Romance film

Last updated
Tyrone Power passionately embraces Alice Faye in the 1938 film Alexander's Ragtime Band. Tyrone power alice faye ragtime6.jpg
Tyrone Power passionately embraces Alice Faye in the 1938 film Alexander's Ragtime Band .

Romance films or romance movies are romantic love stories recorded in visual media for broadcast in theaters and on TV that focus on passion, emotion, and the affectionate romantic involvement of the main characters and the journey that their love takes them through dating, courtship or marriage. Romance films make the romantic love story or the search for strong and pure love and romance the main plot focus. Occasionally, romance lovers face obstacles such as finances, physical illness, various forms of discrimination, psychological restraints or family that threaten to break their union of love. As in all quite strong, deep, and close romantic relationships, tensions of day-to-day life, temptations (of infidelity), and differences in compatibility enter into the plots of romantic films. [1]

Contents

Romantic films often explore the essential themes of love at first sight, young with older love, unrequited romantic love, obsessive love, sentimental love, spiritual love, forbidden love, platonic love, sexual and passionate love, sacrificial love, explosive and destructive love, and tragic love. Romantic films serve as great escapes and fantasies for viewers, especially if the two people finally overcome their difficulties, declare their love, and experience life "happily ever after", implied by a reunion and final kiss. In romantic television series, the development of such romantic relationships may play out over many episodes or different characters may become intertwined in different romantic arcs.

Screenwriter and scholar Eric R. Williams identifies Romance Films as one of eleven super-genres in his screenwriters’ taxonomy, claiming that all feature length narrative films can be classified by these super-genres. The other ten super-genres are Action, Crime, Fantasy, Horror, Science Fiction, Slice of Life, Sports, Thriller, War and Western. [2]

Subgenres

Poster for Gone With the Wind (1939). Poster - Gone With the Wind 01.jpg
Poster for Gone With the Wind (1939).

Historical romance

Also known as Epic romance, this is a romantic story with a historical period setting, normally with a turbulent backdrop of war, revolution or tragedy. This includes films such as Titanic, Gone with the Wind , Reds , Doctor Zhivago and Cold War (Zimna wojna) .

Romantic drama

Romantic dramas usually revolve around an obstacle which prevents deep and true love between two people. Music is often employed to indicate the emotional mood, creating an atmosphere of greater insulation for the couple. The conclusion of a romantic drama typically does not indicate whether a final romantic union between the two main characters will occur. Some examples of romantic drama films are Casablanca , Before Midnight , The Artist , Slumdog Millionaire , Up in the Air , Gloria Bell , Before Sunset , Before Sunrise , Shakespeare in Love , The Bridges of Madison County , The English Patient , María Candelaria , Daughters of the Dust , Sommersby , Coming Home , Big Night , Memoirs of a Geisha , Last Tango in Paris , Water for Elephants , On the Waterfront , Love Story , Man's Way with Women , Like Water for Chocolate and Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge . Same-sex romantic dramas, which tackle LGBT issues include Brokeback Mountain , Blue Is the Warmest Colour and Call Me by Your Name . [3]

Chick flick

Chick flick is a term often associated with romance films as many are targeted to a female audience. [4] [5] Although many romance films may be targeted at women, this is not a defining characteristic of a romance film and a chick flick does not necessarily have a romance as a central theme, revolve around the romantic involvement of characters or even contain a romantic relationship. As such, the terms cannot be used interchangeably. Films of this genre include Gilda , The Lost Weekend , The Red Shoes (1948 film) , Sense and Sensibility (film) , Gentlemen Prefer Blondes , Dirty Dancing , The Notebook , Dear John , A Walk to Remember , and Romeo + Juliet .

