|Arkansas's 1st congressional district|
|Area||17,521 sq mi (45,380 km2)|
Arkansas's 1st congressional district is a U.S. congressional district in eastern Arkansas that elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives.
A congressional district is an electoral constituency that elects a single member of a congress. Countries with congressional districts include the United States, the Philippines, and Japan. A congressional district is based on population, which, in the United States, is taken using a census every ten years.
Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber. Together they compose the legislature of the United States.
It is currently represented by Republican Rick Crawford.
Eric Alan "Rick" Crawford is an American politician who has been the U.S. Representative for Arkansas's 1st congressional district since 2011. He is a member of the Republican Party. Before he was elected to Congress, Crawford was a radio announcer, businessman and a soldier in the United States Army.
Before the 2010 census, the 1st district represented portions of northeastern Arkansas, encompassing the counties of Arkansas, Baxter, Clay, Cleburne, Craighead, Crittenden, Cross, Fulton, Greene, Independence, Izard, Jackson, Lawrence, Lee, Lonoke, Mississippi, Monroe, Phillips, Poinsett, Prairie, Randolph, Saint Francis, Searcy, Sharp, Stone, and Woodruff.
Arkansas County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,019. Located in the Arkansas Delta, the county has two county seats, De Witt and Stuttgart.
Baxter County is a county in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 41,513. The county seat is Mountain Home. It is Arkansas's 66th county, formed on March 24, 1873, and named for Elisha Baxter, the tenth governor of Arkansas.
Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,083. The county has two county seats, Corning and Piggott. It is a dry county, in which the sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or prohibited.
The district took in additional counties in the southeastern portion that were part of the 4th district which in turn took the entire eastern Arkansas border. It fully encompasses the counties of Arkansas, Baxter, Chicot, Clay, Cleburne, Craighead, Crittenden, Cross, Desha, Fulton, Greene, Independence, Izard, Jackson, Lawrence, Lee, Lincoln, Lonoke, Mississippi, Monroe, Phillips, Poinsett, Prairie, Randolph, Saint Francis, Searcy, Sharp, Stone, and Woodruff. The district also encompasses parts of Jefferson county.
Arkansas's 4th congressional district is a congressional district located in the southwestern portion of the U.S. state of Arkansas. Notable towns in the district include Camden, Hope, Hot Springs, Magnolia, Pine Bluff, and Texarkana.
Chicot County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,800. The county seat is Lake Village. Chicot County is Arkansas's 10th county, formed on October 25, 1823, and named after Point Chicot on the Mississippi River. It is part of the Arkansas Delta, lowlands along the river that have been historically important as an area for large-scale cotton cultivation.
Cleburne County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,970. The county seat and most populous city is Heber Springs. The county was formed on February 20, 1883 as the last of Arkansas's 75 counties to be formed. It is named for Confederate General Patrick Cleburne. Cleburne is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.
The Mississippi Delta has long been home to American industrial agriculture, with cotton, rice and soybeans by far the biggest export from the region. The 1st District covers most of the Arkansas Delta area and stretches as far west to the Ozarks. The farming areas, despite their fertility, are generally poor by national standards, with unemployment and undereducation as some of the greatest problems. Rice farms are the amongst the greatest recipients of federal farming subsidization - and three of the top five subsidy farms in the United States are in the 1st District, receiving over $100 million since 1996.
The Arkansas Delta is one of the six natural regions of the state of Arkansas. Willard B. Gatewood Jr., author of The Arkansas Delta: Land of Paradox, says that rich cotton lands of the Arkansas Delta make that area "The Deepest of the Deep South."
Some manufacturing has been sited in the region recently, with several auto parts factories being built in Marion and Toyota considering it as the site for its seventh North American plant.
Marion is a city in and the county seat of Crittenden County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 12,345 at the 2010 census, a 38.7% increase since 2000. The city is part of the Memphis metropolitan area. It is the second largest city in Crittenden County, behind West Memphis.
Toyota Motor Corporation is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota City, Aichi, Japan. In 2017, Toyota's corporate structure consisted of 364,445 employees worldwide and, as of September 2018, was the sixth-largest company in the world by revenue. As of 2017, Toyota is the world's second-largest automotive manufacturer. Toyota was the world's first automobile manufacturer to produce more than 10 million vehicles per year which it has done since 2012, when it also reported the production of its 200-millionth vehicle. As of July 2014, Toyota was the largest listed company in Japan by market capitalization and by revenue.
