Three-peat

Last updated

In North American sports, a three-peat is winning three consecutive championships. The term, a portmanteau of the words three and repeat, originated with the Los Angeles Lakers of the National Basketball Association, during their unsuccessful campaign for a third consecutive championship during the 1988–89 season, having won the previous 2 NBA Finals. The Lakers, however, were swept by the Detroit Pistons in the 1989 NBA Finals. The term is a registered trademark owned by Pat Riley, the Lakers' head coach from 1981–1990, although it was coined by L.A. player Byron Scott immediately after their successful championship defense against the Pistons in the 1988 NBA Finals. The Lakers finally achieved a three-peat over a decade later, winning the NBA title in 2000, 2001, and 2002. It was their second in franchise history, and only the first since moving from Minneapolis.

Contents

Origin and trademark

In a comedic context, the same play on words, additionally incorporating the name "Pete", is known to have been used as early as 1930 on the radio program Empire Builders . The episode of that program broadcast on December 29, 1930, featured a trio of singers dubbed "The Three Visiting Firemen: Pete, Re-Pete, and Three-Pete". [1]

The Oxford English Dictionary credits an Illinois high school senior, Sharif Ford, with the earliest published use of the word in the March 8, 1989 edition of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch . Ford's quote uses the term in a sporting context and serves to provide a clear etymology as well:

The Lincoln High Tigers say they want to "three-peat". "You know, kind of like repeat, except doing it for the third time", senior Sharif Ford said.

However, Riles & Co., the corporate entity of National Basketball Association (NBA) coach Pat Riley, submitted in November 1988 a trademark application for the use of three-peat on shirts, jackets and hats. At the time, the phrase was being used by members and fans of the Los Angeles Lakers basketball team, of whom Riley was the head coach, regarding the Lakers' quest that season to obtain what would have been a third successive NBA championship. According to Riley, it was Laker player Byron Scott who coined the term in reference to the team's goal for that season.

In 1989, Riles & Co. successfully registered the trademark under U.S. Registration Number 1552980. The Lakers did not win a third consecutive NBA championship in 1989, but the Chicago Bulls did in 1993, and Riles & Co. collected royalties from sports apparel makers who licensed the phrase for use on merchandise commemorating that accomplishment.

Riles & Co. subsequently obtained additional registrations expanding the trademark to cover many other kinds of merchandise in addition to apparel. The company then went on to reap additional profits by again licensing the phrase to merchandisers when the Bulls again won three consecutive NBA championships from 1996 through 1998, as well as when the New York Yankees won three straight World Series championships from 1998 through 2000 and when the Lakers won three straight NBA championships from 2000 through 2002.

The trademark registration for three-peat has been challenged over the years by those who argue that the term has become too generic in its usage for the trademark to continue to be applicable. However, such arguments have yet to succeed, with the registration continuing to be upheld by the United States Patent and Trademark Office as recently as 2001, in the case of Christopher Wade v. Riles & Co.

In 2005, a group of individuals attempted to trademark the phrase Three-Pete in anticipation of the (ultimately unsuccessful) attempt that year by the University of Southern California (U.S.C.) football team to win a third consecutive national championship. The change in spelling was a reference to the team's head coach, Pete Carroll. However, the Patent Office ruled that the change in spelling was not dissimilar enough from Riles & Co.'s three-peat, and denied the registration. Later that year, U.S.C. fan Kyle Bunch began selling his own "Three-Pete" T-shirts. He discontinued sales once he was notified that he was infringing upon the Riles & Co. trademark.

As of late 2007, the trademark "Three Peat" is still active for shirts, jackets, caps, etc., and for commemorative mugs, plates, etc., and also for posters, bumper sticker, etc. The similar "3 Peat" became a registered trademark of Riles & Co. for blankets and other bedding, as of June 2015. Some of the Riles & Co. trademarks are no longer in effect, e.g. keychains.[ citation needed ]

Occurrences of three-peats

There have been numerous instances of teams winning three or more consecutive championships in the National Basketball Association, National Hockey League, Major League Baseball, National Football League, and Australian Football League, most of which occurred prior to the advent of the term three-peat.

