Arkansas's 1st congressional district

Last updated
Arkansas's 1st congressional district
Arkansas-first-congressional-district-2013.svg
U.S. Representative
  Rick Crawford
RJonesboro
Area17,521 sq mi (45,380 km2)
Distribution
  • 44.5% urban
  • 55.5% rural
Population (2015)722,402 [1]
Median income$41,413 [2]
Ethnicity
Occupation
Cook PVI R+17 [3]

Arkansas's 1st congressional district is a U.S. congressional district in eastern Arkansas that elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives.

A congressional district is an electoral constituency that elects a single member of a congress. Countries with congressional districts include the United States, the Philippines, and Japan. A congressional district is based on population, which, in the United States, is taken using a census every ten years.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

United States House of Representatives lower house of the United States Congress

The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber. Together they compose the legislature of the United States.

Contents

It is currently represented by Republican Rick Crawford.

Rick Crawford (politician) American politician

Eric Alan "Rick" Crawford is an American politician who has been the U.S. Representative for Arkansas's 1st congressional district since 2011. He is a member of the Republican Party. Before he was elected to Congress, Crawford was a radio announcer, businessman and a soldier in the United States Army.

Geography

2003–2013

The district from 2003 to 2013 AR-1-CD.PNG
The district from 2003 to 2013

Before the 2010 census, the 1st district represented portions of northeastern Arkansas, encompassing the counties of Arkansas, Baxter, Clay, Cleburne, Craighead, Crittenden, Cross, Fulton, Greene, Independence, Izard, Jackson, Lawrence, Lee, Lonoke, Mississippi, Monroe, Phillips, Poinsett, Prairie, Randolph, Saint Francis, Searcy, Sharp, Stone, and Woodruff.

Arkansas County, Arkansas County in the United States

Arkansas County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,019. Located in the Arkansas Delta, the county has two county seats, De Witt and Stuttgart.

Baxter County, Arkansas County in the United States

Baxter County is a county in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 41,513. The county seat is Mountain Home. It is Arkansas's 66th county, formed on March 24, 1873, and named for Elisha Baxter, the tenth governor of Arkansas.

Clay County, Arkansas County in the United States

Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,083. The county has two county seats, Corning and Piggott. It is a dry county, in which the sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or prohibited.

2013–2023

The district took in additional counties in the southeastern portion that were part of the 4th district which in turn took the entire eastern Arkansas border. It fully encompasses the counties of Arkansas, Baxter, Chicot, Clay, Cleburne, Craighead, Crittenden, Cross, Desha, Fulton, Greene, Independence, Izard, Jackson, Lawrence, Lee, Lincoln, Lonoke, Mississippi, Monroe, Phillips, Poinsett, Prairie, Randolph, Saint Francis, Searcy, Sharp, Stone, and Woodruff. The district also encompasses parts of Jefferson county.

Arkansass 4th congressional district

Arkansas's 4th congressional district is a congressional district located in the southwestern portion of the U.S. state of Arkansas. Notable towns in the district include Camden, Hope, Hot Springs, Magnolia, Pine Bluff, and Texarkana.

Chicot County, Arkansas County in the United States

Chicot County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,800. The county seat is Lake Village. Chicot County is Arkansas's 10th county, formed on October 25, 1823, and named after Point Chicot on the Mississippi River. It is part of the Arkansas Delta, lowlands along the river that have been historically important as an area for large-scale cotton cultivation.

Cleburne County, Arkansas County in the United States

Cleburne County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,970. The county seat and most populous city is Heber Springs. The county was formed on February 20, 1883 as the last of Arkansas's 75 counties to be formed. It is named for Confederate General Patrick Cleburne. Cleburne is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Character

The Mississippi Delta has long been home to American industrial agriculture, with cotton, rice and soybeans by far the biggest export from the region. The 1st District covers most of the Arkansas Delta area and stretches as far west to the Ozarks. The farming areas, despite their fertility, are generally poor by national standards, with unemployment and undereducation as some of the greatest problems. Rice farms are the amongst the greatest recipients of federal farming subsidization - and three of the top five subsidy farms in the United States are in the 1st District, receiving over $100 million since 1996.

Arkansas Delta

The Arkansas Delta is one of the six natural regions of the state of Arkansas. Willard B. Gatewood Jr., author of The Arkansas Delta: Land of Paradox, says that rich cotton lands of the Arkansas Delta make that area "The Deepest of the Deep South."

Some manufacturing has been sited in the region recently, with several auto parts factories being built in Marion and Toyota considering it as the site for its seventh North American plant.

Marion, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Marion is a city in and the county seat of Crittenden County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 12,345 at the 2010 census, a 38.7% increase since 2000. The city is part of the Memphis metropolitan area. It is the second largest city in Crittenden County, behind West Memphis.

Toyota automotive brand manufacturer

Toyota Motor Corporation is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota City, Aichi, Japan. In 2017, Toyota's corporate structure consisted of 364,445 employees worldwide and, as of September 2018, was the sixth-largest company in the world by revenue. As of 2017, Toyota is the world's second-largest automotive manufacturer. Toyota was the world's first automobile manufacturer to produce more than 10 million vehicles per year which it has done since 2012, when it also reported the production of its 200-millionth vehicle. As of July 2014, Toyota was the largest listed company in Japan by market capitalization and by revenue.

