Hydrogen diselenide

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Hydrogen diselenide
Hydrogen diselenide's ball and stick model Hydrogen-diselenide-3D-balls.png
Hydrogen diselenide’s ball and stick model
Hydrogen diselenide's space filling model Hydrogen-diselenide-3D-vdW.png
Hydrogen diselenide’s space filling model
IUPAC name
Dihydrogen diselenide
3D model (JSmol)
PubChem CID
  • InChI=1S/H2S2/c1-2/h1-2H Yes check.svgY
  • InChI=1S/H2Se2/c1-2/h1-2H
  • [SeH][SeH]
Molar mass 159.958 g·mol−1
Appearanceoily liquid
Density g cm−3
Flash point Flammable
Related compounds
Related compounds
hydrogen peroxide
hydrogen selenide
hydrogen disulfide
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Hydrogen diselenide is an inorganic selenium compound with a chemical formula H2Se2 or (SeH)2. [1] [2] At room temperature, hydrogen diselenide dissociates easily to hydrogen selenide (H2Se) and elemental selenium, and is therefore not stable. However, hydrogen diselenide can be stable in some solutions. [3]

Related Research Articles

Selenium Chemical element, symbol Se and atomic number 34

Selenium is a chemical element with the symbol Se and atomic number 34. It is a nonmetal with properties that are intermediate between the elements above and below in the periodic table, sulfur and tellurium, and also has similarities to arsenic. It rarely occurs in its elemental state or as pure ore compounds in the Earth's crust. Selenium—from Greek selḗnē —was discovered in 1817 by Jöns Jacob Berzelius, who noted the similarity of the new element to the previously discovered tellurium.

Hydrogen selenide is an inorganic compound with the formula H2Se. This hydrogen chalcogenide is the simplest and most commonly encountered hydride of selenium. H2Se is a colorless, flammable gas under standard conditions. It is the most toxic selenium compound with an exposure limit of 0.05 ppm over an 8-hour period. Even at extremely low concentrations, this compound has a very irritating smell resembling that of decayed horseradish or 'leaking gas', but smells of rotten eggs at higher concentrations.

Selenic acid is the inorganic compound with the formula H
. It is an oxoacid of selenium, and its structure is more accurately described as (HO)
. It is a colorless compound. Although it has few uses, its derivative sodium selenate is used in the production of glass and animal feeds.

Selenium dioxide Chemical compound

Selenium dioxide is the chemical compound with the formula SeO2. This colorless solid is one of the most frequently encountered compounds of selenium.

Selenous acid Chemical compound

Selenous acid (or selenious acid) is the chemical compound with the formula H2SeO3. Structurally, it is more accurately described by (HO)2SeO. It is the principal oxoacid of selenium; the other being selenic acid.

Sodium selenite Chemical compound

Sodium selenite is the inorganic compound with the formula Na2SeO3. This salt is a colourless solid. The pentahydrate Na2SeO3(H2O)5 is the most common water-soluble selenium compound.

Organoselenium compounds are chemical compounds containing carbon-to-selenium chemical bonds. Organoselenium chemistry is the corresponding science exploring their properties and reactivity. Selenium belongs with oxygen and sulfur to the group 16 elements or chalcogens, and similarities in chemistry are to be expected. Organoselenium compounds are found at trace levels in ambient waters, soils and sediments.


Selenols are organic compounds that contain the functional group with the connectivity C–Se–H. Selenols are sometimes also called selenomercaptans and selenothiols. Selenols are one of the principal classes of organoselenium compounds. The best known member of the group is the amino acid selenocysteine.

Aluminium selenide Chemical compound

Aluminium selenide is the inorganic compound with the formula Al2Se3.

Selenium oxydichloride is the inorganic compound with the formula SeOCl2. It is a colorless liquid. With a high dielectric constant (55) and high specific conductance, it is an attractive solvent. Structurally, it is a close chemical relative of thionyl chloride SOCl2, being a pyramidal molecule.

Carbon diselenide Chemical compound

Carbon diselenide is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula CSe2. It is a yellow-orange oily liquid with pungent odor. It is the selenium analogue of carbon disulfide (CS2). This light-sensitive compound is insoluble in water and soluble in organic solvents.

