United States women's national soccer team

Last updated

United States
United States women's national soccer team logo.svg
Nickname(s) The Stars and Stripes
Association United States Soccer Federation (USSF)
Confederation CONCACAF
Sub-confederation NAFU
Head coach Emma Hayes
Captain Lindsey Horan
Most caps Kristine Lilly (354)
Top scorer Abby Wambach (184)
FIFA code USA
Kit left arm usa24h.png
Kit left arm.svg
Kit body usa24h.png
Kit body.svg
Kit right arm usa24h.png
Kit right arm.svg
Kit shorts usa24h.png
Kit shorts.svg
Kit socks long.svg
First colors
Kit left arm usa24a.png
Kit left arm.svg
Kit body usa24a.png
Kit body.svg
Kit right arm usa24a.png
Kit right arm.svg
Kit shorts usa24a.png
Kit shorts.svg
Kit socks long.svg
Second colors
FIFA ranking
Current 5 Decrease2.svg 1 (June 14, 2024) [1]
Highest1 (various; most recently June 2017–June 2023)
Lowest5 (June 2024)
First international
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1–0 United States  Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg
(Jesolo, Italy; August 18, 1985)
Biggest win
Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg  United States 14–0 Dominican Republic  Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg
(Vancouver, Canada; January 20, 2012)
Biggest defeat
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 4–0 United States  Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg
(Hangzhou, China; September 27, 2007)
World Cup
Appearances9 (first in 1991 )
Best resultChampions (1991, 1999, 2015, 2019)
Olympic Games
Appearances7 (first in 1996 )
Best resultGold medal.svgGold (1996, 2004, 2008, 2012)
CONCACAF W Championship / CONCACAF W Gold Cup
Appearances11 (first in 1991 )
Best resultChampions (1991, 1993, 1994, 2000, 2002, 2006, 2014, 2018, 2022, 2024)
Website ussoccer.com/uswnt
USWNT at a parade in their honor after the 2019 Championship Demanding Equity (48274759786).jpg
USWNT at a parade in their honor after the 2019 Championship

The United States women's national soccer team (USWNT) represents the United States of America in international women's soccer. The team is governed by United States Soccer Federation and competes in CONCACAF (the Confederation of North, Central American, and Caribbean Association Football).

Contents

The team is the most successful in international women's soccer, winning four Women's World Cup titles (1991, 1999, 2015, and 2019), four Olympic gold medals (1996, 2004, 2008, and 2012), nine CONCACAF W Championship titles, and one CONCACAF W Gold Cup title. It has medaled in every Women's World Cup and Olympic tournament in women's soccer except for the 2016 Olympic tournament and 2023 Women's World Cup; on both occasions, they were eliminated by Sweden after a penalty shootout.

After mostly being ranked No. 2 from 2003 to 2008 in the FIFA Women's World Rankings, [2] the team was ranked No. 1 continuously from March 2008 to November 2014, the longest consecutive top ranking of any team. [3] Since FIFA rankings were established in 2003, the team has been ranked No. 1 for a total of 13 years; the team with the next-longest tenure, Germany, has been ranked No. 1 for a total of 412 years. The USWNT has never been ranked lower than fifth in the world.

The team was selected as the U.S. Olympic & Paralympic Committee's Team of the Year in 1997 and 1999, [4] and Sports Illustrated chose the entire team as 1999 Sportswomen of the Year for its usual Sportsman of the Year honor. [5] On April 5, 2017, USWNT players and U.S. Soccer reached a deal on a new collective bargaining agreement that would, among other things, lead to a pay increase. [6] In February 2022, numerous current and former members of the USWNT settled a lawsuit with the U.S. Soccer Federation for $24 million and a requirement that male and female soccer players be paid equally, regardless of the proportion of prize money they receive, making it the first such instance in the world. [7]

History

Origins in the 1980s

The passing of Title IX in 1972, which outlawed sex-based discrimination for federally-funded education programs, spurred the creation of college soccer teams across the United States at a time when women's soccer was rising in popularity internationally. [8] The U.S. Soccer Federation tasked coach Mike Ryan to select a roster of college players to participate in the 1985 Mundialito tournament in Italy, its first foray into women's international soccer. [9] The team played its first match on August 18, 1985, losing 1–0 to Italy, and finished the tournament in fourth place after failing to win its remaining matches against Denmark and England. [10] [11]

University of North Carolina coach Anson Dorrance was hired as the team's first full-time head coach in 1986 with the goal of fielding a competitive women's team at the next Mundialito and at future tournaments. [11] In their first Mundialito under Dorrance, the United States defeated China, Brazil, and Japan before finishing as runners-up to Italy. [12] Dorrance gave national team appearances to teenage players, including future stars Mia Hamm, Julie Foudy, and Kristine Lilly, instead of the college players preferred by the federation, and called into camp the first African-American player on the team, Kim Crabbe. [13] [14] The United States played in the 1988 FIFA Women's Invitation Tournament in China, a FIFA-sanctioned competition to test the feasibility of a regular women's championship, and lost in the quarterfinals to eventual champions Norway. [11]

1990s

Following the 1988 tournament, FIFA announced plans for a new women's tournament, named the 1st FIFA World Championship for Women's Football for the M&M's Cup until it was retroactively named the "World Cup". The United States qualified for the tournament by winning the inaugural CONCACAF Women's Championship, hosted by Haiti in April 1991, outscoring their opponents 49–0 for the sole CONCACAF berth in the tournament. [11] [15] The team played several exhibition matches abroad against European opponents to prepare for the world championship, while its players quit their regular jobs to train full-time with meager compensation. [16] [17] Dorrance utilized a 4–3–3 formation that was spearheaded by the "Triple-Edged Sword" of forward Michelle Akers and wingers Carin Jennings and April Heinrichs. [18]

At the Women's World Cup, the United States won all three of its group stage matches and outscored its opponents 11–2. In the opening match against Sweden, the U.S. took a 3–0 lead early in the second half, but conceded two goals to end the match with a narrower 3–2 victory. The U.S. proceeded to win 5–0 in its second match against Brazil and 3–0 in its third match against Japan, clinching first place in the group and a quarterfinal berth. [19] The United States proceeded with a 7–0 victory in the quarterfinals over Chinese Taipei, fueled by a five-goal performance by Akers in the first fifty minutes of the match. [19]

In the semi-finals against Germany, Jennings scored a hattrick in the first half as the team clinched a place in the final with a 5–2 victory. [20] The team's lopsided victories in the earlier rounds had brought attention from American media outlets, but the final match was not televised live in the U.S. [19] The United States won the inaugural Women's World Cup title by defeating Norway 2–1 in the final, played in front of 65,000 spectators at Tianhe Stadium in Guangzhou, as Akers scored twice to create and restore a lead for the Americans. [21] Akers finished as the top goalscorer at the tournament, with ten goals, and Jennings was awarded the Golden Ball as the tournament's best player. [22]

Mia Hamm with Kristine Lilly (left) Lilly356.jpg
Mia Hamm with Kristine Lilly (left)

Despite their Women's World Cup victory, the U.S. team remained in relative obscurity and received a small welcome from several U.S. Soccer Federation officials upon arrival at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City. [23] The team were given fewer resources and little attention from the federation as they focused on improving the men's national team in preparation for the 1994 men's World Cup that would be hosted in the United States. [24] The women's team was placed on hiatus after the tournament, only playing twice in 1992, but returned the following year to play in several tournaments hosted in Cyprus, Canada, and the United States, including a second CONCACAF Championship title. The program was still supported better than those of the former Soviet Union, where soccer was considered a "men's game". [25] [24] [26]

The United States played in several friendly tournaments to prepare for the 1995 FIFA Women's World Cup and its qualification campaign. The first was the inaugural staging of the Algarve Cup in Portugal, which saw the team win its two group stage matches but lose 1–0 to Norway in the final. It was followed by a victory in the Chiquita Cup, an exhibition tournament hosted in August on the U.S. East Coast against Germany, China, and Norway. [27] [28] Dorrance resigned from his position as head coach in early August and was replaced by his assistant, Tony DiCicco, a former professional goalkeeper who played in the American Soccer League. [24] [29] DiCicco led the United States to a berth in the Women's World Cup by winning the 1994 CONCACAF Championship, where the team scored 36 goals and conceded only one. [27]

In February 1995, the U.S. women's program opened a permanent training and treatment facility in Sanford, Florida, and began a series of warm-up friendlies that were paid for by American company Nike. [30] The team topped their group in the Women's World Cup, despite a 3–3 tie with China in the opening match and losing goalkeeper Briana Scurry to a red card in their second match. The United States proceeded to beat Japan 4–0 in the quarterfinals, but lost 1–0 to eventual champions Norway in the semifinals. The team finished in third place, winning 2–0 in its consolation match against China.

