Einsteinium(III) chloride

Last updated
Einsteinium(III) chloride [1]
Names
Other names
  • Einsteinium trichloride
Identifiers
  • 24645-86-1
  • 55484-87-2253Es
3D model (JSmol)
PubChem CID
  • InChI=1S/3ClH.Es/h3*1H;/q;;;+3/p-3
    Key: OZEJMSZTICGSHJ-UHFFFAOYSA-K
  • [Cl-].[Cl-].[Cl-].[Es+3]
Properties
EsCl3
Molar mass 359.44 g/mol
Structure
Hexagonal
Related compounds
Other anions
Einsteinium(III) bromide
Einsteinium(III) iodide
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Einsteinium(III) chloride is a chloride of einsteinium.

Preparation

Einsteinium(III) chloride is created by reacting einsteinium metal with dry hydrogen chloride gas for 20 minutes at 500 °C which crystallized around 425 °C. [1]

2Es + 6HCl → 2EsCl3 + 3H2

Related Research Articles

The actinide or actinoid series encompasses the 15 metallic chemical elements with atomic numbers from 89 to 103, actinium through lawrencium. The actinide series derives its name from the first element in the series, actinium. The informal chemical symbol An is used in general discussions of actinide chemistry to refer to any actinide.

Einsteinium Chemical element, symbol Es and atomic number 99

Einsteinium is a synthetic element with the symbol Es and atomic number 99. Einsteinium is a member of the actinide series and it is the seventh transuranic element. It was named in honor of Albert Einstein.

Fermium Chemical element, symbol Fm and atomic number 100

Fermium is a synthetic element with the symbol Fm and atomic number 100. It is an actinide and the heaviest element that can be formed by neutron bombardment of lighter elements, and hence the last element that can be prepared in macroscopic quantities, although pure fermium metal has not yet been prepared. A total of 19 isotopes are known, with 257Fm being the longest-lived with a half-life of 100.5 days.

Mendelevium Chemical element, symbol Md and atomic number 101

Mendelevium is a synthetic element with the symbol Md and atomic number 101. A metallic radioactive transuranium element in the actinide series, it is the first element by atomic number that currently cannot be produced in macroscopic quantities through neutron bombardment of lighter elements. It is the third-to-last actinide and the ninth transuranic element. It can only be produced in particle accelerators by bombarding lighter elements with charged particles. A total of seventeen mendelevium isotopes are known, the most stable being 258Md with a half-life of 51 days; nevertheless, the shorter-lived 256Md is most commonly used in chemistry because it can be produced on a larger scale.

Es, ES, or similar may refer to:

Iron(III) chloride Inorganic compound

Iron(III) chloride is the inorganic compound with the formula. Also called ferric chloride, it is a common compound of iron in the +3 oxidation state. The anhydrous compound is a crystalline solid with a melting point of 307.6 °C. The color depends on the viewing angle: by reflected light the crystals appear dark green, but by transmitted light they appear purple-red.

Praseodymium(III) chloride Chemical compound

Praseodymium(III) chloride is the inorganic compound with the formula PrCl3. It is a blue-green solid that rapidly absorbs water on exposure to moist air to form a light green heptahydrate.

Samarium(III) chloride Chemical compound

Samarium(III) chloride, also known as samarium trichloride, is an inorganic compound of samarium and chloride. It is a pale yellow salt that rapidly absorbs water to form a hexahydrate, SmCl3.6H2O. The compound has few practical applications but is used in laboratories for research on new compounds of samarium.

Cobalt(II) chloride Chemical compound

Cobalt(II) chloride is an inorganic compound of cobalt and chlorine, with the formula CoCl
2
. It is a red crystalline solid.

Chromium(III) chloride Chemical compound

Chromium(III) chloride (also called chromic chloride) describes any of several compounds with the formula CrCl3 · xH2O, where x can be 0, 5, and 6. The anhydrous compound with the formula CrCl3 is a violet solid. The most common form of the trichloride is the dark green hexahydrate, CrCl3 · 6 H2O. Chromium chlorides find use as catalysts and as precursors to dyes for wool.

Iridium(III) chloride Chemical compound

Iridium(III) chloride is the inorganic compound with the formula IrCl3. The anhydrous compound is relatively rare, but the related hydrate is useful for preparing other iridium compounds. The anhydrous salt is a dark green crystalline solid. More commonly encountered is the trihydrate IrCl3(H2O)3.

Gold(III) chloride Chemical compound

Gold(III) chloride, traditionally called auric chloride, is a compound of gold and chlorine with the molecular formula Au2Cl6. The "III" in the name indicates the gold has an oxidation state of +3, which is typical for many gold compounds. Gold(III) chloride is hygroscopic and decomposes in visible light. This compound is a dimer of AuCl3. This compound has few uses, although it does catalyze a variety of organic reactions.

Erbium(III) chloride Chemical compound

Erbium(III) chloride is a violet solid with the formula ErCl3. It is used in the preparation of erbium metal.

Uranium(III) chloride Chemical compound

Uranium(III) chloride, UCl3, is a water soluble salt of uranium. UCl3 is used mostly to reprocess spent nuclear fuel. Uranium(III) chloride is synthesized in various ways from uranium(IV) chloride; however, UCl3 is less stable than UCl4.

Vanadium(III) chloride Chemical compound

Vanadium trichloride is the inorganic compound with the formula VCl3. This purple salt is a common precursor to other vanadium(III) complexes.

Einsteinium(III) iodide Chemical compound

Einsteinium triiodide is an iodide of the synthetic actinide einsteinium which has the molecular formula EsI3. This crystalline salt is an amber-coloured solid. It glows red in the dark due to einsteinium's intense radioactivity.

Einsteinium(III) oxide Chemical compound

Einsteinium(III) oxide is an oxide of the synthetic actinide einsteinium which has the molecular formula Es2O3. It is a colourless solid.

Cobalt(III) chloride or cobaltic chloride is an unstable and elusive compound of cobalt and chlorine with formula CoCl
3
. In this compound, the cobalt atoms have a formal charge of +3.

Einsteinium(III) bromide is a bromide of einsteinium. It has a monoclinic crystal structure and is used to create einsteinium(II) bromide. This compound slowly decays to californium(III) bromide.

References

  1. 1 2 Miasoedov, B. F. Analytical chemistry of transplutonium elements, Wiley, 1974 (Original from the University of California), ISBN   0-470-62715-8, p. 99