|New York's 16th congressional district|
New York's 16th congressional district since January 3, 2013
|Population (2018 ACS est.)||732,981|
New York's 16th Congressional District is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives represented by Eliot Engel.
The 16th district includes the northern Bronx and the southern half of Westchester County, including the suburban cities of Mount Vernon, Yonkers, New Rochelle, and Rye.
From 2003 to 2013, the district included the neighborhoods of Bedford Park, East Tremont, Fordham, Hunts Point, Melrose, Highbridge, Morrisania, Mott Haven and University Heights. Yankee Stadium, Fordham University and the Bronx Zoo were located within the district. Before redistricting, the 2010 Census found that approximately 38% of constituents in New York's 16th lived at or below the federal poverty line, the highest poverty rate of any congressional district in the nation.These neighborhoods were largely reassigned to the 15th district after redistricting, while the current 16th comprises most of the territory that had previously been the 17th District. The current 16th district, while still containing impoverished areas, such as some neighborhoods of Mount Vernon, also contains affluent areas, such as in Scarsdale and Rye, resulting in a more mixed-income demography.
In 2008, the previous version of this district gave Barack Obama his largest victory margin of any congressional district, a margin of 90% (95%-5%).The current configuration of the 16th district is not as overwhelmingly Democratic as the previous version, but retains a Democratic majority.
|1992||President||B. Clinton 81 - 15%|
|1996||President||B. Clinton 94 - 4%|
|2000||President||Gore 92 - 5%|
|2004||President||Kerry 89 - 10%|
|2008||President||Obama 95 - 5%|
|2012||President||Obama 73.7 - 25.5%|
|2016||President||H. Clinton 75.5 - 22.5%|
|Democratic-Republican||March 4, 1803 –|
March 3, 1805
|8th|| Elected in 1802.|
|Uri Tracy||Democratic-Republican||March 4, 1805 –|
March 3, 1807
|9th|| Re-elected in 1804.|
|Democratic-Republican||March 4, 1807 –|
March 3, 1809
|10th|| Elected in 1806.|
|District eliminated||March 4, 1809 –|
March 3, 1813
Morris S. Miller
|Federalist||March 4, 1813 –|
March 3, 1815
|13th|| Elected in 1812.||1813–1823|
Oneida County and the ex-Oneida part of Oswego County
Thomas R. Gold
|Federalist||March 4, 1815 –|
March 3, 1817
|14th|| Elected in 1814.|
|Henry R. Storrs||Federalist||March 4, 1817 –|
March 3, 1821
| 15th |
| Elected in 1816.|
Re-elected in 1818.
|Vacant||March 4, 1821 –|
December 3, 1821
|Elections were held in April 1821. It is unclear when results were announced or credentials issued.|
|Federalist||December 3, 1821 –|
March 3, 1823
|17th|| Elected in 1821.|
|John W. Cady|| Adams-Clay|
|March 4, 1823 –|
March 3, 1825
|18th|| Elected in 1822.||1823–1833|
|Henry Markell||Anti-Jacksonian||March 4, 1825 –|
March 3, 1829
| 19th |
|Benedict Arnold||Anti-Jacksonian||March 4, 1829 –|
March 3, 1831
|Nathan Soule||Jacksonian||March 4, 1831 –|
March 3, 1833
|Abijah Mann Jr.||Jacksonian||March 4, 1833 –|
March 3, 1837
| 23rd |
|Arphaxed Loomis||Democratic||March 4, 1837 –|
March 3, 1839
|Andrew W. Doig||Democratic||March 4, 1839 –|
March 3, 1843
| 26th |
|Chesselden Ellis||Democratic||March 4, 1843 –|
March 3, 1845
|Whig||March 4, 1845 –|
March 3, 1851
| 29th |
|John Wells||Whig||March 4, 1851 –|
March 3, 1853
|George A. Simmons||Whig||March 4, 1853 –|
March 3, 1855
| 33rd |
|Opposition||March 4, 1855 –|
May 30, 1857
George W. Palmer
|Republican||March 4, 1857 –|
March 3, 1861
| 35th |
William A. Wheeler
|Republican||March 4, 1861 –|
March 3, 1863
|Republican||March 4, 1863 –|
August 24, 1865
| 38th |
|Vacant||August 24, 1865 –|
December 3, 1866
Robert S. Hale
|Republican||December 3, 1866 –|
March 3, 1867
|Republican||March 4, 1867 –|
March 3, 1871
| 40th |
|John Rogers||Democratic||March 4, 1871 –|
March 3, 1873
|James S. Smart||Republican||March 4, 1873 –|
March 3, 1875
Charles H. Adams
|Republican||March 4, 1875 –|
March 3, 1877
Terence J. Quinn
|Democratic||March 4, 1877 –|
June 18, 1878
|Vacant||June 18, 1878 –|
November 5, 1878
John Mosher Bailey
|Republican||November 5, 1878 –|
March 3, 1881
| 45th |
Michael N. Nolan
|Democratic||March 4, 1881 –|
March 3, 1883
Thomas J. Van Alstyne
|Democratic||March 4, 1883 –|
March 3, 1885
John H. Ketcham
|Republican||March 4, 1885 –|
March 3, 1893
| 49th |
|Redistricted from the 13th district and re-elected in 1884.|
|Democratic||March 4, 1893 –|
March 3, 1895
Benjamin L. Fairchild
|Republican||March 4, 1895 –|
March 3, 1897
William L. Ward
|Republican||March 4, 1897 –|
March 3, 1899
John Q. Underhill
|Democratic||March 4, 1899 –|
March 3, 1901
Cornelius A. Pugsley
|Democratic||March 4, 1901 –|
March 3, 1903
|Democratic||March 4, 1903 –|
March 3, 1907
| 58th |
|Redistricted from the 15th district and re-elected in 1902.||1903–1913|
Francis B. Harrison
|Democratic||March 4, 1907 –|
March 3, 1913
| 60th |
Redistricted to the 20th district .
