Timeline of the French Revolution

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The following is a timeline of the French Revolution.


French Revolution
Execution de Louis XVI Carnavalet.jpg
The execution of Louis XVI on the Place de la Révolution (now Place de la Concorde) (January 21, 1793)
Location France
ParticipantsFrench society

1788 – The royal treasury is empty; Prelude to the Revolution

Louis XVI of France King of France and Navarre

Louis XVI, born Louis-Auguste, was the last King of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution. He was referred to as Citizen Louis Capet during the four months before he was guillotined. In 1765, at the death of his father, Louis, son and heir apparent of Louis XV, Louis-Auguste became the new Dauphin of France. Upon his grandfather's death on 10 May 1774, he assumed the title "King of France and Navarre", which he used until 4 September 1791, when he received the title of "King of the French" until the monarchy was abolished on 21 September 1792.

Étienne Charles de Loménie de Brienne Catholic cardinal

Étienne Charles de Loménie de Brienne was a French churchman, politician and finance minister of Louis XVI.

Jacques Necker French statesman of Genevan birth and finance minister of Louis XVI

Jacques Necker was a banker of Genevan origin who became a finance minister for Louis XVI and a French statesman. Necker played a key role in French history before and during the first period of the French Revolution.

Day of the Tiles

The Day of the Tiles was an event that took place in the French town of Grenoble on 7 June in 1788. It was one of the first disturbances which preceded the French Revolution, and is credited by a few historians as its start.

Grenoble Prefecture and commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Grenoble is a city in southeastern France, at the foot of the French Alps where the river Drac joins the Isère. Located in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, Grenoble is the capital of the department of Isère and is an important European scientific centre. The city advertises itself as the "Capital of the Alps", due to its size and its proximity to the mountains.

Assembly of Vizille

The Assembly of Vizille or Estates General of Dauphiné was the result of a meeting of various representatives in Grenoble. Its purpose was to discuss the events of The Day Of The Tiles, one of the first revolts preceding the French Revolution.

1789 – The Revolution Begins; the Estates-General and the Constituent Assembly

Tennis Court Oath pivotal event in the early days of the French Revolution

On 20 June 1789, the members of the French Third Estate, who had begun to call themselves the National Assembly, took the Tennis Court Oath, vowing "not to separate, and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established". It was a pivotal event in the French Revolution.

Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes, who proposed that the Third Estate become the National Assembly (June 10, 1789) Sieyes depute Assemblee nationale.JPG
Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès, who proposed that the Third Estate become the National Assembly (June 10, 1789)


Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès French abbé ad statesman

Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès, most commonly known as the abbé Sieyès, was a French Roman Catholic abbé, clergyman and political writer. He was one of the chief political theorists of the French Revolution, and also played a prominent role in the French Consulate and First French Empire.


Jean-Baptiste Réveillon, was a French wallpaper manufacturer. His career was an exemplary story of the self-made businessman in the Ancien Régime.

Faubourg Saint-Antoine Faubourg in Paris, France

The Faubourg Saint-Antoine was one of the traditional suburbs of Paris, France. It grew up to the east of the Bastille around the abbey of Saint-Antoine-des-Champs, and ran along the Rue du Faubourg Saint-Antoine.


Jean Sylvain Bailly, leader of the Third Estate (1789) Jean Sylvain Bailly, Maire de Paris.png
Jean Sylvain Bailly, leader of the Third Estate (1789)


Jean Sylvain Bailly French astronomer, mathematician, freemason, and political leader

Jean Sylvain Bailly was a French astronomer, mathematician, freemason, and political leader of the early part of the French Revolution. He presided over the Tennis Court Oath, served as the mayor of Paris from 1789 to 1791, and was ultimately guillotined during the Reign of Terror.

Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France Prince of France

Louis Joseph de France was the second child and elder son of King Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette. As son of a king of France, he was a fils de France, and as the eldest son and heir apparent, he was Dauphin of France,.

Louis XVII of France

Louis XVII, born Louis-Charles, was the younger son of King Louis XVI of France and Queen Marie Antoinette.


July 14 – The Siege and Surrender of the Bastille

Lafayette in 1791 Gilbert du Motier Marquis de Lafayette.jpg
Lafayette in 1791


August 27 – Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

October 6 – Women's March on Versailles

The Women's March on Versailles (October 5-6, 1789) Women's March on Versailles01.jpg
The Women's March on Versailles (October 5–6, 1789)

1790 – the Rise of the Political Clubs

July 14 – Fête de la Fédération

1791 – The unsuccessful flight of the Royal Family from Paris

June 20–21 – The Royal Family flees Paris

King Louis XVI returns to Paris after his attempted flight (June 25, 1791) Duplessi-Bertaux - Arrivee de Louis Seize a Paris 2.png
King Louis XVI returns to Paris after his attempted flight (June 25, 1791)
The National Guard fires on demonstrators in the Champ de Mars (July 17, 1791) Fusillade du Champ de Mars (1791, 17 juillet).jpg
The National Guard fires on demonstrators in the Champ de Mars (July 17, 1791)

