Titanium(III) bromide

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Titanium(III) bromide
IUPAC name
Titanium(III) bromide
Other names
Titanium tribromide
3D model (JSmol)
PubChem CID
  • InChI=1S/3BrH.Ti/h3*1H;/q;;;+3/p-3
  • [Ti](Br)(Br)Br
Molar mass 287.579 g/mol
Appearanceblue-black solid
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
Related compounds
Other anions
Titanium(III) chloride
Titanium(III) fluoride
Related compounds
Titanium(IV) bromide
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

Titanium(III) bromide is the inorganic compound with the formula TiBr3. It is a blue black paramagnetic solid with a reddish reflection. It has few applications, although it is a catalyst for the polymerization of alkenes.


Production and structure

TiBr3 can be produced by heating the tetrabromide in an atmosphere of hydrogen: [3]

2 TiBr4 + H2 → 2 TiBr3 + 2 HBr

It can also be produced by comproportionation of titanium metal and titanium tetrabromide. [4] [5]

Ti + 3 TiBr4 → 4 TiBr3

Two polymorphs of TiBr3 are known, each exhibiting octahedral Ti centers. [4]


Heating the tribromide gives titanium(II) bromide together with the volatile tetrabromide: [3]

2 TiBr3 → TiBr4 + TiBr2

The solid dissolves in donor solvents (L) such as pyridine and nitriles to produce 3:1 adducts:

TiBr3 + 3 L → TiBr3L3

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Titanium tetrachloride</span> Inorganic chemical compound

Titanium tetrachloride is the inorganic compound with the formula TiCl4. It is an important intermediate in the production of titanium metal and the pigment titanium dioxide. TiCl4 is a volatile liquid. Upon contact with humid air, it forms thick clouds of titanium dioxide and hydrochloric acid, a reaction that was formerly exploited for use in smoke machines. It is sometimes referred to as "tickle" or "tickle 4" due to the phonetic resemblance of its molecular formula to the word.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Iron(II) chloride</span> Chemical compound

Iron(II) chloride, also known as ferrous chloride, is the chemical compound of formula FeCl2. It is a paramagnetic solid with a high melting point. The compound is white, but typical samples are often off-white. FeCl2 crystallizes from water as the greenish tetrahydrate, which is the form that is most commonly encountered in commerce and the laboratory. There is also a dihydrate. The compound is highly soluble in water, giving pale green solutions.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Phosphorus tribromide</span> Chemical compound

Phosphorus tribromide is a colourless liquid with the formula PBr3. The liquid fumes in moist air due to hydrolysis and has a penetrating odour. It is used in the laboratory for the conversion of alcohols to alkyl bromides.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aluminium bromide</span> Chemical compound

Aluminium bromide is any chemical compound with the empirical formula AlBrx. Aluminium tribromide is the most common form of aluminium bromide. It is a colorless, sublimable hygroscopic solid; hence old samples tend to be hydrated, mostly as aluminium tribromide hexahydrate (AlBr3·6H2O).

Titanium(III) chloride is the inorganic compound with the formula TiCl3. At least four distinct species have this formula; additionally hydrated derivatives are known. TiCl3 is one of the most common halides of titanium and is an important catalyst for the manufacture of polyolefins.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Titanium tetraiodide</span> Chemical compound

Titanium tetraiodide is an inorganic compound with the formula TiI4. It is a black volatile solid, first reported by Rudolph Weber in 1863. It is an intermediate in the van Arkel–de Boer process for the purification of titanium.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vanadium(III) bromide</span> Chemical compound

Vanadium(III) bromide, also known as vanadium tribromide, is the inorganic compound with the formula VBr3. It is a green-black solid. In terms of its structure, the compound is polymeric with octahedral vanadium(III) surrounded by six bromide ligands.

