Xenon tetrachloride

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Xenon tetrachloride
3D model (JSmol)
PubChem CID
  • InChI=1S/Cl4Xe/c1-5(2,3)4
  • Cl[Xe](Cl)(Cl)Cl
Molar mass 273.09 g·mol−1
Related compounds
Related compounds
XeF4, XeCl2, XeCl
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

Xenon tetrachloride is an unstable [1] inorganic compound with the chemical formula XeCl4. Unlike other noble gas/halide compounds, it cannot be synthesized by simply combining the elements, by using a more-active halogenating agent, or by substitution of other halides on tetrahaloxenon compounds. Instead, a decay technique can be used, starting with K129ICl4. The iodine-129 atom of the 129
covalent cluster is radioactive and undergoes beta decay to become xenon-129. [2] [3] The resulting XeCl4 molecule has a square planar molecular geometry analogous to xenon tetrafluoride. [4]

Alternately, the product can be obtained by subjecting the elements to an electric discharge. [1]

Related Research Articles

Noble gas Group of low-reactive, gaseous chemical elements

The noble gases make up a class of chemical elements with similar properties; under standard conditions, they are all odorless, colorless, monatomic gases with very low chemical reactivity. The six naturally occurring noble gases are helium (He), neon (Ne), argon (Ar), krypton (Kr), xenon (Xe), and the radioactive radon (Rn).

Xenon Chemical element, symbol Xe and atomic number 54

Xenon is a chemical element with the symbol Xe and atomic number 54. It is a colorless, dense, odorless noble gas found in Earth's atmosphere in trace amounts. Although generally unreactive, it can undergo a few chemical reactions such as the formation of xenon hexafluoroplatinate, the first noble gas compound to be synthesized.

Nonmetal Chemical element that mostly lacks the characteristics of a metal

In chemistry, a nonmetal is a chemical element that generally lacks a predominance of metallic properties; they range from colorless gases to shiny and high melting temperature solids. The electrons in nonmetals behave differently to those in metals. With some exceptions, those in nonmetals are fixed in place, resulting in nonmetals usually being poor conductors of heat and electricity and brittle or crumbly when solid. The electrons in metals are generally free moving and this is why metals are good conductors and most are easily flattened into sheets and drawn into wires. Nonmetal atoms are moderately to highly electronegative; they tend to attract electrons in chemical reactions and to form acidic compounds.

Xenon hexafluoroplatinate Chemical compound

Xenon hexafluoroplatinate is the product of the reaction of platinum hexafluoride with xenon, in an experiment that proved the chemical reactivity of the noble gases. This experiment was performed by Neil Bartlett at the University of British Columbia, who formulated the product as "Xe+[PtF6]", although subsequent work suggests that Bartlett's product was probably a salt mixture and did not in fact contain this specific salt.

Noble gas compounds are chemical compounds that include an element from the noble gases, group 18 of the periodic table. Although the noble gases are generally unreactive elements, many such compounds have been observed, particularly involving the element xenon. From the standpoint of chemistry, the noble gases may be divided into two groups: the relatively reactive krypton, xenon (12.1 eV), and radon (10.7 eV) on one side, and the very unreactive argon (15.8 eV), neon (21.6 eV), and helium (24.6 eV) on the other. Consistent with this classification, Kr, Xe, and Rn form compounds that can be isolated in bulk at or near standard temperature and pressure, whereas He, Ne, Ar have been observed to form true chemical bonds using spectroscopic techniques, but only when frozen into a noble gas matrix at temperatures of 40 K or lower, in supersonic jets of noble gas, or under extremely high pressures with metals.

Xenon tetroxide is a chemical compound of xenon and oxygen with molecular formula XeO4, remarkable for being a relatively stable compound of a noble gas. It is a yellow crystalline solid that is stable below −35.9 °C; above that temperature it is very prone to exploding and decomposing into elemental xenon and oxygen (O2).

In chemistry, an interhalogen compound is a molecule which contains two or more different halogen atoms and no atoms of elements from any other group.

Xenon tetrafluoride Chemical compound

Xenon tetrafluoride is a chemical compound with chemical formula XeF
. It was the first discovered binary compound of a noble gas. It is produced by the chemical reaction of xenon with fluorine:

Xenon hexafluoride Chemical compound

Xenon hexafluoride is a noble gas compound with the formula XeF6. It is one of the three binary fluorides of xenon, the other two being XeF2 and XeF4. All known are exergonic and stable at normal temperatures. XeF6 is the strongest fluorinating agent of the series. It is a colorless solid that readily sublimes into intensely yellow vapors.

