Heist film

Last updated

The heist film or caper film is a subgenre of crime film focused on the planning, execution, and aftermath of a significant robbery.


One of the early defining heist films was The Asphalt Jungle (1950), which Film Genre 2000 wrote "almost single-handedly popularized the genre for mainstream cinema". It featured robbers whose personal failings ultimately led to the failure of their robbery. Similar films using this formula were Armored Car Robbery (1950), The Killing (1956), and The Getaway (1972). By the 1990s, heist films began to "experiment and play with these conventions," incorporating things like comedy into heist stories.

Characteristics of the genre

While there is sometimes some confusion as to what counts as a heist film, there are characteristics that most films in the genre follow.

The most basic of these is that films in the genre tend to follow the planning, execution and aftermath of one large robbery. [1] While there can be smaller crimes leading up to the major crime, this major crime is the centerpiece of the film and is the event which informs much of the film's plot. [1] As a result of this, heist films tend to focus on the process of the heist, often showing how the criminals plan the heist in great detail. They also tend to devote a large portion of the film's runtime to the heist itself, giving the viewer a detailed look of how the criminals complete the heist.

The genre is also distinct for almost exclusively following the people who are committing the crime rather than following the people trying to stop the criminals. [2] This often leads to the viewer building some form of sympathy or respect for the criminals. [2] Another common characteristic of the heist film is the assembling of a team to complete the heist. [2] Each team member often has some unique skill or set of skills which are needed to complete the heist. [2]

Over time filmmakers have taken these characteristics and changed them to create interesting plays on the genre. For example, Reservoir Dogs (1992) skips the planning and execution of the heist, choosing instead to focus exclusively on the aftermath. Another example of this is The Italian Job (1969), which shows the planning and execution of the heist but doesn't fully show the aftermath.

While those characteristics stand as the defining characteristics of the genre, there are other tropes and trends which frequently appear. One such trend is the failure of the heist due to some failing of the criminals involved in the heist. These failings include one of the criminals in the heist getting injured during the heist, or one of the criminals betraying the others during or after the heist. [3] This trend started as a result of the initial films in the genre being made in Hollywood during the Motion Picture Production Code. [4] Under the code, criminals were not allowed to get away with crime, so the heists in these early movies all fail, establishing it as a trend in the genre. In the years since the code filmmakers have made heist films where the criminals get away; [4] however, the trope of failed heists still exists in modern films. One of the most dynamic examples is Reservoir Dogs, which focuses solely on trying to figure out which of their group members betrayed them after a failed heist. Another popular trope is "one last job", whereby a criminal looking to stop being a criminal enlists the team to do one last heist so they will have money for the rest of their life. This can be seen in early films such as The Asphalt Jungle (1950) as well as more recent films like Heat (1995).


While elements of the heist film can be seen in movies as early as The Great Train Robbery (1903), the genre didn't begin until the late 1940s and the early 1950s. [5] The film widely agreed upon as the first film in the genre is John Huston's 1950 film The Asphalt Jungle, starring Sterling Hayden and Sam Jaffee (with Marilyn Monroe in a supporting role). [1] The film contains many of the hallmarks of the genre, the most obvious of which is its following of the planning, execution, and aftermath of a single heist from the criminal's perspective. [2] It also devotes a large amount of time to the heist itself and involves a group of variously skilled criminals who are brought together to complete the crime. Two earlier films that some consider earlier examples of the genre [1] are Criss Cross (1949) and The Killers (1946). While these films do follow the planning, execution, and aftermath of a single heist from the criminals' perspective, critics argue that they devote too much time to the planning and aftermath of the heist and too little to the actual heist. [1] As a result they are frequently cited as key films in the development of the genre but not the start of the genre itself. [1] All of these films are also notable for having elements which are indebted to the film noir genre. This includes their moody, expressionistic black and white cinematography as well as a dark and fatalistic tone key in film noir. As a result, scholars such as Daryl Lee refer to this era of heist films as “noir heists”. [5] Anne Billson of the BBC cites Akira Kurosawa's Seven Samurai (1954) as an influence on the "assembling the team" trope that later became a common characteristic of heist films. [6]

