United States women's national soccer team

Last updated

United States
United States women's national soccer team logo.svg
Nickname(s) US Women's Team
The Stars and Stripes
Association United States Soccer Federation
Confederation CONCACAF
(North, Central America, and the Caribbean)
Sub-confederation NAFU (North America)
Head coach Vlatko Andonovski
Captain Carli Lloyd
Alex Morgan
Megan Rapinoe
Most caps Kristine Lilly (354)
Top scorer Abby Wambach (184)
FIFA code USA
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First colors
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Second colors
FIFA ranking
Current 1 Steady2.svg(June 26, 2020) [1]
Highest1 (various; current since June 2017)
Lowest2 (various; last in March 2017)
First international
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1–0 United States  Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg
(Jesolo, Italy; August 18, 1985)
Biggest win
Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg  United States 14–0 Dominican Republic  Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg
(Vancouver, Canada; January 20, 2012)
Biggest defeat
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 4–0 United States  Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg
(Hangzhou, China; September 27, 2007)
World Cup
Appearances8 (first in 1991 )
Best resultChampions: 1991, 1999, 2015, 2019
Olympic Games
Appearances6 (first in 1996 )
Best resultGold medal.svgGold: 1996, 2004, 2008, 2012
CONCACAF Championship
& Gold Cup
Appearances9 (first in 1991 )
Best resultChampions: 1991, 1993, 1994, 2000, 2002, 2006, 2014, 2018

The United States women's national soccer team (USWNT) represents the United States in international women's soccer. The team is the most successful in international women's soccer, winning four Women's World Cup titles (including the first Women's World Cup in 1991), four Olympic gold medals (including the first Olympic women's soccer tournament in 1996), and eight CONCACAF Gold Cups. It medaled in every World Cup and Olympic tournament in women's soccer history from 1991 to 2015, before being knocked out in the quarterfinal of the 2016 Summer Olympics. The team is governed by United States Soccer Federation and competes in CONCACAF (the Confederation of North, Central American, and Caribbean Association Football).

Contents

After being ranked No. 2 on average from 2003 to 2008 in the FIFA Women's World Rankings, [2] the team was ranked No. 1 continuously from March 2008 to November 2014, [3] falling back behind Germany, the only other team to occupy the No. 1 position in the ranking's history. The team dropped to 2nd on March 24, 2017, due to its last-place finish in the 2017 SheBelieves Cup, then returned to 1st on June 23, 2017, after victories in friendlies against Russia, Sweden, and Norway. [4] The team was selected as the U.S. Olympic Committee's Team of the Year in 1997 and 1999, [5] and Sports Illustrated chose the entire team as 1999 Sportswomen of the Year for its usual Sportsman of the Year honor. [6] On April 5, 2017, U.S. Women's Soccer and U.S. Soccer reached a deal on a new collective bargaining agreement that would, among other things, lead to a pay increase. [7]

History

Origins in the 1980s

The passing of Title IX in 1972, which outlawed gender-based discrimination for federally-funded education programs, spurred the creation of college soccer teams across the United States at a time when women's soccer was rising in popularity internationally. [8] The U.S. Soccer Federation tasked coach Mike Ryan to select a roster of college players to participate in the 1985 Mundialito tournament in Italy, its first foray into women's international soccer. [9] The team played its first match on August 18, 1985, losing 1–0 to Italy, and finished the tournament in fourth place after failing to win its remaining matches against Denmark and England. [10] [11]

Despite the tournament loss, the first match against Italy is where the United States’ famous “Oosa Oosa Oosa Ah!” chant was born. During the match, the style of play and athleticism of the United States ultimately won over the Italian fans. To the team’s surprise, the Italians began cheering for the U.S.A., which they pronounced as “oosa.” Such surprising support from the Italians impressed the United States so much that the team decided to adopt the Italians' endearing mispronunciation as its new chant that it would use to conclude its pre-game huddles. From then on, the United States has concluded each pre-game huddle with the same chant, “Oosa Oosa Oosa Ah!” as a call back to where it all began in 1985 that honors the legacy of those who came before. [12]

University of North Carolina coach Anson Dorrance was hired as the team's first full-time manager in 1986 with the goal of fielding a competitive women's team at the next Mundialito and at future tournaments. [11] In their first Mundialito under Dorrance, the United States defeated China, Brazil, and Japan before finishing as runners-up to Italy. [13] Dorrance gave national team appearances to teenage players, including future stars Mia Hamm, Julie Foudy, and Kristine Lilly, instead of the college players preferred by the federation. [14] The United States played in the 1988 FIFA Women's Invitation Tournament in China, a FIFA-sanctioned competition to test the feasibility of a regular women's championship, and lost in the quarterfinals to eventual champions Norway. [11]

1990s

Following the 1988 tournament, FIFA announced plans for a new women's tournament, named the 1st FIFA World Championship for Women's Football for the M&M's Cup until it was retroactively given the "World Cup" name. The United States qualified for the tournament by winning the inaugural CONCACAF Women's Championship, hosted by Haiti in April 1991, outscoring their opponents 49–0 for the sole CONCACAF berth in the tournament. [11] [15] The team played several exhibition matches abroad against European opponents to prepare for the world championship, while its players quit their regular jobs to train full-time with meager compensation. [16] [17] Dorrance utilized a 4–3–3 formation that was spearheaded by the "Triple-Edged Sword" of forward Michelle Akers-Stahl and wingers Carin Jennings and April Heinrichs. [18]