The women's national team in a friendly match against Japan in 2019. USWNT group photo pregame vs Japan .jpg
The women's national team in a friendly match against Japan in 2019.

The team won the gold medal in the inaugural Olympic women's soccer tournament in the 1996 Summer Olympics, defeating China 2–1 in the final before a crowd of 76,481 fans. [31] An influential victory came in the 1999 World Cup, when the team defeated China 5–4 in a penalty shootout following a 0–0 draw after extended time. [32] Foudy, Lilly, and the rest of the 1999 team started a revolution towards women's team sports in America. With this win they emerged onto the world stage and brought significant media attention to women's soccer and athletics. On July 10, 1999, over 90,000 people (the largest ever for a women's sporting event and one of the largest attendances in the world for a tournament game final) filled the Rose Bowl to watch the United States play China in the Final. After a back and forth game, the score was tied 0–0 at full-time, and remained so after extra time, leading to a penalty kick shootout. With Scurry's save of China's third kick, the score was 4–4 with only Brandi Chastain left to shoot. She scored and won the game for the United States. Chastain dropped to her knees and whipped off her shirt, celebrating in her sports bra, which later made the cover of Sports Illustrated and the front pages of newspapers around the country and world. [33] This win influenced many girls to want to play on a soccer team. [34] In the 2000 Summer Olympics, the USWNT were close to defending their gold medal but were controversially defeated by Norway in the final with a golden goal in extra time, which involved an alleged handball in the lead-up. [35]

2000s

Abby Wambach plays off a corner kick at the 2003 FIFA Women's World Cup bronze medal game against Canada. Wambach 2003.jpg
Abby Wambach plays off a corner kick at the 2003 FIFA Women's World Cup bronze medal game against Canada.

In the 2003 FIFA Women's World Cup, the U.S. defeated Norway 1–0 in the quarterfinals but lost 3–0 to Germany in the semifinals. The team then defeated Canada 3–1 to claim third place. [36] Abby Wambach was the team's top scorer with three goals, while Joy Fawcett and Shannon Boxx made the tournament's all-star team. In the 2004 Olympics, the last major international tournament for Hamm and Foudy, the U.S. earned the gold medal, winning 2–1 over Brazil in the final on an extra time goal by Wambach. [37]

At the 2007 FIFA Women's World Cup, the U.S. defeated England 3–0 in the quarterfinals but then suffered its most lopsided loss in team history when it lost to Brazil 4–0 in the semifinals. [38] The U.S. recovered to defeat Norway to take third place. [39] Wambach was the team's leading scorer with 6 goals, and Lilly was the only American named to the tournament's all-star team.

The team won another gold medal in the 2008 Olympics, [40] but interest in the Women's National Team had diminished since their performance in the 1999 World Cup. However, the second women's professional league was created in March 2009, Women's Professional Soccer.

2010s

Team at the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup. Jogadoras dos Estados Unidos no momento da cobranca dos penaltis (DSC01176).jpg
Team at the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup.

In the quarterfinal of the 2011 Women's World Cup in Germany, the U.S. defeated Brazil 5–3 on penalty kicks. Wambach's goal in the 122nd minute to tie the game 2–2 has been voted the greatest goal in U.S. soccer history and the greatest goal in Women's World Cup history. [41] [42] The U.S. then beat France 3–1 in the semifinal, but lost to Japan 3–1 on penalty kicks in the Final after drawing 1–1 in regulation and 2–2 in overtime. Hope Solo was named the tournament's best goalkeeper and Wambach won the silver ball as the tournament's second-best player.

In the 2012 Summer Olympics, the U.S. won the gold medal for the fourth time in five Olympics by defeating Japan 2–1 in front of 80,203 fans at Wembley Stadium, a record for a women's soccer game at the Olympics. [43] The United States advanced to face Japan for the gold medal by winning the semifinal against Canada, a 4–3 victory at the end of extra time. [44] The 2012 London Olympics marked the first time the USWNT won every game en route to the gold medal and set an Olympic women's team record of 16 goals scored. [44]

A ticker tape parade in Manhattan celebrating the USWNT's 2015 World Cup victory Womens World Cup parade July 2015.JPG
A ticker tape parade in Manhattan celebrating the USWNT's 2015 World Cup victory

The National Women's Soccer League started in 2013, and provided competitive games as well as opportunities to players on the fringes of the squad. [45] [46] The U.S. had a 43-game unbeaten streak that spanned two years the streak began with a 4–0 win over Sweden in the 2012 Algarve Cup, and came to an end after a 1–0 loss against Sweden in the 2014 Algarve Cup. [47] [48]

The U.S. defeated Japan 5–2 in the final of the 2015 World Cup, becoming the first team in history to win three Women's World Cup titles. In the 16th minute, Carli Lloyd achieved the fastest hat-trick from kick-off in World Cup history, and Wambach was greeted with a standing ovation for her last World Cup match. [49] Following their 2015 World Cup win, the team was honored with a ticker tape parade in New York City, the first for a women's sports team, and honored by President Barack Obama at the White House. [50] On December 16, 2015, however, a 1–0 loss to China in Wambach's last game meant the team's first home loss since 2004, ending their 104-game home unbeaten streak. [51]

In the 2016 Summer Olympics, the U.S. drew against Sweden in the quarterfinal; in the following penalty kick phase, Sweden won the game 4–3. The loss marked the first time that the USWNT did not advance to the gold medal game of the Olympics, and the first time that the USWNT failed to advance to the semifinal round of a major tournament. [52]

After the defeat in the 2016 Olympics, the USWNT underwent a year of experimentation which saw them losing three home games. If not for a comeback win against Brazil, the USWNT was on the brink of losing four home games in one year, a low never before seen by the USWNT. 2017 saw the USWNT play 12 games against teams ranked in the top-15 in the world. [53]

Alex Morgan being challenged by Hikari Takagi (15) during a match against Japan in Cleveland on June 5, 2016 Alex morgan 2016.jpg
Alex Morgan being challenged by Hikari Takagi (15) during a match against Japan in Cleveland on June 5, 2016

Throughout 2018, the U.S. would pick up two major tournament wins, winning both the SheBelieves Cup [54] and the Tournament of Nations. [55] The team would enter qualifying for the 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup on a 21-game unbeaten streak and dominated the competition, winning all five of its games and the tournament whilst qualifying for the World Cup as well as scoring 18 goals and conceding none. [56] On March 7, 2018, Alyssa Alhadeff, the captain of the Parkland Soccer Club, who was killed by gunman Nikolas Cruz in the Parkland High School shooting nearly three weeks earlier, was honored by the U.S. prior to a game against England in Orlando during the 2018 SheBelieves Cup. Alhadeff's teammates and family were invited to the game and presented with official jerseys that featured her name. [57] The U.S. won the game 1–0, winning its second SheBelieves Cup title in three years. [54] On November 8, 2018, the U.S. earned their 500th victory in team history after a 1–0 victory over Portugal. [58] The start of 2019 saw the U.S. lose an away game to France, 3–1, marking the end of a 28-game unbeaten streak and their first loss since a 1–0 defeat to Australia in July 2017. [59]

The USWNT started off their 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup campaign with a 13–0 victory against Thailand, setting a new Women's World Cup goal record. Alex Morgan equaled Akers' record of scoring five goals in a single World Cup match, while four of her teammates scored their first World Cup goals in their debut at the tournament. [60] The U.S. would win its next match against Chile 3–0 [61] before concluding the group stage with a win of 2–0 over Sweden. [62] The team emerged as the winners of Group F and would go on to face Spain in the Round of 16, whom they would defeat 2–1 thanks to a pair of Megan Rapinoe penalties. [63] The team would achieve identical results in their next two games. With 2–1 victories over France [64] and then England [65] seeing them advance to a record third straight World Cup final, they played against the Netherlands for the title. They beat the Netherlands 2–0 in the final on July 7, 2019, becoming the first team in history to win four Women's World Cup titles.

On July 30, 2019, Jill Ellis announced that she would step down as head coach following the conclusion of the team's post-World Cup victory tour on October 6, 2019. [66]

Vlatko Andonovski was hired as head coach of the USWNT in October 2019, replacing Ellis. [67]

2020s

Megan Rapinoe battles for the ball during a match against New Zealand at Candlestick Park, 2013. Rapinoe candlestick.jpg
Megan Rapinoe battles for the ball during a match against New Zealand at Candlestick Park, 2013.