Zirconium(IV) bromide is the inorganic compound with the formula ZrBr4. This colourless solid is the principal precursor to other Zr–Br compounds.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Titanium(II) chloride</span> Chemical compound

Titanium(II) chloride is the chemical compound with the formula TiCl2. The black solid has been studied only moderately, probably because of its high reactivity. Ti(II) is a strong reducing agent: it has a high affinity for oxygen and reacts irreversibly with water to produce H2. The usual preparation is the thermal disproportionation of TiCl3 at 500 °C. The reaction is driven by the loss of volatile TiCl4:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Terbium(III) bromide</span> Chemical compound

Terbium(III) bromide (TbBr3) is a crystalline chemical compound.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Titanium tetrabromide</span> Chemical compound

Titanium tetrabromide is the chemical compound with the formula TiBr4. It is the most volatile transition metal bromide. The properties of TiBr4 are an average of TiCl4 and TiI4. Some key properties of these four-coordinated Ti(IV) species are their high Lewis acidity and their high solubility in nonpolar organic solvents. TiBr4 is diamagnetic, reflecting the d0 configuration of the metal centre.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tantalum(V) bromide</span> Chemical compound

Tantalum(V) bromide is the inorganic compound with the formula Ta2Br10. Its name comes from the compound's empirical formula, TaBr5. It is a diamagnetic, orange solid that hydrolyses readily. The compound adopts an edge-shared bioctahedral structure, which means that two TaBr5 units are joined by a pair of bromide bridges. There is no bond between the Ta centres. Niobium(V) chloride, niobium(V) bromide, niobium(V) iodide, tantalum(V) chloride, and tantalum(V) iodide all share this structural motif.

Tetrabutylammonium bromide Chemical compound

Tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBAB) is a quaternary ammonium salt with a bromide commonly used as a phase transfer catalyst. It is used to prepare many other tetrabutylammonium salts by salt metathesis reactions. The anhydrous form is a white solid.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cobalt(II) bromide</span> Chemical compound

Cobalt(II) bromide (CoBr2) is an inorganic compound. In its anhydrous form, it is a green solid that is soluble in water, used primarily as a catalyst in some processes.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Metal halides</span>

Metal halides are compounds between metals and halogens. Some, such as sodium chloride are ionic, while others are covalently bonded. A few metal halides are discrete molecules, such as uranium hexafluoride, but most adopt polymeric structures, such as palladium chloride.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Molybdenum(III) bromide</span> Chemical compound

Molybdenum(III) bromide is the inorganic compound with the formula MoBr3. It is a black solid that is insoluble in most solvents but dissolves in donor solvents such as pyridine.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Titanium(II) bromide</span> Chemical compound

Titanium(II) bromide is the inorganic compound with the formula TiBr2. It is a black micaceous solid. It adopts the cadmium iodide structure, featuring octahedral Ti(II) centers. It arises via the reaction of the elements:

Osmium tetrabromide is the inorganic compound with the formula OsBr4. A black solid, this compound can be produced by heating osmium tetrachloride and bromine under pressure.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zirconium(III) bromide</span> Chemical compound

Zirconium(III) bromide is an inorganic compound with the formula ZrBr3.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rhenium(III) bromide</span> Chemical compound

Rhenium(III) bromide is a chemical compound with the formula Re3Br9. It is a black lustrous crystalline solid. This compound reacts with water to form rhenium(IV) oxide and is isostructural with rhenium(III) chloride.


  1. "Titanium(III) bromide".
  2. "WebElements Periodic Table » Titanium » titanium tribromide".
  3. 1 2 Sherfey, J. M. (1960). "Titanium(III) Chloride and Titanium(III) Bromide". Inorganic Syntheses. 6: 57–61. doi:10.1002/9780470132371.ch17. ISBN   9780470132371.
  4. 1 2 Troyanov, S. I.; Rybakov, V. B.; Ionov, V. M. "Preparation and crystal structure of titanium tetrabromide, titanium tribromide and titanium(2+) tetrabromoaluminate(1-)" Zhurnal Neorganicheskoi Khimii 1990, vol. 35, 882-7.
  5. Stebler, Anton; Leuenberger, Bruno; Güdel, Hans U. (1989). "Synthesis and Crystal Growth of A3M2X9 (A = Cs, Rb; M = Ti, V, Cr; X = Cl, Br)". Inorganic Syntheses. 26: 377–385. doi:10.1002/9780470132579.ch69. ISBN   9780470132579.