Tiniguan languages

Last updated
Linguistic classification One of the world's primary language families
Glottolog None

The Tiniwan languages are two extinct and one moribund language of Colombia that form a small family.


Jolkesky (2016) also notes that there are lexical similarities with Andaqui. [1]


The Tiniwan languages are:

Nothing is known about Majigua (Campbell 2012). [2] It was once spoken on the Ariari River in the Meta region of Colombia. [3]


Though data on Pamigua is extremely limited, the relationship seems to be fairly close: Tinigua manaxaí 'walk!', Pamigua menáxa 'let's go!'.

'eye'zəti, zutisete
'eleven'čimatóse-kiésäčipse ipa-kiaši

Loukotka (1968) lists the following basic vocabulary items for Tinigua and Pamigua. [3]


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  1. Jolkesky, Marcelo Pinho de Valhery (2016). Estudo arqueo-ecolinguístico das terras tropicais sul-americanas (Ph.D. dissertation) (2 ed.). Brasília: University of Brasília.
  2. Campbell, Lyle (2012). "Classification of the indigenous languages of South America". In Grondona, Verónica; Campbell, Lyle (eds.). The Indigenous Languages of South America. The World of Linguistics. Vol. 2. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 59–166. ISBN   978-3-11-025513-3.
  3. 1 2 Loukotka, Čestmír (1968). Classification of South American Indian languages . Los Angeles: UCLA Latin American Center.