Baran district

Last updated

Baran
Rajastan Baran district.png
Coordinates: 25°06′N76°31′E / 25.1°N 76.52°E / 25.1; 76.52
Country India
State Rajasthan
Headquarters Baran, Rajasthan
Area
[1]
  Total6,992 km2 (2,700 sq mi)
Elevation
262 m (860 ft)
Population
 (2011) [2]
  Total1,222,755
  Density170/km2 (450/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Hindi
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
325205
Telephone code07453
Vehicle registration RJ-28
Website Baran District

Baran district (बरन / बारां) is a district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. The headquarters of the district are located at the city of Baran. [1]

Contents

History

Before Indian independence in 1947, most of present-day Baran District was part of the princely state of Kota. It was formed on 10 April 1991 by carving out Kota district. [3]

The 10th century Bhand Deva Temple in the style of Khajuraho Group of Monuments is situated on the banks of a pond in the centre of the 4 km wide Ramgarh crater about 40 km from the city of Baran, Rajasthan as well as 240 km from the Dhala crater.

Geography

The Ramgarh Crater as seen from an aeroplane Ramgarh Crater.JPG
The Ramgarh Crater as seen from an aeroplane

Baran is located at 25°06′N76°31′E / 25.1°N 76.52°E / 25.1; 76.52 . [4] It has an average elevation of 262 metres (859 feet). Located in the Kota Plateau of Vindhya range, district is the location of famous Ramgarh crater made from the meteorite strike.

Rivers

Kali Sindh River at Gagron Fort Gagron fort submerged.jpg
Kali Sindh River at Gagron Fort
Parvati River-by-H.N.Singh Parvati baran.JPG
Parvati River-by-H.N.Singh

Kali Sindh, Parvati River, Parwan River, Andheri, Ban-Ganga are the major rivers.

Climate

The City has a dry climate except in the monsoon seasons. The winter season runs from mid of November to February and summer season runs from March to mid of June. The period from mid of June to September is the monsoon season followed by the months October to mid of November constitute the post monsoon or the retreating monsoon. The average rainfall in the district is 895.2mm. January is the coldest month with the average daily maximum temperature of 24.3'C and the average daily minimum temperature of 10.6'C.

Demographics

Religions in Baran District
ReligionPercent
Hindus
92.69%
Muslims
06.54%

According to the 2011 census the Baran district had a population of 1,222,755. [1] It roughly equals to the nation of Trinidad and Tobago [5] or the US state of New Hampshire. [6] This gives it a ranking of 389th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 175 inhabitants per square kilometre (450/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.8%. Baran has a sex ratio of 926 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 67.38%. [1]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 96.86% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 1.92% Urdu and 0.55% Bengali as their first language. [7]

Transport

Roadways

The city is connected with neighbouring districts and with major cities outside the state. National Highway No.76 (now National Highway No. 27) passes through the district. National Highway No.76 (now National Highway No. 27) is a part of East-West Corridor.

Airways

The nearest major airports are located at Jaipur International Airport, Udaipur Airport, and Jodhpur Airport. These airports connect Rajasthan with the major cities of India such as Delhi and Mumbai. There are two other airports in Kota and Jaisalmer, but are not open for commercial/civilian flights yet.

Railway

Baran station is situated on Kota-Bina section of Western Central Railways. It is about 67 km from Kota Junction.

Cuisine

Typical dishes include Dal Baati Churma, Dal Bafla, Kachori, Samosa, Roti (chapati).[ citation needed ]

Related Research Articles

Kota, Rajasthan Metropolis in Rajasthan, India

Kota previously known as Kotah, is a city located in the southeast of northern Indian state of Rajasthan. It is located about 240 kilometres (149 mi) south of the state capital, Jaipur, situated on the banks of Chambal River. With a population of over 1.2 million, it is the third most populous city of Rajasthan after Jaipur and Jodhpur, 46th most populous city of India and 53rd most populous urban agglomeration of India. It serves as the administrative headquarters for Kota district and Kota division. Kota is a major coaching hub of the country for competitive examination preparations and has a number of engineering and medical coaching institutes. Books like Life in a Nutshell by Nitish Rajpurohit and Harsh Agarwal highlight the life of students in the city.

Sikar City in Rajasthan, India

Sikar is a city located midway between Agra and Bikaner on the National Highway 52 in the state of Rajasthan in India. It is the administrative headquarters of the Sikar District. Sikar is a historical city and contains many old havelis. It is located 114 km from Jaipur, 320 km from Jodhpur 215 km from Bikaner, and 280 km from Delhi.

Bhilwara City in Rajasthan, India

Bhilwara is a city in the Mewar region of Rajasthan, India. It is famous for Textile in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It has been termed as 'textile city'.

Kali Sindh River river in India, tributary of the Chambal River

The Kali Sindh, is a river in Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan in northern India. It is a tributary of the Chambal River in the Ganges Basin. The main tributaries of the Kali Sindh are the Parwan, Niwaj and Ahu rivers. The Kali Sindh River drains a major portion of the Malwa region, and is the biggest river flowing in the Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh.