Platinum hexafluoride Chemical compound

Platinum hexafluoride is the chemical compound with the formula PtF6, and is one of seventeen known binary hexafluorides. It is a dark-red volatile solid that forms a red gas. The compound is a unique example of platinum in the +6 oxidation state. With only four d-electrons, it is paramagnetic with a triplet ground state. PtF6 is a strong fluorinating agent and one of the strongest oxidants, capable of oxidising xenon and O2. PtF6 is octahedral in both the solid state and in the gaseous state. The Pt-F bond lengths are 185 picometers.

Silver(II) fluoride Chemical compound

Silver(II) fluoride is a chemical compound with the formula AgF2. It is a rare example of a silver(II) compound. Silver usually exists in its +1 oxidation state. It is used as a fluorinating agent.

Xenon trioxide Chemical compound

Xenon trioxide is an unstable compound of xenon in its +6 oxidation state. It is a very powerful oxidizing agent, and liberates oxygen from water slowly, accelerated by exposure to sunlight. It is dangerously explosive upon contact with organic materials. When it detonates, it releases xenon and oxygen gas.

Xenon difluoride Chemical compound

Xenon difluoride is a powerful fluorinating agent with the chemical formula XeF
, and one of the most stable xenon compounds. Like most covalent inorganic fluorides it is moisture-sensitive. It decomposes on contact with water vapor, but is otherwise stable in storage. Xenon difluoride is a dense, colourless crystalline solid.

Xenic acid is a proposed noble gas compound with the chemical formula H2XeO4 or XeO2(OH)2. It has not been isolated, and the published characterization data are ambiguous.

Krypton difluoride Chemical compound

Krypton difluoride, KrF2 is a chemical compound of krypton and fluorine. It was the first compound of krypton discovered. It is a volatile, colourless solid. The structure of the KrF2 molecule is linear, with Kr−F distances of 188.9 pm. It reacts with strong Lewis acids to form salts of the KrF+ and Kr

A hexafluoride is a chemical compound with the general formula QXnF6, QXnF6m−, or QXnF6m+. Many molecules fit this formula. An important hexafluoride is hexafluorosilicic acid (H2SiF6), which is a byproduct of the mining of phosphate rock. In the nuclear industry, uranium hexafluoride (UF6) is an important intermediate in the purification of this element.

Tin(IV) fluoride Chemical compound

Tin(IV) fluoride is a chemical compound of tin and fluorine with the chemical formula SnF4 and is a white solid with a melting point above 700 °C.

Nitrosonium octafluoroxenate(VI) Chemical compound

Nitrosonium octafluoroxenate(VI) is a chemical compound of xenon with nitrogen, oxygen, and fluorine, having formula (NO)
. It is an ionic compound containing well-separated nitrosonium cations (NO+) and octafluoroxenate(VI) anions (XeF2−
). The molecular geometry of the octafluoroxenate(VI) ion is square antiprismatic, having Xe–F bond lengths of 1.971 Å, 1.946 Å, 1.958 Å, 2.052 Å, and 2.099 Å.

Fluorine forms a great variety of chemical compounds, within which it always adopts an oxidation state of −1. With other atoms, fluorine forms either polar covalent bonds or ionic bonds. Most frequently, covalent bonds involving fluorine atoms are single bonds, although at least two examples of a higher order bond exist. Fluoride may act as a bridging ligand between two metals in some complex molecules. Molecules containing fluorine may also exhibit hydrogen bonding. Fluorine's chemistry includes inorganic compounds formed with hydrogen, metals, nonmetals, and even noble gases; as well as a diverse set of organic compounds. For many elements the highest known oxidation state can be achieved in a fluoride. For some elements this is achieved exclusively in a fluoride, for others exclusively in an oxide; and for still others the highest oxidation states of oxides and fluorides are always equal.

Xenon dibromide Chemical compound

Xenon dibromide is an unstable chemical compound with the chemical formula XeBr2. It was only created by the decomposition of iodine-129:


  1. 1 2 Holleman, A.F.; Wiberg, E.; Wiberg, N.; Eagleson, M.; Brewer, W. (2001). Inorganic Chemistry. Academic Press. p. 394. ISBN   9780123526519. LCCN   2001091215.
  2. Bell, C.F. (2013). Syntheses and Physical Studies of Inorganic Compounds. Elsevier Science. p. 143. ISBN   9781483280608.
  3. Cockett, A.H.; Smith, K.C.; Bartlett, N. (2013). The Chemistry of the Monatomic Gases: Pergamon Texts in Inorganic Chemistry. Elsevier Science. p. 292. ISBN   9781483157368.
  4. Perlow, G. J.; Perlow, M. R. (15 August 1964). "Mössbauer Effect Evidence for the Existence and Structure of XeCl4". The Journal of Chemical Physics. 41 (4): 1157–1158. Bibcode:1964JChPh..41.1157P. doi:10.1063/1.1726022.