The period between 1955 - 1975 is considered by scholars to be the most productive period of the heist genre. This period began with American filmmakers continuing the noir heist trend in films like 5 Against the House (1955) and The Killing (1956). The 50s also saw the release of the first international heist films. Notably, a handful of heist films made in France were influenced by and responding to the American noir heists. Two notable films are Rififi (1955), which is known for its detailed 30 minute heist sequence, and Bob Le Flambeur (1956), known for its playful ending which plays with the conventions of the heist genre. [5] The 1950s also marked the beginning of British heist films, notable ones being The Lavender Hill Mob (1951) and The Lady Killers (1955), films whose importance comes from the introduction of comedy to the heist genre. This was uncommon for the genre at the time but became more common in later heist films. [5] Another notable heist film from this period is the Italian film Big Deal on Madonna Street (1958), a parody of the heist genre. [5]

In the 1960s heist stories became more mainstream, with glossier and higher-budget heist films which moved away from the fatalism and darkness present in the earlier noir heists. [5] Two examples of this from the early 1960s are the British film The League of Gentlemen (1960) and the American film Seven Thieves (1960). Despite having conventional heist plots about gathering together a group to commit a heist, both films balance comedy and drama, unlike the darkness of the earlier noir heist films. [5] The mainstream shift as well as a growing cultural interest in travel led to a wave of glossy heist films involving exotic international locals, such as Topkapi (1964) and How to Steal a Million (1966). In France Rififi spawned a number of lower-budget crime films which often used Rififi as part of their title. These include films such as Rififi in Tokyo (1963) and Du rififi à Paname (1966). As the decade continued, the French also began to produce more glossy heist films which served as star vehicles for big stars of the time, such as Any Number Can Win (1963) starring Alain Delon and Greed in the Sun (1964) starring Jean-Paul Belmondo. [5] The most celebrated French heist films of this time where directed by Jean-Pierre Melville, whose heist film Le Cercle Rouge (1970) is often regarded as one of the greatest heist movies of all time. [5] This expansion of the genre in the 1960s also led to remakes of older heist movies, with an early example being Cairo (1963), which is a remake of The Asphalt Jungle. [1] In 1968, the motion picture production code was abolished, paving the way for a number of heist films that didn't shy away from portraying graphic violence. This included films like Charley Varrick (1973) and The Getaway (1972). Another important 1970s heist film is Sidney Lumet's 1975 film Dog Day Afternoon , which is regarded by some critics as the last important heist film of the genre's most productive era. [5]

The period between 1975 and the early 1990s is considered a low point for productivity in the heist genre. [5] While there were some films made in the genre such as Thief (1981) and a remake of Big Deal on Madonna Street called Crackers (1984), critics don't consider these films as meaningful developments of the genre. [5] The 1990s would see the return of the heist genre, with a number of films creating new interest. While films like John Woo's Once a Thief (1991) and Steven Soderbergh's Out of Sight (1998) would bring some interest in the genre, the three films which most brought the genre back to prominence were Reservoir Dogs (1992), Heat (1995) and The Usual Suspects (1995), all of which were big enough hits that they reintroduced a large audience to the pleasures of the heist genre.

This renewed interest led to a large output of heist films throughout the 2000s. These range from British films like Snatch  (2000) and Sexy Beast (2000) to kids' films like Fantastic Mr. Fox (2009) to popular Hollywood films like Inside Man (2006) and remakes of heist classics like The Italian Job (2003). [5] Some of the most popular heist films of this era are the remake of Ocean's 11 (2001) and its sequels Oceans 12 (2004) and Oceans 13 (2007). These films were hits on release and are still popular today.

