Virginia's 7th congressional district

Last updated

Virginia's 7th congressional district
2016 VA7 district map.jpg
New boundaries of Virginia's 7th congressional district since January 3, 2017.
Representative
  Abigail Spanberger
DGlen Allen
Area3,117.9 sq mi (8,075 km2)
Distribution
  • 73.1 [1] % urban
  • 26.9% rural
Population (2017)790,084 [2]
Median income$77,533 [3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVI R+6 [4]

Virginia's 7th congressional district is a United States congressional district in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The district is currently represented by Democrat Abigail Spanberger, first elected in 2018.

Contents

2016 redistricting

This image shows the 2016 court-ordered VA Congressional districts. VA 2016 Redistricting.png
This image shows the 2016 court-ordered VA Congressional districts.

The Virginia Legislature's 2012 redistricting of the adjacent 3rd district was found unconstitutional and replaced with a court-ordered redistricting on January 16, 2016 for the 2016 elections. [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]

Recent election results

YearOfficeResults
1996 President Dole 58–35% [11]
Senator Warner 59–41% [12]
Representative Bliley 75–20% [13]
1997 Governor Gilmore 64–34% [14]
Lieutenant Governor Hager 59–37% [15]
Attorney General Earley 66–34% [16]
1998 Representative Bliley 79–21% [17]
2000 President Bush 61–37% [18]
Senator Allen 61–38% [19]
Representative Cantor 76–24% [20]
2001 Governor Earley 55–44% [21]
Lieutenant Governor Katzen 52–47%
Attorney General Kilgore 70–30%
2002 Senator Warner 86–8–6% [22]
Representative Cantor 69–30% [23]
2004 President Bush 61–38% [24]
Representative Cantor 76–24% [25]
2006 Senator Allen 57–42% [26]
Representative Cantor 64–34% [27]
2005 Governor Kilgore 52–46% [28]
Lieutenant Governor Bolling 58–42% [29]
Attorney General McDonnell 58–42% [30]
2008 President McCain 53–46% [31]
Senator Warner 60–39% [32]
Representative Cantor 63–37% [33]
2009 Governor McDonnell 65–35% [34]
Lieutenant Governor Bolling 63–37% [35]
Attorney General Cuccinelli 65–35% [36]
2010 Representative Cantor 59–34% [37]
2012 President Romney 57–42% [38]
Senator Allen 55–45% [39]
Representative Cantor 58–41% [40]
2013 Governor Cuccinelli 52–38–10% [41]
Lieutenant Governor Northam 51–49% [42]
Attorney General Obenshain 58–42% [43]
2014 Representative Brat 61–37–2% [44]
Senator Gillespie 56–41–3% [45]
2016 President Trump 50–44% [46]
Representative Brat 58–42% [47]
2017 Governor Gillespie 51–48% [48]
Lieutenant Governor Vogel 53–47% [49]
Attorney General Adams 53–47% [50]
2018 Representative Spanberger 50–48% [51]

Geography

The district spans across much of Central Virginia including all of Orange, Culpeper, Goochland, Louisa, Nottoway, Amelia, and Powhatan counties. The district also includes large portions of Chesterfield and Henrico counties in the suburbs of Richmond. However, Richmond is not currently in the 7th. Spotsylvania County also has a large portion in the 7th district just outside of Fredericksburg [52]

Prior to 1993, the 7th District stretched from the fringes of the Washington, D.C. suburbs to Charlottesville. It included the far northern portion of the Shenandoah Valley, as well as Manassas and Fredericksburg. The district's current configuration dates from 1993, when Virginia was forced to create a majority-minority district by a Justice Department directive. At that time, most of Richmond, which had been entirely in the old 3rd District for over a century, was shifted to a newly created 3rd District. The remaining territory in the old 3rd was combined with some more rural areas to the north to form the new 7th District.

From 2013 to 2017, the 7th District stretched from the west end of Richmond through the wealthier portions of Henrico and Chesterfield counties before taking in all of Goochland, Hanover, Louisa, New Kent Orange, Culpeper, Page and Rappahannock counties and a portion of Spotsylvania County.

