List of wars involving Mexico

Last updated

This is a list of wars involving the United Mexican States .

War Organised and prolonged violent conflict between states

War is a state of armed conflict between states, governments, societies and informal paramilitary groups, such as mercenaries, insurgents and militias. It is generally characterized by extreme violence, aggression, destruction, and mortality, using regular or irregular military forces. Warfare refers to the common activities and characteristics of types of war, or of wars in general. Total war is warfare that is not restricted to purely legitimate military targets, and can result in massive civilian or other non-combatant suffering and casualties.

Contents

Mexico has been involved in numerous different military conflicts over the years, with most being civil/internal wars.

Civil war war between organized groups within the same sovereign state or republic

A civil war, also known as an intrastate war in polemology, is a war between organized groups within the same state or country. The aim of one side may be to take control of the country or a region, to achieve independence for a region or to change government policies. The term is a calque of the Latin bellum civile which was used to refer to the various civil wars of the Roman Republic in the 1st century BC.

List

ConflictCombatant 1Combatant 2Results
Mexican War of Independence
(18101821)
Bandera del Primer Imperio Mexicano.svg  Mexico
Bandera del Primer Imperio Mexicano.svg Mexican Insurgents
European Volunteers
Bandera del Primer Imperio Mexicano.svg Mexican Ex-Royalists
Flag of the Three Guarantees.svg Army of the Three Guarantees
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
Flag of Spain.svg Spanish Royalists
Bandera del Primer Imperio Mexicano.svg Mexican Royalists
Victory
Long Expedition
(1819)
Bandera del Primer Imperio Mexicano.svg First Mexican Empire
Flag of the Three Guarantees.svg Army of the Three Guarantees
Colonel James Long's Flag.svg Texan Filibusters Victory
  • Rebels defeated and captured
  • James Long executed
Texas–Indian Wars
(18201875)
Bandera del Primer Imperio Mexicano.svg First Mexican Empire
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
Flag of the United States (1820-1822).svg  United States
Flag of Texas.svg  Texas
Comanche Victory
  • Extinction of many tribes in Texas, including the Karankawan, Akokisa and Bidui
Spanish Reconquest Attempts of Mexico
(1821–1829)
Bandera del Primer Imperio Mexicano.svg First Mexican Empire (1821–1822)
Bandera del Primer Imperio Mexicano.svg  Mexico
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Victory
Comanche–Mexico Wars
(18211870)
Bandera del Primer Imperio Mexicano.svg First Mexican Empire (1821–1822)
Bandera del Primer Imperio Mexicano.svg  Mexico
Comanche
Kiowa
Victory
  • Comanche raids in Mexico ended (1870)
Apache–Mexico Wars
(18211915)
Part of the Mexican Indian Wars and the American Indian Wars

Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.png  Crown of Castile (1600s–1716)


Flag of Spain.svg  Spain (1600s–1821)


Bandera del Primer Imperio Mexicano.svg First Mexican Empire (1821–1822)
Bandera del Primer Imperio Mexicano.svg  Mexico (after 1822)


Flag of the United States.svg  United States


Flag of the Confederate States of America (1861-1863).svg  Confederate States (1861–1865)

Apache Victory
  • Apache gradually defeated in Mexico and the United States
Yaqui Wars
(18211929)
Part of the Mexican Indian Wars
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain (1533–1821)

Bandera del Primer Imperio Mexicano.svg First Mexican Empire (1821–1822)
Bandera del Primer Imperio Mexicano.svg  Mexico (after 1822)


Flag of the United States.svg  United States (1896–1918)