Sodium selenide Chemical compound

Sodium selenide is an inorganic compound of sodium and selenium with the chemical formula Na2Se.

Selenium monochloride Chemical compound

Selenium monochloride is an inorganic compound with the formula Se2Cl2. Although it is called selenium monochloride, a more descriptive name might be diselenium dichloride. It is a reddish-brown, oily liquid that hydrolyses slowly. It exists in chemical equilibrium with SeCl2, SeCl4, chlorine, and elemental selenium. Selenium monochloride is mainly used as a reagent for the synthesis of Se-containing compounds.

Selenenic acid

A selenenic acid is an organoselenium compound and an oxoacid with the general formula RSeOH, where R ≠ H. It is the first member of the family of organoselenium oxoacids, which also include seleninic acids and selenonic acids, which are RSeO2H and RSeO3H, respectively. Selenenic acids derived from selenoenzymes are thought to be responsible for the antioxidant activity of these enzymes. This functional group is sometimes called SeO-selenoperoxol.

Titanium diselenide Chemical compound

Titanium diselenide (TiSe2) also known as titanium(IV) selenide, is an inorganic compound of titanium and selenium. In this material selenium is viewed as selenide (Se2−) which requires that titanium exists as Ti4+. Titanium diselenide is a member of metal dichalcogenides, compounds that consist of a metal and an element of the chalcogen column within the periodic table. Many exhibit properties of potential value in battery technology, such as intercalation and electrical conductivity, although most applications focus on the less toxic and lighter disulfides, e.g. TiS2.

Molybdenum diselenide Chemical compound

Molybdenum diselenide is an inorganic compound of molybdenum and selenium. Its structure is similar to that of MoS
. Compounds of this category are known as transition metal dichalcogenides, abbreviated TMDCs. These compounds, as the name suggests, are made up of a transition metals and elements of group 16 on the periodic table of the elements. Compared to MoS
, MoSe
exhibits higher electrical conductivity.

Tungsten diselenide Chemical compound

Tungsten diselenide is an inorganic compound with the formula WSe2. The compound adopts a hexagonal crystalline structure similar to molybdenum disulfide. Every tungsten atom is covalently bonded to six selenium ligands in a trigonal prismatic coordination sphere while each selenium is bonded to three tungsten atoms in a pyramidal geometry. The tungsten–selenium bond has a length of 0.2526 nm, and the distance between selenium atoms is 0.334 nm. It is a well studied example of a layered material. The layers stack together via van der Waals interactions. WSe2 is a very stable semiconductor in the group-VI transition metal dichalcogenides.

Platinum diselenide is a transition metal dichalcogenide (TMDC) consisting of the metal platinum and the non-metal selenium with the formula PtSe2. Being a layered substance, PtSe2 can be split into thin layers down to three atoms thick called monolayers. PtSe2 is a semimetal or semiconductor depending on thickness.

Niobium diselenide Chemical compound

Niobium diselenide or niobium(IV) selenide is a layered transition metal dichalcogenide with formula NbSe2. Niobium diselenide is a lubricant, and a superconductor at temperatures below 7.2 K that exhibit a charge density wave (CDW). NbSe2 crystallizes in several related forms, and can be mechanically exfoliated into monatomic layers, similar to other transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers. Monolayer NbSe2 exhibits very different properties from the bulk material, such as of Ising superconductivity, quantum metallic state, and strong enhancement of the CDW.

Rhenium diselenide Chemical compound

Rhenium diselenide is an inorganic compound with the formula ReSe2. It has a layered structure where atoms are strongly bonded within each layer. The layers are held together by weak Van der Waals bonds, and can be easily peeled off from the bulk material.


  1. Macintyre, J.E. (1992). Dictionary of Inorganic Compounds. Taylor & Francis. p. 293. ISBN   9780412301209.
  2. "化學命名原則" (PDF). 國立編譯館. 2011-04-01. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-03-22. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
  3. Shaw, B.L.; Stavely, L.A.K. (2013). Inorganic Hydrides: The Commonwealth and International Library: Chemistry Division. Commonwealth and international library: Chemistry division. Elsevier Science. p. 76. ISBN   9781483160320.