Torbay, Newfoundland and Labrador

Last updated
Torbay
Town
Town of Torbay
2011 - FEB 12 - 22 - NEWFOUNDLAND -061 near Torbay (5453353530).jpg
Torbay NFLD logo.gif
Seal
Motto(s): 
"Salus et Felicitas"  (Latin)
"Health and Happiness"
Canada Newfoundland location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Torbay
Location of Torbay
Canada Newfoundland and Labrador location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Torbay
Torbay (Newfoundland and Labrador)
Coordinates: 47°39′33″N52°45′11″W / 47.65917°N 52.75306°W / 47.65917; -52.75306 Coordinates: 47°39′33″N52°45′11″W / 47.65917°N 52.75306°W / 47.65917; -52.75306
CountryCanada
Province Newfoundland and Labrador
Government
  MayorCraig Scott
  MHA Joedy Wall
  MP Jack Harris
Area
[1]
  Land34.89 km2 (13.47 sq mi)
Population
 (2016) [1]
  Total7,899
  Density212.1/km2 (549/sq mi)
Time zone UTC−03:30 (NST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−02:30 (NDT)
Postal code
A1K
Area code(s) 709
Highways NL Route 20.svg Route 20
NL Route 21.svg Route 21
NL Route 30.svg Route 30
Website torbay.ca

Torbay is a town located on the eastern side of the Avalon Peninsula in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.

Contents

The town is located 12 km (7.5 mi) north of the capital city of St. John's and is part of the St. John's metropolitan area. Due to the Torbay's close proximity to St. John's, the town's population is quickly growing. According to the 2016 census the population was 7,899, [1] up from 7,397 in 2011. [2]

History

The name Torbay comes from Torbay, Devon, England and was first mapped in 1615 by John Mason. It comes from the old Anglo-Saxon "Tor" which means "a rocky hill". [3] Both places are geographically similar with wide-open bays that face in a northeasterly direction. An extract from Bishop Feild's journal states, "indeed there seems to be a little colony of Devon folk in Torbay." John Nutt, the pirate, settled here with his family from Devon.

Monument to the landing of Colonel William Amherst in 1762 Torbay NL AmherstMonument 2016.jpg
Monument to the landing of Colonel William Amherst in 1762

The community of Torbay experienced three French campaigns, the first of which occurred in December 1696. These invasions contributed to the eventual construction of the Torbay Battery in 1781, which was manned by 25 troops from the 71st Regiment and Royal Artillery. The ordnance was eventually withdrawn in 1795.

The census of 1677 indicated the Cole and Corum families as residing in "Tarr-Bay" Newfoundland. The following year the Field Family joined them. By 1794 the population of Torbay included many of the surnames now associated with Torbay and totalled 108 English settlers and 99 Irish settlers. The Way Office, a mail handling facility used where there was not enough business to warrant a full post office, [4] was established in 1891.

The early history of the community was further highlighted by the landing of Colonel William Amherst and his troops in 1762 on their way to re-capturing the capital city of St. John's from the French. This event was officially recognized in 1978 when the first mayor of Torbay, William Manning, unveiled a stone monument and plaque at the present day Veterans Memorial Park. [5]

Demographics

The following information is from: Statistics Canada [6] [7]

In the 2016 census the population was 7,899. [1] In 2011 Torbay's population grew 17.8% from 2006 bringing the population to 7,397, making it one of the fastest growing communities in Newfoundland and Labrador. [2] [8]

Population chart of the Town of Torbay: [9]

YearPopulation
 % change
19914,707N/A
19965,230Increase2.svg11.1
20015,474Increase2.svg4.7
20066,281Increase2.svg14.7
20117,397Increase2.svg17.8%
20167,899Increase2.svg6.8%