Guna district District of Madhya Pradesh in India

Guna district is one of the 52 districts of Madhya Pradesh in central India. Its administrative headquarters is Guna. The district has a population of 1,241,519. It has an area of 6390 km², and is bounded on the northeast by Shivpuri District, on the east by Ashoknagar District, on the southeast by Vidisha District, on the southwest by Rajgarh District, on the west and northwest by Jhalawar and Baran districts of Rajasthan state. The Sindh River flows northward along the eastern edge of the district, forming part of the boundary with Ashoknagar District, and the Parbati River flows northwestward through the southern portion of the district, forming part of the boundary with Baran District before flowing into Rajasthan.

Jhalawar district District of Rajasthan in India

Jhalawar district (झालावाड़) is one of the 33 districts of Rajasthan state in western India. The district is bounded on the northwest by Kota district, on the northeast by Baran district, on the east by Guna district of Madhya Pradesh state, on the south by Rajgarh and Shajapur districts of Madhya Pradesh state and on the west by Ratlam, Mandsaur and Nimach districts of Madhya Pradesh state. The district occupies an area of 6928 km². The district is part of Kota division. The historical city of Jhalawar is the administrative headquarters of the district.

Kota district District of Rajasthan in India

Kota District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. The city of Kota is the administrative headquarters of the district.

Aklera Town in Rajasthan, India

Aklera is a town and a municipality in Jhalawar district in the state of Rajasthan, India. It has a rock-strewn, scrub-covered terrain, occasionally bright with fields of poppies and citrus-green groves of oranges. Lying in the south-eastern region of Rajasthan at the edge of the Malwa plateau, Aklera area has rocky but water-laden verdant landscape, unlike much of Rajasthan.

Antah City in Rajasthan, India

Antah is a city and a municipality in Baran district in the state of Rajasthan, India.

Bhadra, Rajasthan Tehsil in Rajasthan, India

Bhadra is a city and a municipality in Hanumangarh district in the state of Rajasthan, India.

Chhipabarod is a census town in Baran district in the state of Rajasthan, India.

Lakheri Town in Rajasthan, India

Lakheri is a town and municipality in Bundi district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is located in the southeast of Rajasthan, around 180 kilometres (112 mi) south of the state capital, Jaipur. Lakheri has been a subdivision headquarters since 2002. Pramod Sharma (RAS) is the deputy collector and magistrate of Lakheri subdivision. It is the second largest city in the district, after Bundi and 104th largest city in rajasthan.

Mangrol, Rajasthan Town in Rajasthan, India

Mangrol is a town with municipality and tehsil in Baran district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. Pincode of Mangrol is 325215. It is the nearby location of famous Ramgarh crater made from the meteorite strike, also famous for the 11th century rock temple Bhand Deva Temple.It is also famous for ढाई कड़ी की रामलीला.

Uniara town in Rajasthan, India

Uniara is a town and a municipality in Tonk district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. it is a tehsil of Tonk district.

Baran, Rajasthan City in Rajasthan, India

Baran is a city in Baran district of the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is a municipality and the district headquarters of Baran district, famous for its 11th century Bhand Deva Temple on banks of Ramgarh crater. It is 339 km from the state capital Jaipur near Kota city. Three large rivers, Parban, Parbati, and Kalisindh, flow through the district.

Ramgarh crater

Ramgarh crater, also known as Ramgarh structure, Ramgarh Dome and Ramgarh astrobleme, is a meteor impact crater of 3.5 kilometres (2.2 mi) diameter in Kota plateau of Vindhya range located adjacent to Ramgarh village in Mangrol tehsil of Baran district in Rajasthan state of India. When formally accepted as the third crater in India, its diameter size would be between the two already confirmed craters in India - Dhala in Madhya Pradesh with 14 km diameter and Lonar in Buldhana district of Maharashtra with 1.8 km diameter.

Sunel is a city in Jhalawar district, Rajasthan, India, with a population of about 35,000. It was formerly known as Ahilya Nagri. The Ahu River is 3 kilometres (2 mi) from Sunel.

Baldara town in Rajasthan, India

Baldara is a town in western India located in state of Rajasthan. It is the administrative headquarters of the Gram panchayat.

Atru Town in Rajasthan, India

Atru is a town in the Baran district in Rajasthan, India. It is located in the southeast of northern Indian state of Rajasthan. It is tehsil of Baran. It is located around 30 kilometres south of the Baran district. Atru tehsil is the biggest tehsil of the Baran district, and has 141 villages under its administration. There are many facilities like a railway station, a hospital, schools, markets, well equipped rods for traffic. The most famous festival is Dhanush lila on the occasion there is a fair is organized for 3 days.

Bhand Deva Temple temple in India

The main Bhand Deva Temple is situated on the banks of a pond in the centre of the 4 km wide Ramgarh crater about 40 km from the city of Baran, Rajasthan, which was possibly created by a meteor. It is located near Ramgarh village, Mangrol, Baran district of Eastern Rajasthan. Coordinates: 25°20'0"N 76°37'27"E

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "District Census Handbook - Baran" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 10–11, 14. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
  2. "Population". rajasthan.gov.in.
  3. "Home". rajasthan.gov.in.
  4. "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Baran, India". fallingrain.com.
  5. US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population" . Retrieved 1 October 2011. Trinidad and Tobago 1,227,505 July 2011 est.
  6. "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. New Hampshire 1,316,470
  7. 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue

Coordinates: 25°06′00″N76°30′36″E / 25.10000°N 76.51000°E / 25.10000; 76.51000