List of massacres in the United States

Last updated

This is a partial list of massacres in the United States ; it excludes single-perpetrator massacres; death tolls may be approximate.



NameDateLocationStateDeaths, including any perpetratorsNotes
Happy Land fire 1990 March 25 New York City New York 87 [1] Arsonist Julio González set the blaze at a South Bronx social club that resulted in 87 people killed, and 6 injured.
Guadalupe Canyon massacre 1881-08-13 Guadalupe Mountains Arizona Territory 51 wounded; cowboys ambushed while sleeping. Perpetrators disputed. [2]
Election riot of 1874 1874-11-3 Eufaula Alabama 870 injured. White League Democrats drove African American Republicans from the polls.
Chinese massacre 1871 Oct 24 Los Angeles, California California >18Killed by hanging and unknown injured in mob violence against people and property in Chinatown. [3] [4]
Golden Dragon massacre 1977 Sep 4 San Francisco California 511 injured. [5]
Camp Sumter 1864–1865 Andersonville Georgia 13,171 [6] Confederate operated POW camp
Elmira Prison 1864–1865 Elmira New York 2,963 [7] Union prison camp.
Ludlow Massacre 1914 Apr 20 Ludlow Colorado 19Killed by Colorado National Guard and Colorado Fuel & Iron Company camp guards on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families. [8]
Columbine Mine massacre 1927 Nov 21 Serene Colorado 6Miners killed with machine guns during coal mine strike. [9]
Ocoee massacre 1920 Nov 2 Ocoee Florida 56~Black population of Ocoee, a town near Orlando, was nearly obliterated during the 1920 election season. [10]
Rosewood massacre 1923 Jan Rosewood Florida 8The entire population of African-Americans in and near Rosewood, about 350, were forced from their homes and never returned. [11]
Hanapepe massacre 1924 Sep 9 Hanapepe Hawaii 20101 arrested. [12]
Haymarket affair 1886 May 4 Chicago Illinois 11More than 130 injured by dynamite bomb and crossfire of bullets. [13]
Herrin massacre 1922 Jun 21 Herrin Illinois 23Strikebreakers and union guards at coal mine. [14]
Saint Valentine's Day Massacre 1929 Feb 14 Chicago Illinois 7Prohibition gang killing. [15]
Brown's Chicken massacre 1993 Jan 8 Palatine Illinois 7Store robbery with murder.
Lane Bryant Shooting 2008 Feb 2 Tinley Park Illinois 51 injury
Aurora, Illinois, shooting 2019 Feb 15 Aurora Illinois 65–16 injuries
Spirit Lake Massacre 1857 March 5–12 West Okoboji Iowa 35–40A band of Dakota people led by Inkpaduta conducted a series of raids on white settlers.
Villisca massacre 1912 Jun 10 Villisca Iowa 8Unsolved axe murders of members of 2 families. [16] [17] [18]
Pottawatomie massacre 1856 May 24–25 Franklin County Kansas 5 John Brown and followers killed 5 pro-slavery settlers during the Bleeding Kansas period. [19] [20]
Marais des Cygnes massacre 1858 May 19 Linn County Kansas 5Last major outbreak of violence in Bleeding Kansas. [21]
Lawrence massacre 1863 Aug 21 Douglas County Kansas 185–200 Pro-Confederate Guerrillas killed civilians and burned a quarter of the town. [22]
Wichita Massacre 2000 Dec 8–14 Wichita Kansas 5Two black males, brothers Reginald and Jonathan Carr, committed multiple acts of assault, robbery, rape and murder of several people, all white, over the course of a week. [23]
Bloody Monday 1855 Aug 6 Louisville Kentucky >22Scores injured in religious mob violence and arson. [24]
Colfax massacre 1873 Apr 13 Colfax Louisiana 83–153Blacks killed at courthouse and as prisoners afterwards. [25]
Coushatta massacre 1874 Aug Coushatta Louisiana 11–26Six whites, remainder black killed as political intimidation. [26] [27]
Thibodaux massacre 1887 Nov 22 Thibodaux Louisiana >35Perhaps as many as 300 killed, 5+ injuries to striking black sugar-cane workers. [28] [29]
Opelousas Massacre 1868 Sep 28 Opelousas Louisiana 300+ Democrats resisted the joining of Opelousas African Americans into the political party and went on a hunt for African Americans, killing at least 200–300 African Americans and 30–50 Democrats. [30]
Boston Massacre 1770 Mar 5 Boston Massachusetts 511 civilians injured by British Army soldiers. [31]
Haun's Mill massacre 1838 Oct 30 Fairview Township Missouri 19Mob/militia attacked Mormons. [32]
Kansas City massacre 1933 Jun 17 Kansas City Missouri 5The dead include law enforcement officers and a criminal fugitive shot by members of a gang. [33]