Flag of the Yaqui tribe.png Yaqui Victory
  • Yaqui revolts put down
Fredonian Rebellion
(1826–1827)
Flag of Mexico (1823-1864, 1867-1893).svg  Mexico
Comanche tribes (peace treaty)
Fredonian Rebellion Flag of 1826.svg Texan Rebels
Comanche tribes (initial plotting support)
Victory
  • Edwards Rebels defeated
  • Comanches convinced to back down and peace treaty established
  • Mexican amnesty for rebels except the Edwards brothers, Martin Parmer, and Adolphus Sterne
  • A larger Mexican garrison established in Nacogdoches
  • Law restricting immigration into Texas
  • The Edwards flee to the United States (returning later for the Texas Revolution)
Conservative Coup
(18291831)
Flag of Mexico (1823-1864, 1867-1893).svg Conservatives Flag of Mexico (1823-1864, 1867-1893).svg Liberals Conservative Victory
Texas Revolution
(18351836)
Flag of Mexico (1823-1864, 1867-1893).svg  Mexico Flag of Texas.svg  Texas
Flag of the United States (1846-1847).svg  United States (support)
Defeat
First Franco–Mexican War
(18381839)
also known as the Pastry War
Flag of Mexico (1823-1864, 1867-1893).svg  Mexico
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada
Flag of France.svg  France
Flag of the United States (1837-1845).svg  United States
Flag of Texas.svg  Texas
Defeat
  • Mexican government accepts to pay the 600,000 pesos
Mexican–American War
(18461848)
Flag of Mexico (1823-1864, 1867-1893).svg  Mexico Flag of the United States (1846-1847).svg  United States
1stBearFlag.svg California
Defeat
Caste War of Yucatán
(18471901)
Flag of Mexico (1823-1864, 1867-1893).svg  Mexico
Flag of the Republic of Yucatan.svg Yucatán
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
Flag of British Honduras (1919-1981).svg  British Honduras
Maya Victory
  • Republic of Yucatán rejoins the United Mexican States in 1848
  • Mayas achieve an independent state from 1847–1883
  • Mexico recaptures Yucatán
  • Conflict between the Mexicans and the Mayans continued until 1933
Revolution of Ayutla
(18541855)
Flag of Mexico (1823-1864, 1867-1893).svg Liberals Flag of Mexico (1823-1864, 1867-1893).svg Conservatives Liberal Victory
Reform War
(18571861)
Flag of Mexico (1823-1864, 1867-1893).svg Liberals
Flag of the United States (1851-1858).svg  United States
Flag of Mexico (1823-1864, 1867-1893).svg Conservatives Liberal Victory
Cortina Troubles
(18591861)
Flag of Mexico (1823-1864, 1867-1893).svg  Mexico
Flag of the United States (1859-1861).svg  United States
Flag of the Confederate States of America (1861-1863).svg  Confederate States
Flag of Mexico (1823-1864, 1867-1893).svg Cortinista militiaVictory
  • Raids ended
Second Franco–Mexican War
(18611867)
Flag of Mexico (1823-1864, 1867-1893).svg  Mexico
Flag of the United States (1865-1867).svg  United States
Flag of France.svg French Empire
Flag of Mexico (1864-1867).svg Mexican Empire
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy.svg  Austrian Empire
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
Flag of Spain (1785-1873, 1875-1931).svg  Spain
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
Flag of Egypt (1844-1867).svg Egypt Eyalet
Coat of arms of the January Uprising.svg Polish Revolutionaries
Victory
Victorio's War
(18791881)
Flag of the United States (1877-1890).svg  United States
Flag of Mexico (1823-1864, 1867-1893).svg  Mexico
Apache Victory
  • Apache defeated
Garza Revolution
(18911893)
Flag of Mexico (1893-1916).svg  Mexico
Flag of the United States (1891-1896).svg  United States
GarzistasVictory
  • Garza Revolution defeated
Mexican annexation of Clipperton Island
(1897)
Flag of Mexico (1893-1916).svg  Mexico Flag of France.svg  France Victory
  • Mexican annexation, colony established
Venezuelan Crisis of 1902–1903
(19021903)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
Flag of the German Empire.svg  Germany
Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg  Italy
Flag of Spain (1785-1873, 1875-1931).svg  Spain
Flag of Mexico (1893-1916).svg  Mexico
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
Flag of Venezuela (1863-1905).svg  Venezuela
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg  United States
Compromise
  • Arbitration by Washington
    • European powers ceasefire
    • Blockade on Venezuela lifted
    • Payment plan of Venezuelan debt to the European powers established
    • Articulation of the Roosevelt Corollary
Mexican Revolution
(19101920)
Flag of Mexico (1893-1916).svg Counter-Revolutionaries

Flag of Mexico (1893-1916).svg  Mexico


Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States (1910–1913)


Flag of the German Empire.svg  Germany (1913–1917)


Flag of the United Mexican States (1916-1934).svg Revolutionaries

Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States (1913–1918)


Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom (1916–1918)


Flag of the German Empire.svg  Germany (1917)


Constitutional Army Victory
Border War
(19101919)
Flag of the United Mexican States (1916-1934).svg  Mexico
Flag of the German Empire.svg  Germany
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Defeat
  • Seditionist insurgency suppressed
  • Permanent border wall established
Cristero War
(19261929)
Flag of the United Mexican States (1916-1934).svg Mexican Government Mexico Flag Cristeros.svg Cristeros
National League for the Defense of Religious Liberty
Knights of Columbus
Government Ceasefire
Spanish Civil War
(19371939)
Flag of Spain 1931 1939.svg Second Spanish Republic
Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Soviet Union
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
Drapeau france 1848.svg  France
Flag of Catalonia.svg Generalitat de Catalunya
Flag of the Basque Country.svg Euzko Gudarostea
Red star.svg Comintern