At the Women's World Cup, the United States won all three of its group stage matches and outscored its opponents 11–2. In the opening match against Sweden, the U.S. took a 3–0 lead early in the second half, but conceded two goals to end the match with a narrower 3–2 victory. The U.S. proceeded to win 5–0 in its second match against Brazil and 3–0 in its third match against Japan in the following days, clinching first place in the group and a quarterfinal berth. [19] The United States proceeded with a 7–0 victory in the quarterfinals over Chinese Taipei, fueled by a five-goal performance by Akers-Stahl in the first fifty minutes of the match. [19]

In the semifinals against Germany, Carin Jennings scored a hat-trick in the first half as the team clinched a place in the final with a 5–2 victory. [20] The team's lopsided victories in the earlier rounds had brought attention from American media outlets, but the final match was not televised live in the U.S. [19] The United States won the inaugural Women's World Cup title by defeating Norway 2–1 in the final, played in front of 65,000 spectators at Tianhe Stadium in Guangzhou, as Akers-Stahl scored twice to create and restore a lead for the Americans. [21] Akers-Stahl finished as the top goalscorer at the tournament, with ten goals, and Carin Jennings was awarded the Golden Ball as the tournament's best player. [22]

Despite their Women's World Cup victory, the U.S. team remained in relative obscurity and received a small welcome from several U.S. Soccer Federation officials upon arrival at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City. [23] The team were given fewer resources and little attention from the federation as they focused on improving the men's national team in preparation for the 1994 men's World Cup that would be hosted in the United States. [24] The women's team was placed on hiatus after the tournament, only playing twice in 1992, but returned the following year to play in several tournaments hosted in Cyprus, Canada, and the United States, including a second CONCACAF Championship title. The program was still supported better than those of the former Soviet Union, where football was considered a "men's game". [25] [24] [26]

The United States played in several friendly tournaments to prepare for the 1995 FIFA Women's World Cup and its qualification campaign. The first was the inaugural staging of the Algarve Cup in Portugal, which saw the team win its two group stage matches but lose 1–0 to Norway in the final. It followed by a victory in the Chiquita Cup, an exhibition tournament hosted in August on the U.S. East Coast against Germany, China, and Norway. [27] [28] Dorrance resigned from his position as head coach in early August and was replaced by his assistant, Tony DiCicco, a former professional goalkeeper who played in the American Soccer League. [24] [29] DiCicco led the United States to a berth in the Women's World Cup by winning the 1994 CONCACAF Championship, where the team scored 36 goals and conceded only one. [27]

In February 1995, the U.S. women's program opened a permanent training and treatment facility in Sanford, Florida, and began a series of warm-up friendlies that were paid for by American company Nike. [30] The team topped their group in the Women's World Cup, despite a 3–3 tie with China in the opening match and losing goalkeeper Brianna Scurry to a red card in their second match. The United States proceeded to beat Japan 4–0 in the quarterfinals, but lost 1–0 to eventual champions Norway in the semifinals. The team finished in third place, winning 2–0 in its consolation match against China.

The team won the gold medal in the inaugural Olympic women's soccer tournament in the 1996 Summer Olympics, defeating China 2–1 in the final before a crowd of 76,481 fans. [31] Julie Foudy, Kristine Lilly, and the rest of the 1999 team started a revolution towards women's team sports in America. An influential victory came in the 1999 World Cup, when they defeated China 5–4 in a penalty shoot-out following a 0–0 draw after extended time. [32] With this win they emerged onto the world stage and brought significant media attention to women's soccer and athletics. On July 10, 1999, over 90,000 people (the largest ever for a women's sporting event and one of the largest attendances in the world for a tournament game final) filled the Rose Bowl to watch the United States play China in the Final. After a back and forth game, the score was tied 0–0 at full-time, and remained so after extra time, leading to a penalty kick shootout. With Briana Scurry's save of China's third kick, the score was 4–4 with only Brandi Chastain left to shoot. She scored and won the game for the United States. Chastain dropped to her knees and whipped off her shirt, celebrating in her sports bra, which later made the cover of Sports Illustrated and the front pages of newspapers around the country and world. [33] This win influenced many girls to want to play on a soccer team. [34]

2000s

In the 2003 FIFA Women's World Cup, the U.S. defeated Norway 1–0 in the quarterfinals but lost 0–3 to Germany in the semifinals. The team then defeated Canada 3–1 to claim third place. [35] Abby Wambach was the team's top scorer with three goals, while Joy Fawcett and Shannon Boxx made the tournament's all-star team. In the 2004 Olympics, the last major international tournament for Hamm and Foudy, the U.S. earned the gold medal, winning 2–1 over Brazil in the final on an extra time goal by Wambach. [36]

At the 2007 FIFA Women's World Cup, the U.S. defeated England 3–0 in the quarterfinals but then suffered its most lopsided loss in team history when it lost to Brazil 0–4 in the semifinals. [37] The U.S. recovered to defeat Norway to take third place. [38] Abby Wambach was the team's leading scorer with 6 goals, and Kristine Lilly was the only American named to the tournament's all-star team.

The team won another gold medal in the 2008 Olympics, but interest in the Women's National Team had diminished since their performance in the '99 World Cup. However, the second women's professional league was created in March 2009, Women's Professional Soccer.

2010s

In the quarterfinal of the 2011 Women's World Cup in Germany, the U.S. defeated Brazil 5–3 on penalty kicks. Abby Wambach's goal in the 122nd minute to tie the game 2–2 has been voted the greatest goal in U.S. soccer history and the greatest goal in Women's World Cup history. [39] [40] The U.S. then beat France 3–1 in the semifinal, but lost to Japan 3–1 on penalty kicks in the Final after drawing 1–1 in regulation and 2–2 in overtime. Hope Solo was named the tournament's best goalkeeper and Abby Wambach won the silver ball as the tournament's second best player.