Geography

Climate

Climate data for St. John's International Airport (approximately 4.5 km (2.8 mi) south southwest of Torbay)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high humidex 17.217.317.226.129.534.838.537.735.829.823.718.638.5
Record high °C (°F)15.2
(59.4)
16.0
(60.8)
18.3
(64.9)
24.1
(75.4)
25.6
(78.1)
29.4
(84.9)
31.5
(88.7)
31.0
(87.8)
29.5
(85.1)
24.6
(76.3)
19.4
(66.9)
16.1
(61.0)
31.5
(88.7)
Average high °C (°F)−0.9
(30.4)
−1.5
(29.3)
1.2
(34.2)
5.2
(41.4)
10.7
(51.3)
15.9
(60.6)
20.3
(68.5)
19.9
(67.8)
15.9
(60.6)
10.5
(50.9)
5.9
(42.6)
1.2
(34.2)
8.7
(47.7)
Daily mean °C (°F)−4.8
(23.4)
−5.4
(22.3)
−2.5
(27.5)
1.6
(34.9)
6.2
(43.2)
10.9
(51.6)
15.4
(59.7)
15.5
(59.9)
11.8
(53.2)
6.9
(44.4)
2.6
(36.7)
−2.2
(28.0)
4.7
(40.5)
Average low °C (°F)−8.6
(16.5)
−9.3
(15.3)
−6.2
(20.8)
−2.0
(28.4)
1.5
(34.7)
5.9
(42.6)
10.5
(50.9)
11.1
(52.0)
7.7
(45.9)
3.3
(37.9)
−0.7
(30.7)
−5.5
(22.1)
0.6
(33.1)
Record low °C (°F)−23.3
(−9.9)
−23.8
(−10.8)
−23.8
(−10.8)
−14.8
(5.4)
−6.7
(19.9)
−3.3
(26.1)
−1.1
(30.0)
0.5
(32.9)
−1.1
(30.0)
−5.6
(21.9)
−13.4
(7.9)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−23.8
(−10.8)
Record low wind chill −35.7−40.3−40.3−21.4−14.2−7.7−3.4−2.0−4.4−11.8−24.6−34.3−40.3
Average precipitation mm (inches)150.0
(5.91)
125.2
(4.93)
130.8
(5.15)
121.8
(4.80)
100.9
(3.97)
101.9
(4.01)
89.4
(3.52)
108.1
(4.26)
130.9
(5.15)
161.9
(6.37)
144.0
(5.67)
148.8
(5.86)
1,513.7
(59.59)
Average rainfall mm (inches)73.7
(2.90)
60.5
(2.38)
76.7
(3.02)
93.7
(3.69)
93.9
(3.70)
100.5
(3.96)
89.4
(3.52)
108.1
(4.26)
130.9
(5.15)
158.9
(6.26)
116.3
(4.58)
88.4
(3.48)
1,191
(46.89)
Average snowfall cm (inches)79.9
(31.5)
66.5
(26.2)
52.3
(20.6)
25.7
(10.1)
6.1
(2.4)
1.3
(0.5)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
2.9
(1.1)
26.3
(10.4)
61.3
(24.1)
322.3
(126.9)
Average precipitation days21.91920.118.116.414.913.314.21619.320.122.4215.6
Average rainy days9.78.111.513.415.314.913.314.21618.515.511.8162.4
Average snowy days17.915.213.48.12.50.30002.18.416.384.2
Source 1: [10]
Source 2: [11]

Economy

The town of Torbay is a bedroom community, with most of the workforce commuting to the nearby cities of St. John's and Mount Pearl. No public transport links St. John's to its northern suburbs and exurbs, and all such commutes are done by car only. The town's economy is driven mostly by service industries that serve the residents such as a grocery store, convenience stores, doctors offices, hair salons, real-estate offices and restaurants among others.

With population growth in the town in recent years the housing market has become a significant part of the local economy. Torbay has become the most expensive housing market in the province with average home prices surpassing $375,000. Between 2009 and 2010 the town also saw the largest appreciation in housing prices in the St. John's CMA, with housing prices rising 32%. [12]

Transportation

Air

The town is serviced by St. John's International Airport, which was formally the Torbay Airport. Airlines include Air Canada, Air Canada Express, Air Labrador, Air Saint-Pierre, Air Transat, Porter Airlines, Provincial Airlines, Sunwing Airlines, WestJet and WestJet Encore. The airport offers services across Canada and the United Kingdom and Ireland, to the United States, Saint-Pierre and the Caribbean. [13]

Road

Torbay Bypass

Prior to 2011, the only major route into Torbay was Torbay Road (route 20). 2011 saw the opening of the Torbay bypass, a $22.7 million project that required three years to complete. The south end of the bypass begins at a traffic light-controlled T-intersection with Torbay Road North of the Stavangeer Drive sopping area, and runs 7.7 km north with access via traffic lights to Indian Meal Line and Bauline Line, before it meets Torbay Road at its northern terminus. This project also saw upgrades to portions of Torbay Road, and includes multiple grade-separated crossings. [14]

Government

Legend: PC - Progressive Conservative, LIB - Liberal, IND - Independent, NDP - New Democratic Party, GRN - Green Party, NLA - Newfoundland and Labrador Alliance.