The USWNT began the new decade by winning both the 2020 CONCACAF Women's Olympic Qualifying tournament (which qualified the team for the 2020 Summer Olympics) and the 2020 SheBelieves Cup titles. [68] [69] [70]

In early March 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the USSF canceled previously scheduled USWNT friendlies against Australia and Brazil. [71] Later that same month, it was announced by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the Tokyo Metropolitan Government that the 2020 Summer Olympics were to be postponed until July 2021. [72] The USWNT played their first game in eight months on November 27, 2020, when they took on the Netherlands in a friendly match. Rose Lavelle and Kristie Mewis scored, the team winning the game 2–0.

On July 21, 2021, the USWNT lost 3–0 against Sweden in the opening round of group stage at the 2020 Summer Olympics, thus ending a 44-match unbeaten streak. [73] The U.S. rebounded by winning their 2nd match against New Zealand, before concluding the group stage by drawing 0–0 with Australia. The team finished second in the group stage and qualified for the knockout stage. They first faced World Cup runners-up Netherlands, with whom they drew 2–2 after extra-time before winning the match in a penalty shootout. The USWNT advanced to the semifinals, where they faced Canada. However, the team lost to Canada 1–0 by a penalty scored by Jessie Fleming. They later faced Australia again in the bronze medal match in a rematch of their final group stage game. The U.S. won 4–3, making it the first time the team had won the bronze medal. [74]

In July 2022, the team competed in the CONCACAF W Championship. The USWNT won its group, outscoring opponents 9–0 in the group stage, and then won the semifinal 3–0 against Costa Rica and the final 1–0 against Canada. [75] [76] [77] [78] It was their ninth CONCACAF championship title and earned automatic berths for the 2023 World Cup, the 2024 Summer Olympics in France, and the 2024 CONCACAF W Gold Cup. [79] [80]

In November 2022, the USWNT's 71-game home unbeaten streak ended, after a 2–1 defeat in an exhibition game against Germany. [81]

At the 2023 FIFA Women's World Cup, the USWNT were in Group E along with Netherlands, Portugal and Vietnam. They had gone in hoping to be the first men's or women's team to pull off a three-peat at the World Cup. [82] The USWNT opened with a 3–0 win over Vietnam, followed this up with a 1–1 draw against Netherlands and finished up with a 0–0 draw against Portugal, to finish second in the group, avoiding elimination after a shot from Portugal struck the goalpost in injury time. This marked the least amount of points the team has ever gained in a group stage (they won at least two group games in every other tournament including 1991 when only two points were awarded for a win) and set them up for a round of 16 match against Sweden, where they played out a goalless draw and lost 5–4 after a penalty shootout. This marked the first time since the 2016 Summer Olympics that the United States did not reach the semifinals of a major tournament. [83] It also marked the first Women's World Cup the United States would not finish in the Top 3, and their earliest elimination in either the Women's World Cup or the Olympics. On August 17, 2023, Andonovski resigned as head coach and Twila Kilgore became the interim head coach. [84] That August the team dropped to third in the FIFA Women's World Ranking, their worst ever position. [85]

Team image

Media coverage

U.S. television coverage for the five Women's World Cups from 1995 to 2011 was provided by ESPN/ABC and Univision, [86] [87] while coverage rights for the three Women's World Cups from 2015 to 2023 were awarded to Fox Sports and Telemundo. [88] [89] In December 2021, a deal was signed to broadcast TV coverage of other USWNT games between TNT and TBS and streaming on HBO Max through the end of 2030. The USWNT games in the 2014 CONCACAF Women's Championship and the 2015 Algarve Cup were broadcast by Fox Sports. [90] [91] NBC will broadcast the Olympic tournament through 2032. [92]

The 1999 World Cup final set the original record for largest U.S. television audience for a women's soccer match, averaging 18 million viewers. [93] [94] It was the most viewed English-language U.S. broadcast of any soccer match until the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup final between the United States and Japan. [95]

The 2015 Women's World Cup Final between the United States and Japan was the most watched soccer match, men's or women's in American broadcast history. [96] It averaged 23 million viewers and higher ratings than the NBA finals and the Stanley Cup finals. [96] [97] The final was also the most watched US-Spanish language broadcast of a FIFA Women's World Cup match in history.

Overall, there were over 750 million viewers for the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup, making it the most watched Women's World Cup in history. The FIFA Women's World Cup is now the second-most watched FIFA tournament, with only the men's FIFA World Cup attracting more viewership. [98]

A narrative nonfiction book covering the entire history of the team from 1985 to 2019 called The National Team: The Inside Story of the Women Who Changed Soccer was named one of Vanity Fair's best books of 2019 and made NPR's 2019 year-end books list. [99] [100] A book about the team's 1999 Women's World Cup campaign, Girls of Summer: The U.S. Women's Soccer Team and How It Changed the World was released in 2001 and in 2020 Netflix announced a film based on the book. [101] In 2023, Netflix released a four episode documentary series titled Under Pressure: The U.S. Women's World Cup Team which followed the team's progress in the 2023 Women's World Cup. [102]

In 2005, HBO released a documentary called Dare to Dream: The Story of the U.S. Women's Soccer Team . [103] In 2013, a documentary about the 1999 World Cup-winning team called The 99ers was produced by former player Julie Foudy and ESPN Films. [104]

Attendance

The 1999 World Cup final, in which the United States defeated China, set a world attendance record for a women's sporting event of 90,185 in a sellout at the Rose Bowl in Southern California (until it was broken on March 30, 2022, with 91,553 people at the Camp Nou in Barcelona, Spain in the second-leg of a UEFA Women's Champions League match). [105] The record for Olympic women's soccer attendance was set by the 2012 Olympic final between the USWNT and Japan, with 80,023 spectators at Wembley Stadium. [106]

Pay discrimination

Since 2016, the players of the U.S. team had waged an escalating legal fight with the United States Soccer Federation (USSF) over gender discrimination. Central to their demands was equal pay. The players pointed to their lower paychecks as compared to their male counterparts despite their higher record of success in recent years. [107]

In April 2016, five U.S. team players filed a wage-discrimination action against the USSF with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. [108] The group consisted of Hope Solo, Carli Lloyd, Alex Morgan, Megan Rapinoe, and Becky Sauerbrunn.

One year later, in April 2017, the U.S. team agreed to a new collective bargaining agreement (CBA) with the USSF. The agreement stated that the U.S. team players would have an increased base pay and improved match bonuses. These changes could increase their previous pay from $200,000 to $300,000. However, the CBA did not guarantee equal pay compared to the men's team. The CBA's five-year term through 2021 ensured that the next negotiation would not become an issue for the team for the 2019 World Cup and the 2020 Olympics. On top of this CBA, the USSF had agreed to pay the players for two years' worth of unequal per-diem payments. [109]

On March 8, 2019, 28 members of the U.S. team filed a gender discrimination lawsuit against the USSF. [110] The lawsuit, filed in the U.S. District Court in Los Angeles, accused the USSF of "institutional gender discrimination." [111] The lawsuit claimed that the discrimination affected not only the amount the players were paid but also their playing, training, and travel conditions. In May 2020, several key parts of the case were dismissed, with federal judge R. Gary Klausner noting that the team had agreed to take higher base compensation and other benefits in their most recent CBA instead of the bonuses received by the men's team. [112]

On March 8, 2021, the second anniversary of the team's pay discrimination lawsuit, Congresswomen Doris Matsui and Rosa DeLauro introduced the Give Our Athletes Level Salaries (GOALS) Act to ensure the team members "are paid fair and equitable wages compared to the U.S. Men's team." [113] The GOALS Act threatened to cut federal funding for the 2026 World Cup if the USSF did not comply. [114]

On February 22, 2022, the USSF agreed to settle the lawsuit for $24 million, contingent upon the U.S. team agreeing to a new CBA. $22 million would go to the players named in the case, and $2 million would contribute toward players' post-playing career and other women's soccer charitable efforts. [7] [115] On May 18, 2022, the U.S. team agreed to a new CBA that would run through 2028 and would equalize compensation, bonuses, and other work conditions between the women's and the men's national teams friendlies, therefore finalizing the legal settlement. The new agreement mandates that men and women split prize money from international competitions equally, making it the first such instance in the world. [116]

Artificial turf

Along with their lawsuit for pay-equity, the US Women's Soccer players have fought FIFA on policies regarding artificial turf. This battle to eliminate its use in major women's games heightened around the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup in Canada; during this tournament, the US played eight of their ten games on artificial turf. [117] Prior to the 2015 World Cup, Abby Wambach headed a discrimination lawsuit with other global soccer stars including Marta of Brazil and Homare Sawa of Japan. [118] Due to the tournament's quick approach, the suit was dropped as players were denied an expedited hearing.

