uk. Retrieved 1 December 2021.
    3. "ABELLIO EAST MIDLANDS LIMITED". Companies House . HM Government . Retrieved 18 January 2021.
    4. Three prequalify for next East Midlands franchise Railway Gazette International 1 March 2017
    5. Abellio joins East Midlands franchise shortlist Railway Gazette International 6 February 2018
    6. First Group and Trenitalia pull out of East Midlands franchise contest International Railway Journal 23 April 2018
    7. More seats, services and state-of-the-art trains for passengers on new East Midlands railway Department for Transport 10 April 2019
    8. Pegden, Tom. "How Midland Mainline trains will soon look". Leicester Mercury . Reach plc . Retrieved 21 June 2019.
    9. "New train timetable from Corby, Kettering and Wellingborough revealed for May electric revolution" . Retrieved 16 April 2021.
    10. Covid-19: government suspends rail franchise agreements The Guardian 23 March 2020
    11. UK government announces the end of rail franchising Railway Gazette International 21 September 2020
    12. Transitional ERMAs pave the way to management contracts Modern Railways 23 September 2020
    13. "Prior information notice (PIN) for direct award of East Midlands Railway contract (corrigendum)" (PDF). Department for Transport. 18 October 2021. Retrieved 10 February 2022.
    14. "Rail strike: RMT union votes for national action". BBC News . 24 May 2022. Retrieved 24 May 2022.
    15. "The dates of the train, Tube and bus strikes this week, and how services will be affected". inews.co.uk. 20 June 2022. Retrieved 24 June 2022.
    16. 1 2 East Midlands Rail Franchise Department for Transport
    17. 1 2 "EMR set to retain Liverpool – Nottingham service". Railway Gazette International.
    18. East Midlands rail franchise consultation Department for Transport
    19. May Milestone for MML Timetable Modern Railways issue 872 May 2021 page 23
    20. "Amended Timetable across EMR Regional routes | EMR | East Midlands Railway". www.eastmidlandsrailway.co.uk.
    21. "East Midlands Railway announces cuts to services". BBC News . 18 June 2021.
    22. "nationalrail.co.uk" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 September 2021. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
    23. "Timetables". www.eastmidlandsrailway.co.uk. Retrieved 19 December 2022.
    24. Cameron White. "WATCH: Final East Midlands Railway VP185 Class 43 locomotive at Chesterfield". Rail Advent. Retrieved 15 February 2021.
    25. Clinnick, Richard. "Cascaded LNER HSTs to plug the gap in East Midlands fleet". Rail . Bauer Media Group . Retrieved 7 November 2019.
    26. First EMR HST replacement in service next week Railway Herald Issue 673 22 January 2020 page 8
    27. "Introducing EMR Connect – more seats and a simpler timetable on our greenest ever fleet | EMR | East Midlands Railway". www.eastmidlandsrailway.co.uk.
    28. "EMR Connect: All electric train service launches next week | EMR | East Midlands Railway". www.eastmidlandsrailway.co.uk.
    29. "EMR Connect: All electric train service launches this week". RailBusinessDaily. 11 May 2021. Retrieved 25 October 2021.
    30. "Enter the Aurora". www.modernrailways.com. 23 February 2021. Retrieved 25 October 2021.(subscription required)
    31. 1 2 "CLASS 222". Eversholt Rail Limited. Retrieved 5 May 2022.
    32. 1 2 3 4 5 "East Midlands Railway fleet in focus (Table 2: EMR Fleet and how it is used: Mondays-Fridays)". Today's Railways UK , issue 242 April 2022 page 31.
    33. 1 2 "Units (Class 156 'Super Sprinter')". Rail Express. No. 319. December 2022. P. 27.
    34. 1 2 "EMR EVOLVES FOR THE FUTURE". Modern Railways. No. 889. August 2022. pp. 51–56.
