Fraser, Colorado

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Fraser, Colorado
Copzens Ranch Museum, Fraser, CO IMG 5409.JPG
Cozens Ranch Museum (1874)
Grand County Colorado Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Fraser Highlighted 0828305.svg
Location of Fraser in Grand County, Colorado.
Coordinates: 39°56′39″N105°48′48″W / 39.94417°N 105.81333°W / 39.94417; -105.81333 Coordinates: 39°56′39″N105°48′48″W / 39.94417°N 105.81333°W / 39.94417; -105.81333
CountryUnited States
State Colorado
County [1] Grand
Established1871
Incorporated (town) June 15, 1953 [2]
Government
  Type Statutory Town [1] [3]
  MayorPhilip Vandernail [3]
Area
[4]
  Total3.46 sq mi (8.97 km2)
  Land3.46 sq mi (8.95 km2)
  Water0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
8,574 ft (2,613 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total1,224
  Estimate 
(2019) [5]
1,326
  Density383.57/sq mi (148.10/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (MST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP code [6]
80442
Area code(s) 970
FIPS code 08-28305
GNIS feature ID204701 [7]
Website www.frasercolorado.com

Fraser is a Statutory Town in Grand County, Colorado, United States. The population was 1,224 at the 2010 census. [8] The town is in Middle Park in the valley of the Fraser River along U.S. Highway 40. Its location northwest of Winter Park, the location of a popular ski resort, has provided growth in recent years with new condominium and other real estate developments.

Contents

History

Fraser was incorporated in 1953. [2] A post office called Fraser has been in operation since 1876. [9] The town derives its name from Reuben Frazer, a pioneer settler. [10]

Geography

Fraser is located in southeastern Grand County at 39°56′39″N105°48′48″W / 39.94417°N 105.81333°W / 39.94417; -105.81333 (39.944158, -105.813355), at an elevation of 8,574 feet (2,613 m) above sea level. [11] It is bordered to the south by the town of Winter Park and to the north by unincorporated Tabernash. U.S. Route 40 leads south and east across Berthoud Pass 71 miles (114 km) to Denver, and northwest 15 miles (24 km) to Granby, the largest town in Grand County.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.6 square miles (9.2 km2), of which 0.004 square miles (0.01 km2), or 0.14%, is water. [8] The Fraser River passes through the east side of town, flowing north toward the Colorado River.

Climate

Fraser, with an annual mean temperature of 32.5 °F (0.3 °C) (or 34.8 °F (1.6 °C) based on another station in town) is the coldest incorporated town in the lower 48 states. It also has the shortest growing season with an average of only 4 to 7 days (depending on which weather station data is used) and can and does get frost year-round, totaling over 300 nights under 32 °F (0 °C), rivalled only by Utqiagvik, Alaska, among currently inhabited localities in the United States. The total of 79 nights under 0 °F (−17.8 °C) is also among the highest in the contiguous 48 states, but the 72 days with highs not topping freezing is exceeded by substantial areas of North Dakota, Minnesota, northern Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Both Fraser and International Falls, Minnesota, have claimed the title "Icebox of the Nation", which has caused conflict between the two towns over the years. [12]

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Fraser has a subalpine climate, abbreviated Dfc on climate maps. The hottest temperature recorded in Fraser is 98 °F (36.7 °C) on August 1, 1969, and the coldest −53 °F (−47.2 °C) on January 10, 1962. The wettest calendar year has been 1957 with 30.33 inches (770.4 mm) and the driest 1944 with 11.04 inches (280.4 mm), whilst the most precipitation in one month has been 7.69 inches (195.3 mm) in September 1961. Snowfall is naturally heavy at 142.5 inches (3.62 m) and has ranged up to 82.4 inches (2.09 m) in February 1936 and 275.5 inches (7.00 m) from July 1926 to June 1927.

A freeze has been recorded for every single date of the year, one of the only locations in the entire United States to hold that record. [13]

