St Andrew's Cross, Glasgow

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St Andrew's Cross
  • Eglinton Toll
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St Andrew's Cross
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55°50′35.1″N4°15′45.5″W / 55.843083°N 4.262639°W / 55.843083; -4.262639 Coordinates: 55°50′35.1″N4°15′45.5″W / 55.843083°N 4.262639°W / 55.843083; -4.262639

St Andrew's Cross, also known as Eglinton Toll, is a road junction in the south side of the city of Glasgow, Scotland.

Glasgow City and council area in Scotland

Glasgow is the most populous city in Scotland, and the third most populous city in the United Kingdom, as of the 2017 estimated city population of 621,020. Historically part of Lanarkshire, the city now forms the Glasgow City council area, one of the 32 council areas of Scotland; the local authority is Glasgow City Council. Glasgow is situated on the River Clyde in the country's West Central Lowlands. It is the fifth most visited city in the UK.

Contents

Description

The junction includes two roads running roughly north-south which meet, but do not intersect for vehicular traffic since a realignment in 1946: [1] [2] [3] the west thoroughfare (A77) is known as Eglinton Street from Laurieston (the Gorbals) until it reaches the junction then becomes Pollokshaws Road to Strathbungo and beyond, while the east thoroughfare is Pollokshaws Road from Laurieston until the same point then is renamed Victoria Road entering Govanhill. Maxwell Road also meets the junction from the west (Pollokshields) but this is also blocked off for vehicles. Addresses on each side of the cross come under three different postcodes (G5, G41 and G42), indicating its status as a locality which is not classed as falling fully within any single district of the city. [4]

A77 road road in Scotland

The A77 road is a major road in Scotland. It runs in a southwesterly direction from the city of Glasgow, past the towns of Giffnock, Newton Mearns, Kilmarnock, Prestwick, Ayr, Maybole, Girvan and Stranraer to the town of Portpatrick on the Irish Sea. It passes through the council areas of Glasgow City, East Renfrewshire, East Ayrshire, South Ayrshire and Dumfries and Galloway.

Laurieston, Glasgow district in the Gorbals area of the Scottish city of Glasgow

Laurieston is a district in the Gorbals area of the Scottish city of Glasgow. It is situated south of the River Clyde. It derives its name from James Laurie who, along with his brother, developed a large part of the district in the early 19th century.

Strathbungo district of Glasgow

Strathbungo grew up as a small village built along the Pollokshaws Road, one of the main arteries leading southwards from the centre of Glasgow, adjoined by the Camphill Estate, now part of Queens Park. Strathbungo lay just inside Govan parish, on its boundary with Cathcart parish, and at one time a line just north of Allison Street and Nithsdale Street formed the boundary or 'march' between the counties of Lanark and Renfrew.

History

Wedge-shaped tenement building at the north apex (constructed 1878) displaying 'St Andrew's Cross' lettering St Andrews Cross - geograph.org.uk - 1151407.jpg
Wedge-shaped tenement building at the north apex (constructed 1878) displaying 'St Andrew's Cross' lettering

It was named after Saint Andrew due to the junction forming the shape of the saltire. [5]

The alternative name, Eglinton Toll, [2] derives from the cross being the southern entry to the Port Eglinton industrial area (roughly between Pollokshields to the south and Tradeston to the north). As its name suggests, it was intended to be a dock area serving as the Glasgow terminus of a waterway (the Glasgow, Paisley and Johnstone Canal) established in the early 19th century by Hugh Montgomerie, 12th Earl of Eglinton which was intended to run to the coast of Ayrshire; the route was never fully completed and in the 1880s the canal was replaced by a railway (today the Paisley Canal line and the Inverclyde/Ayrshire lines). [6] [7] A major fire occurred at Port Eglinton in 1972. [8] In 2010, the area was bisected by the extended M74 motorway which is carried through on a viaduct supported by large pillars. [9] [10] [11]

Tradeston small district in the Scottish city of Glasgow

Tradeston is a small district in the Scottish city of Glasgow adjacent to the city centre on the south bank of the River Clyde.

Glasgow, Paisley and Johnstone Canal

The Glasgow, Paisley and Ardrossan Canal, later known as the Glasgow, Paisley and Johnstone Canal, was a canal in the west of Scotland, running between Glasgow, Paisley and Johnstone which later became a railway. Despite the name, the canal was never completed down to Ardrossan, the termini being Port Eglinton in Glasgow and Thorn Brae in Johnstone. Within months of opening, the canal was the scene of a major disaster.

Hugh Montgomerie, 12th Earl of Eglinton Scottish noble

Hugh Montgomerie, 12th Earl of Eglinton KT was a Scottish peer, politician, and composer.