Demographics

According to the United States Census Bureau's 2017 data for Virginia's 7th Congressional District, the total population of the district is 790,084. Median age for the district is 39.7 years. 65.5% of the district is White, 18.4% Black, 5.1% Asian, 0.3% Native American or Alaskan, and 3.4% some other race with 7.3% Hispanic or Latino. Owner-occupied housing is 73.0% and renter-occupied housing is 27.0%. [53] The median value of single-family owner-occupied homes is $266,500. 91.6% of the district population has at least a high school diploma, 40.4% at least a bachelor's degree or higher. 9.1% of the district are civilian veterans. 9.1% are foreign born and 11.9% speak a language other than English at home. 9.9% are of disability status. [54] 68.2% of the district is in the labor force, which consists of those 16 years and older. Mean travel time to work is 29.3 minutes. Median household income is $77,533. Per capita income is $37,567. 5.3% of the population account for families living below the poverty level, and 7.7% of individuals live below the poverty level. [55] 9.5% of Children live below the poverty line. [56]

List of members representing the district

RepresentativePartyTermCong
ress
Electoral history
John Page Rosewell Gloucester County Virginia.jpg
John Page
Anti-Administration March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1793
1st
2nd
Elected in 1789.
Re-elected in 1790.
Redistricted to the 12th district .
A-Bedford-Venable.jpg
Abraham B. Venable
Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
3rd
4th
5th
Redistricted from the 6th district and re-elected in 1793.
Re-elected in 1795.
Re-elected in 1797.
Retired.
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1799
John Randolph of Roanoke at National Portrait Gallery IMG 4460.JPG
John Randolph
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1803
6th
7th
Elected in 1799.
Re-elected in 1801.
Redistricted to the 15th district .
Joseph Lewis Jr. Federalist March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1813
8th
9th
10th
11th
12th
Elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1805.
Re-elected in 1807.
Re-elected in 1809.
Re-elected in 1811.
Redistricted to the 8th district .
Hugh Caperton Federalist March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
13th Elected in 1813.
Lost re-election.
Ballard Smith Democratic-Republican March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1821
14th
15th
16th
Elected in 1815.
Re-elected in 1817.
Re-elected in 1819.
Lost re-election.
William Smith Democratic-Republican March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
17th Elected in 1821.
Redistricted to the 21st district .
Jabez Leftwich Crawford Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th Redistricted from the 14th district and re-elected in 1823.
Lost re-election.
Nathaniel Claiborne.jpg
Nathaniel Claiborne
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1835
19th
20th
21st
22nd
23rd
24th
Elected in 1825.
Re-elected in 1827.
Re-elected in 1829.
[ data unknown/missing ]
Lost re-election.
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
ArchibaldStuart.jpg
Archibald Stuart
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
25th [ data unknown/missing ]
Lost re-election.
William Goggin.png
William L. Goggin
Whig March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
26th
27th
[ data unknown/missing ]
Lost re-election.
Henry A Wise CDV.jpg
Henry A. Wise
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
February 12, 1844
28th [ data unknown/missing ]
Resigned.
VacantFebruary 13, 1844 –
May 5, 1844
Thomas H. Bayly Democratic May 6, 1844 –
March 3, 1853
28th
29th
30th
31st
32nd
Elected to finish Wise's term.
Redistricted to the 1st district .
Extra Billy Smith-Virginia.jpg
William Smith
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1861
33rd
34th
35th
36th
[ data unknown/missing ]
Resigned.
VacantMarch 4, 1861 –
May 22, 1861
37th
Charles H. Upton UnionistMay 23, 1861 –
February 27, 1862
Election invalidated
VacantFebruary 28, 1862 –
February 15, 1863
LMcKenzie.jpg
Lewis McKenzie
UnionistFebruary 16, 1863 –
March 3, 1863
Elected to finish Upton's term.
Lost re-election. [57]
VacantMarch 4, 1863 –
January 30, 1870
38th
39th
40th
41st
Civil War