Staff

Coaching staff

RoleNameStart dateRef.
Head coach Flag of England.svg Emma Hayes May 2024 [119]
Assistant coach Flag of the United States.svg Twila Kilgore February 2022 [120]
Assistant coach Flag of the United States.svg Denise Reddy May 2024 [121]
Goalkeeper coach Flag of England.svg Stuart Searle May 2024 [121]

Technical staff

RoleNameStart dateRef.
Sporting director Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg Matt Crocker April 2023 [122]
Vice president of sporting Flag of the United States.svg Oguchi Onyewu May 2023 [123]
Women's program director Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Bart CauberghMay 2024 [121]

Head coach history

As of July 16, 2024, after match against Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica

Below is the record of each head coach in the national team's history. [124] [125] [126] The winning percentages given are per U.S. Soccer, with draws counted as ½ wins. [127]

NameYearsMatchesWonDrawnLostWin %World CupOlympics
Flag of Ireland.svg Mike Ryan 19854013.125
Flag of the United States.svg Anson Dorrance 1986–19949265522.734
Flag of the United States.svg Tony DiCicco 1994–1999 [lower-alpha 1] 12110588.901
Flag of the United States.svg Lauren Gregg 2000 (interim) [lower-alpha 2] 3210.833
Flag of the United States.svg April Heinrichs 2000–2004124872017.782
Flag of the United States.svg Greg Ryan 2005–2007554591.900
Flag of Sweden.svg Pia Sundhage 2008–201210791106.897
Flag of Scotland.svg Tom Sermanni 2012–2014241842.833
Flag of England.svg Jill Ellis 132106197.875
Flag of North Macedonia.svg Vlatko Andonovski 2019–2023655195.854 Bronze medal icon (B initial).svg
Flag of the United States.svg Twila Kilgore 2023–2024 (interim)141031.821
Flag of England.svg Emma Hayes 2024–present4310.875
Totals7455839072.843

Notes

  1. DiCicco was also the stand-in head coach in place of Dorrance for one match on June 21, 1993 (a 3–0 win against Canada in Pontiac, Michigan). [128] However, the win is officially credited to Dorrance.
  2. Gregg was also the stand-in head coach in place of DiCicco for one match on May 4, 1997 (a 6–1 win against South Korea in St. Charles, Illinois). [129] However, the win is officially credited to DiCicco.

Players

Current squad

The following 18 players were named to the squad for the 2024 Summer Olympics. [130] On July 12, 2024, Lynn Williams replaced Catarina Macario due to injury, and Emily Sams replaced Williams on the alternate list. [131]

Caps and goals are current as of July 16, 2024, after match against Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica.

No.Pos.PlayerDate of birth (age)CapsGoalsClub
11 GK Alyssa Naeher (1988-04-20) April 20, 1988 (age 36)1060 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago Red Stars
181 GK Casey Murphy (1996-04-25) April 25, 1996 (age 28)190 Flag of the United States.svg North Carolina Courage

22 DF Emily Fox (1998-07-05) July 5, 1998 (age 26)511 Flag of England.svg Arsenal
42 DF Naomi Girma (2000-06-14) June 14, 2000 (age 24)340 Flag of the United States.svg San Diego Wave FC
62 DF Casey Krueger (1990-08-23) August 23, 1990 (age 33)500 Flag of the United States.svg Washington Spirit
122 DF Tierna Davidson (1998-09-19) September 19, 1998 (age 25)603 Flag of the United States.svg NJ/NY Gotham FC
132 DF Jenna Nighswonger (2000-11-28) November 28, 2000 (age 23)102 Flag of the United States.svg NJ/NY Gotham FC
142 DF Emily Sonnett (1993-11-25) November 25, 1993 (age 30)932 Flag of the United States.svg NJ/NY Gotham FC

33 MF Korbin Albert (2003-10-13) October 13, 2003 (age 20)130 Flag of France.svg Paris Saint-Germain
103 MF Lindsey Horan (1994-05-26) May 26, 1994 (age 30)15035 Flag of France.svg Lyon
163 MF Rose Lavelle (1995-05-14) May 14, 1995 (age 29)10124 Flag of the United States.svg NJ/NY Gotham FC
173 MF Sam Coffey (1998-12-31) December 31, 1998 (age 25)191 Flag of the United States.svg Portland Thorns FC

54 FW Trinity Rodman (2002-05-20) May 20, 2002 (age 22)407 Flag of the United States.svg Washington Spirit
74 FW Crystal Dunn (1992-07-03) July 3, 1992 (age 32)14925 Flag of the United States.svg NJ/NY Gotham FC
84 FW Lynn Williams (1993-05-21) May 21, 1993 (age 31)6518 Flag of the United States.svg NJ/NY Gotham FC
94 FW Mallory Swanson (1998-04-29) April 29, 1998 (age 26)9434 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago Red Stars
114 FW Sophia Smith (2000-08-10) August 10, 2000 (age 23)5020 Flag of the United States.svg Portland Thorns FC
154 FW Jaedyn Shaw (2004-10-20) October 20, 2004 (age 19)167 Flag of the United States.svg San Diego Wave FC

Recent call-ups

The following players were also named to a squad in the last 12 months.

Pos.PlayerDate of birth (age)CapsGoalsClubLatest call-up
GK Jane Campbell (1995-02-17) February 17, 1995 (age 29)80 Flag of the United States.svg Houston Dash 2024 Summer Olympics ALT
GK Aubrey Kingsbury (1991-11-20) November 20, 1991 (age 32)20 Flag of the United States.svg Washington Spirit v. Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea; June 4, 2024

DF Emily Sams (1999-07-01) July 1, 1999 (age 25)00 Flag of the United States.svg Orlando Pride 2024 Summer Olympics ALT
DF Kate Wiesner (2001-02-11) February 11, 2001 (age 23)00 Flag of the United States.svg Washington Spirit v. Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico; July 13, 2024 PRE
DF Sam Staab (1997-03-28) March 28, 1997 (age 27)20 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago Red Stars v. Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea; June 4, 2024
DF Abby Dahlkemper (1993-05-13) May 13, 1993 (age 31)840 Flag of the United States.svg San Diego Wave FC 2024 SheBelieves Cup
DF Eva Gaetino (2002-12-17) December 17, 2002 (age 21)00 Flag of France.svg Paris Saint-Germain 2024 SheBelieves Cup
DF Becky Sauerbrunn (1985-06-06) June 6, 1985 (age 39)2190 Flag of the United States.svg Portland Thorns FC 2024 CONCACAF W Gold Cup
DF Alana Cook (1997-04-11) April 11, 1997 (age 27)291 Flag of the United States.svg Seattle Reign FC 2024 CONCACAF W Gold Cup PRE
DF Gisele Thompson (2005-12-02) December 2, 2005 (age 18)00 Flag of the United States.svg Angel City FC 2024 CONCACAF W Gold Cup PRE
DF M.A. Vignola (1998-02-11) February 11, 1998 (age 26)10 Flag of the United States.svg Angel City FC v. Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China; December 5, 2023
DF Sofia Huerta (1992-12-14) December 14, 1992 (age 31)320 Flag of the United States.svg Seattle Reign FC v. Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia; October 29, 2023
DF Kelley O'Hara (1988-08-04) August 4, 1988 (age 35)1603 Flag of the United States.svg NJ/NY Gotham FC v. Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa; September 21, 2023 PRE

