Virginia's 5th congressional district

Last updated
Virginia's 5th congressional district
Virginia US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
Virginia's 5th congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Denver Riggleman
RNellysford
Distribution
  • 64.7% rural [1]
  • 35.3% urban
Population (2016)735,178 [2]
Median household
income
$54,726 [2]
Ethnicity
Cook PVI R+6 [3]

Virginia’s fifth congressional district is a United States congressional district in the commonwealth of Virginia. It is Virginia's largest district with an area of 10,181.03 square miles (26,368.7 km2) and is larger in area than six US states (Vermont, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Delaware, and New Hampshire). The 5th District contains counties located in the Piedmont and Blue Ridge Region stretching vertically across the state from the Virginia-North Carolina Border going 250 miles up to Fauquier County in Northern Virginia, West of Washington DC.

Contents

The district’s first representative in Congress was James Madison, who defeated James Monroe in the district's first congressional election. Madison and Monroe would go on to serve as the 4th and 5th Presidents of the United States. The current Congressman is Republican Denver Riggleman. Historically, the 5th was one of the first districts of Virginia to turn Republican in Presidential elections – though unlike the 6th where the decisive factor was ticket-splitting by Byrd Organization Democrats, here the decisive factor was the growth of middle-class Republicanism in the Charlottesville metropolitan area. In the decade preceding the Voting Rights Act, these were joined by a significant proportion of Virginia’s limited and almost entirely white electorate who preferred conservative positions on black civil rights. The district was to be one of two in Virginia giving a plurality to segregationist George Wallace in 1968, and has never supported a Democrat for President since Harry S. Truman.

However, the district was continuously represented in Congress by fairly conservative Democrats until Virgil H. Goode, Jr. switched parties, first to independent and then to Republican. In 2008, Democrat Tom Perriello defeated Goode with significant Democratic down-ballot coattails from the Obama campaign. Republican Robert Hurt defeated Periello in 2010, going on to serve three terms. Republican Tom Garrett was elected in 2016 and served one term. Currently, the district is represented by Republican Denver Riggleman, elected 2018.

Demographics

According to the APM Research Lab's Voter Profile Tools [4] (featuring the U.S. Census Bureau's 2019 American Community Survey), the district contained about 580,000 potential voters (citizens, age 18+). Of these, 75% are White and 20% are Black. Immigrants make up 3% of the district's potential voters. Median income among households (with one or more potential voter) in the district is about $57,700, while 12% of households live below the poverty line. As for the educational attainment of potential voters in the district, 12% of those 25 and older have not earned a high school degree, while 27% hold a bachelor's or higher degree.

Area covered

It covers all or part of the following political subdivisions:

Counties

The entirety of:

Portions of:

Cities

Recent election results

2008

Virginia's 5th congressional district election, November 2008 [5]

CandidatePartyVotesPercentage
Tom Perriello Democratic 158,81050.1%
Virgil Goode Republican 158,08349.9%
All Others1830.1%
Total Votes Cast317,076

2010

Virginia's 5th congressional district election, November 2010 [6]

CandidatePartyVotesPercentage
Robert Hurt Republican 119.56050.8%
Tom Perriello Democratic 110,56247.0%
Jeffrey Clark Independent 4,9922.1%
All Others1850.1%
Total Votes Cast235,299

2012

Virginia's 5th congressional district election, November 2012 [6]

CandidatePartyVotesPercentage
Robert Hurt Republican 193,00955.4%
John Douglass Democratic 149,21442.9%
Kenneth HildebrandtIndependent Green5,5001.6%
All Others4990.1%
Total Votes Cast348,222

2014

Virginia's 5th congressional district election, November 2014 [6]

CandidatePartyVotesPercentage
Robert Hurt Republican 124,73560.9%
Walter Lawrence Gaughan Democratic 73,48235.9%
Paul Jones Libertarian 4,2982.1%
Kenneth HildebrandtIndependent Green2,2091.1%
All Others2240.1%
Total Votes Cast204,948

2016

Virginia's 5th Congressional District House Election, November 2016 [6]

CandidatePartyVotesPercentage
Tom Garrett Republican 207,75858.2%
Jane Dittmar Democratic 148,33941.6%
All others6680.2%
Total votes cast356,765

2018

Virginia's 5th Congressional District House Election, November 2018 [7]

Took place on Tuesday, November 6, 2018, with Republican Denver Riggleman winning the election. The incumbent, Tom Garrett, did not run for re-election. [8]

CandidatePartyVotesPercentage
Denver Riggleman Republican 165,33953.18
Leslie Cockburn Democratic 145,04046.65
All othersWrite In5470.18
Total votes cast310,926100

2020

Virginia's 5th Congressional District House Election, November 2020 [9]

Republican Bob Good defeated Dr. Cameron Webb in the November general election on Tuesday, November 3, 2020. [10]