Jonesboro is the largest town, home to a sizable food processing industry with companies such as Nestle and Frito-Lay sited here. Jonesboro is also home to Arkansas State University (ASU)-Jonesboro. While Jonesboro itself sports a Republican trend, along with some of the hill counties, it is balanced by the strong Democratic presence in the African American-dominated Mississippi River Delta. The result is a fairly closely divided vote in national politics. While Al Gore narrowly carried the district in 2000 with 50% of the vote, George W. Bush won the district in 2004. The district swung even more Republican in 2008, giving John McCain 58.69% of the vote while Barack Obama received 38.41% here.

Recent election results from statewide races

YearOfficeResults
2000 President Gore 50 - 48%
2004 President Bush 52 - 47%
2008 President McCain 59 - 38%
2012 President Romney 61 - 36%
2016 President Trump 65 - 30%

List of members representing the district

The district was created in 1853 after the 1850 United States Census added a second seat to the state. The at-large seat then was split between this district and the second district .

MemberPartyYearCong
ress
Electoral history
District createdMarch 4, 1853
Alfred B. Greenwood Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1859
33rd
34th
35th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Hindman, Thomas Carmichael, 1828-1868-full.jpg
Thomas C. Hindman
Democratic March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
36th [Data unknown/missing.]
VacantMarch 4, 1861 –
June 22, 1868
37th
38th
39th
40th
Civil War and Reconstruction
Logan H. Roots Republican June 22, 1868 –
March 3, 1871
40th
41st
[Data unknown/missing.]
James M. Hanks Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Asa Hodges Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd [Data unknown/missing.]
LCGause.jpg
Lucien C. Gause
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1879
44th
45th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Poindexter Dunn Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1889
46th
47th
48th
49th
50th
[Data unknown/missing.]
William H. Cate Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 5, 1890
51st Lost contested election
Lewis P. Featherstone Labor March 5, 1890 –
March 3, 1891
51st Won contested election
William H. Cate Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
52nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Philip D. McCulloch Jr. Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1903
53rd
54th
55th
56th
57th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Robert B. Macon Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1913
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Thaddeus H. Caraway.jpg
Thaddeus H. Caraway
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1921
63rd
64th
65th
66th
[Data unknown/missing.]
WilliamJDriver.jpg
William J. Driver
Democratic March 4, 1921 –
January 3, 1939
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Ezekiel Gathings.jpg
Ezekiel C. Gathings
Democratic January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1969
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
[Data unknown/missing.]
William Alexander, Jr.jpg
William Vollie Alexander Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1969 –
January 3, 1993
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Blanche Lincoln official portrait.jpg
Blanche Lincoln
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1997
103rd
104th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Rep Marion Berry.jpg
Marion Berry
Democratic January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2011
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Rick Crawford, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Rick Crawford
Republican January 3, 2011 –
present
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Incumbent

Recent election results

2002

Arkansas’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2002
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Democratic Robert Marion Berry*129,70167%
Republican Tommy F. Robinson 64,35733%
Majority65,34433%
Total votes194,058100.00
Democratic hold

2004

Arkansas’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2004
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Democratic Robert Marion Berry*162,38867%
Republican Vernon Humphrey81,55633%
Majority80,83233%
Total votes243,944100.00
Democratic hold

2006

Arkansas’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2006
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Democratic Robert Marion Berry*127,57769%
Republican Mickey Stumbaugh56,61131%
Majority70,96639%
Total votes184,188100.00%
Democratic hold

2008

Arkansas’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2008
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Democratic Robert Marion Berry*124,304100%
Majority100%
Total votes124,304100%
Democratic hold

2010

Arkansas’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2010
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican Rick Crawford93,22452%
Democratic Chad Causey78,26743%
Green Ken Adler8,3205%
Write-in Write-ins2050.11%
Majority14,9579%
Total votes180,016100.00%
Republican gain from Democratic

2012

Arkansas’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2012
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican Rick Crawford*138,80056%
Democratic Scott Ellington96,60139%
Libertarian Jessica Paxton6,4273%
Green Jacob Holloway5,0152%
Majority42,19917.10%
Total votes246,843100.00%
Republican hold

2014

Arkansas’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2014
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican Rick Crawford*124,13963%
Democratic Jackie McPherson63,55532%
Libertarian Brian Scott Willhite8,5625%
Majority60,58431%
Total votes196,256100.00%
Republican hold

2016

Arkansas’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2016 [4]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican Rick Crawford*183,86676.28%
Libertarian Mark West57,18123.72%
Majority126,68552.56%
Total votes241,047100.00%
Republican hold

2018

The 2018 election was held on November 6, 2018.

Arkansas' 1st congressional district, 2018
PartyCandidateVotes%
Republican Rick Crawford (incumbent)138,75768.9
Democratic Chintan Desai57,90728.8
Libertarian Elvis Presley4,5812.3
Total votes201,245100.0
Republican hold

Living former Members

As of April 2015, there are three former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arkansas's 1st congressional district that are currently living.

RepresentativeTerm in officeDate of birth (and age)
Bill Alexander 1969–1993January 16, 1934 (age 85)
Blanche Lincoln 1993–1997September 30, 1960 (age 58)
Marion Berry 1997–2011August 27, 1942 (age 76)

See also

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References

  1. https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=05&cd=01
  2. "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. 2016 election results

Coordinates: 35°17′38″N91°15′30″W / 35.29389°N 91.25833°W / 35.29389; -91.25833