1792 – War and the overthrow of the monarchy

August 10 – Storming of the Tuileries; Downfall of the King

September 2–7 – Massacres in Paris prisons

September 20 – French victory at Valmy; Debut of the Convention

December 10, 1792-January 21, 1793 – Trial and Execution of Louis XVI

1793 – France at war against Europe; The Jacobins seize power; The Terror begins

Uprising in the Vendée

April 6 – Committee on Public Safety takes control of government

The triumph of Marat after his release from arrest Triomphe de Marat.jpg
The triumph of Marat after his release from arrest

May 31-June 2 – The Jacobin Coup d'État

Sans-culottes threaten deputy Lanjuinais, on the podium during the takeover of the Convention (June 2, 1793) Muller - Lanjuinais a la tribune de la Convention.jpg
Sans-culottes threaten deputy Lanjuinais, on the podium during the takeover of the Convention (June 2, 1793)

July 13 – Assassination of Jean-Paul Marat by Charlotte Corday

September 17 – The Reign of Terror begins

October 16 – The execution of Marie-Antoinette

Marie-Antoinette in the Temple Prison (1793) Marie Antoinette Adult11.jpg
Marie-Antoinette in the Temple Prison (1793)

1794 – The fury of the Terror, the Cult of the Supreme Being, and the Downfall of Robespierre

March 30 – The arrest and trial of Danton and Desmoulins

June 8 – Festival of the Supreme Being; Acceleration of the Terror

July 26–28 – Arrest and execution of Robespierre; End of the Terror

1795 – The Directory Replaces the Convention

May 20–24 – Last Paris uprising by the Jacobins and sans-culottes

June 25-July 27 – Renewed uprisings in the Vendée and a royalist invasion of Brittany

August 22-September 23 – The new Constitution is approved: the Directory takes power

October 5 – "A whiff of grapeshot": General Bonaparte suppresses a royalist rebellion in Paris

1796 – Napoleon's campaign in Italy; Defeat of the royalists in the Vendée; a failed uprising in Paris

1797 – Bonaparte chases the Austrians from Italy; a republican coup d'état against the royalists in Paris

September 4 – A republican coup d'état against the royalists

1798 – New republics in Switzerland and Italy; an election annulled; Bonaparte invades Egypt

1799 – France at War in Italy and Germany; Bonaparte returns from Egypt; the Consulate seizes power; End of the Revolution

Conflicts between the Directory and the Legislature (June 1799)

Bonaparte returns to France (October 9, 1799)

The Coup d'État of November 9–10

See also

Timeline of the Napoleonic era

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Notes and CItations

  1. Jean Tulard, Jean-François Fayard, Alfred Fierro, Histoire et dictionnaire de la Révolution française, Robert Laffont,
  2. Jean Tulard, Jean-François Fayard, Alfred Fierro, Histoire et dictionnaire de la Révolution française, Robert Laffont, Paris, 1998. (In French)
  3. Tulard, Fayard and Fierro, p. 318.
  4. Tulard, Fayard, and Fierro 1998, p. 79.
  5. 1 2 Tulard, Fayard, Fierro 1998, p. 339.
  6. Ghachem, Malick W. The Old Regime and the Haitian Revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
  7. Mignet, François (1834). "History of the French Revolution, from 1789 to 1814" . Retrieved October 16, 2016. [H]e thought he ought not to reject a symbol, meaningless for him, but in the eyes of the people, that of liberty; he placed on his head a red cap presented to him on the top of a pike. The multitude were quite satisfied with this condescension. A moment or two afterwards, they loaded him with applause, as, almost suffocated with hunger and thirst, he drank off, without hesitation, a glass of wine presented to him[.]
  8. Tulard, Fayard, Fierro 1996, pp. 1094-1095.
  9. Howe, Foreign Policy and the French Revolution, Springer, 2008, p. 113.
  10. Cited in Tulard, Fayard and Fierro, Histoire et dictionnaire de la Révolution française (1998), p. 1113
  11. Koch, Christophe-Guillaume, Histoire abrégée des traités de paix entre les puissances de l'Europe, depuis la Paix de Westphalie, Tome I, Méline, Cans & Compagnie, Bruxelles, 1857, p. 550. (French)
  12. Tulard, Fayard, Fierro 1998, p. 367.
  13. Tulard, Fayard, Fierro 1998, p. 369.
  14. Ministère de l'Intérieur: Police nationale, République française, Histoire, section La Révolution française (1789-1799), (French)
  15. Traité de Réunion de la République de Genève à la France, 26 April 1798. (In French)
  16. Thiers, Adolphe, Histoire de la Révolution française, 1839 (Ninth edition), Volume 10, Chapter XIII, Project Gutenberg digital edition
  17. Tulard, Fayard and Fierro, p. 410.