North America: professional sports

All-America Football Conference

Continental Basketball Association

Formula Drift

Major Indoor Soccer League

Major League Baseball (World Series)

National Basketball Association (NBA Finals)

National Football League (NFL champions)

National Hockey League (Stanley Cup Finals)

Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA Finals)

North America: collegiate sports

NACDA Director's Cup (overall collegiate athletics)

NAIA National Football Championship

NAIA National Basketball Championship

• 1957-1959 Tennessee State Tigers basketball

• 1970-1972 Kentucky State Thorobreds

NCAA Division I Baseball

NCAA Division I Football

Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) [2]
Football Championship Subdivision (FCS) [3]

NCAA Division I Men's Basketball

NCAA Division I Men's Water Polo

NCAA Division I Women's Basketball

NCAA Division I Men's Cross Country

NCAA Division II Women's Basketball

NCAA Division III Women's Basketball

NCAA Division I Women's Soccer

NCAA Division II Football Championship [4]

NCAA Division III Football [5]

U.S. National Collegiate Club Rugby championships

U.S. Collegiate Ultimate Frisbee Championships

United States: tabletop games

Warhammer 40k American Team Championships [6]

United States: marching arts

Other countries

Argentina

First Division (association football)

Australia

Victorian Football League/Australian Football League

Australian Ice Hockey League

New South Wales Rugby Football League/Australian Rugby League/National Rugby League

West Australian Football League

Cricket

Belgium

Belgian Pro League

Brazil

Brazilian Championship

Bulgaria

Bulgarian A PFG

Canada

Canadian Football League (Grey Cup):

Collegiate women's basketball

Chile

First Division (Association football):

Costa Rica

Costa Rica, American Football 1st Division:

Czech Republic

Czech National Basketball League:

Denmark

Danish Superliga

Finland

Veikkausliiga

  • 19982000 Haka
  • 20092014 HJK (six-peat)

France

Ligue 1

Germany

Basketball Bundesliga

Bundesliga

DDR-Oberliga

Italy

Italian Football Championship

Serie A

Lega Basket Serie A

Japan

Nippon Professional Baseball

J1 League

Netherlands

Eredivisie

Norway

Tippeligaen

Philippines

Philippine Basketball Association

Portugal

Primeira Liga

Puerto Rico

Baseball

BSN basketball

Spain

La Liga

Liga ACB

South Korea

K League

KBO League

V-League

Sweden

Allsvenskan

Turkey

Süper Lig

United Kingdom

Super League Super League Grand Final

English rugby union

English football first tier

Scottish Premier League

USSR

Soviet Top League

Yugoslavia

Yugoslav First League

International

UEFA Champions League

UEFA Europa League

CONCACAF Champions League

South American football Copa Libertadores

CONMEBOL's Copa América

Champ Car World Series auto racing

CONCACAF U.S. Open Cup

Indian cricket's Ranji Trophy

Cricket World Cup

Formula One Champion

Winter X Games SuperPipe

Tennis

Davis Cup

  • 1903–1906 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Isles
  • 1907–1911 Flag of Australia (1903-1908).svg Australasia [8]
  • 1920–1926 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States
  • 1927–1932 Flag of France.svg France
  • 1933–1936 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain
  • 1946–1949 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States
  • 1950–1953 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia
  • 1955–1957 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia
  • 1959–1962 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia
  • 1964–1967 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia
  • 1968–1972 Flag of the United States.svg United States

Fed Cup

  • 1976–1982 Flag of the United States.svg United States
  • 1983–1985 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia
  • 1993–1995 Flag of Spain.svg Spain

