Economic and Financial Committee (European Union)

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The Economic and Financial Committee (EFC) is a European Union advisory body, defined by the article 134 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. Its president is also the president of the Eurogroup Working Group, which prepares dossiers for approval by the Eurogroup, whose decisions are generally ratified by ECOFIN. [1]



Prior the third stage of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) which began on 1 January 1999, [2] the Economic and Financial Committee was preceded by the Monetary Committee, which was established by article 105 of the Treaty of Rome in 1957. [3] [4]

In May, as part of the European Semester 2016 Spring Package, the committee was tasked with making Article 126(3) reports on Belgium, Finland and Italy's government debt. [5] [6]

Agenda and composition of the EFC

The EFC is an advisory body, set up to promote coordination of member states' policies necessary for the functioning of the internal market. The EFC: [7]

The EFC is composed of senior officials from national administrations and EU central banks, the European Central Bank and the Commission. It meets in two different configurations: with or without national central banks. [7]

The EFC also meets in a euro area configuration: the Eurogroup Working Group (EWG), in which only the euro area countries, the Commission and the European Central Bank are represented. In this configuration, the Committee prepares the work of the Eurogroup. [7]

Previous personnel



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  1. 1 2 3 European Commission. "Economic and Financial Committee - President".
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-04-17. Retrieved 2016-05-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. 1 2 3