St Andrew's Cross, Glasgow

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St Andrew's Cross
  • Eglinton Toll
Glasgow UK location map.svg
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St Andrew's Cross
Location within Glasgow
OS grid reference NS584634
Council area
Lieutenancy area
  • Glasgow
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GLASGOW
Postcode district G5, G41, G42
Dialling code 0141
Police Scotland
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
List of places
UK
Scotland
Glasgow
55°50′35.1″N4°15′45.5″W / 55.843083°N 4.262639°W / 55.843083; -4.262639 Coordinates: 55°50′35.1″N4°15′45.5″W / 55.843083°N 4.262639°W / 55.843083; -4.262639

St Andrew's Cross, also known as Eglinton Toll, is a road junction in the south side of the city of Glasgow, Scotland.

Contents

Description

The junction includes two roads running roughly north-south which meet, but do not intersect for vehicular traffic since a realignment in 1946: [1] [2] [3] the west thoroughfare (A77) is known as Eglinton Street from Laurieston (the Gorbals) until it reaches the junction then becomes Pollokshaws Road to Strathbungo and beyond, while the east thoroughfare is Pollokshaws Road from Laurieston until the same point then is renamed Victoria Road entering Govanhill. Maxwell Road also meets the junction from the west (Pollokshields) but this is also blocked off for vehicles. Addresses on each side of the cross come under three different postcodes (G5, G41 and G42), indicating its status as a locality which is not classed as falling fully within any single district of the city. [4]

History

Wedge-shaped tenement building at the north apex (constructed 1878) displaying 'St Andrew's Cross' lettering St Andrews Cross - geograph.org.uk - 1151407.jpg
Wedge-shaped tenement building at the north apex (constructed 1878) displaying 'St Andrew's Cross' lettering

It was named after Saint Andrew due to the junction forming the shape of the saltire. [5]

The alternative name, Eglinton Toll, [2] derives from the cross being the southern entry to the Port Eglinton industrial area (roughly between Pollokshields to the south and Tradeston to the north). As its name suggests, it was intended to be a dock area serving as the Glasgow terminus of a waterway (the Glasgow, Paisley and Johnstone Canal) established in the early 19th century by Hugh Montgomerie, 12th Earl of Eglinton which was intended to run to the coast of Ayrshire; the route was never fully completed and in the 1880s the canal was replaced by a railway (today the Paisley Canal line and the Inverclyde/Ayrshire lines). [6] [7] A major fire occurred at Port Eglinton in 1972. [8] In 2010, the area was bisected by the extended M74 motorway which is carried through on a viaduct supported by large pillars. [9] [10] [11]

View of the junction looking south, showing modern apartment block on the site of the Plaza Ballroom Eglinton Street Glasgow (geograph 1829660).jpg
View of the junction looking south, showing modern apartment block on the site of the Plaza Ballroom
Facade of disused St Andrew's Works (power station / print works) St Andrew's Works - geograph.org.uk - 1660708.jpg
Facade of disused St Andrew's Works (power station / print works)

Several local bus routes (previously also trams) [2] use the roads meeting at the cross, and its proximity to the Larkfield bus depot off Victoria Road made it a popular point for drivers to relieve one another at shift ends, [12] [13] with the Star Bar public house and diner, noted for its bargain meal prices [14] [15] located at its northern apex receiving much of its patronage from them. This practice has become less common since the closure of the depot in 2014, [16] with the new facility a few blocks further east at Cathcart Road. [17]

The cross also once had a power station, [18] [19] a gasworks, [20] a tram depot (1890s), [21] [22] a cinema [23] and a large dance hall, The Plaza Ballroom, in its vicinity; [24] [25] the latter has since been demolished and replaced by modern apartments which (awkwardly) incorporate some of the original red sandstone facade, [26] while part of the power station, which was later adapted by the local council into a printing works, survives but as a derelict structure. [27]

There are several new residential developments nearby at Barrland Street [28] [29] and on the sites of the cinema, the gasworks [30] [31] and Larkfield bus depot. [16] In addition to many buses, Pollokshields East railway station is located a short distance to the south-east, adjacent to the Tramway (arts centre) (based within the tram depot buildings) [32] the headquarters of Scottish Ballet, and the Guru Granth Sahib Sikh Sabha, a major Sikh temple. [33]

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Pollokshields Human settlement in Scotland

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Govanhill Human settlement in Scotland