In the 2012 Summer Olympics, the U.S. won the gold medal for the fourth time in five Olympics by defeating Japan 2–1 in front of 80,203 fans at Wembley Stadium, a record for a women's soccer game at the Olympics. [41] The United States advanced to face Japan for the gold medal by winning the semifinal against Canada, a 4–3 victory at the end of extra time. [42] The 2012 London Olympics marked the first time the USWNT won every game en route to the gold medal and set an Olympic women's team record of 16 goals scored. [42]

A ticker tape parade in Manhattan celebrating the USWNT's 2015 World Cup victory Womens World Cup parade July 2015.JPG
A ticker tape parade in Manhattan celebrating the USWNT's 2015 World Cup victory

The National Women's Soccer League started in 2013, and provided competitive games as well as opportunities to players on the fringes of the squad. [43] [44] The U.S. had a 43-game unbeaten streak that spanned two years the streak began with a 4–0 win over Sweden in the 2012 Algarve Cup, and came to an end after a 1–0 loss against Sweden in the 2014 Algarve Cup. [45] [46]

The USA defeated Japan 5–2 in the final of the 2015 World Cup, becoming the first team in history to win three Women's World Cup titles. In the 16th minute, Carli Lloyd achieved the fastest hat-trick from kick-off in World Cup history, and Abby Wambach was greeted with a standing ovation for her last World Cup match. [47] Following their 2015 World Cup win, the team was honored with a ticker tape parade in New York City, the first for a women's sports team, and honored by President Barack Obama at the White House. [48] On December 16, 2015, however, a 0–1 loss to China in Wambach's last game meant the team's first home loss since 2004, ending their 104-game home unbeaten streak. [49]

In the 2016 Summer Olympics, the U.S. drew against Sweden in the quarterfinal; in the following penalty kick phase, Sweden won the game 4–3. The loss marked the first time that the USWNT did not advance to the gold medal game of the Olympics, and the first time that the USWNT failed to advance to the semifinal round of a major tournament. [50]

After the defeat in the 2016 Olympics, the USWNT underwent a year of experimentation which saw them losing 3 home games. If not for a comeback win against Brazil, the USWNT was on the brink of losing 4 home games in one year, a low never before seen by the USWNT. 2017 saw the USWNT play 12 games against teams ranked in the top-15 in the world. [51]

Throughout 2018, the U.S. would pick up two major tournament wins, winning both the SheBelieves Cup [52] and the Tournament of Nations. [53] The team would enter qualifying for the 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup on a 21-game unbeaten streak and dominated the competition, winning all five of its games and the tournament whilst qualifying for the World Cup as well as scoring 18 goals and conceding none. [54] On November 8, 2018, the U.S. earned their 500th victory in team history after a 1–0 victory over Portugal. [55] The start of 2019 saw the U.S. lose an away game to France, 3–1, marking the end of a 28-game unbeaten streak and their first loss since a 1–0 defeat to Australia in July 2017. [56]

The USWNT started off their 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup campaign with a 13–0 victory against Thailand, setting a new Women's World Cup record. Alex Morgan equaled Michelle Akers' record of scoring five goals in a single World Cup match, while four of her teammates scored their first World Cup goals in their debut at the tournament. [57] The U.S. would win its next match against Chile 3–0 [58] before concluding the group stage with a win of 2–0 over Sweden. [59] The team emerged as the winners of Group F and would go on to face Spain in the Round of 16, whom they would defeat 2–1 thanks to a pair of Megan Rapinoe penalties. [60] The team would achieve identical results in their next two games. With 2–1 victories over France [61] and then England [62] seeing them advance to a record third straight World Cup final, they played against the Netherlands for the title. They beat the Netherlands 2–0 in the final on July 7, 2019, becoming the first team in history to win four Women's World Cup titles.

On July 30, 2019, Jill Ellis announced that she would step down as head coach following the conclusion of the team's post-World Cup victory tour on October 6, 2019. [63]

Vlatko Andonovski was hired as head coach of the USWNT in October 2019, replacing Ellis. [64]

2020s

The USWNT began the new decade by winning both the 2020 CONCACAF Women's Olympic Qualifying tournament (which qualified the team for the 2020 Summer Olympics) and the 2020 SheBelieves Cup titles. [65] [66] [67]

In early March 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the USSF cancelled previously scheduled USWNT friendlies against Australia and Brazil. [68] Later that same month, it was announced by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the Tokyo Metropolitan Government that the 2020 Summer Olympics were to be postponed until July 2021. [69]

Team image

Media coverage

U.S. TV coverage for the five Women's World Cups from 1995 to 2011 was provided by ESPN/ABC and Univision, [70] [71] while coverage rights for the three Women's World Cups from 2015 to 2023 were awarded to Fox Sports and Telemundo. [72] [73] In May 2014 a deal was signed to split TV coverage of other USWNT games between ESPN, Fox Sports, and Univision through the end of 2022. [74] The USWNT games in the 2014 CONCACAF Women's Championship and the 2015 Algarve Cup were broadcast by Fox Sports. [75] [76] NBC will broadcast the Olympic tournament through 2032. [77]

The 1999 World Cup final set the original record for largest US television audience for a women's soccer match with 18 million viewers on average [78] [79] and was the most viewed English-language US broadcast of any soccer match until the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup Final between the United States and Japan. [80]

The 2015 Women's World Cup Final between the US and Japan was the most watched soccer match – men's or women's – in American broadcast history. [81] It averaged 23 million viewers and higher ratings than the NBA finals and the Stanley Cup finals. [81] [82] The final was also the most watched US-Spanish language broadcast of a FIFA Women's World Cup match in history.