List of heist films

11 Harrowhouse 1974 [7]
80 Million 2011 [8]
Armored Car Robbery 1950 [9]
Army of the Dead 2021 [10]
Army of Thieves 2021
The Asphalt Jungle 1950 [11]
Baby Driver 2017 [12]
The Bad Guys 2022 [13]
Bande à part 1964 [11]
The Bank Job 2008 [12]
Big Deal on Madonna Street 1958 [14]
Blue Collar 1978 [15]
Bob le flambeur 1956 [15]
Bonnie and Clyde 1967 [16]
Bottle Rocket 1996 [12]
Le Cercle Rouge 1970 [11]
Dead Presidents 1995 [17]
Den of Thieves 2018 [18]
Le deuxième souffle 1966 [15]
Dog Day Afternoon 1975 [11]
Entrapment 1999 [19]
Fast Five 2011 [12]
A Fish Called Wanda 1988 [12]
Flawless 2007 [7]
The Getaway 1972 [15]
Going in Style 1979
Going in Style 2017 [20]
Gone in 60 Seconds 2000
Grand Slam 1967 [15]
The Hatton Garden Job 2017 [12]
Heat 1995 [12]
Heist 2001 [21]
Hell or High Water 2016 [22]
Hell's Angels '69 1969 [23]
The Hot Rock 1972 [7]
House of Games 1987
How to Steal a Million 1966 [15]
Hudson Hawk 1991 [24]
Kshana Kshanam 1991 [25]
Inception 2010 [11]
Inside Man 2006 [12]
The Italian Job 1969 [12]
The Italian Job 2003 [12]
Jackie Brown 1997 [16]
The Killing 1956 [12]
King of Thieves 2018 [26]
The Lavender Hill Mob 1951 [15]
Lock, Stock and Two Smoking Barrels 1998 [12]
Logan Lucky 2017 [12]
Mankatha 2011 [27] [28]
The Misfits 2021 [29]
Now You See Me 2013 [20]
Now You See Me 2 2016
Ocean's 8 2018 [15]
Ocean's 11 1960 [14]
Ocean's Eleven 2001 [11]
Ocean's Twelve 2004 [15]
Ocean's Thirteen 2007 [30]
Out of Sight 1998 [16]
Point Break 1991
Quick Change 1990 [16]
Reservoir Dogs 1992 [11]
Rififi 1955 [11]
Ronin 1998 [16]
The Score 2001 [31]
Set It Off 1996 [12]
Sexy Beast 2000 [11]
Snatch 2000 [12]
Sneakers 1992 [32]
The Split 1968 [33]
The Sting 1973 [12]
Thief 1981 [11]
The Thomas Crown Affair 1968 [12]
The Thomas Crown Affair 1999 [12]
Three Kings 1999 [16]
Topkapi 1964 [14]
The Town 2010 [12]
Tower Heist 2011
The Usual Suspects 1995 [12]
Vinci 2004 [8]
Widows 2018 [11]
Wrath of Man 2021 [34]

Related Research Articles

<i>Entrapment</i> (film) 1999 film by Jon Amiel

Entrapment is a 1999 caper film directed by Jon Amiel and written by Ronald Bass. It stars Sean Connery and Catherine Zeta-Jones and includes Will Patton, Ving Rhames and Maury Chaykin. The film focuses on the relationship between investigator Virginia "Gin" Baker and professional thief Robert "Mac" MacDougal as they attempt a heist at the turn of the New Millennium. Simon West and Antoine Fuqua were both in talks to direct before Amiel was hired.

<i>The Killing</i> (film) 1956 film by Stanley Kubrick

The Killing is a 1956 American film noir directed by Stanley Kubrick and produced by James B. Harris. It was written by Kubrick and Jim Thompson and based on Lionel White's novel Clean Break. It stars Sterling Hayden, Coleen Gray, and Vince Edwards, and features Marie Windsor, Elisha Cook Jr., Jay C. Flippen and Timothy Carey.

<i>Reservoir Dogs</i> 1992 American crime film by Quentin Tarantino

Reservoir Dogs is a 1992 American neo-noir crime film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino in his feature-length debut. It stars Harvey Keitel, Tim Roth, Chris Penn, Steve Buscemi, Lawrence Tierney, Michael Madsen, Tarantino, and Edward Bunker as diamond thieves whose heist of a jewelry store goes terribly wrong. Kirk Baltz, Randy Brooks, and Steven Wright also play supporting roles. It incorporates many motifs that have become Tarantino's hallmarks: violent crime, pop culture references, profanity, and nonlinear storytelling.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Crime film</span> Film genre

Crime films, in the broadest sense, is a film genre inspired by and analogous to the crime fiction literary genre. Films of this genre generally involve various aspects of crime and its detection. Stylistically, the genre may overlap and combine with many other genres, such as drama or gangster film, but also include comedy, and, in turn, is divided into many sub-genres, such as mystery, suspense or noir.