View of the junction looking south, showing modern apartment block on the site of the Plaza Ballroom Eglinton Street Glasgow (geograph 1829660).jpg
View of the junction looking south, showing modern apartment block on the site of the Plaza Ballroom
Facade of disused St Andrew's Works (power station / print works) St Andrew's Works - geograph.org.uk - 1660708.jpg
Facade of disused St Andrew's Works (power station / print works)

Several local bus routes (previously also trams) [2] use the roads meeting at the cross, and its proximity to the Larkfield bus depot off Victoria Road made it a popular point for drivers to relieve one another at shift ends, [12] [13] with the Star Bar public house and diner, noted for its bargain meal prices [14] [15] located at its northern apex receiving much of its patronage from them. This practice has become less common since the closure of the depot in 2014, [16] with the new facility a few blocks further east at Cathcart Road. [17]

The cross also once had a power station, [18] [19] a gasworks, [20] a tram depot (1890s), [21] [22] a cinema [23] and a large dance hall, The Plaza Ballroom, in its vicinity; [24] [25] the latter has since been demolished and replaced by modern apartments which (awkwardly) incorporate some of the original red sandstone facade, [26] while part of the power station, which was later adapted by the local council into a printing works, survives but as a derelict structure. [27]

There are several new residential developments nearby at Barrland Street [28] [29] and on the sites of the cinema, the gasworks [30] [31] and Larkfield bus depot. [16] In addition to many buses, Pollokshields East railway station is located a short distance to the south-east, adjacent to the Tramway (arts centre) (based within the tram depot buildings) [32] the headquarters of Scottish Ballet, and the Guru Granth Sahib Sikh Sabha, a major Sikh temple. [33]

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The Glasgow Tramway and Omnibus Company operated a horse-drawn tramway service in Glasgow between 1872 and 1894. The tram system was then taken into municipal ownership, becoming Glasgow Corporation Tramways.

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Kingston, Glasgow

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References

  1. Glasgow’s Crosses, Glasgow History, 28 May 2016
  2. 1 2 3 When the trams still ruled on the streets of post-war Glasgow, The Herald, 30 December 2016
  3. Laurieston Guide, Scotcities,
  4. "Glasgow postcodes". Postcode Area. Retrieved 8 September 2019.
  5. Smith, Adam (2017). Glasgow The Postcard Collection. Amberley Publishing. p. 172. ISBN   9781445667393.
  6. Port Eglinton (Mitchell Library, Glasgow Collection, 1835), The Glasgow Story
  7. Port Eglinton, Gazetteer for Scotland
  8. Kilbirnie Street Fire (Glasgow City Archives, Deposited Collections), The Glasgow Story
  9. Oblique aerial view of the M74 extension going through the Port Eglinton area, taken from the NW, Canmore, 12 February 2010
  10. M74 Port Eglinton Viaduct launch, Dorman Long Technology, 1 March 2010
  11. Urban park plan for under Glasgow M74 motorway flyover, BBC News, 15 July 2014
  12. The Star Bar, The Bar Biographer, 8 July 2011
  13. The Star Bar: Adventures in Eglinton Toll, Hemi the Headlocker, 1 September 2013
  14. The cheapest pub lunch in the UK?, The Herald, 2 February 2013
  15. We review Glasgow's legendary cheapest lunch – £3 for three courses at the Star Bar, Glasgow Live, 2 January 2019
  16. 1 2 Plans for homes on former Larkfield bus depot site in Govanhill offcially submitted, Evening Times, 13 January 2018
  17. First Minister Nicola Sturgeon Opens New Caledonia Bus Depot Janus Architecture, 12 December 2014
  18. St. Andrew's Cross Electricity Works, Grace's Guide to British Industrial History
  19. Glasgow, 197–243 Pollokshaws Road, St Andrew's Works, Canmore
  20. Glasgow, 95 Kilbirnie Street, Tradeston Gasworks, Canmore
  21. Glasgow, 522 Pollokshaws Road, Coplaw Horse-tram Depot, Canmore
  22. Coplawhill tram depot (Museum of Transport, R. B. McKim Collection), The Glasgow Story
  23. BB Cinerama / New Cinerama / Odeon Eglinton Toll, Scottish Cinemas and Theatres Project
  24. The last waltz, The Herald, 23 February 1998
  25. Glasgow, Victoria Road, Plaza Ballroom, Canmore
  26. Is this the ugliest new building in Scotland?, Evening Times, 30 January 2009
  27. Gorbals vandalism hotspot could be turned into family play centre, Evening Times, 31 July 2018
  28. Westpoint head south for latest Glasgow build, Urban Realm, 14 May 2018
  29. Southgate Court, Westpoint Homes
  30. 140 affordable homes proposed for Glasgow gasworks site, Scottish Housing News, 17 January 2017
  31. More Than 200 Flats And Townhouses To Be Built At East Pollokshields Site, reGlasgow, 21 February 2019
  32. Tramway – A History, Tramway
  33. Glasgow Gurdwara: £3.8m Sikh temple prepares to open its doors, BBC News, 26 April 2013