    35. "Abellio invests £400 million in new Hitachi trains for East Midlands Railway". 30 July 2019. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
    36. Abellio orders East Midlands inter-city fleet Railway Gazette International 30 July 2019
    37. "EMR launches competition to name new Intercity fleet | EMR | East Midlands Railway". www.eastmidlandsrailway.co.uk. Retrieved 27 October 2020.
    38. "Aurora – the name for East Midlands Railway Class 810 trains". RailAdvent. 27 October 2020. Retrieved 27 October 2020.
    39. 1 2 3 "Fleet Analysis (East Midlands Railway)". Railways Illustrated, issue 230 April 2022 page 48.
    40. Clinnick, Richard. "Progress on new train fleets continues". Rail . Bauer Media Group . Retrieved 27 August 2019.
    41. 153s acquired Modern Railways issue 874 July 2021 page 13
    42. 1 2 "Four GTR Turbostars moving to EMR". Modern Railways, June 2022 page 102.
    43. 1 2 "EMR takes stock". www.modernrailways.com. 5 October 2021. Retrieved 22 December 2021. (subscription required)
    44. A New Era for the East Midlands as Abellio starts its fifth franchise Today's Railways UK issue 214 October 2019 page 26
    45. Replacements sought for 171s Rail issue 889 9 October 2019 page 29
    46. "Units (Southern introduces three-car '171s')". Rail Express. No. 319. December 2022. P. 27.
    47. Pritchard, Robert, ed. (September 2019). "Hitachi Scoops Order for East Midlands". Today's Railways. No. 213. Sheffield: Platform 5. p. 6. ISSN   1475-9713.
    48. "Aurora – the name for East Midlands Railway Class 810 trains". RailAdvent. 27 October 2020.
    49. "CAF 'Civity' DMU enters service with West Midlands Trains". Rail Express. No. 319. December 2022. P9.
    50. Double Paxman Demise Modern Railways issue 868 January 2021 page 50
    51. Ex LNER 43 moved to Barrow Hill Rail issue 917 4 November 2020 page 31
    52. "EMR introduce Class 156 fleet and own traincrew on Barton-on-Humber route". www.eastmidlandsrailway.co.uk. Retrieved 15 December 2021.
    53. "East Midlands Railway introduces Class 156 trains on Barton-on-Humber route". RailAdvent. 13 December 2021. Retrieved 15 December 2021.
    54. "Northern and East Midlands Railway Class 153 fleets stood down". Rail Express, February 2022 page 26.
    55. Clinnick, Richard (20 December 2022). "Four former @EastMidRailway Cl.156s are bound for storage at Barrow Hill this week. 156470/473/497/498 are the DMUs involved". Twitter. Retrieved 21 December 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
    56. East Midlands Railway (20 December 2022). "They will be moving to Ely Papworth ^PB". Twitter. Retrieved 21 December 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
    57. Coward, Andy (editor) (2021). INTERCITY 125 HIGH-SPEED TRIBUTE. Pages 49-50.
    58. 1 2 "REVEALED: Every single heavy rail vehicle granted disability dispensation by DfT". Rail Magazine. 9 February 2020. Retrieved 20 May 2021.
    59. "Cascaded LNER HSTs to plug the gap in East Midlands fleet". Rail Magazine. 7 November 2019. Retrieved 20 May 2021.
    60. "East Midlands Railway plans spring 2020 start for Class 170s". Rail. 28 November 2019. Retrieved 30 May 2022.
    61. A New Era for the East Midlands as Abellio starts its fifth franchise Today's Railways UK issue 214 October 2019 pages 24–26
    62. "EMR Looks To 2020 Timetable Change". Modern Railways. 24 December 2019. Retrieved 15 February 2021.
    63. Holden, Michael (22 September 2021). "East Midlands Railway says "poor quality entries" resulted in cancellation of competition, but breached ASA rules". RailAdvent. Archived from the original on 22 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
    Preceded by Operator of East Midlands franchise
    2019–2022
    Succeeded by
    Incumbent