Baran district

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Baran
Rajastan Baran district.png
Coordinates: 25°06′N76°31′E / 25.1°N 76.52°E / 25.1; 76.52
CountryIndia
State Rajasthan
District Baran
Area
[1]
  Total6,992.00 km2 (2,699.63 sq mi)
Elevation
262 m (860 ft)
Population
 (2011)
  Total [2]
  Rank1222755
Languages
  Official Hindi
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
325205
Telephone code07453
Vehicle registration RJ-28
Website Baran District

Baran district is a district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. The headquarters of the district are located at the city of Baran. [1]

India Country in South Asia

India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

Rajasthan State in India

Rajasthan is a state in northern India. The state covers an area of 342,239 square kilometres (132,139 sq mi) or 10.4 percent of the total geographical area of India. It is the largest Indian state by area and the seventh largest by population. Rajasthan is located on the northwestern side of India, where it comprises most of the wide and inhospitable Thar Desert and shares a border with the Pakistani provinces of Punjab to the northwest and Sindh to the west, along the Sutlej-Indus river valley. Elsewhere it is bordered by five other Indian states: Punjab to the north; Haryana and Uttar Pradesh to the northeast; Madhya Pradesh to the southeast; and Gujarat to the southwest.

Baran, Rajasthan City in Rajasthan, India

Baran is a city in Baran district of the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is a municipality and the district headquarters of Baran district, famous for its 11th century Bhand Deva Temple on banks of Ramgarh crater. It is located 339 km from the state capital Jaipur near Kota city.Three large Rivers Parban, Parbati, Kalisindh flowing through district.

Contents

History

Before Indian independence in 1947, most of present-day Baran District was part of the princely state of Kota. It was formed on 10 April 1991 by carving out Kota district. [3]

Princely state Type of vassal state in British India

A princely state, also called native state, feudatory state or Indian state, was a vassal state under a local or regional ruler in a subsidiary alliance with the British Raj. Though the history of the princely states of the subcontinent dates from at least the classical period of Indian history, the predominant usage of the term princely state specifically refers to a semi-sovereign principality on the Indian subcontinent during the British Raj that was not directly governed by the British, but rather by a local ruler, subject to a form of indirect rule on some matters. In actual fact, the imprecise doctrine of paramountcy allowed the government of British India to interfere in the internal affairs of princely states individually or collectively and issue edicts that applied to all of India when it deemed it necessary.

Kota, Rajasthan Metropolis in Rajasthan, India

Kota previously known as Kotah, is a city located in the southeast of northern Indian state of Rajasthan. It is located about 249 kilometres (155 mi) south of the state capital, Jaipur, situated on the banks of Chambal River. With a population of over 1.2 million, it is the third most populous city of Rajasthan after Jaipur and Jodhpur, 46th most populous city of India and 53rd most populous urban agglomeration of India. It serves as the administrative headquarters for Kota district and Kota Division. Kota is a major coaching hub of the country for competitive examination preparations and has a number of engineering and medical coaching institutes. Books like Life in a Nutshell by Nitish Rajpurohit and Harsh Agarwal highlight the life of students in the city.

The 10th century Bhand Deva Temple in the style of Khajuraho Group of Monuments is situated on the banks of a pond in the centre of the 4 km wide Ramgarh crater about 40 km from the city of Baran, Rajasthan as well as 240 km from the Dhala crater.

Bhand Deva Temple temple in India

The main Bhand Deva Temple is situated on the banks of a pond in the centre of the 4 km wide Ramgarh crater about 40 km from the city of Baran, Rajasthan, which was possibly created by a meteor. It is located near Ramgarh village, Mangrol, Baran district of Eastern Rajasthan. Coordinates: 25°20'0"N 76°37'27"E

Khajuraho Group of Monuments

The Khajuraho Group of Monuments is a group of Hindu temples and Jain temples in Chhatarpur district, Madhya Pradesh, India, about 175 kilometres (109 mi) southeast of Jhansi. They are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The temples are famous for their nagara-style architectural symbolism and their erotic sculptures.

Ramgarh crater

Ramgarh crater, 3.5 kilometres (2.2 mi) in diameter, is a potential meteor crater in Kota plateau of Vindhya range located near Ramgarh village, Mangrol tehsil of Baran district in Rajasthan state of India. If confirmed, its diameter size would be between the two confirmed Indian craters, 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) Dhala and 1.8 kilometres (1.1 mi) Lonar. As of January 2017, it is being considered by geological Survey of India for listing as a national geological monument. Glass resembling rock samples were collected and investigated. These spherules contain very high percentage of iron, along with very high ratios of nickel and cobalt. This high ratios suggests a meteorite strike or extraterrestrial rocks. It is also the location of 11th century Bhand Deva Temple being renovated by INTACH in 2018.