Australian Open

Men's singles
Women's singles
Men's doubles
Women's doubles

French Open

Men's singles
Women's singles
Men's doubles
Women's doubles

Wimbledon

Gentlemen's Singles
Ladies' Singles
Gentlemen's Doubles
Ladies' Doubles

US Open

Men's singles
Women's singles
Men's doubles
Women's doubles

ATP World Tour Finals

Singles
Doubles

WTA Finals

Singles

Indian Wells Masters

Men's singles
Men's doubles

Miami Open

Men's singles
Women's singles
Men's doubles
Women's doubles

Monte Carlo Masters

Men's singles

Italian Open

Men's singles

Paris Masters

Men's singles

Barcelona Open

Men's singles

Golf

US Open

The Open Championship

PGA Championship

Fantasy Football

Never Ending Score FFB Championship

The National Football League

In the National Football League (NFL), a Super Bowl championship three-peat has not been accomplished. Two-time defending Super Bowl champions who failed to three-peat include the Green Bay Packers (1968), Miami Dolphins (1974), Pittsburgh Steelers (twice: 1976, 1980), San Francisco 49ers (1990), Dallas Cowboys (1994), Denver Broncos (1999), and New England Patriots (2005). All of these teams failed to return to the title game in the third season (indicated in parentheses).

The Buffalo Bills went to 4 consecutive Super Bowls from 1990–1993 which is a feat unmatched in NFL history, however they lost in every appearance.

The New England Patriots are the most recent team to play in three consecutive Super Bowls from 2016–2018, winning Super Bowl LI (2016) and Super Bowl LIII (2018), but losing Super Bowl LII (2017)

In the early years of the NFL, decades before the introduction of either the term three-peat or the Super Bowl, the Packers won three consecutive NFL titles from 1929 31. This was achieved without playing any postseason playoff games, as the league title was determined at that time from the season standings. In addition, the Packers won the NFL championship in 1965, at a time when the rival NFL and AFL played separate exclusive championships. They then followed that 1965 championship with their first two Super Bowl victories in 1966 and 1967 (their Super Bowl berths were earned by winning both the 1966 NFL Championship Game and 1967 NFL Championship Game), thereby winning championships three years in a row.

There have been efforts to come up with a similarly clever name for the potential fourth consecutive championship in the year following a three-peat. But attempts such as quat-row have thus far failed to catch on, and most fans simply use the term four-peat. Since the term three-peat came into usage, however, only one team in major American sports has been able to achieve it – Hendrick Racing/Jimmie Johnson NASCAR team, who won 5 championships in a row.

The wordplay of three-peat is clearer if repeat is stressed on the first syllable; this pronunciation is uncommon outside North America. Other English-speaking people may instead talk of a hat trick of championships, or simply a three-in-a-row.

There are also terms for winning three trophies in the same season:

Related Research Articles

College World Series College baseball tournament

The College World Series (CWS), officially the NCAA Men's College World Series (MCWS), is an annual baseball tournament held in June in Omaha, Nebraska. The CWS is the culmination of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Baseball Championship tournament—featuring 64 teams in the first round—which determines the NCAA Division I college baseball champion. The eight participating teams are split into two, four-team, double-elimination brackets, with the winners of each bracket playing in a best-of-three championship series.

In the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship or the NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship, the "Elite Eight" comprises the final eight teams, representing the regional finals, or national quarterfinals. In Division I and Division III, the Elite Eight consists of the two teams in each of the four regional championship games. The winners advance to the Final Four. Since 1997, when the NCAA trademarked the phrase, in Division II, the Elite Eight consists of the eight winners of the eight Division II regions. Like the Division I Final Four, the Division II Elite Eight games are all held in one predetermined location.

Ohio State Buckeyes Intercollegiate sports teams of Ohio State University

The Ohio State Buckeyes are the intercollegiate athletic teams that represent the Ohio State University, located in Columbus, Ohio. The athletic programs are named after the colloquial term for people from the state of Ohio and after the state tree, the Ohio Buckeye. The Buckeyes participate in the National Collegiate Athletic Association's (NCAA) Division I in all sports and the Big Ten Conference in most sports. The Ohio State women's ice hockey team competes in the Western Collegiate Hockey Association (WCHA). The school colors are scarlet and gray. The university's mascot is Brutus Buckeye.