Municipal

The town council of Torbay is composed of a Mayor, Deputy Mayor and five Councillor's at Large. Currently the Council is represented by Mayor Craig Scott (PC), Deputy Mayor Trina Appleby (PC) and five Councillors Mary Thorne-Gosse (PC), Geoff Gallant (LIB), Justin Martin (IND), Tony Pollard (PC) and Peggy Roche (PC). The mayor and councillors are elected during the municipal election, which is held every four years on the last Tuesday in September. The deputy mayor is subsequently elected by the town councillors and the mayor, during the first meeting of the new council. [15] No candidates have currently declared their candidacy for the 2021 General Election. In Newfoundland and Labrador, Municipal Elections are nonpartisan, however candidates (throughout the Province) usually hold a affiliation with a Political Party or Ideology).

Cape St. Francis map Cape St. Francis.png
Cape St. Francis map

Provincial

Torbay is a part of the provincial electoral district of Cape St. Francis, the district is a tory stronghold and is currently represented by Progressive Conservative (short PC) MHA Joedy Wall.

Federal

The town is represented in the House of Commons by the federal riding of St. John's East, formally St. John's North. The seat was another tory stronghold and was represented by Conservatives MP's for the majority of time since 1949. Since 2019, Jack Harris has been MP for the area. Harris is a member of the New Democratic Party of Canada (NDP).

Sports

Hockey

The town is home to the Northeast Eagles, which offers novice, atom, peewee and bantam hockey for youths. The town also has a senior hockey team for adults, both teams play at the Jack Byrne Arena. The arena is Torbay's first hockey arena which opened in October 2008, under the name North East Avalon Arena. In March 2009 the arena was officially opened by Premier Danny Williams and was renamed the Jack Byrne Arena after the former MHA who had died in early 2008.

Soccer

The Torbay soccer association runs soccer games throughout the summer for youths. [16]

Softball

The town offers three adult softball leagues along with a minor softball house league. There is a ladies recreational league, an over 18 men's league and the long running Avalon East Slo-Pitch over 35 gentlemen's league.

Education

The town is home to Holy Trinity Elementary which offers kindergarten to grade 4 education, Juniper Ridge Intermediate which offers grades 5 to 8 and Holy Trinity High which offers education from grades 9 to 12. [17] [18] English and French immersion education is offered at both schools. A new elementary school was constructed to replace the former Holy Trinity Elementary; the school opened in September 2010. The School is still called Holy Trinity Elementary School. Juniper Ridge Intermediate was opened in September 2018 with attending students from the surrounding area.

See also

Related Research Articles

Newfoundland and Labrador Province of Canada

Newfoundland and Labrador is the easternmost province of Canada, in the country's Atlantic region. It is composed of the island of Newfoundland and the continental region of Labrador to the northwest, with a combined area of 405,212 square kilometres (156,500 sq mi). In 2018, the province's population was estimated at 525,073. About 92% of the province's population lives on the island of Newfoundland, of whom more than half live on the Avalon Peninsula.

St. Johns, Newfoundland and Labrador Capital of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

St. John's is the capital and largest city of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. It is on the eastern tip of the Avalon Peninsula on the large Canadian island Newfoundland. The city spans 446.04 square kilometres (172.22 sq mi) and is the easternmost city in North America.

Paradise, Newfoundland and Labrador Town in Newfoundland, Canada

Paradise is a town on the Avalon Peninsula in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. The town is a part of the St. John's Metropolitan Area and borders the City of St. John's, the City of Mount Pearl, the Town of Portugal Cove-St. Philip's, and the town of Conception Bay South. According to the 2016 Canadian census the population of Paradise is 21,389, after recording a 21% increase in population over five years.

Whitbourne, Newfoundland and Labrador Town in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Whitbourne is a town on the Avalon Peninsula in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada in Division 1.

Division No. 1, Newfoundland and Labrador Census division in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Division 1, Newfoundland and Labrador is a census division covering the entire Avalon Peninsula including the Isthmus of Avalon of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Like all census divisions in Newfoundland and Labrador, but unlike the census divisions of some other provinces, the division exists only as a statistical division for census data, and is not a political entity.

Avalon (electoral district)

Avalon is a federal electoral district on Newfoundland Island in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. It has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 2004.

Stephenville, Newfoundland and Labrador Town in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Stephenville is a town in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, on the west coast of the island of Newfoundland.