LMcKenzie.jpg
Lewis McKenzie
Conservative January 31, 1870 –
March 3, 1871
41st [ data unknown/missing ]
Lost re-election.
Elliott Muse Braxton - Brady-Handy.jpg
Elliott M. Braxton
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd [ data unknown/missing ]
Lost re-election.
JTHarris.jpg
John T. Harris
Democratic March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1881
43rd
44th
45th
46th
[ data unknown/missing ]
Retired.
JohnPaulVA.jpg
John Paul
Readjuster March 4, 1881 –
September 5, 1883
47th
48th
Appointed U.S. District Court judge
VacantSeptember 6, 1883 –
May 4, 1884
48th
Charles O'Ferrall.jpg
Charles T. O'Ferrall
Democratic May 5, 1884 –
December 28, 1893
48th
49th
50th
51st
52nd
53rd
Elected to finish Paul's term.
Retired to run for Governor of Virginia.
VacantDecember 29, 1893 –
January 29, 1894
53rd
SmithSTurner.jpg
Smith S. Turner
Democratic January 30, 1894 –
March 3, 1897
53rd
54th
Elected to finish O'Ferrall's term.
Retired.
James Hay.jpg
James Hay
Democratic March 4, 1897 –
October 1, 1916
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
Appointed U.S. Claim Court judge
VacantOctober 2, 1916 –
November 6, 1916
64th
ThomasWHarrison.jpg
Thomas W. Harrison
Democratic November 7, 1916 –
December 15, 1922
64th
65th
66th
67th
Elected to finish Hay's term.
Election invalidated.
John Paul 1912.jpg
John Paul Jr.
Republican December 15, 1922 –
March 3, 1923
67th [ data unknown/missing ]
Lost re-election.
ThomasWHarrison.jpg
Thomas W. Harrison
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1929
68th
69th
70th
[ data unknown/missing ]
Lost re-election.
Jacob A Garber.jpg
Jacob A. Garber
Republican March 4, 1929 –
March 3, 1931
71st [ data unknown/missing ]
Lost re-election.
John W. Fishburne Democratic March 4, 1931 –
March 3, 1933
72nd [ data unknown/missing ]
Retired.
District eliminated March 4, 1933
District recreated: January 3, 1935
Absalom Willis Robertson.jpg
Absalom Willis Robertson
Democratic January 3, 1935 –
November 5, 1946
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
[ data unknown/missing ]
Resigned to become run for U.S. senator.
BurrHarrison.jpg
Burr Harrison
Democratic November 5, 1946 –
January 3, 1963
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
Elected to finish Robertson's term.
Retired.
Marsh, John O 2.jpg
John O. Marsh Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1971
88th
89th
90th
91st
[ data unknown/missing ]
Retired.
J Kenneth Robinson 98th Congressional Portrait.jpg
J. Kenneth Robinson
Republican January 3, 1971 –
January 3, 1985
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
[ data unknown/missing ]
Retired.
D French Slaughter Jr 102nd Congressional Photo.jpg
D. French Slaughter Jr.
Republican January 3, 1985 –
November 5, 1991
99th
100th
101st
102nd
[ data unknown/missing ]
Resigned.
George Allen.jpg
George F. Allen
Republican November 5, 1991 –
January 3, 1993
102nd Elected to finish Slaughter's term.
Retired to run for Governor of Virginia.
TomBliley.jpg
Thomas J. Bliley Jr.
Republican January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2001
103rd
104th
105th
106th
[ data unknown/missing ]
Retired.
Eric Cantor 113th Congress.jpg
Eric Cantor
Republican January 3, 2001 –
August 18, 2014
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
[ data unknown/missing ]
Lost renomination and then resigned.
VacantAugust 18, 2014 –
November 4, 2014
113th
Dave Brat, official 114th Congress photo portrait.jpg
Dave Brat
Republican November 4, 2014 –
January 3, 2019
113th
114th
115th
Elected to finish Cantor's term and also to the next term.
Lost re-election.
Abigail Spanberger, official 116th Congress photo portrait.jpg
Abigail Spanberger
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
present
116th Elected in 2018.

Historical district boundaries

2003-2013 VA-7th District-109.gif
2003–2013

See also

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  55. "SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS/2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved September 15, 2012.
  56. https://censusreporter.org/profiles/50000US5107-congressional-district-7-va/
  57. https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=639495

Coordinates: 37°58′05″N77°44′48″W / 37.96806°N 77.74667°W / 37.96806; -77.74667