Bromantic comedy

A bromantic comedy is a comedy film genre that takes the formula of the typical “romantic comedy” but focuses on close male friendships. [6] The word “bromance” is a close but non-sexual relationship between two or more men. [7] Notable bromantic comedy films are Shaun of the Dead , Superbad , I Love You, Man , Step Brothers , Bull Durham , and About a Boy (film) . [8] Popular and common elements or themes of bromantic comedies include; male bonding, bromance, and conflicts with heterosexual bonding, with the addition of humour. [9] Aspects of bromantic comedies, including male camaraderie, were first seen in Barry Levinson's 1982 film Diner . [10]

Romantic comedy

Romantic comedies are films with light-hearted, humorous plotlines, centered on romantic ideals such as that true love is able to surmount most obstacles. Humour in such films tends to be of a verbal, low-key variety or situational, as opposed to slapstick. [11] Films within this genre include City Lights , A Night at the Opera , It Happened One Night , The Philadelphia Story , Intolerable Cruelty , Roman Holiday , The Big Sick , Enough Said , Lost In Translation , To All the Boys I've Loved Before , Four Weddings and a Funeral , Dave (film) , Say Anything... , Moonstruck , As Good as It Gets , Something's Gotta Give , When Harry Met Sally... , Annie Hall , Manhattan , The Apartment and Pablo and Carolina .

Romantic action

Romantic action is a film that blend romance and action. Examples include Foreign Correspondent , The Best Years of Our Lives , The Adventures of Robin Hood , From Here to Eternity , The Quiet Man , The Torch (film) , The Town , Killers , Knight and Day , Mr. & Mrs. Smith , This Means War and The Bounty Hunter .

Romantic thriller

Romantic thriller is a genre of film which has a storyline combining elements of the romance film and the thriller genre. Some examples of romantic thriller films are To Catch a Thief , Vertigo (film), The Adjustment Bureau , West Side Story , The Phantom of the Opera , The Tourist , The Crying Game , Unfaithful , The Bodyguard, and Wicker Park . [12]

Gothic romance

Gothic romance is a film genre which includes gothic elements and affirms feminine experiences, perceptions and interpretations of their “fear, anger, and distrust of patriarchal order”. [13] A key feature of gothic romance films is the “Bluebeard motif”. This typically refers to secrets or forbidden rooms or areas in a house, which represent female protagonists’ repressions. This common characteristic is based on a variation of the Bluebeard folktale of a wealthy man who forbids his new wife from entering his castle's underground chamber, to which she finds the corpses of his many former wives. Some examples of gothic romance films include Crimson Peak, Rebecca, Suspicion and Gaslight .

Romantic fantasy

Romantic fantasies describe fantasy stories using many of the elements and conventions of the romance genre. Some examples include The Lady Eve , Top Hat, The Umbrellas of Cherbourg (Les Parapluies de Cherbourg) , Singin' in the Rain , Groundhog Day (film) , Enchanted , Cinderella , Beauty and the Beast (2017 film) , Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind , Midnight in Paris , and Her. [14]

Paranormal romance

Paranormal romance is a popular genre of film which features romantic relationships between humans and supernatural creatures. [15] Popular tropes include vampirism, time-travel, ghosts and psychic or telekinetic abilities - i.e. things that cannot be explained by science. [16] The genre originated in literature and moved on to the screen in the early 2000s, following the success of the Twilight Saga adaptations from Stephanie Meyer’s books. [17] By 2007–8, film studios were producing various paranormal romance films, many adapted from novels. [17]   Examples of paranormal romance films include The Shape of Water , Warm Bodies , The Twilight Saga , Emerald Green, Vampire Academy , I Am Dragon and The Exterminating Angel . [18]

See also

Related Research Articles

A comedy film is a category of film in which the main emphasis is on humor. These films are designed to make the audience laugh through amusement and most often work by exaggerating characteristics for humorous effect. Films in this style traditionally have a happy ending. One of the oldest genres in film—and derived from the classical comedy in theatre—some of the earliest silent films were comedies, as slapstick comedy often relies on visual depictions, without requiring sound. When sound films became more prevalent during the 1920s, comedy films took another swing, as laughter could result from burlesque situations but also dialogue.

Film genre Classification of films based on similarities in narrative elements

A film genre is a stylistic or thematic category for motion pictures based on similarities either in the narrative elements, aesthetic approach, or the emotional response to the film.