Overall, there were over 750 million viewers for the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup, making it the most watched Women's World Cup in history. The FIFA Women's World Cup is now the second most watched FIFA tournament, with only the men's FIFA World Cup attracting more viewership. [83]

Attendance

The 1999 World Cup final, in which the USA defeated China, set a world attendance record for a women's sporting event of 90,185 in a sellout at the Rose Bowl in Southern California. [84] The record for Olympic women's soccer attendance was set by the 2012 Olympic final between the USWNT and Japan, with 80,023 spectators at Wembley Stadium. [85]

Collective bargaining

In recent years, the players of the USWNT have waged an escalating legal fight with the United States Soccer Federation over gender discrimination. Central to their demands is equal pay. The players point to their lower paychecks as compared to the U.S. men's national team, despite their higher record of success in recent years. [86]

In April 2016, five players filed a wage-discrimination action against the U.S. Soccer Federation with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. [87] The group consisted of Hope Solo, Carli Lloyd, Alex Morgan, Megan Rapinoe, and Becky Sauerbrunn.

One year later, in April 2017, it was announced that a new collective bargaining agreement, or CBA, with U.S soccer had been made. The agreement stated that the players would have an increased base pay and improved match bonuses. These changes could increase their previous pay from $200,000 to $300,000. This 2017 CBA, however, does not guarantee the U.S national women's team equal pay with the men's national team. The CBA's five-year term, through 2021, ensured that the next negotiation would not become an issue for the team in its next major competitions. On top of this CBA, U.S Soccer had agreed to pay the players for two years' worth of unequal per-diem payments. [88]

On March 8, 2019, all 28 members of the U.S. team filed a gender discrimination lawsuit against the United States Soccer Federation. [89] The lawsuit, filed in the United States District Court in Los Angeles, accused the Federation of "institutional gender discrimination." [90] The lawsuit claims that the discrimination affects not only the amount the players are paid but also their playing, training, and travel conditions. In May 2020, several key parts of the case were dismissed, with federal judge R. Gary Klausner noting that the team had agreed to take higher base compensation and other benefits in their most recent CBA instead of the bonuses received by the men's national team. [91]

Staff

Coaching staff

RoleNameStart date
Head coach Flag of North Macedonia.svg Vlatko Andonovski October 2019
Assistant coach Flag of Serbia.svg Milan IvanovicNovember 2019
Assistant coach Flag of the United States.svg Erica Dambach (interim)January 2020
Goalkeeper coach Flag of England.svg Philip Poole (interim)January 2020

Technical staff

RoleNameStart date
Sporting director Flag of the United States.svg Earnie Stewart August 2019
General manager Flag of the United States.svg Kate Markgraf August 2019

Players

Current squad

The following 23 players were named to the squad for the 2020 SheBelieves Cup. [92]

Caps and goals are current as of March 11, 2020, after match against Flag of Japan.svg  Japan.

No.Pos.PlayerDate of birth (age)CapsGoalsClub
11 GK Alyssa Naeher (1988-04-20) April 20, 1988 (age 32)630 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago Red Stars
181 GK Ashlyn Harris (1985-10-19) October 19, 1985 (age 34)250 Flag of the United States.svg Orlando Pride
211 GK Adrianna Franch (1990-11-12) November 12, 1990 (age 29)40 Flag of the United States.svg Portland Thorns

42 DF Becky Sauerbrunn (1985-06-06) June 6, 1985 (age 35)1770 Flag of the United States.svg Portland Thorns
52 DF Kelley O'Hara (1988-08-04) August 4, 1988 (age 31)1312 Flag of the United States.svg Utah Royals
72 DF Abby Dahlkemper (1993-05-13) May 13, 1993 (age 27)610 Flag of the United States.svg North Carolina Courage
112 DF Ali Krieger (1984-07-28) July 28, 1984 (age 36)1071 Flag of the United States.svg Orlando Pride
122 DF Tierna Davidson (1998-09-19) September 19, 1998 (age 21)261 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago Red Stars
142 DF Emily Sonnett (1993-11-25) November 25, 1993 (age 26)450 Flag of the United States.svg Orlando Pride
192 DF Crystal Dunn (1992-07-03) July 3, 1992 (age 28)10424 Flag of the United States.svg North Carolina Courage
202 DF Casey Short (1990-08-23) August 23, 1990 (age 29)320 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago Red Stars

33 MF Sam Mewis (1992-10-09) October 9, 1992 (age 27)6718 Flag of the United States.svg North Carolina Courage
63 MF Andi Sullivan (1995-12-20) December 20, 1995 (age 24)160 Flag of the United States.svg Washington Spirit
83 MF Julie Ertz (1992-04-06) April 6, 1992 (age 28)10220 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago Red Stars
93 MF Lindsey Horan (1994-05-26) May 26, 1994 (age 26)8619 Flag of the United States.svg Portland Thorns
163 MF Rose Lavelle (1995-05-14) May 14, 1995 (age 25)4512 Flag of the United States.svg Washington Spirit

24 FW Mallory Pugh (1998-04-29) April 29, 1998 (age 22)6318 Flag of the United States.svg Sky Blue FC
104 FW Carli Lloyd (co-captain) (1982-07-16) July 16, 1982 (age 38)294123 Flag of the United States.svg Sky Blue FC
134 FW Lynn Williams (1993-05-21) May 21, 1993 (age 27)289 Flag of the United States.svg North Carolina Courage
154 FW Megan Rapinoe (co-captain) (1985-07-05) July 5, 1985 (age 35)16852 Flag of the United States.svg OL Reign
174 FW Tobin Heath (1988-05-29) May 29, 1988 (age 32)16833 Flag of the United States.svg Portland Thorns
224 FW Jessica McDonald (1988-02-28) February 28, 1988 (age 32)194 Flag of the United States.svg North Carolina Courage
234 FW Christen Press (1988-12-29) December 29, 1988 (age 31)13858 Flag of the United States.svg Utah Royals

Recent call-ups

The following players were also named to a squad in the last 12 months.