MF Croix Bethune (2001-03-14) March 14, 2001 (age 23)20 Flag of the United States.svg Washington Spirit 2024 Summer Olympics ALT
MF Hal Hershfelt (2002-10-03) October 3, 2002 (age 21)00 Flag of the United States.svg Washington Spirit 2024 Summer Olympics ALT
MF Catarina Macario (1999-10-04) October 4, 1999 (age 24)198 Flag of England.svg Chelsea 2024 Summer Olympics PRE
MF Lily Yohannes (2007-06-12) June 12, 2007 (age 17)11 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ajax v. Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea; June 4, 2024
MF Andi Sullivan (1995-12-20) December 20, 1995 (age 28)523 Flag of the United States.svg Washington Spirit v. Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea; June 1, 2024 PRE
MF Olivia Moultrie (2005-09-17) September 17, 2005 (age 18)42 Flag of the United States.svg Portland Thorns FC v. Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea; June 1, 2024 PRE
MF Savannah DeMelo (1998-03-26) March 26, 1998 (age 26)70 Flag of the United States.svg Racing Louisville FC 2024 CONCACAF W Gold Cup PRE
MF Ashley Sanchez (1999-03-16) March 16, 1999 (age 25)273 Flag of the United States.svg North Carolina Courage v. Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia; October 29, 2023
MF Julie Ertz (1992-04-06) April 6, 1992 (age 32)12320Retiredv. Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa; September 21, 2023
MF Kristie Mewis (1991-02-25) February 25, 1991 (age 33)537 Flag of England.svg West Ham United 2023 FIFA Women's World Cup

FW Alyssa Thompson (2004-11-07) November 7, 2004 (age 19)90 Flag of the United States.svg Angel City FC v. Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico; July 13, 2024 PRE
FW Alex Morgan (1989-07-02) July 2, 1989 (age 35)224 123 Flag of the United States.svg San Diego Wave FC v. Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea; June 4, 2024
FW Midge Purce (1995-09-18) September 18, 1995 (age 28)304 Flag of the United States.svg NJ/NY Gotham FC 2024 CONCACAF W Gold Cup
FW Mia Fishel (2001-04-30) April 30, 2001 (age 23)31 Flag of England.svg Chelsea 2024 CONCACAF W Gold Cup PRE
FW Ashley Hatch (1995-05-25) May 25, 1995 (age 29)225 Flag of the United States.svg Washington Spirit v. Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China; December 5, 2023
FW Megan Rapinoe (1985-07-05) July 5, 1985 (age 39)20363Retiredv. Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa; September 24, 2023

Notes:

Recent schedule and results

The following is a list of match results in the last 12 months, as well as any future matches that have been scheduled.

  Win  Draw  Lose  Postponed

2023

July 21 World Cup GS United States  Flag of the United States.svg3–0Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam Auckland, New Zealand
21:00 ET
  • Smith Soccerball shade.svg14', 45+7'
  • Horan Soccerball shade.svg77'
Report Stadium: Eden Park
Attendance: 41,107
Referee: Bouchra Karboubi (Morocco)
August 1 World Cup GS Portugal  Flag of Portugal.svg0–0Flag of the United States.svg  United States Auckland, New Zealand
03:00 ET Report Stadium: Eden Park
Attendance: 40,958
Referee: Rebecca Welch (England)
September 21 Friendly United States  Flag of the United States.svg3–0Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Cincinnati, Ohio
19:30 ET
Report Stadium: TQL Stadium
Attendance: 22,016
Referee: Katia Garcia (Mexico)
September 24 Friendly United States  Flag of the United States.svg2–0Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Chicago, Illinois
17:30 ET
Report Stadium: Soldier Field
Attendance: 25,622
Referee: Carly Shaw-MacLaren (Canada)
October 26 Friendly United States  Flag of the United States.svg0–0Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Sandy, Utah
21:00 ET Report Stadium: America First Field
Attendance: 13,058
Referee: Melissa Borjas (Honduras)
October 29 Friendly United States  Flag of the United States.svg3–0Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia San Diego, California
17:30 ET
Report Stadium: Snapdragon Stadium
Attendance: 16,202
Referee: Odette Hamilton (Jamaica)
December 2 Friendly United States  Flag of the United States.svg3–0Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Fort Lauderdale, Florida
18:00 ET
Report Stadium: DRV PNK Stadium
Attendance: 8,768
Referee: Marie-Soleil Beaudoin (Canada)
December 5 Friendly United States  Flag of the United States.svg2–1Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Frisco, Texas
20:00 ET
Report
Stadium: Toyota Stadium
Attendance: 11,024
Referee: Lizzet Garcia (Mexico)

2024

February 20 Gold Cup GS United States  Flag of the United States.svg5–0Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic Carson, California
22:15 ET
Report Stadium: Dignity Health Sports Park
Attendance: 3,242
Referee: Astrid Gramajo (Guatemala)
February 23 Gold Cup GS Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg0–4Flag of the United States.svg  United States Carson, California
22:15 ET
Report
Stadium: Dignity Health Sports Park
Attendance: 8,315
Referee: Marie-Soleil Beaudoin (Canada)
February 26 Gold Cup GS United States  Flag of the United States.svg0–2Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Carson, California
22:15 ET Report
Stadium: Dignity Health Sports Park
Attendance: 11,612
Referee: Melissa Borjas (Honduras)
March 3 Gold Cup QF United States  Flag of the United States.svg3–0Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Los Angeles, California
20:15 ET
Report
Stadium: BMO Stadium
Attendance: 16,746
Referee: Marianela Araya (Costa Rica)
March 6 Gold Cup SF Canada  Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg2–2 (a.e.t.)
(1–3 p)
Flag of the United States.svg  United States San Diego, California
19:00 ET
Report
Stadium: Snapdragon Stadium
Attendance: 15,245
Referee: Katia García (Mexico)
Penalties
March 10 Gold Cup F United States  Flag of the United States.svg1–0Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil San Diego, California
20:15 ET
Report Stadium: Snapdragon Stadium
Attendance: 31,528
Referee: Melissa Borjas (Honduras)
April 6 SheBelieves Cup SF United States  Flag of the United States.svg2–1Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Atlanta, Georgia
12:30 ET
Report
Stadium: Mercedes-Benz Stadium
Attendance: 50,644
Referee: Myriam Marcotte (Canada)
June 1 Friendly United States  Flag of the United States.svg4–0Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea Commerce City, Colorado
17:00 ET
Report Stadium: Dick's Sporting Goods Park
Attendance: 19,010
Referee: Carly Shaw-MacLaren (Canada)
June 4 Friendly United States  Flag of the United States.svg3–0Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea St. Paul, Minnesota
20:00 ET
Report Stadium: Allianz Field
Attendance: 19,169
Referee: Astrid Azucena Gramajo (Guatemala)
July 13 Friendly United States  Flag of the United States.svg1–0Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Harrison, New Jersey
15:30 ET
Report Stadium: Red Bull Arena
Attendance: 26,376
Referee: Deily Maria Gomez Espinoza (Costa Rica)
July 16 Friendly United States  Flag of the United States.svg0–0Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica Washington, D.C.
19:30 ET Report Stadium: Audi Field
Attendance: 18,972
Referee: Lizzet Amairany Garcia Olvera (Mexico)
July 25 Olympics GS United States  Flag of the United States.svgvFlag of Zambia.svg  Zambia Nice, France
15:00 ETStadium: Stade de Nice