Romantic comedy Film genre

Romantic comedy is a subgenre of comedy and slice-of-life fiction, focusing on lighthearted, humorous plot lines centered on romantic ideas, such as how true love is able to surmount most obstacles. One dictionary definition is "a funny movie, play, or television program about a love story that ends happily". Another definition suggests that its "primary distinguishing feature is a love plot in which two sympathetic and well-matched lovers are united or reconciled".

Genre fiction, also known as popular fiction, is a term used in the book-trade for fictional works written with the intent of fitting into a specific literary genre, in order to appeal to readers and fans already familiar with that genre.

Romance may refer to:

Romance novel Genre novel on the theme of romantic love

A romance novel or romantic novel generally refers to a type of genre fiction novel which places its primary focus on the relationship and romantic love between two people, and usually has an "emotionally satisfying and optimistic ending." However, precursors include authors of literary fiction, such as Samuel Richardson, Jane Austen, and Charlotte Brontë.

A hybrid genre is a genre that blends themes and elements from two or more different genres.

Crime film Film genre inspired by and analogous to the crime fiction literary genre

Crime films, in the broadest sense, is a film genre inspired by and analogous to the crime fiction literary genre. Films of this genre generally involve various aspects of crime and its detection. Stylistically, the genre may overlap and combine with many other genres, such as drama or gangster film, but also include comedy, and, in turn, is divided into many sub-genres, such as mystery, suspense or noir.

Sports film Film genre

A sports film is a film genre that uses sport as the theme of the film. It is a production in which a sport, sporting event, athlete, or follower of sport are prominently featured, and which depend on sport to a significant degree for their plot motivation or resolution. Despite this, sport is ultimately rarely the central concern of such films and sport performs primarily an allegorical role. Furthermore, sports fans are not necessarily the target demographic in such movies, but sports fans tend to have a large following or respect for such movies.

Paranormal romance is a subgenre of both romantic fiction and speculative fiction. Paranormal romance focuses on romantic love and includes elements beyond the range of scientific explanation, blending together themes from the speculative fiction genres of fantasy, science fiction, and horror. Paranormal romance may range from traditional category romances, such as those published by Harlequin Mills & Boon, with a paranormal setting to stories where the main emphasis is on a science fiction or fantasy-based plot with a romantic subplot included. Common hallmarks are romantic relationships between humans and vampires, shapeshifters, ghosts, and other entities of a fantastic or otherworldly nature.

Slice of life describes the depiction of mundane experiences in art and entertainment. In theater, slice of life refers to naturalism, while in literary parlance it is a narrative technique in which a seemingly arbitrary sequence of events in a character's life is presented, often lacking plot development, conflict and exposition, as well as often having an open ending.

Bromance Close but non-sexual relationship between two or more men

A bromance is a very close and non-sexual relationship between two or more men. It is an exceptionally tight, affectional, homosocial male bonding relationship exceeding that of usual friendship, and is distinguished from normal friendship by a particularly high level of emotional intimacy. The emergence of the concept since the beginning of the 21st century has been seen as reflecting a change in societal perception and interest in the theme, with an increasing openness of Western society in the 21st century to reconsider gender, sexuality, and exclusivity constraints.

Drama (film and television) Film and television genre

In film and television, drama is a category of narrative fiction intended to be more serious than humorous in tone. Drama of this kind is usually qualified with additional terms that specify its particular super-genre, macro-genre, or micro-genre, such as soap opera, police crime drama, political drama, legal drama, historical drama, domestic drama, teen drama, and comedy-drama (dramedy). These terms tend to indicate a particular setting or subject-matter, or else they qualify the otherwise serious tone of a drama with elements that encourage a broader range of moods.

A romantic thriller or a romance thriller is a narrative that involves elements of the romance and thriller genres.

A bromantic comedy is a comedy film genre that takes the formula of the typical "romantic comedy" but focuses on close male friendships.