The Syracuse Orange are the athletic teams that represent Syracuse University. The school is a member of NCAA Division I and the Atlantic Coast Conference. Until 2013, Syracuse was a member of the Big East Conference.

Dynasty (sports) Team or individual that dominates their sport for an extended length of time

In sports, a dynasty is a team or individual that dominates their sport or league for an extended length of time. Some leagues usually maintain official lists of dynasties, often as part of a hall of fame, but in many cases, whether a team or individual has achieved a dynasty is subjective. This can result in frequent topic of debate among sports fans due to lack of consensus and agreement in the many different variables and criteria that fans may use to define a sports dynasty. Merriam-Webster describes a dynasty as a "sports franchise which has a prolonged run of successful seasons". Within the same sport, or even the same league, dynasties may be concurrent with each other.

UCLA Bruins Sports team name of University of California at Los Angeles

The UCLA Bruins are the athletic teams that represent the University of California, Los Angeles. The Bruin men's and women's teams participate in NCAA Division I as part of the Pac-12 Conference and the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation (MPSF). For football, they are in the Football Bowl Subdivision of Division I. UCLA is second to only Stanford University as the school with the most NCAA team championships at 119 NCAA team championships. UCLA offers 11 varsity sports programs for men and 14 for women.

Letran Knights

The Letran Knights are the collegiate varsity teams representing Colegio de San Juan de Letran in the National Collegiate Athletic Association. The collegiate women's varsity teams are called the Lady Knights, while the high school varsity teams are called the Squires.

Illinois State Redbirds

The Illinois State Redbirds are the athletic teams that represent Illinois State University in Normal, Illinois. Teams play at the NCAA Division I level. The football team competes in the Missouri Valley Football Conference while most other teams compete in the Missouri Valley Conference. The fight song is Go, You Redbirds.

De La Salle Green Archers Varsity teams

The De La Salle Green Archers are the men's varsity teams representing De La Salle University. The women's varsity teams are referred to as the De La Salle Lady Archers, De La Salle Lady Booters, and De La Salle Lady Spikers. The school's varsity teams participate in the University Athletic Association of the Philippines, among others. La Salle is represented in the high school level by De La Salle Zobel, and are known as the Zobel Junior Archers.

UST Growling Tigers

The UST Growling Tigers are the college athletic teams representing the University of Santo Tomas in the University Athletic Association of the Philippines. They hold the most UAAP Overall Championships with 44 Seniors' Overall Championships and 21 Juniors' Overall Championships.

Western Michigan Broncos Intercollegiate sports teams of Western Michigan University

The Western Michigan Broncos are a National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I program representing Western Michigan University (WMU) in college athletics. They compete in the Mid-American Conference in men's baseball, basketball, football, soccer and tennis; and women's basketball, cross-country, golf, gymnastics, soccer, softball, track and field, and volleyball. The men's ice hockey team competes in the National Collegiate Hockey Conference. The Broncos also have a flight team, the SkyBroncos, who have won the National Intercollegiate Flying Association (NIFA) National Championship award five times.

UMass Minutemen and Minutewomen Intercollegiate sports teams of University of Massachusetts Amherst

The UMass Minutemen are the athletic teams that represent the University of Massachusetts Amherst; strictly speaking, the Minutemen nickname applies to men's teams and athletes only — women's teams and athletes are known as Minutewomen. The Minutemen and Minutewomen compete in NCAA Division I sports competition primarily as members of the Atlantic 10 Conference. UMass is one of only 16 universities in the nation that plays Division I FBS football and Division I men's ice hockey. The nickname is also applied to club teams that do not participate within the NCAA structure.