Jonesboro is the largest town, home to a sizable food processing industry with companies such as Nestle and Frito-Lay sited here. Jonesboro is also home to Arkansas State University (ASU)-Jonesboro. While Jonesboro itself sports a Republican trend, along with some of the hill counties, it is balanced by the strong Democratic presence in the African American-dominated Mississippi River Delta. The result is a fairly closely divided vote in national politics. While Al Gore narrowly carried the district in 2000 with 50% of the vote, George W. Bush won the district in 2004. The district swung even more Republican in 2008, giving John McCain 58.69% of the vote while Barack Obama received 38.41% here.
|2000||President||Gore 50 - 48%|
|2004||President||Bush 52 - 47%|
|2008||President||McCain 59 - 38%|
|2012||President||Romney 61 - 36%|
|2016||President||Trump 65 - 30%|
The district was created in 1853 after the 1850 United States Census added a second seat to the state. The at-large seat then was split between this district and the second district .
|District created||March 4, 1853|
|Alfred B. Greenwood||Democratic||March 4, 1853 –|
March 3, 1859
| 33rd |
Thomas C. Hindman
|Democratic||March 4, 1859 –|
March 3, 1861
|Vacant||March 4, 1861 –|
June 22, 1868
| 37th |
|Civil War and Reconstruction|
|Logan H. Roots||Republican||June 22, 1868 –|
March 3, 1871
| 40th |
|James M. Hanks||Democratic||March 4, 1871 –|
March 3, 1873
|Asa Hodges||Republican||March 4, 1873 –|
March 3, 1875
Lucien C. Gause
|Democratic||March 4, 1875 –|
March 3, 1879
| 44th |
|Poindexter Dunn||Democratic||March 4, 1879 –|
March 3, 1889
| 46th |
|William H. Cate||Democratic||March 4, 1889 –|
March 5, 1890
|51st||Lost contested election|
|Lewis P. Featherstone||Labor||March 5, 1890 –|
March 3, 1891
|51st||Won contested election|
|William H. Cate||Democratic||March 4, 1891 –|
March 3, 1893
|Philip D. McCulloch Jr.||Democratic||March 4, 1893 –|
March 3, 1903
| 53rd |
|Robert B. Macon||Democratic||March 4, 1903 –|
March 3, 1913
| 58th |
Thaddeus H. Caraway
|Democratic||March 4, 1913 –|
March 3, 1921
| 63rd |
William J. Driver
|Democratic||March 4, 1921 –|
January 3, 1939
| 67th |
Ezekiel C. Gathings
|Democratic||January 3, 1939 –|
January 3, 1969
| 76th |
William Vollie Alexander Jr.
|Democratic||January 3, 1969 –|
January 3, 1993
| 91st |
|Democratic||January 3, 1993 –|
January 3, 1997
| 103rd |
|Democratic||January 3, 1997 –|
January 3, 2011
| 105th |
|Republican||January 3, 2011 –|
| 112th |
|Democratic||Robert Marion Berry*||129,701||67%|
|Republican||Tommy F. Robinson||64,357||33%|
|Democratic||Robert Marion Berry*||162,388||67%|
|Democratic||Robert Marion Berry*||127,577||69%|
|Democratic||Robert Marion Berry*||124,304||100%|
|Republican gain from Democratic|
|Libertarian||Brian Scott Willhite||8,562||5%|
The 2018 election was held on November 6, 2018.
|Republican||Rick Crawford (incumbent)||138,757||68.9|
As of April 2015 [update] , there are three former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arkansas's 1st congressional district that are currently living.
|Representative||Term in office||Date of birth (and age)|
|Bill Alexander||1969–1993||January 16, 1934|
|Blanche Lincoln||1993–1997||September 30, 1960|
|Marion Berry||1997–2011||August 27, 1942|
Poinsett County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,583. The county seat is Harrisburg.
Mississippi County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 46,480. There are two county seats, Blytheville and Osceola. The county was formed on November 1, 1833, and named for the Mississippi River which borders the county to the east. Mississippi County is part of the First Congressional District in Arkansas. The Mississippi County Judge is John Alan Nelson.
Craighead County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 96,443. The county has two county seats — Jonesboro and Lake City. Craighead County is Arkansas's 58th county, formed on February 19, 1859, and named for state Senator Thomas Craighead. It is one of several dry counties within the state of Arkansas, in which the sale of alcoholic beverages is largely prohibited.