Pos.PlayerDate of birth (age)CapsGoalsClubLatest call-up
GK Jane Campbell (1995-02-17) February 17, 1995 (age 25)30 Flag of the United States.svg Houston Dash 2020 SheBelieves Cup PRE
GK Aubrey Bledsoe (1991-11-20) November 20, 1991 (age 28)00 Flag of the United States.svg Washington Spirit 2020 CONCACAF Olympic Qualifiers PRO
GK Casey Murphy (1996-04-25) April 25, 1996 (age 24)00 Flag of the United States.svg OL Reign 2020 CONCACAF Olympic Qualifiers PRO

DF Margaret Purce (1995-09-18) September 18, 1995 (age 24)10 Flag of the United States.svg Sky Blue FC 2020 SheBelieves Cup PRE
DF Alana Cook (1997-04-11) April 11, 1997 (age 23)10 Flag of the United States.svg OL Reign 2020 CONCACAF Olympic Qualifiers PRO
DF Imani Dorsey (1996-03-21) March 21, 1996 (age 24)00 Flag of the United States.svg Sky Blue FC 2020 CONCACAF Olympic Qualifiers PRO
DF Hailie Mace (1997-03-24) March 24, 1997 (age 23)30 Flag of the United States.svg North Carolina Courage Training camp; December 9–14, 2019
DF Maycee Bell (2000-09-18) September 18, 2000 (age 19)00 Flag of the United States.svg North Carolina Tar Heels Training camp; December 9–14, 2019
DF Malia Berkely (1998-02-13) February 13, 1998 (age 22)00 Flag of the United States.svg Florida State Seminoles Training camp; December 9–14, 2019
DF Sarah Gorden (1992-09-13) September 13, 1992 (age 27)00 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago Red Stars Training camp; December 9–14, 2019
DF Kiara Pickett (1999-04-30) April 30, 1999 (age 21)00 Flag of the United States.svg Stanford Cardinal Training camp; December 9–14, 2019
DF Kaleigh Riehl (1996-10-21) October 21, 1996 (age 23)00 Flag of the United States.svg Sky Blue FC Training camp; December 9–14, 2019
DF Emily Fox (1998-07-05) July 5, 1998 (age 22)30 Flag of the United States.svg North Carolina Tar Heels Training camp; December 9–14, 2019 PRE
DF Naomi Girma (2000-06-14) June 14, 2000 (age 20)00 Flag of the United States.svg Stanford Cardinal Training camp; December 9–14, 2019 PRE

MF Jordan DiBiasi (1996-10-28) October 28, 1996 (age 23)00 Flag of the United States.svg Washington Spirit 2020 SheBelieves Cup PRE
MF Morgan Gautrat (1993-02-26) February 26, 1993 (age 27)878 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago Red Stars Training camp; January 5–15, 2020
MF Allie Long (1987-08-13) August 13, 1987 (age 32)518 Flag of the United States.svg OL Reign Training camp; January 5–15, 2020
MF Kristie Mewis (1991-02-25) February 25, 1991 (age 29)151 Flag of the United States.svg Houston Dash 2020 CONCACAF Olympic Qualifiers PRO
MF Vanessa DiBernardo (1992-05-15) May 15, 1992 (age 28)00 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago Red Stars 2020 CONCACAF Olympic Qualifiers PRO
MF Jaelin Howell (1999-11-21) November 21, 1999 (age 20)00 Flag of the United States.svg Florida State Seminoles 2020 CONCACAF Olympic Qualifiers PRO
MF Brianna Pinto (2000-05-24) May 24, 2000 (age 20)00 Flag of the United States.svg North Carolina Tar Heels 2020 CONCACAF Olympic Qualifiers PRO
MF Sarah Woldmoe (1992-07-27) July 27, 1992 (age 28)00 Flag of the United States.svg Sky Blue FC Training camp; December 9–14, 2019
MF Ashley Sanchez (1999-03-16) March 16, 1999 (age 21)00 Flag of the United States.svg Washington Spirit Training camp; December 9–14, 2019
MF Danielle Colaprico (1993-05-06) May 6, 1993 (age 27)20 Flag of the United States.svg Chicago Red Stars Training camp; December 9–14, 2019 PRE

FW Sophia Smith (2000-08-10) August 10, 2000 (age 19)00 Flag of the United States.svg Portland Thorns Training camp; January 5–15, 2020
FW Ashley Hatch (1995-05-25) May 25, 1995 (age 25)20 Flag of the United States.svg Washington Spirit 2020 CONCACAF Olympic Qualifiers PRO
FW Kristen Hamilton (1992-04-17) April 17, 1992 (age 28)10 Flag of the United States.svg North Carolina Courage 2020 CONCACAF Olympic Qualifiers PRO
FW Bethany Balcer (1997-03-07) March 7, 1997 (age 23)00 Flag of the United States.svg OL Reign Training camp; December 9–14, 2019
FW Makamae Gomera-Stevens (1999-03-17) March 17, 1999 (age 21)00 Flag of the United States.svg Washington State Cougars Training camp; December 9–14, 2019
FW Paige Monaghan (1996-11-13) November 13, 1996 (age 23)00 Flag of the United States.svg Sky Blue FC Training camp; December 9–14, 2019
FW Ally Watt (1997-03-12) March 12, 1997 (age 23)00 Flag of the United States.svg North Carolina Courage Training camp; December 9–14, 2019
FW Morgan Weaver (1997-10-18) October 18, 1997 (age 22)00 Flag of the United States.svg Portland Thorns Training camp; December 9–14, 2019
FW Madison Haley (1998-10-25) October 25, 1998 (age 21)00 Flag of the United States.svg Stanford Cardinal Training camp; December 9–14, 2019 PRE
FW Alex Morgan (co-captain) (1989-07-02) July 2, 1989 (age 31)169107 Flag of the United States.svg Orlando Pride v. Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea; October 6, 2019