Sacking of Osceola 1861 Sep 23 Osceola Missouri 9Tried by drumhead court martial and executed, town of 3,000 sacked and burned in a raid by Jim Lane's Kansas Brigade. [34] [ better source needed ]
Centralia massacre 1864 Sep 27 Centralia Missouri 24Unarmed U.S. soldiers murdered by their Confederate captors including Jesse James. 123 killed in ensuing Battle of Centralia. [35]
Baylor Massacre 1778 Sep 27 River Vale New Jersey 1554 captured or wounded by British. [36]
Greensboro massacre 1979 Nov 3 Greensboro North Carolina 5Violent clash between Ku Klux Klan and Communist Workers' Party demonstration.
Shelton Laurel massacre 1863 Jan 18 Madison County North Carolina 13Unarmed Unionists, including three boys, were shot by Confederates after capture. [37]
Greenwood massacre 1921 May 31 and Jun 1 City of Tulsa, Oklahoma 39–300≥ 800 wounded. One of the nation's worst incidents of racial violence.
Goingsnake massacre 1872 Apr 15 Tahlequah Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma)11Died in a shoot out in a crowded courtroom, the dead included 8 Deputy US Marshals and 3 Cherokee citizens. Six Cherokee were wounded including the defendant and the judge. [38]
Chinese Massacre Cove 1887 May Wallowa County Oregon 10–34Chinese gold miners ambushed and murdered by a gang of horse thieves.
Paoli massacre 1777 Sep 20near Paoli Pennsylvania 61Patriots under command of General Anthony Wayne killed by British Soldiers under command of General Charles Grey.
Lattimer massacre 1897 Sep 10 Lattimer Pennsylvania 19Coal miners killed by sheriff's posse.
Ponce massacre 1937 Mar 21 Ponce Puerto Rico 19protestors killed by police
Hamburg massacre 1876 Jul 4 Hamburg South Carolina 7Town looted in a racially motivated incident during Reconstruction.
Waxhaw massacre 1780 May 29 Lancaster South Carolina 118150 wounded, 53 captured by British against American Revolutionary soldiers.
Fort Pillow massacre 1864 Apr 12 Henning Tennessee 277–297Federal (and mostly black) troops were killed by Confederate soldiers while trying to surrender.
Nueces massacre 1862 Aug 10 Kinney County Texas 34German Texans killed by Confederate soldiers.
Mountain Meadows Massacre 1857 Sep 7–11 Mountain Meadows Utah Territory 100–140Emigrant wagon train annihilated by the Mormon Utah Territorial Militia.
Pinhook massacre1881 June 1Southeastern Utah Utah 13Started when Ute Indians allegedly killed ranchers and stole horses in Colorado. As the Ute moved into the southeastern Utah, a battle between the Indians and a band of ranchers and cowboys who blamed Utes for the loss of their livestock was fought, resulting in the death of 13 cowboys in the gunfight. [39]
Midnight Massacre 1945 Jul 7–8 Salina, Utah Utah 9German POWs killed by an American guard
Saltville massacre 1864 Oct 2–3 Saltville Virginia 45–50Wounded/captured Federal black troops by Confederate soldiers and guerrillas. [40]
Everett massacre 1916 Nov 5 Everett Washington 527 injured and scores of labor unionists arrested by police and vigilantes.
Centralia massacre 1919 Nov 11 Centralia Washington 6American Legionnaires killed by Industrial Workers of the World members.
Wah Mee massacre 1983 Feb 18 Seattle Washington 131 injured by 3 perpetrators during an armed robbery.
Bay View massacre 1886 May 5 Bay View Wisconsin 7Labor protesters killed by National Guardsmen.
Battle of Blair Mountain 1921 Aug 25 Logan County West Virginia 10–33Private army and US Troops against union organizers. WWI gas bombs used against union organizers.
Matewan massacre 1920 May 19 Matewan West Virginia 11The confrontation resulted in the deaths of Matewan Mayor Cabell Testerman, two striking coal miners, seven men from the Baldwin-Felts Detective Agency, and an unarmed bystander.
Rock Springs massacre 1885 Sep 2 Rock Springs Wyoming 2815 injured in a racial dispute between white and Chinese miners.
September 11 Attacks 2001 Sep 11 New York City; Arlington, Virginia; Shanksville, Pennsylvania New York; Virginia; Pennsylvania 2,996Four airplanes hijacked by muslim terrorists, two of which were crashed into the World Trade Center, one crashed into The Pentagon, and the other missed its target in Washington, D.C. and crashed in a field in Pennsylvania.
Thousand Oaks shooting 2018 Nov 8 Thousand Oaks California 1312+ injured.
Camden Shootings 1949 Sep 6 Camden New Jersey 13Included three children in a 12 minute walk through his neighbourhood.