Channel-Port aux Basques Town in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Channel-Port aux Basques is a town at the extreme southwestern tip of Newfoundland fronting on the western end of the Cabot Strait. A Marine Atlantic ferry terminal is located in the town which is the primary entry point onto the island of Newfoundland and the western terminus of the Newfoundland and Labrador Route 1 in the province. The town was incorporated in 1945 and its population in the 2016 census was 4,067.

Conception Bay South Town in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Conception Bay South is a town located on the southern shore of Conception Bay on the Avalon Peninsula of the island of Newfoundland, Province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. The town is commonly called C.B.S.

Labrador City Town in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Labrador City is a town in western Labrador, near the Quebec border with a population of 7,220 as of 2016. Neighbouring Labrador City is Wabush, a smaller town with a population of approximately 1,906 as of 2016. Together, the "twin towns" are known as Labrador West.

St. Johns International Airport International airport serving St. Johns, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

St. John's International Airport is in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. It is located 3 nautical miles northwest of St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador and serves the St. John's metropolitan area and the Avalon Peninsula. The airport is part of the National Airports System, and is operated by St. John's International Airport Authority Inc.

Wabush Town in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Wabush is a small town in the western tip of Labrador, bordering Quebec, known for transportation and iron ore operations.

Portugal Cove–St. Philips Town in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Portugal Cove–St. Philip's is a rural seashore community located on the eastern Avalon Peninsula of Newfoundland in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. The town is a bedroom community of the provincial capital of St. John's.

Pouch Cove Town in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Pouch Cove is a town in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The population is 2,069 according to the Canada 2016 Census. It is located on the northeast Avalon Peninsula, 27 kilometers north of St. John's, the province's capital city. The origin of Pouch Cove dates back to 1611, when fisherman from British ships, together with carpenters and other artisans, established a settlement. The town was officially incorporated in 1970. The post office was established in 1975. The Town has a Council consisting of a Mayor, Deputy Mayor, and five councillors. The town's motto is "first to see the sun," referring to the sunrise in North America.

Centreville-Wareham-Trinity Town in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Centreville–Wareham–Trinity is a town in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, located on Bonavista Bay. The town had a population of 1,147 in the Canada 2016 Census, down from 1,161 in 2011.

Flatrock, Newfoundland and Labrador Town in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Flatrock is a town in Newfoundland and Labrador. The town had a population of 1,683 in the Canada 2016 Census.

Witless Bay Town in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Witless Bay is a town on the Avalon Peninsula in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Located on the Irish Loop, 35 km south of the provincial capital, St. John's, Witless Bay is a small, scenic, traditional Newfoundland outport community. The town had a population of 1619 in the Canada 2016 Census. It is connected to the Witless Bay Ecological Reserve.

Mount Pearl City in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Mount Pearl is the third-largest settlement and second-largest city in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. The city is located southwest of St. John's, on the eastern tip of the Avalon Peninsula on the island of Newfoundland. Mount Pearl is part of the St. John's metropolitan area, the 20th largest metropolitan area in Canada.

Outline of Newfoundland and Labrador Overview of and topical guide to Newfoundland and Labrador

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Newfoundland and Labrador.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Torbay, T [Census subdivision], Newfoundland and Labrador and Canada [Country] (table). Census Profile 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. February 2, 2017. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Census Profile - Torbay". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
  3. Mills, A. D. (1996). "Torbay; Torre". The Popular Dictionary of English Place-Names. Parragon Book Service Ltd and Magpie Books. p. 332. ISBN   0-7525-1851-8.
  4. Miscellaneous brief items about Red Island
  5. About Torbay
  6. StatCan 2001 Census Archived 2006-12-31 at the Wayback Machine - population
  7. Population and dwelling counts (2006 Census). Statistics Canada.
  8. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
  9. Torbay at the Canadian Encyclopedia
  10. "Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000". Environment Canada . Retrieved 2010-04-20.
  11. "Calculation of the 1971 to 2000 Climate Normals for Canada". Environment Canada. Archived from the original on 2013-06-27. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
  12. Housing Now St. John’s CMA
  13. St. John's Airport Archived 2010-05-01 at the Wayback Machine
  14. "Opening of New Torbay Bypass Improves Regional Transportation Network". www.releases.gov.nl.ca. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  15. Town Council
  16. official site
  17. Holy Trinity Elementary Archived 2009-04-30 at the Wayback Machine
  18. Holy Trinity High