Notes:

Recent schedule and results

The following is a list of match results in the last 12 months, as well as any future matches that have been scheduled.

  Win  Draw  Lose  Postponed

2019

August 29, 2019 Friendly United States  Flag of the United States.svg4–0Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
19:00 ET
Report Stadium: Lincoln Financial Field
Attendance: 49,504
Referee: Ekaterina Koroleva (United States)
September 3, 2019 Friendly United States  Flag of the United States.svg3–0Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal St. Paul, Minnesota
20:00 ET
Report Stadium: Allianz Field
Attendance: 19,600
Referee: Ekaterina Koroleva (United States)
October 3, 2019 Friendly United States  Flag of the United States.svg2–0Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea Charlotte, North Carolina
19:00 ET
Report Stadium: Bank of America Stadium
Attendance: 30,071
Referee: Gillian Martindale (Barbados)
October 6, 2019 Friendly United States  Flag of the United States.svg1–1Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea Chicago, Illinois
14:00 ET
Report
Stadium: Soldier Field
Attendance: 33,027
Referee: Katia Garcia (Mexico)
November 7, 2019 Friendly United States  Flag of the United States.svg3–2Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Columbus, Ohio
19:30 ET
Report
Stadium: MAPFRE Stadium
Attendance: 20,903
Referee: Ekaterina Koroleva (United States)
November 10, 2019 Friendly United States  Flag of the United States.svg6–0Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica Jacksonville, Florida
20:00 ET
Report Stadium: TIAA Bank Field
Attendance: 12,914
Referee: Karen Abt (United States)

2020

January 28, 2020 CONCACAF Olympic Qualifiers GS United States  Flag of the United States.svg4–0Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti Houston, Texas
20:30 ET
Report Stadium: BBVA Stadium
Attendance: 4,363
Referee: Odette Hamilton (Jamaica)
January 31, 2020 CONCACAF Olympic Qualifiers GS Panama  Flag of Panama.svg0–8Flag of the United States.svg  United States Houston, Texas
20:30 ET Report
Stadium: BBVA Stadium
Attendance: 14,121
Referee: Myriam Marcotte (Canada)
February 3, 2020 CONCACAF Olympic Qualifiers GS United States  Flag of the United States.svg6–0Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica Houston, Texas
20:30 ET
Report Stadium: BBVA Stadium
Attendance: 7,082
Referee: Francia González (Mexico)
February 7, 2020 CONCACAF Olympic Qualifiers SF United States  Flag of the United States.svg4–0Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Carson, California
22:00 ET
Report Stadium: Dignity Health Sports Park
Attendance: 11,292
Referee: Melissa Borjas (Honduras)
February 9, 2020 CONCACAF Olympic Qualifiers F Canada  Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg0–3Flag of the United States.svg  United States Carson, California
18:00 ET Report
Stadium: Dignity Health Sports Park
Attendance: 17,489
Referee: Tatiana Guzmán (Nicaragua)
March 5, 2020 SheBelieves Cup United States  Flag of the United States.svg2–0Flag of England.svg  England Orlando, Florida
19:00 ET
Report Stadium: Exploria Stadium
Attendance: 16,531
Referee: Odette Hamilton (Jamaica)
March 8, 2020 SheBelieves Cup United States  Flag of the United States.svg1–0Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Harrison, New Jersey
17:00 ET
Report Stadium: Red Bull Arena
Attendance: 26,500
Referee: Katia García (Mexico)
March 11, 2020 SheBelieves Cup United States  Flag of the United States.svg3–1Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Frisco, Texas
20:00 ET
Report
Stadium: Toyota Stadium
Attendance: 19,096
Referee: Melissa Borjas (Honduras)
April 10, 2020 Friendly United States  Flag of the United States.svgCanceledFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Sandy, Utah
21:30 ET Cancellation Stadium: Rio Tinto Stadium

2021

TBD Olympics GS United States  Flag of the United States.svgvTBD Japan
Stadium: TBD
TBD Olympics GS United States  Flag of the United States.svgvTBD Japan
Stadium: TBD
TBD Olympics GS United States  Flag of the United States.svgvTBD Japan
Stadium: TBD

Competitive record

For results in minor tournaments, see the History of the United States women's national football team