Jonesboro is a city located on Crowley's Ridge in the northeastern corner of the U.S. State of Arkansas. Jonesboro is one of two county seats of Craighead County and the home of Arkansas State University. According to the 2010 Census, the city had a population of 71,551 and is the fifth-largest city in Arkansas.
Arkansas State University is a public research university in Jonesboro, Arkansas. It is the flagship campus of the Arkansas State University System and the second largest university in Arkansas by enrollment. It was founded in 1909 and is located atop 1,376 acres (5.6 km2) on Crowley's Ridge. Arkansas State has Sun Belt rivalries with all West Division schools. Their primary Sun Belt rivals are Little Rock, Louisiana-Monroe, and Louisiana.
Craighead Electric Cooperative is a member-owned not-for-profit rural electric utility cooperative headquartered in Jonesboro, Arkansas, with district offices in Paragould, and Walnut Ridge, Arkansas. A not-for-profit electric cooperative differs from a for profit investor owned electric company in a number of ways including capital credit refunds. For example, the cooperative in 2006 refunded $679,728 for the years 1976 and 1977.
Alabama's 3rd congressional district is a United States congressional district in Alabama that elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives. It is based in east central Alabama and encompasses portions of Montgomery and the entirety of Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Clay, Cleburne, Lee, Macon, Randolph, Russell, St. Clair, Talladega, and Tallapoosa counties.
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas is a federal court in the Eighth Circuit.
Oklahoma's Second Congressional District is one of five United States Congressional districts in Oklahoma and covers approximately one-fourth of the state in the east. The district borders Arkansas, Kansas, Missouri, and Texas and includes a total of 24 counties.
The Arkansas State Police is a state police agency for Arkansas, which has jurisdiction anywhere in the state. It was created to protect the lives, property and constitutional rights of people in Arkansas. The uniformed division is as a highway patrol not a general power police as the Arkansas constitution grants that authority to the various county sheriffs and local police. While the Arkansas State Police was developed primarily to enforce liquor laws and assist local police departments, all commissioned State Troopers have arrest authority that is equal to that of the County Sheriffs regarding any/all criminal and traffic laws of Arkansas. The official duty of the Arkansas State Police is to serve as an assisting agency to local agencies and to aid in the supply of resources not afforded to the local agencies.
Mississippi's 2nd congressional district (MS-2) is the only majority-black district in the U.S. state, covering much of Western Mississippi. The district includes most of Jackson, the riverfront cities of Greenville and Vicksburg and the interior market cities of Clarksdale, Greenwood and Clinton. The district is approximately 275 miles (443 km) long, 180 miles (290 km) wide and borders the Mississippi River; it encompasses much of the Mississippi Delta, and a total of 15 counties and parts of several others.
Thomas B. Craighead (1798–1862) was an American politician and lawyer from the state of Arkansas. He served in the Arkansas State Senate representing Crittenden and Mississippi Counties.
The 2000 United States presidential election in Arkansas took place on November 7, 2000, and was part of the 2000 United States presidential election. Voters chose 6 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.
The Delta Regional Authority (DRA) is a Federal-State partnership whose mission it is to improve the quality of life for the residents of the Mississippi River Delta Region. The Delta Regional Authority serves 252 counties and parishes in parts of eight states: Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Tennessee. Led by a Federal Co-Chairman appointed by the President and the governors of the eight states, the DRA fosters partnerships throughout the region as it works to improve the Delta economy. DRA funds can be used to leverage other federal and state programs.
Dwight Crandall Tosh is a retired officer of the Arkansas State Police from Jonesboro, Arkansas, who is a Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives for District 52 in Craighead Poinsett, Jackson, and Independence counties in the northeastern portion of his state.
David Ray Wallace, known as Dave Wallace, is a businessman from Leachville, Arkansas and current Republican member of the Arkansas State Senate for District 22 in Mississippi, Poinsett, and Craighead counties in the northeastern portion of his state. He previously served as a Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives for District 54 in Mississippi and Poinsett counties.
Milton J. Nicks Jr. is the Baptist pastor of the Mount Pilgrim Baptist Church in Earle, Arkansas. He is a Democratic member of the Arkansas House of Representatives for District 50, which includes Crittenden and Cross counties in the eastern part of his state.
Lowell Blake Johnson is a farmer from his native Clay County, Arkansas, who is a Republican member of the Arkansas State Senate for District 20, which encompasses Clay, Greene, Lawrence and parts of Randolph and Craighead counties, based in the northeastern portion of his state.