All-time results

As of July 16, 2024
YearMWDLGFGA Athlete of the Year Scoring leaderGAssist leaderACoachMajor tournam. result
1985401337 Sharon Remer Michelle Akers 2 Mike Ryan
19866402106 April Heinrichs Marcia McDermott 4 Anson Dorrance
198711614239 Carin Gabarra April Heinrichs7
19888323109 Joy Fawcett Carin Gabarra5Carin Gabarra
Kristine Lilly
2
1989101000April Heinrichs(none)(none)
19906600263 Michelle Akers Michelle Akers9 Kristine Lilly 3
199128211612222Michelle Akers39Carin Gabarra21 World Cup (champions)
1992200237Carin Gabarra(3 players tied)1 Tisha Venturini 2
1993171304547 Kristine Lilly Mia Hamm 10Michelle Akers6
1994131201596 Mia Hamm Michelle Akers117
19952521229117 Mia Hamm 19 Mia Hamm 18 Tony DiCicco World Cup (3rd place)
19962421218017 Tiffeny Milbrett 1318 Olympics (gold medal)
19971816026713 Mia Hamm 18Tiffeny Milbrett14
1998252221891220 Mia Hamm 20
199929252211115Michelle AkersTiffeny Milbrett2116 World Cup (champions)
200041269612431 Tiffeny Milbrett Cindy Parlow 1914 Lauren Gregg
April Heinrichs
Olympics (silver medal)
2001103251315Tiffeny Milbrett32A. Heinrichs
20021915226911 Shannon MacMillan 17 Aly Wagner 11
20032317425814 Abby Wambach 9 Mia Hamm 9 World Cup (3rd place)
20043428421042331 Mia Hamm 22 Olympics (gold medal)
20059810240 Kristine Lilly Christie Welsh 7Aly Wagner
Abby Wambach
5 Greg Ryan
20062218405710Abby Wambach17Abby Wambach8
20072419416317Abby Wambach20 Kristine Lilly 8 World Cup (3rd place)
20083633218417 Carli Lloyd Natasha Kai 15 Heather O'Reilly
Abby Wambach
10 Pia Sundhage Olympics (gold medal)
20098710121 Hope Solo (3 players tied)2Heather O'Reilly3
2010181521488Abby Wambach16 Lori Lindsey 7
201120134341178 Lauren Cheney
Megan Rapinoe
5 World Cup (2nd place)
201232283112021 Alex Morgan 28Alex Morgan21P. Sundhage
Jill Ellis
Olympics (gold medal)
20131613305611Abby Wambach11Lauren Holiday
Abby Wambach
6 Tom Sermanni
20142416537915Lauren HolidayCarli Lloyd15Carli Lloyd8T. Sermanni
J. Ellis
20152620427412Carli Lloyd18Megan Rapinoe10J. Ellis World Cup (champions)
2016 2522309210 Tobin Heath Carli Lloyd
Alex Morgan
17Carli Lloyd11 Olympics (quarter-finals)
2017 1612134013 Julie Ertz Alex Morgan7Megan Rapinoe5
2018 2018206510Alex Morgan1812
2019 2420317716Julie Ertz [132] Carli Lloyd16 Christen Press 12J. Ellis
Vlatko Andonovski
World Cup (champions)
2020 9900331 Sam Mewis Lindsey Horan
Christen Press
7 Lynn Williams 6V. Andonovski
2021 2417527612Lindsey HoranCarli Lloyd11Carli Lloyd6 Olympics
(bronze medal)
2022 181413569 Sophia Smith [133] 11 Mallory Pugh 7
2023 181440363 Naomi Girma [134] Mallory Swanson7Alex Morgan
Trinity Rodman
5V. Andonovski
Twila Kilgore
World Cup
(Round of 16)
2024 12831277TBDT. Kilgore
Emma Hayes
Olympics
(TBD)
Total74558390722,276454
Sources [135] [136] [137] [138]

Individual records

Player records

As of July 16, 2024. Active players are shown in bold.

The women's national team boasts the first six players in the history of the game to have earned 200 caps. [139] These players have since been joined in the 200-cap club by several players from other national teams, as well as by seven more Americans: Kate Markgraf, Abby Wambach, Heather O'Reilly, Carli Lloyd, Hope Solo, Becky Sauerbrunn, and Alex Morgan. [140] Kristine Lilly, Carli Lloyd, and Christie Pearce are the only players to earn more than 300 caps.

In March 2004, Mia Hamm and Michelle Akers were the only two women and the only two Americans named to the FIFA 100, a list of the 125 greatest living soccer players chosen by Pelé as part of FIFA's centenary observances.[ citation needed ]

The following players were chosen as the USWNT All-Time Best XI in December 2013 by the United States Soccer Federation: [141]

Most caps
RankPlayerCapsGoalsYears
1 Kristine Lilly 3541301987–2010
2 Carli Lloyd 3161342005–2021
3 Christie Pearce 31121997–2015
4 Mia Hamm 2761581987–2004
5 Julie Foudy 274451988–2004
6 Abby Wambach 255 184 2001–2015
7 Joy Fawcett 241271987–2004
8 Heather O'Reilly 231472002–2016
9 Alex Morgan 224 123 2010–
10 Becky Sauerbrunn 21902008–

Source(s) [142] [143]

Most goals
RankPlayerGoalsCapsYearsAvg
1 Abby Wambach 184 2552001–20150.72
2 Mia Hamm 1582761987–20040.57
3 Carli Lloyd 1343162005–20210.42
4 Kristine Lilly 1303541987–20100.37
5 Alex Morgan 123 2242010–0.55
6 Michelle Akers 1071551985–20000.69
7 Tiffeny Milbrett 1002061991–20050.49
8 Cindy Parlow 751581996–20040.47
9 Christen Press 641552013–20210.41
10 Megan Rapinoe 632032006–20230.31

Source(s) [142] [143]

Most assists
RankPlayerAssistsCapsYearsAvg
1 Mia Hamm 1472761987–20040.53
2 Kristine Lilly 1063541987–20100.30
3 Megan Rapinoe 732032006–20230.36
Abby Wambach 2552001–20150.29
5 Carli Lloyd 643162005–20210.20
6 Tiffeny Milbrett 632061991–20050.31
7 Heather O'Reilly 552312002–20160.24
Julie Foudy 2741988–20040.20
9 Alex Morgan 532242010–0.24
10 Shannon MacMillan 501771993–20050.28

Source(s) [144] [145]

Most shutouts
RankPlayerShutoutsCapsYearsAvg
1 Hope Solo 1022022000–20160.51
2 Briana Scurry 721751994–20080.41
3 Alyssa Naeher 641062014–0.60
4 Nicole Barnhart 24542004–20130.44
5 Siri Mullinix 21451999–20040.47
6 Casey Murphy 15192021–0.79
7 Mary Harvey 13271989–19960.48
Saskia Webber 281992–20000.46
9 Amy Allmann 10241987–19910.42
10 Kim Maslin-Kammerdeiner 9171988–19910.53
LaKeysia Beene 182000–20030.50
Ashlyn Harris 252013–20220.36

Source(s) [146] [147] [148] [149]

Captains
Years as captainPlayerCapsGoalsYears
1985 Denise Bender [150] 401985
1986–1987 Emily Pickering [151] 1521985–1992
1988–1991 Lori Henry 3931985–1991
1991 April Heinrichs [152] 46351986–1991
1993–2000 Carla Overbeck [153] 17041988–2000
2000–2004 Julie Foudy [154] 274451988–2004
Joy Fawcett 241271987–2004
2004–2008 Kristine Lilly 3541301987–2010
2008–2015 Christie Pearce 31141997–2015
2016–2018 Becky Sauerbrunn [155] [156] 21902008–
2016–2020 Carli Lloyd [155] 3161342005–2021
2018–2020 Alex Morgan [156] 2241232010–
Megan Rapinoe [156] 203632006–2023
2021– Becky Sauerbrunn [157] 21902008–
2023– Lindsey Horan [158] 150352013–
Alex Morgan [158] 2241232010–

Notes

    Most goals in a match
    PlayerDateOpponentLocationCompetitionLine-up
    Brandi Chastain April 18, 1991 [159] Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico [159] Port-au-Prince, Haiti World Cup Qualifying Tournament Substitute (41') (80 minute match)
    Michelle Akers November 24, 1991 [159] Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg Chinese Taipei [159] Foshan, China 1991 FIFA World Cup Starting (80 minute match)
    Tiffeny Milbrett November 2, 2002 [159] Flag of Panama.svg Panama [159] Seattle, United States 2002 CONCACAF Gold Cup Starting
    Abby Wambach October 23, 2004 [159] Flag of Ireland.svg Republic of Ireland [159] Houston, United States International Friendly Starting
    Amy Rodriguez January 20, 2012 [159] Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg Dominican Republic [159] Vancouver, Canada 2012 Olympic Qualifying Tournament Substitute (46')
    Sydney Leroux January 22, 2012 [159] Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala [159] Substitute (46')
    Crystal Dunn February 15, 2016 [159] Flag of Puerto Rico.svg Puerto Rico [159] Frisco, United States 2016 Olympic Qualifying Tournament Starting
    Alex Morgan June 11, 2019 [159] Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand [159] Reims, France 2019 FIFA World Cup Starting
    Carli Lloyd September 16, 2021 [160] Flag of Paraguay.svg Paraguay Cleveland, United States International Friendly Starting

    Note: The goal record for most scored in a match by a member of the USWNT is five, which has been accomplished by the nine players above.

    Head coach records

    Team records

    Biggest victory
    Biggest defeat

    Competitive record

    FIFA Women's World Cup

    The team has participated in every World Cup through 2023 and won a medal in each of the first eight editions until 2023, when they lost to Sweden on penalties in the round of 16.

    FIFA Women's World Cup record
    HostResultPldWD*LGFGACoach
    Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 1991 Champions 6600255 Anson Dorrance
    Flag of Sweden.svg 1995 Third place6411155 Tony DiCicco
    Flag of the United States.svg 1999 Champions 6510183
    Flag of the United States.svg 2003 Third place6501155 April Heinrichs
    Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 2007 Third place6411127 Greg Ryan
    Flag of Germany.svg 2011 Runners-up 6321137 Pia Sundhage
    Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg 2015 Champions 7610143 Jill Ellis
    Flag of France.svg 2019 Champions 7700263
    Flag of Australia (converted).svg Flag of New Zealand.svg 2023 Round of 16413041 Vlatko Andonovski
    Flag of Brazil.svg 2027 To be determined
    Total9/1053418414239
    *Denotes draws include knockout matches decided via penalty shoot-out.

