Rufinus (decretist)

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Rufinus was an Italian canon lawyer, described as the most influential canonist at the University of Bologna in the mid 12th century. [1] He composed a Summa on Gratian's Decretum before 1159, [2] which soon became the most influential commentary in Bologna, surpassing all previous ones in detail and length. [3]

The canon law of the Catholic Church is the system of laws and legal principles made and enforced by the hierarchical authorities of the Catholic Church to regulate its external organization and government and to order and direct the activities of Catholics toward the mission of the Church. It was the first modern Western legal system and is the oldest continuously functioning legal system in the West, while the unique traditions of Oriental canon law govern the 23 Eastern Catholic particular churches sui iuris.

University of Bologna university in Bologna, Italy

The University of Bologna, founded in 1088 by an organised guild of students, is the oldest university of the world, as well as one of the leading academic institutions in Italy and Europe. It is one of the most prestigious Italian universities, commonly ranking in the first places of national rankings.

<i>Decretum Gratiani</i>

The Decretum Gratiani, also known as the Concordia discordantium canonum or Concordantia discordantium canonum or simply as the Decretum, is a collection of canon law compiled and written in the 12th century as a legal textbook by the jurist known as Gratian. It forms the first part of the collection of six legal texts, which together became known as the Corpus Juris Canonici. It was used by canonists of the Roman Catholic Church until Pentecost 1918, when a revised Code of Canon Law promulgated by Pope Benedict XV on 27 May 1917 obtained legal force.

Stephen of Tournai, his pupil, quoted from his Summa several times. [4]

Stephen of Tournai,, was a Canon regular of Sainte-Geneviève (Paris), and Roman Catholic canonist who became bishop of Tournai in 1192.

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References

  1. Hartmann and Pennington, pp. 135–136.
  2. Rufinus, Die “Summa Decretorum” des Magister Rufinus, ed. H. Singer, Paderborn 1902, p. LXVII, n. 9
  3. Law in the West After Gratian: The Age of the Decretists A Short History of Canon Law from Apostolic Times to 1917, Kenneth Pennington, The Catholic University of America. Accessed 21 April 2019.
  4. J. F. von Schulte, Die Geschichte der Quellen und Literatur des Canonischen Rechts von Gratian bis auf die Gegenwart, 3 vols, Stuttgart 1875-1880, I, p. 123 and n. 6, and p. 134.

Bibliography