<i>Big Deal on Madonna Street</i> 1958 Italian comedy caper film

Big Deal on Madonna Street is a 1958 Italian comedy caper film directed by Mario Monicelli and considered to be among the masterpieces of Italian cinema. Its original Italian title literally translates as "the usual unknown ones", which is roughly equivalent to the English phrase "the usual suspects". The name of the Roman street in the English title is a slight mistranslation, as the Italian name of the fictional Roman street on which the midnight burglary in the film takes place is the Via delle Madonne rather than "Madonna Street". Compounding the confusion is the fact that the real Roman street on which the scene was filmed is the Via delle tre cannelle, rather than the Via delle tre Madonne.

<i>The Asphalt Jungle</i> 1950 film by John Huston

The Asphalt Jungle is a 1950 American film noir heist film directed by John Huston. Based on the 1949 novel of the same name by W. R. Burnett, it tells the story of a jewel robbery in a Midwestern city. The film stars Sterling Hayden and Louis Calhern, and features Jean Hagen, James Whitmore, Sam Jaffe, and John McIntire. Marilyn Monroe also appears, in one of her earliest roles.

<i>After the Sunset</i> 2004 film

After the Sunset is a 2004 American heist action comedy film directed by Brett Ratner and starring Pierce Brosnan as Max Burdett, a master thief caught in a pursuit with FBI agent Stan Lloyd, played by Woody Harrelson. It was shot in the Bahamas. The film was met with negative reviews and flopped at the box office.

<i>The Great Muppet Caper</i> 1981 film directed by Jim Henson

The Great Muppet Caper is a 1981 musical heist comedy film directed by Jim Henson and the second theatrical film featuring the Muppets. The film stars Muppet performers Henson, Frank Oz, Dave Goelz, Jerry Nelson, Richard Hunt, and Steve Whitmire, as well as Charles Grodin and Diana Rigg with special cameo appearances by John Cleese, Robert Morley, Peter Ustinov, and Jack Warden. The film was produced by ITC Entertainment and The Jim Henson Company and distributed by Universal Pictures. In the plot, the Muppets are caught up in a jewel heist while investigating a robbery in London.

<i>Rififi</i> 1955 French crime film by Jules Dassin

Rififi is a 1955 French crime film adaptation of Auguste Le Breton's novel of the same name. Directed by American blacklisted filmmaker Jules Dassin, the film stars Jean Servais as the aging gangster Tony "le Stéphanois", Carl Möhner as Jo "le Suédois", Robert Manuel as Mario Farrati, and Jules Dassin as César "le Milanais". The foursome band together to commit an almost impossible theft, the burglary of an exclusive jewelry shop in the Rue de la Paix. The centerpiece of the film is an intricate half-hour heist scene depicting the crime in detail, shot in near silence, without dialogue or music. The fictional burglary has been mimicked by criminals in actual crimes around the world.

<i>Armored Car Robbery</i> 1950 film by Richard Fleischer

Armored Car Robbery is a 1950 American film noir starring Charles McGraw, Adele Jergens, and William Talman.

<i>Bob le flambeur</i> 1956 film by Jean-Pierre Melville

Bob le flambeur is a 1956 French heist gangster film directed by Jean-Pierre Melville and starring Roger Duchesne as Bob. It is often considered both a film noir and a precursor to the French New Wave, the latter because of its use of handheld camera and a single jump cut.

<i>Dollars</i> (film) 1971 film by Richard Brooks

$, also known as Dollar$, Dollars or $ (Dollars), and in the UK as The Heist, is a 1971 American comedy film starring Warren Beatty and Goldie Hawn, written and directed by Richard Brooks and produced by M.J. Frankovich. The supporting cast includes Gert Fröbe, Robert Webber and Scott Brady. The film is about a bank security consultant (Beatty) who develops a scheme with a prostitute, Dawn Divine (Hawn), to steal several criminals' money from a bank vault.