    Olympic Games

    The team has participated in every Olympic tournament through 2020 and reached the gold medal game in each until 2016, when they were eliminated in the quarterfinals in a penalty shootout loss to Sweden.

    Olympic flag.svg Olympic Games record
    YearResultPldWD*LGFGACoach
    Flag of the United States.svg 1996 Gold medal541093 Tony DiCicco
    Flag of Australia (converted).svg 2000 Silver medal531195 April Heinrichs
    Flag of Greece.svg 2004 Gold medal6510124
    Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 2008 Gold medal6501125 Pia Sundhage
    Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 2012 Gold medal6600166
    Flag of Brazil.svg 2016 Quarterfinals422063 Jill Ellis
    Flag of Japan.svg 2020 Bronze medal62221210 Vlatko Andonovski
    Flag of France.svg 2024 Qualified Emma Hayes
    Flag of the United States.svg 2028 Qualified as hosts
    Total7/73827747636
    *Denotes draws include knockout matches decided via penalty shoot-out.

    CONCACAF W Championship

    CONCACAF W Championship record
    YearResultPldWD*LGFGACoach
    Flag of Haiti.svg 1991 Champion5500490 Anson Dorrance
    Flag of the United States.svg 1993 Champion3300130
    Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg 1994 Champion4400161 Tony DiCicco
    Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg 1998 Did not participate1
    Flag of the United States.svg 2000 Champion5410241 April Heinrichs
    Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Flag of the United States.svg 2002 Champion5500241
    Flag of the United States.svg 2006 Champion220041 Greg Ryan
    Flag of Mexico.svg 2010 Third place5401222 Pia Sundhage
    Flag of the United States.svg 2014 Champion5500210 Jill Ellis
    Flag of the United States.svg 2018 Champion5500260
    Flag of Mexico.svg 2022 Champion5500130 Vlatko Andonovski
    Total 10/114442112126

    1 The U.S. team directly qualified for the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup as hosts of the event. Because of this, they did not participate in the 1998 CONCACAF Championship, which was the qualification tournament for the World Cup.

    *Denotes draws include knockout matches decided via penalty shoot-out.

    CONCACAF W Gold Cup

    CONCACAF W Gold Cup record
    YearResultPldWD*LGFGACoach
    Flag of the United States.svg 2024 Champion [161] 6411154 Twila Kilgore
    Total 1/16411154
    *Denotes draws include knockout matches decided via penalty shoot-out.

    Minor tournaments

    SheBelieves Cup

    The SheBelieves Cup is a global invitational tournament for national teams in women's soccer hosted in the United States.

    Flag of the United States.svg SheBelieves Cup record
    YearResultMatchesWinsDrawsLossesGFGACoach
    2016 330041 Jill Ellis
    2017 4th place310214
    2018 321031
    2019 312054
    2020 330061 Vlatko Andonovski
    2021 330090
    2022 3210100
    2023 330051
    2024 211043 Twila Kilgore
    Total 9/92619524715

    Tournament of Nations

    The Tournament of Nations was a global invitational tournament for national teams in women's soccer hosted in the United States in non-World Cup and non-Olympic years.

    Flag of the United States.svg Tournament of Nations record
    YearResultMatchesWinsDrawsLossesGFGACoach
    2017 320174 Jill Ellis
    2018 321094
    Total 2/26411168

    Algarve Cup

    The Algarve Cup is a global invitational tournament for national teams in women's soccer hosted by the Portuguese Football Federation (FPF). Held annually in the Algarve region of Portugal since 1994, it has been one of the more prestigious women's soccer events other than the Women's World Cup and Olympic tournament, [162] and it has been nicknamed the "Mini FIFA Women's World Cup." [163] Since 2016, the SheBelieves Cup replaced it on the U.S. team's schedule.

    Flag of Portugal.svg Algarve Cup record
    YearResultMatchesWinsDrawsLossesGFGACoach
    1994 320161 Tony DiCicco
    1995 4th place421185
    1996
    1997
    1998 4301106Tony DiCicco
    1999 421184
    2000 4400111 April Heinrichs
    2001 6th place410359
    2002 5th place421186
    2003 422052
    2004 4301115
    2005 440090 Greg Ryan
    2006 422091
    2007 440083
    2008 4400121 Pia Sundhage
    2009 431051
    2010 440093
    2011 4400123
    2012 4301112
    2013 4310111 Tom Sermanni
    2014 7th place411277
    2015 431071 Jill Ellis
    Total 7956111217262 [164]

    Honors

    FIFA World Ranking

    A line chart depicting the history of the U.S.'s year-end placements in the FIFA World Rankings.

    Last update was on June 14, 2024 [181]

     Best Ranking   Worst Ranking   Best Mover   Worst Mover  

    Flag of the United States.svg United States' FIFA World Ranking history
    YearRank at
    year end
    BestWorst
    RankMoveRankMove
    20242Increase2.svg 15Decrease2.svg 3
    202321Steady2.svg3Decrease2.svg 2
    202211Steady2.svg1Steady2.svg
    202111Steady2.svg1Steady2.svg
    202011Steady2.svg1Steady2.svg
    201911Steady2.svg1Steady2.svg
    201811Steady2.svg1Steady2.svg
    201711Increase2.svg 12Decrease2.svg 1
    201611Steady2.svg1Steady2.svg
    201511Increase2.svg 12Steady2.svg
    201421Steady2.svg2Decrease2.svg 1
    201311Steady2.svg1Steady2.svg
    201211Steady2.svg1Steady2.svg
    201111Steady2.svg1Steady2.svg
    201011Steady2.svg1Steady2.svg
    200911Steady2.svg1Steady2.svg
    200811Increase2.svg 11Steady2.svg
    200721Increase2.svg 12Decrease2.svg 1
    200622Steady2.svg2Steady2.svg
    200521Increase2.svg 12Decrease2.svg 1
    200422Steady2.svg2Steady2.svg
    200321Steady2.svg2Decrease2.svg 1

    See also

    Related Research Articles

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">United States Soccer Federation</span> Governing body of soccer in the United States

    The United States Soccer Federation (USSF), commonly referred to as U.S. Soccer, is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization and the official governing body of the sport of soccer in the United States. Headquartered in Chicago, the federation is a full member of FIFA and governs American soccer at the international, professional, and amateur levels, including: the men's and women's national teams, Major League Soccer, National Women's Soccer League, youth organizations, beach soccer, futsal, Paralympic, and deaf national teams. U.S. Soccer sanctions referees and soccer tournaments for most soccer leagues in the United States. The U.S. Soccer Federation also administers and operates the U.S. Open Cup and the SheBelieves Cup.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Carli Lloyd</span> American soccer player

    Carli Anne Hollins is an American former professional soccer player. She is a two-time Olympic gold medalist, two-time FIFA Women's World Cup champion, two-time FIFA Player of the Year, and a four-time Olympian. Lloyd scored the gold medal-winning goals in the finals of the 2008 Summer Olympics and the 2012 Summer Olympics. Lloyd also helped the United States win their titles at the 2015 and 2019 FIFA Women's World Cups, the bronze medal at the 2020 Summer Olympics, and she played for the team at the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup where the U.S. finished in second place. After the 2020 Summer Olympics, Lloyd announced she would be retiring from the national team following four final friendly matches in 2021. Lloyd has made 316 appearances for the U.S. national team, placing her second in caps, and has the fourth-most goals and fifth-most assists for the team. In March 2021, she was named as the highest paid female soccer player in the world. She played her last international match with the USWNT on October 26, 2021, shortly before retiring from professional soccer at the completion of the 2021 NJ/NY Gotham FC season.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Tobin Heath</span> American soccer player

    Tobin Powell Heath is an American professional soccer player, entrepreneur, and artist. Playing primarily as a forward and midfielder for the United States national team, she won gold at the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics, 2012 London Summer Olympics, 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup, and 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup as well as silver at the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup and bronze at the 2020 Tokyo Summer Olympics. She was described as "perhaps the USA's most skillful player" by the United States Soccer Federation, and was named U.S. Soccer Athlete of the Year in 2016 and U.S. Soccer Young Female Athlete of the Year in 2009.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Alex Morgan</span> American soccer player (born 1989)

    Alexandra Morgan Carrasco is an American professional soccer player who plays as a striker for the National Women's Soccer League (NWSL) club San Diego Wave FC, which she captains, and the United States national team. She co-captained the United States with Carli Lloyd and Megan Rapinoe from 2018 to 2020.