Geography

The Ramgarh Crater as seen from an aeroplane Ramgarh Crater.JPG
The Ramgarh Crater as seen from an aeroplane

Baran is located at 25°06′N76°31′E / 25.1°N 76.52°E / 25.1; 76.52 . [4] It has an average elevation of 262 metres (859 feet). Located in the Kota Plateau of Vindhya range, district is the location of famous Ramgarh crater made from the meteorite strike.

Rivers

Kalisindh Kali Sindh River Near Sawai Madhopur 2.jpg
Kalisindh
Parvati River-by-H.N.Singh Parvati baran.JPG
Parvati River-by-H.N.Singh

Kali Sindh, Parvati River, Parwan River, Andheri, Ban-Ganga are the major rivers.

Climate

The City has a dry climate except in the monsoon seasons. The winter season runs from mid of November to February and summer season runs from March to mid of June. The period from mid of June to September is the monsoon season followed by the months October to mid of November constitute the post monsoon or the retreating monsoon. The average rainfall in the district is 895.2mm. January is the coldest month with the average daily maximum temperature of 24.3'C and the average daily minimum temperature of 10.6'C.

Demographics

Religions in Baran District
ReligionPercent
Hindus
92.69%
Muslims
06.54%

According to the 2011 census the Baran district had a population of 1,222,755. [1] It roughly equals to the nation of Trinidad and Tobago [5] or the US state of New Hampshire. [6] This gives it a ranking of 389th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 175 inhabitants per square kilometre (450/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.8%. Baran has a sex ratio of 926 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 67.38%. [1]

Trinidad and Tobago Island country in the Caribbean Sea

Trinidad and Tobago, officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is the southernmost island country in the Caribbean. Consisting of two main islands - Trinidad and Tobago - plus a number of much smaller islands, it is situated 130 kilometres south of Grenada and 11 kilometres off the coast of northeastern Venezuela. It shares maritime boundaries with Barbados to the northeast, Grenada and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines to the northwest, Guyana to the southeast, and Venezuela to the south and west.

New Hampshire U.S. state in the United States

New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west, Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. New Hampshire is the 5th smallest by area and the 10th least populous U.S. state.

Family planning in India

Family planning in India is based on efforts largely sponsored by the Indian government. From 1965–2009, contraceptive usage has more than tripled and the fertility rate has more than halved, but the national fertility rate remains high, causing concern for long-term population growth. India adds up to 1,000,000 people to its population every 20 days. Extensive family planning has become a priority in an effort to curb the projected population of two billion by the end of the twenty-first century.

Transport

Roadways

The city is connected with neighbouring districts and with major cities outside the state. National Highway No.76 (now National Highway No. 27) passes through the district. National Highway No.76 (now National Highway No. 27) is a part of East-West Corridor.

Airways

The nearest major airports are located at Jaipur International Airport, Udaipur Airport, and Jodhpur Airport. These airports connect Rajasthan with the major cities of India such as Delhi and Mumbai. There are two other airports in Kota and Jaisalmer, but are not open for commercial/civilian flights yet.

Railway

Baran station is situated on Kota-Bina section of Western Central Railways. It is about 67 km from Kota Junction.

Cuisine

Typical dishes include Dal Baati Churma, Roti (chapati).[ citation needed ]

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Mangrol, Rajasthan Town in Rajasthan, India

Mangrol is a town with municipality and tehsil in Baran district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. Pincode of Mangrol is 325215. It is the nearby location of famous Ramgarh crater made from the meteorite strike, also famous for the 11th century rock temple Bhand Deva Temple.It is also famous for ढाई कड़ी की रामलीला.

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Atru Town in Rajasthan, India

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "District Census Handbook - Baran" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 10–11, 14. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
  2. "Population". rajasthan.gov.in.
  3. "Home". rajasthan.gov.in.
  4. "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Baran, India". fallingrain.com.
  5. US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population" . Retrieved 1 October 2011. Trinidad and Tobago 1,227,505 July 2011 est.
  6. "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. New Hampshire 1,316,470

Coordinates: 25°06′00″N76°30′36″E / 25.10000°N 76.51000°E / 25.10000; 76.51000