<i>L.A. Takedown</i> 1989 television film directed by Michael Mann

L.A. Takedown, also called L.A. Crimewave and Made in L.A., is a 1989 crime thriller. Originally filmed as an unsuccessful pilot for an NBC television series, it was reworked and aired as a stand-alone TV film. The film was later released on VHS and, in Region 2, on DVD. L.A. Takedown was written and directed by Michael Mann and its ensemble cast includes Scott Plank, Alex McArthur, Michael Rooker, Daniel Baldwin, and Xander Berkeley. Scott Plank starred as Vincent Hanna, a detective on the hunt for professional criminal Patrick McLaren, played by McArthur; the story was based on the real-life investigation of Chicago criminal Neil McCauley. The film is best known as the basis for the 1995 film Heat. The film was moderately well received in retrospective reviews, but remains overshadowed by its remake.

<i>The Hot Rock</i> (film) 1972 film by Peter Yates

The Hot Rock is a 1972 American crime comedy-drama film directed by Peter Yates from a screenplay by William Goldman, based on Donald E. Westlake's novel of the same name, which introduced his long-running John Dortmunder character. The film stars Robert Redford, George Segal, Ron Leibman, Paul Sand, Moses Gunn and Zero Mostel. It was released in the UK with the alternative title How to Steal a Diamond in Four Uneasy Lessons.

<i>Family Business</i> (1989 film) 1989 film by Sidney Lumet

Family Business is a 1989 American neo noir crime film directed by Sidney Lumet with a screenplay by Vincent Patrick, based on his novel. It stars Sean Connery, Dustin Hoffman and Matthew Broderick.

The Big Caper is a 1957 American film noir crime film directed by Robert Stevens and starring Rory Calhoun, Mary Costa and James Gregory.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thriller film</span> Film genre

Thriller film, also known as suspense film or suspense thriller, is a broad film genre that evokes excitement and suspense in the audience. The suspense element found in most films' plots is particularly exploited by the filmmaker in this genre. Tension is created by delaying what the audience sees as inevitable, and is built through situations that are menacing or where escape seems impossible.

<i>5 Against the House</i> 1955 American heist film

5 Against the House is a 1955 American heist film directed by Phil Karlson and starring Guy Madison, Kim Novak and Brian Keith. The supporting cast includes William Conrad. The screenplay is based on Jack Finney's 1954 novel of the same name, later serialized by Good Housekeeping magazine. The film centers on a fictional robbery of what was a real Nevada casino, Harold's Club.

Auguste Le Breton was a French novelist who wrote primarily about the criminal underworld. His novels were adapted into several notable films of the 1950s, such as Rififi, Razzia sur la chnouf, Le rouge est mis and Le clan des siciliens. He wrote the dialogue for the noir film Bob le flambeur.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gangster film</span> Film genre

A gangster film or gangster movie is a film belonging to a genre that focuses on gangs and organized crime. It is a subgenre of crime film, that may involve large criminal organizations, or small gangs formed to perform a certain illegal act. The genre is differentiated from Westerns and the gangs of that genre.