    The United States U-20 women's national soccer team is a youth soccer team operated under the auspices of U.S. Soccer. Its primary role is the development of players in preparation for the senior women's national team. The team most recently appeared in the 2018 FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup in France, where they failed to progress from the group stage for the first time in the competition's history. The team competes in a variety of competitions, including the biennial FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup, which is the top competition for this age group.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Alyssa Naeher</span> American soccer player (born 1988)

    Alyssa Michele Naeher is an American professional soccer player who plays as a goalkeeper for the Chicago Red Stars of the National Women's Soccer League (NWSL) and the United States national team. She was on the 23-player roster for the United States at the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup and was the starting goalkeeper for the U.S. at the 2019 FIFA World Cup in France. She has also played for the Boston Breakers and Turbine Potsdam. With the Breakers, she won the 2014 NWSL Goalkeeper of the Year award.

    The United States U-17 women's national soccer team is a youth soccer team operated under the auspices of U.S. Soccer. Its primary role is the development of players in preparation for the senior national team. The team's most recent major tournament was the 2022 FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup, in which the United States team lost to Nigeria on penalties at the quarter-finals. The team competes in a variety of competitions, including the biennial FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup, which is the top competition for this age group.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Christen Press</span> American soccer player (born 1988)

    Christen Annemarie Press is an American professional soccer player, entrepreneur, and sports journalist. She plays for Angel City FC of the National Women's Soccer League (NWSL) and the United States national team. She first appeared for the United States national team during an international friendly against Scotland on February 9, 2013. She has made 155 appearances for her country and is currently ninth all-time with 64 goals scored.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Lindsey Horan</span> American soccer player (born 1994)

    Lindsey Michelle Horan is an American professional soccer player who plays as a midfielder for Première Ligue club Lyon and captains the United States national team.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Morgan Gautrat</span> American soccer player

    Morgan Paige Gautrat is an American professional soccer player who plays for the Orlando Pride of the National Women's Soccer League (NWSL), the highest division of women's professional soccer in the United States, and the United States women's national soccer team. She first appeared for the United States national team during a friendly against Korea Republic on June 15, 2013. She has made 88 total appearances for the team and scored eight goals.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Sam Mewis</span> American soccer player (born 1992)

    Samantha June Mewis is an American former professional soccer player who played as a midfielder. Raised in Hanson, Massachusetts, Mewis played collegiately for the UCLA Bruins. She was drafted by the Western New York Flash of the National Women's Soccer League (NWSL) in 2015 and won the NWSL Championship with the team in 2016. After the club moved to become the North Carolina Courage, she won consecutive league titles with the team in 2018 and 2019. Mewis also played for FA Women's Super League club Manchester City. Mewis made 86 appearances for the United States national team, with which she won the 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup. She retired from professional soccer in 2024.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Emily Sonnett</span> American soccer player (born 1993)

    Emily Ann Sonnett is an American professional soccer player who plays for National Women's Soccer League (NWSL) club NJ/NY Gotham FC and the United States national team. She can play the positions of center back, full back, or defensive midfielder.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Rose Lavelle</span> American soccer player (born 1995)

    Rosemary Kathleen Lavelle is an American professional soccer player who plays as a midfielder for NJ/NY Gotham FC of the National Women's Soccer League (NWSL), and for the United States national team.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Mallory Swanson</span> American soccer player (born 1998)

    Mallory Diane Swanson is an American professional soccer player who plays as a forward for the Chicago Red Stars of the National Women's Soccer League (NWSL), the highest division of women's professional soccer in the United States, and the United States women's national soccer team (USWNT).

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">History of the United States women's national soccer team</span>

    The history of the United States women's national soccer team began in 1985 — the year when the United States women's national soccer team played its first match.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Sophia Smith (soccer, born 2000)</span> American soccer player (born 2000)

    Sophia Olivia Smith is an American professional soccer player who plays as a forward for National Women's Soccer League club Portland Thorns FC and the United States national team. She played college soccer at Stanford University, helping the Cardinal win the national championship in 2019. Smith was the first overall pick in the 2020 NWSL College Draft.

    <span class="mw-page-title-main">Tierna Davidson</span> American soccer player (born 1998)

    Tierna Lillis Davidson is an American professional soccer player who plays as a center back for NJ/NY Gotham FC of the National Women's Soccer League (NWSL) and the United States national team. She was drafted first overall by the Chicago Red Stars in the 2019 NWSL College Draft after playing three years at Stanford.

    The 2020 CONCACAF Women's Olympic Qualifying Championship was the fifth edition of the CONCACAF Women's Olympic Qualifying, the quadrennial international football tournament organized by CONCACAF to determine which women's national teams from the North, Central American and Caribbean region qualify for the Olympic football tournament. CONCACAF announced on 5 November 2019 that the United States would host the tournament between 28 January to 9 February 2020.

    The United States women's national soccer team was founded in 1985.

    References

    1. "The FIFA/Coca-Cola Women's World Ranking". FIFA. June 14, 2024. Retrieved June 14, 2024.
    2. "FIFA World Ranking for USA Women". FIFA. Archived from the original on June 29, 2007. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
    3. Payne, Marissa (December 19, 2014). "U.S. women's soccer team drops to No. 2 in FIFA rankings for first time since 2008". The Washington Post . Archived from the original on July 4, 2015. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
    4. "USOC Olympic Athlete and Team Awards". U.S. Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
    5. "U.S Women Finish 1999 on Top of the Sporting World as Sports Illustrated Names Women's World Cup Champs 1999". United States Soccer Federation (USSF). December 13, 1999. Archived from the original on July 3, 2015. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
    6. Futterman, Matthew (April 5, 2017). "Women's National Team Reaches Deal With U.S. Soccer". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN   0099-9660. Archived from the original on April 11, 2017. Retrieved April 11, 2017.
    7. 1 2 Lenthang, Marlene (February 22, 2022). "U.S. Soccer and women soccer stars settle equal pay lawsuit for $24 million". NBC News. Archived from the original on February 22, 2022. Retrieved February 22, 2022.
    8. Chuck, Elizabeth (July 5, 2015). "A Level Playing Field: Why the USA Is So Strong in Women's Soccer". NBC News. Archived from the original on November 12, 2020. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
    9. Murray, Caitlin (2019). The National Team: The Inside Story of the Women Who Changed Soccer. New York: Abrams Press. pp. 4–6. ISBN   978-1-4197-3449-6. OCLC   1090417335.
    10. "U.S. WNT Flashback – 20th Anniversary of First-Ever Match: Player Reflections". United States Soccer Federation (USSF). August 18, 2005. Archived from the original on April 6, 2016. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
    11. 1 2 3 4 Wahl, Grant (June 6, 2019). "How the Women's World Cup and USWNT Were Built From Scratch". Sports Illustrated . Archived from the original on November 4, 2020. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
    12. Lisi, Clemente A. (2010). The U.S. Women's Soccer Team: An American Success Story . Scarecrow Press. pp.  5–7. ISBN   978-0-8108-7415-2. OCLC   1030358776.
    13. Lisi (2010) , pp. 7–9
    14. Wine II, Donald (February 20, 2020). "Black History Month: Kim Crabbe becomes first black woman called into USWNT". Stars and Stripes FC. Archived from the original on August 11, 2021. Retrieved August 11, 2021.
    15. Murray (2019) , pp. 9–10
    16. Bondy, Filip (June 9, 1991). "U.S. Women's Team May Be World's Best". The New York Times . p. B1. Archived from the original on January 7, 2020. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
    17. Davidson, Gary (November 16, 1991). "U.S. women's team takes shot at first goal Play for world crown starts in China today". The Baltimore Sun . p. C3. Archived from the original on November 30, 2020. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
    18. Jones, Grahame L. (August 27, 2000). "There's Just No Replacing Akers". Los Angeles Times . p. D3. Archived from the original on January 16, 2021. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
    19. 1 2 3 Lisi (2010) , pp. 11–14
    20. Basler, Barbara (November 28, 1991). "American Women In Final In Soccer". The New York Times. p. B2. Archived from the original on November 21, 2020. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
    21. Basler, Barbara (December 1, 1991). "U.S. Women Beat Norway To Capture World Cup". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 11, 2021. Retrieved June 12, 2019