CandidatePartyVotesPercentage
Bob Good Republican 211,54252.6%
Cameron Webb Democratic 190,32647.4%
Total votes cast401,86892.0%

List of members representing the district

MemberPartyTermCong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1789
James Madison.jpg
James Madison
Anti-Administration March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1793
1st
2nd
Elected in 1789.
Re-elected in 1790.
Redistricted to the 15th district .
George Hancock Pro-AdministrationMarch 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
3rd
4th
Elected in 1793.
Re-elected in 1795.
Retired.
Federalist March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
John J. Trigg Democratic-Republican March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1803
5th
6th
7th
Elected in 1797.
Re-elected in 1799.
Re-elected in 1801.
Redistricted to the 13th district .
Thomas Lewis Jr. Federalist March 4, 1803 –
March 5, 1804
8th Elected in 1803.
Election invalidated.
Senator Andrew Moore.jpg
Andrew Moore
Democratic-Republican March 5, 1804 –
August 11, 1804
8th [ data unknown/missing ]
Resigned when appointed U.S. senator.
VacantAugust 12, 1804 –
December 3, 1804
Alexander Wilson Democratic-Republican December 4, 1804 –
March 3, 1809
8th
9th
10th
Elected to finish Moore's term.
Re-elected in 1805.
Re-elected in 1807.
Lost re-election.
JamesBreckinridge.jpg
James Breckinridge
Federalist March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1817
11th
12th
13th
14th
Elected in 1809.
Re-elected in 1811.
Re-elected in 1813.
Re-elected in 1815.
Retired.
John Floyd (cropped).jpg
John Floyd
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1823
15th
16th
17th
Elected in 1817.
Re-elected in 1819.
Re-elected in 1821.
Redistricted to the 20th district .
John Randolph of Roanoke at National Portrait Gallery IMG 4460.JPG
John Randolph
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th
19th
Redistricted from the 16th district and re-elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1825.
Resigned when appointed U.S. senator.
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
December 26, 1825
19th
VacantDecember 27, 1825 –
January 20, 1826
George W. Crump Jacksonian January 21, 1826 –
March 3, 1827
Elected to finish Randolph's term.
Retired.
John Randolph of Roanoke at National Portrait Gallery IMG 4460.JPG
John Randolph
Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
20th Elected in 1827.
Retired.
Thomas Bouldin Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
21st
22nd
Elected in 1829.
[ data unknown/missing ]
Lost re-election.
John Randolph of Roanoke at National Portrait Gallery IMG 4460.JPG
John Randolph
Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
May 24, 1833
23rd [ data unknown/missing ]
Died.
VacantMay 25, 1833 –
August 25, 1833
Thomas Bouldin Jacksonian August 26, 1833 –
February 11, 1834
Elected to finish Randolph's term.
Died.
VacantFebruary 12, 1834 –
March 14, 1834
James Bouldin Jacksonian March 15, 1834 –
March 3, 1837
23rd
24th
25th
Elected to finish his brother's term.
Retired.
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
John Hill Whig March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
26th [ data unknown/missing ]
Lost re-election.
Edmund W. Hubard Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th [ data unknown/missing ]
Redistricted to the 4th district .
Thomas Gilmer newer.jpeg
Thomas W. Gilmer
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
February 18, 1844
28th [ data unknown/missing ]
Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Navy
VacantFebruary 19, 1844 –
May 9, 1844
William Goggin.png
William L. Goggin
Whig May 10, 1844 –
March 3, 1845
Elected to finish Gilmer's term.
Lost re-election.
Shelton Leake Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
29th [ data unknown/missing ]
Lost re-election.
William Goggin.png
William L. Goggin
Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
30th [ data unknown/missing ]
Lost re-election.
Paulus Powell Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
31st
32nd
Elected late on April 26, 1849.
Re-elected late on October 23, 1851.
Redistricted to the 6th district .
Thomas Bocock.jpg
Thomas S. Bocock
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1861
33rd
34th
35th
36th
Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected late on May 26, 1853.
Re-elected late on May 24, 1855.
Re-elected late on May 28, 1857.
Re-elected late on May 26, 1859.
Resigned.
VacantMarch 4, 1861 –
January 26, 1870
36th
37th
38th
39th
40th
41st
Civil War
RRidgeway2.jpg
Robert Ridgway
Conservative January 27, 1870 –
October 16, 1870
41st [ data unknown/missing ]
Died.
VacantOctober 17, 1870 –
November 7, 1870
Richard Thomas Walker Duke.jpg
Richard T. W. Duke Sr.
Conservative November 8, 1870 –
March 3, 1871
41st
42nd
Elected to finish Ridgway's term.
Lost re-election.
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
Alexander Davis Democratic March 4, 1873 –
March 5, 1874
43rd Election invalidated.
ChristopherYThomas.jpg