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "One last big job: How heist movies tell their stories". Observations on film art. Retrieved October 21, 2021.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Kaminsky, Stuart (1974). American film genres: approaches to a critical theory of popular film. Dayton Ohio: Pflaum Pub. pp. 74–97. ISBN   0827802781.
  3. Perno, G. S. (August 9, 2015). "10 Ways That Heists in Movies Usually Go Wrong". Cinelinx | Movies. Games. Geek Culture. Retrieved October 21, 2021.
  4. 1 2 Hardy, Phil (1997). he BFI Companion to Crime. A & C Black. pp. 70–71. ISBN   9780304332151.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Lee, Daryl (December 31, 2014). The Heist Film. doi:10.7312/lee-16969. ISBN   9780231169691.
  6. Billson, Anne (October 30, 2018). "Why is Seven Samurai so good?". BBC Culture. BBC . Retrieved May 31, 2020.
  7. 1 2 3 Hunter, Rob (September 6, 2018). "The Best Diamond Heist Movies You've Never Seen". /Film . Retrieved February 20, 2019.
  8. 1 2 Haltof, Marek (2015). Historical Dictionary of Polish Cinema. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 127, 148, 253. ISBN   978-1-4422-4472-6.
  9. Wilson, Ron (2000). "The Left-Handed Form of Human Endeavour" . In Dixon, Wheeler W. (ed.). Film Genre 2000: New Critical Essays. SUNY Press. pp.  154–155. ISBN   978-0-7914-4513-6.
  10. Truitt, Brian (May 20, 2021). "'Like Braveheart but flipped': Zack Snyder evolves zombies in a big way for 'Army of the Dead'". USA Today . Retrieved May 25, 2021.
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Morris, Brogan (September 14, 2018). "10 great heist films". bfi.org.uk. British Film Institute . Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Dockterman, Eliana (August 18, 2017). "The 25 Best Heist Movies". Time . Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  13. Moore, Roger (April 23, 2022). "Movie Review: An "Ocean's" caper for kiddies — "The Bad Guys"". Movie Nation. Retrieved May 29, 2022.
  14. 1 2 3 Axmaker, Sean (April 9, 2020). "Art of the steal: Here are some great heist/caper films to stream". Seattle Times . Retrieved June 6, 2020.
  15. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Staff, Playlist (September 10, 2010). "25 All-Time Favorite Heist Movies". IndieWire . Retrieved February 20, 2019.
  16. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Leitch, Will; Gierson, Tim (June 7, 2018). "The 25 Best Heist Movies of All Time". Vulture . Retrieved May 29, 2020.
  17. Burlingame, Russ (July 17, 2015). "Ant-Man's Most Overlooked Cameo: Ant-Man Himself". Comicbook.com. Archived from the original on July 20, 2015. Retrieved July 18, 2015.
  18. Gleiberman, Owen (January 18, 2018). "Film Review: 'Den of Thieves'" . Retrieved September 1, 2020.
  19. Maslin, Janet (April 30, 1999). "Film Review; They're a Devilish Match, But Who's Conning Whom?". The New York Times . Retrieved December 16, 2020.
  20. 1 2 Robey, Tim (March 23, 2017). "The timeless appeal of the heist movie" . The Telegraph . Archived from the original on January 12, 2022. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
  21. "Here's one we saw earlier". the Guardian. November 25, 2001. Retrieved October 12, 2020.
  22. Klimek, Chris (August 11, 2016). "'Hell Or High Water' Is A Smart, Substantive Heist Film". npr.org. NPR . Retrieved May 29, 2020.
  23. "Hell's Angels '69 (1969) - Lee Madden | Synopsis, Characteristics, Moods, Themes and Related | AllMovie".
  24. Attenborough, Richard (1997). "The Caper Film". The BFI Companion to Crime. University of California Press. p. 71. ISBN   978-0-520-21538-2.
  25. Rajadhyaksha, Ashish; Willemen, Paul (1998) [1994]. Encyclopaedia of Indian Cinema (PDF). British Film Institute and Oxford University Press. p. 503. ISBN   0-19-563579-5. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 21, 2016. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  26. Tobias, Scott (January 24, 2019). "'King Of Thieves': Bank Heist Film Deposits A Great Cast But Withdraws The Style". npr.org. NPR . Retrieved May 29, 2020.
  27. "Mankatha – Strictly No Rules". BBFC. Retrieved November 22, 2020.
  28. "Ajith & Venkat Prabhu joins for Mangatha!". Sify . 2010. Archived from the original on July 19, 2010. Retrieved July 16, 2010.
  29. Tallerico, Brian. "The Misfits movie review & film summary (2021) | Roger Ebert". RogerEbert.com . Retrieved August 21, 2021.
  30. Travers, Peter (June 8, 2007). "Ocean's Thirteen". Rolling Stone . Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  31. Ebert, Roger (July 13, 2001). "The Score movie review & film summary" . Retrieved November 10, 2020.
  32. Kehr, Dave (September 9, 1992). "SLEEK 'SNEAKERS' FITS HEIST GENRE LIKE AN OLD SHOE". Chicago Tribune . Retrieved October 27, 2020.
  33. Ebert, Roger (October 17, 1968). "The Split, Roger Ebert review". rogerebert.com . Retrieved April 3, 2020.
  34. Patten, Dominic (October 25, 2019). "'Mindhunter's Holt McCallany Riding Shotgun With Jason Statham In Guy Ritchie's New Heist Movie". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved June 18, 2021.

Further reading