Peter J. Dooling
|Democratic||March 4, 1913 –|
March 3, 1919
| 63rd |
Redistricted to the 15th district .
Thomas F. Smith
|Democratic||March 4, 1919 –|
March 3, 1921
|66th||Redistricted from the 15th district and re-elected in 1818.|
William Bourke Cockran
|Democratic||March 4, 1921 –|
March 1, 1923
|67th|| Elected in 1920.|
Re-elected in 1922 but died before the next term began.
|Vacant||March 1, 1923 –|
November 6, 1923
| 67th |
John J. O'Connor
|Democratic||November 6, 1923 –|
January 3, 1939
| 68th |
| Elected to finish Cockran's term.|
James H. Fay
|Democratic||January 3, 1939 –|
January 3, 1941
William T. Pheiffer
|Republican||January 3, 1941 –|
January 3, 1943
James H. Fay
|Democratic||January 3, 1943 –|
January 3, 1945
Ellsworth B. Buck
|Republican||January 3, 1945 –|
January 3, 1949
| 79th |
|Redistricted from the 11th district and re-elected in 1944.|
James J. Murphy
|Democratic||January 3, 1949 –|
January 3, 1953
| 81st |
Adam Clayton Powell Jr.
|Democratic||January 3, 1953 –|
January 3, 1963
| 83rd |
|Redistricted from the 22nd district and re-elected in 1952.|
Redistricted to the 18th district .
John M. Murphy
|Democratic||January 3, 1963 –|
January 3, 1973
| 88th |
Redistricted to the 17th district .
|Democratic||January 3, 1973 –|
January 3, 1981
| 93rd |
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
|Democratic||January 3, 1981 –|
January 3, 1983
Redistricted to the 10th district .
|Democratic||January 3, 1983 –|
January 3, 1993
| 98th |
|Redistricted from the 19th district and re-elected in 1982.|
Redistricted to the 15th district .
José E. Serrano
|Democratic||January 3, 1993 –|
January 3, 2013
| 103rd |
|Redistricted from the 18th district and re-elected in 1992.|
Redistricted to the 15th district .
|Democratic||January 3, 2013 –|
| 113th |
|Redistricted from the 17th district and re-elected in 2012.||2013–present|
Note that in New York State electoral politics there are numerous minor parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes (Listed as "Recap").
|Democratic||José E. Serrano||95,568||96.3%|
|Democratic||José E. Serrano||67,367||95.4%||-0.9%|
|Republican||Thomas W. Bayley Jr.||2,457||3.5%||+0.6%|
|Democratic||José E. Serrano||103,041||95.8%||+0.4%|
|Democratic||José E. Serrano||50,716||92.1%||-3.7%|
|Democratic||José E. Serrano||106,739||91.0%|
|Working Families||José E. Serrano||4,899||4.2%|
|total||José E. Serrano||111,638||95.2||+3.1%|
|Democratic||José E. Serrano||53,179||90.3%|
|Working Families||José E. Serrano||2,945||5.0%|
|total||José E. Serrano||56,124||95.3||+0.1%|
|Democratic||José E. Serrano||123,312||93.7%|
|Working Families||José E. Serrano||3,867||2.9%|
|total||José E. Serrano||127,179||96.6||+1.3%|
|Democratic||José E. Serrano||58,478||90.8%|
|Working Families||José E. Serrano||3,164||4.9%|
|total||José E. Serrano||61,642||95.7||-0.9%|
|Republican||Frank Della Valle||2,257||3.5%|
|Conservative||Frank Della Valle||501||0.8%|
|total||Frank Della Valle||2,758||4.3||+0.9%|
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