Flag of the United States.svg Lincoln Battalion
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Battalion

Flag of Spain (1938-1945).svg Nationalist Spain
Flag of Germany (1935-1945).svg  Germany
Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg  Italy
Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal
Defeat
  • End of the Second Spanish Republic
  • Rise of the Francoist Spain Military dictatorship
World War II
(19421945)
Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Soviet Union
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
Flag of the Republic of China.svg  China
Flag of France.svg  France
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
British Raj Red Ensign.svg  India
Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa
Yugoslav Partisans flag 1945.svg  Yugoslavia
Flag of Greece (1822-1978).svg  Greece
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil
Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg  Mexico
Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974).svg  Ethiopia
Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic
Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras
Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru
Flag of the Arab Federation.svg  Iraq
Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia
Flag of Persia (1907).svg  Iran
Flag of Liberia.svg  Liberia
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
Flag of Egypt (1922-1958).svg  Egypt
Flag of Syria (1932-1958; 1961-1963).svg  Syria
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon
Flag of Saudi Arabia (1938-1973).svg  Saudi Arabia
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile
Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia
Flag of Germany (1935-1945).svg  Germany
Merchant flag of Japan (1870).svg  Japan
Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg  Italy
Flag of Hungary (1915-1918, 1919-1946).svg  Hungary
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand
Flag of Manchukuo.svg  Manchukuo
Flag of the Mengjiang.svg  Mengjiang
Flag of Independent State of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Flag of First Slovak Republic 1939-1945.svg  Slovakia
Flag of the State of Burma (1943-45).svg  State of Burma
Victory
Mexico–Guatemala Conflict
(19581959)
Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg  Mexico Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala Ceasefire
  • Mexican retaliation halted by newly elected president Adolfo López Mateos
  • Diplomatic relations between the two nations are frozen for several months
  • South American meditation helps to prevent escalation
Nicaraguan Revolution
(19621990)
Flag of the FSLN.png FSLN
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Flag of Libya (1977-2011).svg  Libya
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg  Bulgaria
Flag of Romania (1952-1965).svg  Romania
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile (until 1973)
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Somoza Dynasty
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel
Flag of Saudi Arabia (1938-1973).svg  Saudi Arabia
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile (since 1973)
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
Flag of Paraguay (1954-1988).svg  Paraguay
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama
Flag of Germany.svg West Germany
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran (indirectly)
Victory: Regime change in Nicaragua
  • Overthrow of the Somoza family dictatorship
  • Rise to power of the National Opposition Union
  • Start of the U.S. backed Contra War
Dirty War
(19681982)
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Special "White Brigade" and other death squads
Left-wing groups: Victory
Zapatista Uprising
(1994)
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Flag of the EZLN.svg EZLN Victory
Mexican Drug War
(2006present)
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia
Mexican Drug Cartels
Other Latin American DTOs
Ongoing

See also

Mexico was a neutral country in World War I, which lasted from 1914 to 1918. The war broke out in Europe in August 1914 as the Mexican Revolution was in the midst of full-scale civil war between factions that had helped oust General Victoriano Huerta from the presidency earlier that year. The Constitutionalist Army of Venustiano Carranza under the generalship of Alvaro Obregón defeated the army of Pancho Villa in the Battle of Celaya in April 1915.

Timeline of Mexican War of Independence

The following is a timeline of the Mexican War of Independence (1810–1821), its antecedents and its aftermath. The war pitted the royalists, supporting the continued adherence of Mexico to Spain, versus the insurgents advocating Mexican independence from Spain. After of struggle of more than 10 years the insurgents prevailed.

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Central America central geographic region of the Americas

Central America is located on the southern tip of North America, or is sometimes defined as a subcontinent of the Americas, bordered by Mexico to the north, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west and south. Central America consists of seven countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. The combined population of Central America has been estimated to be 41,739,000 and 42,688,190.

Yucatán State of Mexico

Yucatán, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Yucatán, is one of the 31 states which, with Mexico City, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided into 106 municipalities, and its capital city is Mérida.

The history of El Salvador begins with several Mesoamerican nations, especially the Cuzcatlecs, as well as the Lenca and Maya. In the early 16th century, the Spanish Empire conquered the territory, incorporating it into the Viceroyalty of New Spain ruled from Mexico City. In 1821, the country achieved independence from Spain as part of the First Mexican Empire, only to further secede as part of the Federal Republic of Central America two years later. Upon the republic's dissolution in 1841, El Salvador became sovereign until forming a short-lived union with Honduras and Nicaragua called the Greater Republic of Central America, which lasted from 1895 to 1898.