Christopher Y. Thomas
Republican March 5, 1874 –
March 3, 1875
43rd [ data unknown/missing ]
Lost re-election.
GCCabell.jpg
George C. Cabell
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1887
44th
45th
46th
47th
48th
49th
[ data unknown/missing ]
Lost re-election.
John R. Brown Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
50th [ data unknown/missing ]
Lost re-election.
Posey G. Lester.png
Posey G. Lester
Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1893
51st
52nd
[ data unknown/missing ]
Retired.
Claude Augustus Swanson.jpg
Claude A. Swanson
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
January 30, 1906
53rd
54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
Elected Governor of Virginia.
VacantJanuary 31, 1906 –
November 5, 1906
59th
Edward W. Saunders Democratic November 6, 1906 –
February 29, 1920
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
[ data unknown/missing ]
Resigned to become Virginia Supreme Court justice.
VacantMarch 1, 1920 –
May 31, 1920
66th
RorerAJames.jpg
Rorer A. James
Democratic June 1, 1920 –
August 6, 1921
66th
67th
Elected to finish Saunders's term.
Died.
VacantAugust 7, 1921 –
November 7, 1921
67th
JMurrayHooker.jpg
J. Murray Hooker
Democratic November 8, 1921 –
March 3, 1925
67th
68th
Elected to finish James's term.
Retired.
JosephWhiteheadVA.jpg
Joseph Whitehead
Democratic March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1931
69th
70th
71st
[ data unknown/missing ]
Lost re-election.
Thomas Granville Burch.jpg
Thomas G. Burch
Democratic March 4, 1931 –
March 3, 1933
72nd [ data unknown/missing ]
Redistricted to the at-large seat .
District eliminated March 4, 1933
District recreated: January 3, 1935
Thomas Granville Burch.jpg
Thomas G. Burch
Democratic January 3, 1935 –
May 31, 1946
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
[ data unknown/missing ]
Resigned when appointed U.S. senator.
VacantMay 31, 1946 –
November 5, 1946
79th
Thomas Bahnson Stanley.jpg
Thomas B. Stanley
Democratic November 5, 1946 –
February 3, 1953
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
[ data unknown/missing ]
Resigned to run for Governor of Virginia.
VacantFebruary 3, 1953 –
April 14, 1953
83rd
William M. Tuck.jpg
William M. Tuck
Democratic April 14, 1953 –
January 3, 1969
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
Elected to finish Stanley's term.
Retired.
W. C. Dan Daniel.jpg
Dan Daniel
Democratic January 3, 1969 –
January 23, 1988
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
[ data unknown/missing ]
Died.
VacantJanuary 23, 1988 –
June 14, 1988
100th
LewisPayneJr.jpg
Lewis F. Payne Jr.
Democratic June 14, 1988 –
January 3, 1997
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
Elected to finish Daniel's term.
Retired.
Rep Virgil Goode.jpg
Virgil H. Goode Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1997 –
January 27, 2000
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
[ data unknown/missing ]
Lost re-election.
Independent January 27, 2000 –
August 1, 2002
Republican August 1, 2002 –
January 3, 2009
Perriello Official Portrait (cropped).jpg
Tom Perriello
Democratic January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
111th [ data unknown/missing ]
Lost re-election.
Robert Hurt, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Robert Hurt
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2017
112th
113th
114th
[ data unknown/missing ]
Retired.
Tom Garrett official congressional photo.jpg
Tom Garrett
Republican January 3, 2017 –
January 3, 2019
115th [ data unknown/missing ]
Retired.
Denver Riggleman, official 116th Congress photo portrait.jpg
Denver Riggleman
Republican January 3, 2019 –
Present
116th Elected in 2018.
Lost renomination.

Bob Good
Republican January 3, 2021 –
117th Elected in 2020.

Historical district boundaries

2003-2013 VA 5th Congressional District.png
2003–2013

See also

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References

  1. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. 1 2 Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  3. "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  4. "Representing US: 2020 Voter Profiles". APM Research Lab. Retrieved 2020-10-22.
  5. "Virginia Elections Database » Search Elections". Virginia Elections Database. Retrieved 2020-06-16.
  6. 1 2 3 4 "Virginia Elections Database » Search Elections". Virginia Elections Database. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  7. "2018 November General".
  8. Virginia Department of Elections, Certified Candidates in Ballot Order for November 6, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  9. "Virginia Election Results: Fifth Congressional District" . Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  10. Marcilla, Max. "Democrat Cameron Webb concedes 5th Congressional District race to Republican Bob Good". https://www.nbc29.com . Retrieved 2020-11-04.External link in |website= (help)

Coordinates: 37°3′31.8″N79°5′11.2″W / 37.058833°N 79.086444°W / 37.058833; -79.086444