All-time results

As of March 11, 2020
YearMWDLGFGA Athlete of the Year Scoring leaderGAssist leaderACoachMajor tournam. result
1985401337 Sharon Remer Michelle Akers 2 Mike Ryan
19867502136 April Heinrichs Marcia McDermott 4 Anson Dorrance
198711614239 Carin Gabarra April Heinrichs 7
19888323109 Joy Fawcett Carin Gabarra 5 C. Gabarra,
K. Lilly
2
1989101000 April Heinrichs (none)(none)
19906600263 Michelle Akers Michelle Akers 9 Kristine Lilly 3
199128211612222 Michelle Akers 39 Carin Gabarra 21 World Cup (Champions)
1992200237 Carin Gabarra (3 players tied)1 Tisha Venturini 2
1993171304547 Kristine Lilly Mia Hamm 10 Michelle Akers 6
1994131201596 Mia Hamm Michelle Akers 117
19952521229117 Mia Hamm 19 Mia Hamm 18 Tony DiCicco World Cup (3rd place)
19962421218017 Tiffeny Milbrett 1318 Olympics (Gold medal)
19971816026713 Mia Hamm 18 Tiffeny Milbrett 14
1998252221891220 Mia Hamm 20
199929252211115 Michelle Akers Tiffeny Milbrett 2116 World Cup (Champions)
200041269612431 Tiffeny Milbrett Cindy Parlow 1914 L. Gregg,
A. Heinrichs
Olympics (Silver medal)
2001103251315 Tiffeny Milbrett 32 April Heinrichs
20021915226911 Shannon MacMillan Shannon MacMillan 17 Aly Wagner 11
20032317425814 Abby Wambach Abby Wambach 9 Mia Hamm 9 World Cup (3rd place)
20043428421042331 Mia Hamm 22 Olympics (Gold medal)
20059810240 Kristine Lilly Christie Welsh 7 A. Wagner,
A. Wambach
5 Greg Ryan
20062218405710 Abby Wambach 17 Abby Wambach 8
20072419416317 Abby Wambach 20 Kristine Lilly 8 World Cup (3rd place)
20083633218417 Carli Lloyd Natasha Kai 15 H. O'Reilly,
A. Wambach
10 Pia Sundhage Olympics (Gold medal)
20098710121 Hope Solo (3 players tied)2 Heather O'Reilly 3
2010181521488 Abby Wambach Abby Wambach 16 Lori Lindsey 7
201120134341178 L. Holiday,
M. Rapinoe
5 World Cup (2nd place)
201232283112021 Alex Morgan Alex Morgan 28 Alex Morgan 21 P. Sundhage,
J. Ellis
Olympics (Gold medal)
20131613305611 Abby Wambach Abby Wambach 11 L. Holiday,
A. Wambach
6 Tom Sermanni
20142416537915 Lauren Holiday Carli Lloyd 15 Carli Lloyd 8 T. Sermanni,
J. Ellis
20152620427412 Carli Lloyd 18 Megan Rapinoe 10 Jill Ellis World Cup (Champions)
20162522309210 Tobin Heath C. Lloyd,
A. Morgan
17Carli Lloyd11 Olympics (Quarter-finals)
20171612134013 Julie Ertz Alex Morgan 7Megan Rapinoe5
20182018206510Alex Morgan1812
20192420317716Julie Ertz Carli Lloyd 16 Christen Press 12J. Ellis,
V. Andonovski
World Cup (Champions)
20208800311TBDTBDTBD Vlatko Andonovski
Total67353077662,082423
Sources [93] [94] [95] [96] [97]

Major

The two highest-profile tournaments the U.S. team participates in are the quadrennial FIFA Women's World Cup and the quadrennial Olympic Games.

World Cup

The team has participated in every World Cup through 2019 and won a medal in each.

FIFA Women's World Cup record
YearResultMatchesWinsDrawsLossesGFGACoach
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 1991 Champions6600255 Anson Dorrance
Flag of Sweden.svg 1995 Third place6411155 Tony DiCicco
Flag of the United States.svg 1999 Champions6510183
Flag of the United States.svg 2003 Third place6501155 April Heinrichs
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 2007 Third place6411127 Greg Ryan
Flag of Germany.svg 2011 Runners-up6321137 Pia Sundhage
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg 2015 Champions7610143 Jill Ellis
Flag of France.svg 2019 Champions7700263
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Flag of New Zealand.svg 2023 TBD-not yet qualified
Total8/850406413838

Olympic Games

The team has participated in every Olympic tournament through 2016 and reached the gold medal game in each until 2016, when they were eliminated in the quarterfinals on a penalty shootout loss to Sweden.

Olympic flag.svg Olympic Games record
YearResultMatchesWinsDrawsLossesGFGACoach
Flag of the United States.svg 1996 Gold medal541093 Tony DiCicco
Flag of Australia (converted).svg 2000 Silver medal531195 April Heinrichs
Flag of Greece.svg 2004 Gold medal6510124
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 2008 Gold medal6501125 Pia Sundhage
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 2012 Gold medal6600166
Flag of Brazil.svg 2016 5th place422063 Jill Ellis
Flag of Japan.svg 2020 Qualified000000 Vlatko Andonovski
Flag of France.svg 2024 TBD-not yet qualified
Flag of the United States.svg 2028 Qualified as host
Total6/63326526325

Minor

CONCACAF Championship and Gold Cup

CONCACAF Women's Championship and Gold Cup record
YearResultMatchesWinsDrawsLossesGFGACoach
Flag of Haiti.svg 1991 Champion5500490 Anson Dorrance
Flag of the United States.svg 1993 Champion3300130
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg 1994 Champion4400161 Tony DiCicco
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg 1998 Did not participate1
Flag of the United States.svg 2000 Champion5410241 April Heinrichs
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Flag of the United States.svg 2002 Champion5500241
Flag of the United States.svg 2006 Champion220041 Greg Ryan
Flag of Mexico.svg 2010 Third place5401222 Pia Sundhage
Flag of the United States.svg 2014 Champion5500210 Jill Ellis
Flag of the United States.svg 2018 Champion5500260
Total 8/93937111996

1 The US team directly qualified for the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup as hosts of the event. Because of this, they did not participate in the 1998 CONCACAF Championship, which was the qualification tournament for the World Cup.

