List of countries by GNI (nominal) per capita

Last updated

This is a list of countries by gross national income per capita in 2022 at nominal values, according to the Atlas method, an indicator of income developed by the World Bank. [1]


Countries by nominal GNI per capita according to the Atlas method (2018) Countries by GNI (nominal) per capita in 2018.png
Countries by nominal GNI per capita according to the Atlas method (2018)


The GNI per capita is the dollar value of a country's final income in a year, divided by its population. It should be reflecting the average before tax income of a country's citizens.

Knowing a country's GNI per capita is a good first step toward understanding the country's economic strengths and needs, as well as the general standard of living enjoyed by the average citizen. A country's GNI per capita tends to be closely linked with other indicators that measure the social, economic, and environmental well-being of the country and its people. All data is in U.S. dollars. Rankings shown are those given by the World Bank. Non-sovereign entities or other special groupings are marked in italics.

List of countries and dependencies

No data

High-income group
Flag of the British Virgin Islands.svg  British Virgin Islands (UK)
Flag of the Cook Islands.svg  Cook Islands (New Zealand)
Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands (Denmark)
Flag of Gibraltar.svg  Gibraltar (UK)
Flag of Guam.svg  Guam (US)
Flag of Monaco.svg  Monaco
Flag of the Northern Mariana Islands.svg  Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Flag of France.svg  Saint Martin (France)
Flag of San Marino.svg  San Marino
Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg  U.S. Virgin Islands (US)
Upper-middle-income group
Flag of American Samoa.svg  American Samoa (US)
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela
Low-income group
Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gross domestic product</span> Market value of goods and services produced within a country

Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all the final goods and services produced and rendered in a specific time period by a country or countries. GDP is more often used by the government of a single country to measure its economic health. Due to its complex and subjective nature, this measure is often revised before being considered a reliable indicator.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Per capita income</span> Average income of an economy

Per capita income (PCI) or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year.

The category of newly industrialized country (NIC), newly industrialized economy (NIE) or middle income country is a socioeconomic classification applied to several countries around the world by political scientists and economists. They represent a subset of developing countries whose economic growth is much higher than that of other developing countries; and where the social consequences of industrialization, such as urbanization, are reorganizing society.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gross national income</span> Total domestic and foreign economic output claimed by residents of a country

The gross national income (GNI), previously known as gross national product (GNP), is the total domestic and foreign output claimed by residents of a country, consisting of gross domestic product (GDP), plus factor incomes earned by foreign residents, minus income earned in the domestic economy by nonresidents.

An emerging market is a market that has some characteristics of a developed market, but does not fully meet its standards. This includes markets that may become developed markets in the future or were in the past. The term "frontier market" is used for developing countries with smaller, riskier, or more illiquid capital markets than "emerging". As of 2006, the economies of China and India are considered to be the largest emerging markets. According to The Economist, many people find the term outdated, but no new term has gained traction. Emerging market hedge fund capital reached a record new level in the first quarter of 2011 of $121 billion. Emerging market economies’ share of global PPP-adjusted GDP has risen from 27 percent in 1960 to around 53 percent by 2013. The ten largest emerging economies by nominal GDP are 5 of the 10 BRICS countries along with Indonesia, Mexico, Poland, South Korea, and Turkey.

The Atlas method, employed by the World Bank since 1993, is utilized to estimate the economic size of nations in terms of their gross national income (GNI) in U.S. dollars.

Income in India discusses the financial state in India. With rising economic growth and prosperity, India's income is also rising rapidly. As an overview, India's per capita net national income or NNI was around Rs. 98,374 in 2022-23. The per-capita income is a crude indicator of the prosperity of a country. In contrast, the gross national income at constant prices stood at over 128 trillion rupees. The same year, GRI growth rate at constant prices was around 6.6 percent. While GNI and NNI are both indicators for a country's economic performance and welfare, the GNI is related to the GDP or the Gross Domestic Product plus the net receipts from abroad, including wages and salaries, property income, net taxes and subsidies receivable from abroad. On the other hand, the NNI of a country is equal to its GNI net of depreciation.

1 These countries are currently not participating in the EU's single market (EEA), but the EU has common external Customs Union agreements with Turkey, Andorra and San Marino. Monaco participates in the EU customs union through its relationship with France; its ports are administered by the French. Vatican City has a customs union in effect with Italy.
2 Monaco, San Marino and Vatican City are not members of Schengen, but act as such via their open borders with France and Italy, respectively.
3 Switzerland is not an official member of EEA but has bilateral agreements largely with same content, making it virtual member.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Historical GDP of China</span> Overview of economic growth and decline in the East Asian country

This article includes a list of China's historical gross domestic product (GDP) values, the market value of all final goods and services produced by a nation in a given year. The GDP dollar estimates presented here are either calculated at market or government official exchange rates (nominal), or derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. This article also includes historical GDP growth.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">International organisations in Africa</span>

—The following table lists the independent African states, and their memberships in selected organisations and treaties.


  1. "GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)". The World Bank.