The Chapultepec Peace Accords brought peace to El Salvador in 1992 after more than a decade of civil war.

Manuel Ávila Camacho Mexicano politician

Manuel Ávila Camacho was a Mexican politician and military leader who served as the President of Mexico from 1940 to 1946. Although he did participate in the Mexican Revolution and achieved a high rank, he came to the presidency of Mexico because of his direct connection to General Lázaro Cárdenas, as a right-hand man, serving as his Chief of his General Staff during the Mexican Revolution and afterwards. He was called affectionately by Mexicans "The Gentleman President". As president, he pursued "national policies of unity, adjustment, and moderation." His administration completed the transition from military to civilian leadership, ended confrontational anticlericalism, reversed the push for socialist education, and restored a working relationship with the U.S. during World War II.

California State Capitol Museum

The California State Capitol Museum consists of a museum in and grounds around the California State Capitol in Sacramento, California, USA. The building has been the home of the California State Legislature since 1869. The State Capitol Museum has been a property in the California State Parks system since 1982.

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Vicente Carrillo Fuentes, commonly referred to by his alias El Viceroy, is a Mexican suspected drug lord and former leader of the Juárez Cartel, a drug trafficking organization. The cartel is based in Chihuahua, one of the primary transportation routes for billions of dollars' worth of illegal drug shipments entering the United States from Mexico annually. He was one of Mexico's most-wanted drug lords.

Museo Nacional de las Intervenciones

The Museo Nacional de las Intervenciones is located in a former monastery, which was built on top of an Aztec shrine. The museum in split into two sections. The downstairs is dedicated to the site’s history as a monastery, and the upstairs rooms are dedicated to artifacts related to the various military conflicts that have taken place on Mexican soil and how these have shaped the modern Mexican republic. The museum is located on Calle 20 de Agosto, one block east from Division del Norte, following Calle Xicoténcatl, in Churubusco. It is one of five museums that are operated directly by the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH).

United Nations Security Council Resolution 729 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council resolution 729, adopted unanimously on 14 January 1992, after recalling resolutions 637 (1989), 693 (1991) and 714 (1991), the Council welcomed the conclusion of agreements by the Government of El Salvador and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front to bring about an end to the ongoing civil war in El Salvador and the Secretary-General's intention to end the United Nations Observer Mission in El Salvador.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 784 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council resolution 784, adopted unanimously on 30 October 1992, after recalling resolutions 637 (1989), 693 (1991), 714 (1991) and 729 (1992), the Council approved a decision by the Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali to extend the mandate of the United Nations Observer Mission in El Salvador (ONUSAL) for a further month until 30 November 1992.

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Mexican Indian Wars armed conflicts between indigenous peoples and white people in the Viceroyalty of New Spain, from 1821 Mexico, between 1519 and 1933

The Mexican Indian Wars were a series of conflicts fought between Spanish, and later Mexican, Guatemalan, Honduran, Salvadoran and Belizean forces against Amerindians in what is now called Mexico and surrounding areas such as Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador and Southern/Western United States. The period begins with Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire in 1519 and continued until the end of the Caste War of Yucatán in 1933.

Yaqui Wars armed conflicts between indigenous peoples and white people in the Viceroyalty of New Spain, from 1821 Spain, between 1533 and 1929

The Yaqui Wars, were a series of armed conflicts between New Spain, and the later Mexican Republic, against the Yaqui Indians. The period began in 1533 and lasted until 1929. The Yaqui Wars, along with the Caste War against the Maya, were the last conflicts of the centuries long Mexican Indian Wars. Over the course of nearly 400 years, the Spanish and the Mexicans repeatedly launched military campaigns into Yaqui territory which resulted in several serious battles and some infamous massacres.

<i>El Narco: Inside Mexicos Criminal Insurgency</i>

El Narco: Inside Mexico's Criminal Insurgency is a non-fiction book of the Mexican Drug War written by Ioan Grillo. In El Narco, Grillo takes a close look at the Mexican drug trade, starting with the term "El Narco", which has come to represent the vast, faceless criminal network of drug traffickers who cast a murderous shadow over Mexico. The book covers the frontline of the Mexican Drug War. It seeks to trace the origins of the illegal drug trade in Mexico, the recent escalation of violence, the human cost of the drug trade and organized crime in the country. The book takes a critical stance on the unsuccessful efforts made by the Mexican government and the United States to confront the violence and its causes.

This is a list of the Honduras national football team results from 1960 to 1969.

References

  1. "El Universal - - Diez ms, prfugos: indagatorias". 23 June 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
  2. http://www.cnn.com/2016/01/08/americas/el-chapo-captured-mexico/index.html