Algarve Cup

The Algarve Cup is a global invitational tournament for national teams in women's football hosted by the Portuguese Football Federation (FPF). Held annually in the Algarve region of Portugal since 1994, it has been one of the more prestigious women's football events other than the Women's World Cup and Women's Olympic Football, [98] and it has been nicknamed the "Mini FIFA Women's World Cup." [99] Since 2016, the SheBelieves Cup replaced it on the US team's schedule.

Flag of Portugal.svg Algarve Cup record
YearResultMatchesWinsDrawsLossesGFGACoach
1994 320161 Tony DiCicco
1995 4th Place421185
1996
1997
1998 4301106Tony DiCicco
1999 421184
2000 4400111 April Heinrichs
2001 6th Place410359
2002 5th Place421186
2003 422052
2004 4301115
2005 440090 Greg Ryan
2006 422091
2007 440083
2008 4400121 Pia Sundhage
2009 431051
2010 440093
2011 4400123
2012 4301112
2013 4310111 Tom Sermanni
2014 7th Place411277
2015 431071 Jill Ellis
Total [100] 20/227956111217262

SheBelieves Cup

The SheBelieves Cup is a global invitational tournament for national teams in women's football hosted in the United States.

Flag of the United States.svg SheBelieves Cup record
YearResultMatchesWinsDrawsLossesGFGACoach
2016 330041 Jill Ellis
2017 4th Place310214
2018 321031
2019 312054
2020 330061 Vlatko Andonovski
Total 4/41510321911

Tournament of Nations

The Tournament of Nations is a global invitational tournament for national teams in women's football hosted in the United States in non-World Cup and non-Olympic years.

Flag of the United States.svg Tournament of Nations record
YearResultMatchesWinsDrawsLossesGFGACoach
2017 320174 Jill Ellis
2018 321094
Total 2/26411168

Player records

As of March 11, 2020. Active players are shown in Bold.

The women's national team boasts the first six players in the history of the game to have earned 200 caps.[ citation needed ] These players have since been joined in the 200-cap club by several players from other national teams, as well as by five more Americans: Kate Markgraf, Abby Wambach, Heather O'Reilly, Carli Lloyd and Hope Solo. Kristine Lilly and Christie Rampone are the only players to earn more than 300 caps.

In March 2004, Mia Hamm and Michelle Akers were the only two women and the only two Americans named to the FIFA 100, a list of the 125 greatest living football players chosen by Pelé as part of FIFA's centenary observances.

The USWNT All-Time Best XI was chosen In December 2013 by the United States Soccer Federation:

The goal record is five for most scored in a match by a member of the USWNT, which has been accomplished by eight players.

Most goals in a match
PlayerDateOpponentLocationCompetitionLine-up
Brandi Chastain April 18, 1991 [111] Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico [111] Port-au-Prince, Haiti World Cup Qualifying Tournament Substitute (41') (80 minute match)
Michelle Akers November 24, 1991 [111] Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg Chinese Taipei [111] Foshan, China 1991 FIFA World Cup Starting (80 minute match)
Tiffeny Milbrett November 2, 2002 [111] Flag of Panama.svg Panama [111] Seattle, United States 2002 CONCACAF Gold Cup Starting
Abby Wambach October 23, 2004 [111] Flag of Ireland.svg Republic of Ireland [111] Houston, United States International Friendly Starting
Amy Rodriguez January 20, 2012 [111] Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg Dominican Republic [111] Vancouver, Canada 2012 Olympic Qualifying Tournament Substitute (46')
Sydney Leroux January 22, 2012 [111] Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala [111] Vancouver, Canada 2012 Olympic Qualifying Tournament Substitute (46')
Crystal Dunn February 15, 2016 [111] Flag of Puerto Rico.svg Puerto Rico [111] Frisco, United States 2016 Olympic Qualifying Tournament Starting
Alex Morgan June 11, 2019 [111] Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand [111] Reims, France 2019 FIFA World Cup Starting

Head coaches

As of March 11, 2020
NameYearsMatchesWonDrawnLostWin %Pts÷MWorld CupOlympics
Flag of Ireland.svg Mike Ryan 19854013.1250.25
Flag of the United States.svg Anson Dorrance 1986–19949366522.7342.17
Flag of the United States.svg Tony DiCicco 1994–199912110588.9012.67
Flag of the United States.svg Lauren Gregg 1997 (interim), 2000 (interim)3210.8332.33
Flag of the United States.svg April Heinrichs 2000–2004124872017.7822.27
Flag of the United States.svg Greg Ryan 2005–2007554591.9002.62
Flag of Sweden.svg Pia Sundhage 2007–201210791106.8972.64
Flag of Scotland.svg Tom Sermanni 2013–2014241842.8332.42
Flag of England.svg Jill Ellis 132106197.8752.55
Flag of North Macedonia.svg Vlatko Andonovski 2019–1010001.0003.00
Totals6735307766.8452.48

Source [112] [113]

Honors

See also

Related Research Articles

United States Soccer Federation official governing body of soccer in the United States

The United States Soccer Federation (USSF), commonly referred to as U.S. Soccer, is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization and the official governing body of the sport of soccer in the United States. Currently headquartered in Chicago, the FIFA member governs American soccer at the international, professional and amateur levels, including: the men's and women's national teams, youth organizations, beach soccer, futsal, Paralympic and deaf national teams. U.S. Soccer sanctions referees and soccer tournaments for most soccer leagues in the United States. The U.S. Soccer Federation also administers and operates the U.S. Open Cup, SheBelieves Cup, and the Tournament of Nations.

Abby Wambach American soccer player

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