Climate data for Fraser, Colorado
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)50
(10)
55
(13)
63
(17)
72
(22)
81
(27)
87
(31)
94
(34)
98
(37)
82
(28)
75
(24)
65
(18)
58
(14)
98
(37)
Average high °F (°C)28.5
(−1.9)
31.8
(−0.1)
36.8
(2.7)
46.4
(8.0)
57.9
(14.4)
67.9
(19.9)
73.4
(23.0)
71.6
(22.0)
65.3
(18.5)
54.0
(12.2)
39.2
(4.0)
30.0
(−1.1)
50.2
(10.1)
Daily mean °F (°C)11.6
(−11.3)
14.7
(−9.6)
20.6
(−6.3)
31.2
(−0.4)
41.0
(5.0)
48.6
(9.2)
53.9
(12.2)
52.1
(11.2)
45.1
(7.3)
35.5
(1.9)
22.6
(−5.2)
13.2
(−10.4)
32.5
(0.3)
Average low °F (°C)−5.4
(−20.8)
−2.4
(−19.1)
4.1
(−15.5)
16.0
(−8.9)
24.1
(−4.4)
29.4
(−1.4)
34.4
(1.3)
31.6
(−0.2)
24.9
(−3.9)
16.9
(−8.4)
5.9
(−14.5)
−3.5
(−19.7)
14.7
(−9.6)
Record low °F (°C)−53
(−47)
−49
(−45)
−39
(−39)
−30
(−34)
−1
(−18)
12
(−11)
18
(−8)
15
(−9)
−2
(−19)
−18
(−28)
−37
(−38)
−50
(−46)
−53
(−47)
Average precipitation inches (mm)1.61
(41)
1.55
(39)
1.67
(42)
1.99
(51)
1.72
(44)
1.49
(38)
1.95
(50)
1.71
(43)
1.50
(38)
1.27
(32)
1.21
(31)
1.46
(37)
19.13
(486)
Average snowfall inches (cm)23.4
(59)
22.9
(58)
21.6
(55)
20.6
(52)
5.6
(14)
0.7
(1.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.5
(3.8)
9.3
(24)
16.8
(43)
20.0
(51)
142.5
(362)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch)13121312119121298912132
Source: http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?cofras

Icebox of the Nation

Fraser, Colorado has been in a dispute with International Falls, Minnesota since 1956 over use of the trademark "Icebox of the Nation." [14] After several years of legal battles, the United States Patent and Trademark Office officially registered the slogan with International Falls on January 29, 2008. [15]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1960 253
1970 221−12.6%
1980 470112.7%
1990 57522.3%
2000 91058.3%
2010 1,22434.5%
2019 (est.)1,326 [5] 8.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [16]

As of the census [17] of 2000, there were 910 people, 410 households, and 191 families residing in the town. The population density was 491.1 people per square mile (189.9/km2). There were 622 housing units at an average density of 335.7 per square mile (129.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 94.51% White, 0.88% African American, 0.88% Native American, 0.88% Asian, 0.22% Pacific Islander, 1.10% from other races, and 1.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.30% of the population.

There were 410 households, out of which 25.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.2% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 53.2% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 3.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.71.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 17.9% under the age of 18, 14.2% from 18 to 24, 46.2% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 3.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 129.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 130.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $38,173, and the median income for a family was $39,643. Males had a median income of $29,583 versus $26,346 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,628. About 11.1% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.8% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

Downtown Fraser, Colorado, April 2005 DSCN2504 frasercolorado e 600.jpg
Downtown Fraser, Colorado, April 2005

Infrastructure

Transportation

Amtrak (the National Passenger Railroad Corporation) provides regular service to Fraser and nearby Winter Park (station code: WIP), operating its California Zephyr daily in each direction between Chicago, Illinois and Emeryville, California in the San Francisco Bay Area. In 2015, Amtrak also resumed seasonal ski train service to the Winter Park Resort. [18] The new Winter Park Express resumed service ski train service that had been provided to resort by Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad's Ski Train for nearly 70 years. [19]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Archived from the original on 2009-12-12. Retrieved 2007-09-01.
  2. 1 2 "Local Government Filings". dola.colorado.gov. State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Retrieved January 19, 2017.
  3. 1 2 "GOVERNMENT". Fraser, Colorado. Archived from the original on 2007-08-20. Retrieved 2007-09-22.
  4. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  5. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  6. "Look Up a ZIP Code™". usps.com. United States Postal Service . Retrieved 19 Jan 2017.
  7. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Fraser, Colorado
  8. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Fraser town, Colorado". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 17, 2016.[ dead link ]
  9. "Post offices". Jim Forte Postal History. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  10. Dawson, John Frank. Place names in Colorado: Why 700 communities were so named, 150 of Spanish or Indian origin. Denver, CO: J. Frank Dawson Publishing Co. p. 23.
  11. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  12. Riccardi, Nicholas. "Dueling for 'Icebox of Nation' Archived 2012-02-07 at the Wayback Machine ." Journal Gazette. March 5, 2007. Retrieved on March 5, 2007.
  13. Team, National Weather Service Corporate Image Web. "National Weather Service Climate". w2.weather.gov. Retrieved 2020-04-11.
  14. Towns feud over claim to be nation's 'icebox', Associated Press, January 14, 2008. Retrieved on May 1, 2015.
  15. Trademark Status & Document Retrieval, United States Patent and Trademark Office, Accessed May 1, 2015.
  16. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  17. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  18. amtrak.com. Amtrak https://web.archive.org/web/20150227115059/http://www.amtrak.com/WinterParkExpress. Archived from the original on 27 February 2015. Retrieved 19 January 2017 via Internet Archive.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  19. Blevins, Jason (24 Aug 2016). "Denver to Winter Park ski train returning for 2016-17: Tickets prices, schedules and details for new boarding platform at ski area will be announced Thursday". The Denver Post . Denver: Digital First Media . Retrieved 19 Dec 2016.