The Gothic romance film is a Gothic film with feminine appeal. Diane Waldman wrote in Cinema Journal that Gothic films in general "permitted the articulation of feminine fear, anger, and distrust of the patriarchal order" and that such films during World War II and afterward "place an unusual emphasis on the affirmation of feminine perception, interpretation, and lived experience". Between 1940 and 1948, the Gothic romance film was prevalent in Hollywood, being produced by well-known directors and actors. The best-known films of the era were Rebecca (1940), Suspicion (1941), and Gaslight (1944). Less well-known films were Undercurrent (1946) and Sleep, My Love (1948). Waldman describes these films' Gothic rubric: "A young inexperienced woman meets a handsome older man to whom she is alternately attracted and repelled." Other films from the decade include The Enchanted Cottage (1945) and The Heiress (1949).

The romance is a genre of novel defined by the novelist Walter Scott as "a fictitious narrative in prose or verse; the interest of which turns upon marvellous and uncommon incidents", in contrast to mainstream novels which realistically depict the state of a society. These works frequently, but not exclusively, takes the form of the historical novel. Scott's novels are also frequently described as historical romances, and Northrop Frye suggested "the general principle that most 'historical novels' are romances". Scott describes romance as a "kindred term", and many European languages do not distinguish between romance and novel: "a novel is le roman, der Roman, il romanzo". Literary fiction, in the book-trade, are novels that are regarded as having literary merit and can employ a variety of subgenres, including the love romance novel, the historical novel, the adventure novel, and scientific romance.

References

  1. "Romance films". Filmsite.org . Retrieved 10 November 2016.
  2. Williams, Eric R. (2017). The screenwriters taxonomy : a roadmap to collaborative storytelling. New York, NY: Routledge Studies in Media Theory and Practice. ISBN   978-1-315-10864-3. OCLC   993983488.
  3. Dixon, Wheeler W. (2000), Film genre 2000: new critical essays, The SUNY series, cultural studies in cinema/video, SUNY Press, p. 238, ISBN   0-7914-4514-3
  4. Simpson, John, ed. (2009). Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition, on CD-ROM Version 4.0. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN   978-0-19-956383-8.
  5. Stevenson, Angus; Lindberg, Christine A., eds. (2010). New Oxford American Dictionary, Third Edition. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 300. ISBN   978-0-19-539288-3.
  6. "Patterson, John Edward, (died 4 April 1919), littérateur", Who Was Who, Oxford University Press, 2007-12-01, doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.u201429
  7. "Reading the bromance: homosocial relationships in film and television". Choice Reviews Online. 52 (2): 52–0739-52-0739. 2014-09-22. doi:10.5860/choice.52-0739. ISSN   0009-4978.
  8. "Best "Bro" Movies (Bromance)". IMDb. Retrieved 2019-11-27.
  9. Moss, Chris (2016-02-01). "A fine bromance: the 12 rules of male friendship". The Telegraph. ISSN   0307-1235 . Retrieved 2019-11-27.
  10. Macdougall, John (2014-01-18). "The New Yorker & Me: Barry Levinson's "Diner": Kael vs. Wolcott". The New Yorker & Me. Retrieved 2019-11-27.
  11. "Romantic Comedy". AllRovi. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 10 November 2016.
  12. "Wicker Park (2004)". AllRovi. Archived from the original on 27 October 2011. Retrieved 10 November 2016.
  13. Waldman, Diane (1984). ""At Last I Can Tell It to Someone!": Feminine Point of View and Subjectivity in the Gothic Romance Film of the 1940s". Cinema Journal. 23 (2): 29–40. doi:10.2307/1225123. JSTOR   1225123.
  14. William C. Robinson (October 2004). "A Few Thoughts on the Fantasy Genre". University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Retrieved 18 January 2009.
  15. Panse, S.; Rothermel, D. (2014-04-24). A Critique of Judgment in Film and Television. Springer. ISBN   978-1-137-01418-4.
  16. Tobin-McClain, Lee (2000). "Paranormal Romance: Secretsof the Female Fantastic". Journal of the Fantastic in the Arts. 11 (3 (43)): 294–306. ISSN   0897-0521. JSTOR   43308461.
  17. 1 2 Crawford, Joseph. (2014). The twilight of the Gothic. Vampire fiction and the rise of the paranormal romance. University of Wales Press. ISBN   978-1-78316-064-8. OCLC   894201495.
  18. "paranormal romance". IMDb. Retrieved 2019-11-27.