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Trams operated in Edinburgh from 1871 to 1956, and resumed in 2014. The first systems were horse-drawn, while cable-haulage appeared in the city in 1888. Electric trams first ran on systems in neighbouring Musselburgh (1904) and Leith (1905), meeting the Edinburgh cable-trams at Joppa and Pilrig respectively. Electrification meant cable trams last ran in 1923, with through running now possible to Leith and as far east as Port Seton. The various systems were operated by different private and municipal entities over the years; the Edinburgh and Leith systems had been merged under Edinburgh Corporation by 1920, but it wasn't until 1928, after the partial closure of Musselburgh line, that all trams operating in Edinburgh were in the sole control of the corporation. The last electric trams ran in 1956, but electric trams returned in 2014 with the opening of Edinburgh Trams. Many of the trams from the horse/cable/first electric era were built in Shrubhill Works. Two trams have been preserved, a horse tram and an electric tram, built by Shrubhill in 1885 and 1948 respectively. A 1903 Dick Kerr cable-tram has also been purchased for preservation. Remnants of the cable-tram system can be seen in Waterloo Place and Henderson Row, and of the Musselburgh line at Morrison's Haven.

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Fireworks Village Human settlement in Scotland

Fireworks village, also known as Govan Colliery Houses, was a company village in Scotland belonging to the Dixon family who ran the Govan Iron Works and Govan Colliery. The inhabitants were chiefly coal miners and their families who worked in the Govan Colliery. The company also built a Methodist church and a school. At the time, its location was a short distance outside the City of Glasgow, the largest town in Scotland; no trace now remains in the 21st century, with the site occupied by the now inner-city neighbourhood of Govanhill

Parkhouse, Glasgow G53 Human settlement in Scotland

Parkhouse is a residential neighbourhood of Glasgow, Scotland. Within the G53 postcode area and the Greater Pollok ward of the Glasgow City Council administration, the eastern cluster of private housing was constructed in the 1980s and the western part in the 2010s, prior to which it was open farmland annexed to Glasgow in 1938.

Kingston, Glasgow

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References

  1. Glasgow’s Crosses, Glasgow History, 28 May 2016
  2. 1 2 3 When the trams still ruled on the streets of post-war Glasgow, The Herald, 30 December 2016
  3. Laurieston Guide, Scotcities,
  4. "Glasgow postcodes". Postcode Area. Retrieved 8 September 2019.
  5. Smith, Adam (2017). Glasgow The Postcard Collection. Amberley Publishing. p. 172. ISBN   9781445667393.
  6. Port Eglinton (Mitchell Library, Glasgow Collection, 1835), The Glasgow Story
  7. Port Eglinton, Gazetteer for Scotland
  8. Kilbirnie Street Fire (Glasgow City Archives, Deposited Collections), The Glasgow Story
  9. Oblique aerial view of the M74 extension going through the Port Eglinton area, taken from the NW, Canmore, 12 February 2010
  10. M74 Port Eglinton Viaduct launch, Dorman Long Technology, 1 March 2010
  11. Urban park plan for under Glasgow M74 motorway flyover, BBC News, 15 July 2014
  12. The Star Bar, The Bar Biographer, 8 July 2011
  13. The Star Bar: Adventures in Eglinton Toll, Hemi the Headlocker, 1 September 2013
  14. The cheapest pub lunch in the UK?, The Herald, 2 February 2013
  15. We review Glasgow's legendary cheapest lunch – £3 for three courses at the Star Bar, Glasgow Live, 2 January 2019
  16. 1 2 Plans for homes on former Larkfield bus depot site in Govanhill offcially[sic] submitted, Evening Times, 13 January 2018
  17. First Minister Nicola Sturgeon Opens New Caledonia Bus Depot Janus Architecture, 12 December 2014
  18. St. Andrew's Cross Electricity Works, Grace's Guide to British Industrial History
  19. Glasgow, 197–243 Pollokshaws Road, St Andrew's Works, Canmore
  20. Glasgow, 95 Kilbirnie Street, Tradeston Gasworks, Canmore
  21. Glasgow, 522 Pollokshaws Road, Coplaw Horse-tram Depot, Canmore
  22. Coplawhill tram depot (Museum of Transport, R. B. McKim Collection), The Glasgow Story
  23. BB Cinerama / New Cinerama / Odeon Eglinton Toll, Scottish Cinemas and Theatres Project
  24. The last waltz, The Herald, 23 February 1998
  25. Glasgow, Victoria Road, Plaza Ballroom, Canmore
  26. Is this the ugliest new building in Scotland?, Evening Times, 30 January 2009
  27. Gorbals vandalism hotspot could be turned into family play centre, Evening Times, 31 July 2018
  28. Westpoint head south for latest Glasgow build, Urban Realm, 14 May 2018
  29. Southgate Court, Westpoint Homes
  30. 140 affordable homes proposed for Glasgow gasworks site, Scottish Housing News, 17 January 2017
  31. More Than 200 Flats And Townhouses To Be Built At East Pollokshields Site, reGlasgow, 21 February 2019
  32. Tramway – A History, Tramway
  33. Glasgow Gurdwara: £3.8m Sikh temple prepares to open its doors, BBC News, 26 April 2013