University of Texas tower Shooting 1966 Aug 1 Austin Texas 18 including the shooter31 others wounded.
Easter Sunday Massacre 1975 Mar 30 Hamilton Ohio 11All victims were family members of the killer shot and killed by pistols at a family gathering.
Wilkes-Barre Shootings 1982 Sep 25 Wilkes-Barre and Jenkins Township Pennsylvania 131 wounded
San Ysidro McDonald's massacre 1984 Jul 18 San Ysidro California 22 including the gunman19 others wounded
Palm Sunday massacre 1984 Apr 15 Brooklyn New York 10Three women, a teenage girl, and six children. There was one survivor, an infant girl.
Edmond post office shooting 1986 Aug 20 Edmond Oklahoma 15 including the gunman6 wounded. This incident is the origin of the phrase 'going postal'.
GMAC shootings 1990 Jun 18 Jacksonville Florida 10 including the gunmanThe attacker began killing the day before killing 2 others. He wounded a total of 6 people over the 2 days.
Luby's shooting 1991 Oct 16 Killeen Texas 24 including the gunman27 others were wounded although only 19 of those were from gunfire.
Freddy's Fashion Mart attack 1995 Dec 8 Harlem New York 8 including the gunman [41]
Columbine High School massacre 1999 Apr 20 Columbine Colorado 15 including both gunmen24 others were wounded, 21 of those by gunfire.
Atlanta shootings 1999 Jul 29 Atlanta Georgia 10 including the gunmanHe also killed his wife on the 27th, his 2 children on the 28th then the main attack occurred on the 29th where he killed 9 victims and wounded 13 others.
Red Lake shootings 2005 Mar 21 Red Lake Minnesota 10 including the gunmanHe wounded 5 others.
Virginia Tech shooting 2007 Apr 16 Blacksburg Virginia 33 including the gunman23 Wounded, 17 by gunfire.
Binghamton shootings 2009 Apr 3 Binghamton New York 14 including the gunman4 wounded.
Fort Hood shooting 2009 Nov 5 Fort Hood Texas 13 including the gunman30+ wounded, it was the deadliest mass shooting on an American military base.
Geneva County massacre 2009 Mar 10 Geneva and Samson Alabama 11 including the gunman6 wounded.
Aurora shooting 2012 Jul 20 Aurora Colorado 1270 people were wounded, 58 from gunfire, 4 from tear gas, and 8 from injuries sustained fleeing from shooting during a screening of The Dark Knight Rises .
Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting 2012 Dec 14 Newtown Connecticut 28 including the gunman27 at the school (including the gunman) and the attacker's mother at her home. 20 of the dead were children aged 6–7 years old.
Washington Navy Yard shooting 2013 Sep 16 Washington Navy Yard Washington D.C. 13 including the gunman8 wounded, 3 from gunfire.
Charleston church shooting 2015 Jun 17 Charleston South Carolina 91 wounded.
Umpqua Community College shooting 2015 Oct 1 Roseburg Oregon 10 including the gunman8 wounded.
San Bernardino attack 2015 Dec 2 San Bernardino California 16 including both gunmen24 wounded. Attackers brought pipe bombs as well as firearms, they targeted a San Bernardino County Department of Public Health training event and Christmas party.
Orlando nightclub shooting 2016 June 12 Orlando Florida 50 including the gunman53 wounded.
Las Vegas shooting 2017 Oct 1 Las Vegas Nevada 59 including the gunman851 wounded, 422 from gunfire.
Sutherland Springs church shooting 2017 Nov 5 Sutherland Springs Texas 26 including the gunman20 wounded and an unborn child not counted in the 26 dead was also lost.
Stoneman Douglas High School shooting 2018 Feb 14 Parkland Florida 1717 killed; 17 wounded.
Pittsburgh synagogue shooting 2018 Oct 27 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 117 wounded, including the suspect.
Santa Fe High School shooting 2018 May 18 Santa Fe Texas 1014 wounded, including the suspect.
Pacific Air Lines Flight 773 Mass murder-suicide1964 May 7 Danville California 44 including gunmanAttacker shot the pilots mid flight causing the aircraft to crash killing everyone onboard.
Kent State Shootings 1970 May 4 Kent Ohio 4 Ohio National Guard opened fire on unarmed student protesters at Kent State University.
Oklahoma City Bombing 1995 April 19 Oklahoma City Oklahoma 168 (1 additional possible) Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building. Truck bomb planted by anti-government domestic terrorist Timothy McVeigh
Bath School disaster 1927 May 18 Bath Township Michigan 45School Bombing

See also

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