Denver Pioneers Sports teams representing the University of Denver

The Denver Pioneers are the sports teams of the University of Denver (DU). They play in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I. Denver is a member of The Summit League for men's and women's basketball, swimming and diving, men's and women's soccer, tennis and golf for both men and women, plus women's volleyball. Other DU teams play in various conferences in the sports that are not sponsored by The Summit. The men's ice hockey team is a charter member of the National Collegiate Hockey Conference (NCHC), which formed in 2011 with play beginning in 2013. The lacrosse teams for men and women are members of the Big East Conference; the men began Big East play in the 2013–14 school year, while the women left the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation (MPSF) after the 2016 lacrosse season. Men's and women's skiing compete in the Rocky Mountain Intercollegiate Ski Association, while the women's gymnastics team became an affiliate of the Big 12 Conference starting with the 2015–16 season.

Fresno State Bulldogs Intercollegiate sports teams of California State University, Fresno

The Fresno State Bulldogs are the intercollegiate athletic teams that represent California State University, Fresno. The university is a member of NCAA Division I's Mountain West Conference (MW). It was a member of the Western Athletic Conference from 1992 until 2012, when it left for the Mountain West alongside fellow WAC member Nevada.

The school rivalry between De La Salle University and the Ateneo de Manila University began when both educational institutions participated in the National Collegiate Athletic Association of the Philippines (NCAA), and has carried over to the University Athletic Association of the Philippines (UAAP) where both universities compete in currently. The De La Salle men's varsity team is known as the De La Salle Green Archers, women's varsity team as the De La Salle Lady Archers, and high school team as the De La Salle Zobel Junior Archers. The Ateneo men's varsity team is known as the Ateneo Blue Eagles, women's varsity team as the Ateneo Lady Eagles, and high school team as the Ateneo Blue Eaglets. La Salle and Ateneo were both co-founders of the NCAA in 1924, until Ateneo left the league in 1978 to join the UAAP while La Salle announced its decision to leave the NCAA in September of 1980. Both Catholic private schools in the Metro Manila area have been fiercely competing against each other in the UAAP ever since La Salle was also admitted to join the league in 1986.

UT Arlington Mavericks

The UT Arlington Mavericks are the athletic teams that represent the University of Texas at Arlington in Arlington, Texas. The Mavericks currently compete in the NCAA Division I Sun Belt Conference in 15 varsity sports. The number rose to 15 in the fall of 2017 as the University announced women's golf will begin their first season of competition.

Sports in Florida Overview of sports in Florida

The U.S. state of Florida has three National Football League teams, two Major League Baseball teams, two National Basketball Association teams, two National Hockey League teams, two Major League Soccer teams and 13 NCAA Division I college teams.

Princeton Tigers mens basketball

The Princeton Tigers men's basketball team is the intercollegiate men's basketball program representing Princeton University. The school competes in the Ivy League in Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). The Tigers play home basketball games at the Jadwin Gymnasium in Princeton, New Jersey on the university campus. Princeton has won six Eastern Intercollegiate Basketball League championships, 27 Ivy League championships, and the 1975 National Invitation Tournament. The team is currently coached by Mitch Henderson.

Arkansas Tech Wonder Boys and Golden Suns

The Arkansas Tech Wonder Boys and Golden Suns are the athletic teams that represent Arkansas Tech University in Russellville, Arkansas. They are a charter member of the Great American Conference of the NCAA Division II.

The North Dakota Fighting Hawks men's basketball team represents the University of North Dakota NCAA Division I men's basketball. The Fighting Hawks are members of the Summit League. Prior to membership in the Summit, they were members of Division II's North Central Conference and Division I's Great West Conference and Big Sky Conference. The current head coach is Paul Sather.

References

  1. Wizzard Media
  2. "NCAA FBS Football Championship History" . Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  3. "NCAA FCS Football Championship History" . Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  4. "NCAA Division II Football Championship History" . Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  5. "NCAA Division III Football Championship History" . Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  6. "ATC Home". ATC American Team Championships. Retrieved 2018-01-03.
  7. "Hamilton wins record-equalling seventh title". BBC Sport. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  8. 1910 competition was walked over.
  9. 4-peat if her pre-World War II 1940 title is included.
  10. 1 2 3 The Australian Open was not held in 1941–1945 due to World War II, indeed if the 1940 and 1946 tournaments are counted as straight versions Adrian Quist scores a ten-peat and John Bromwich an eight-peat.
  11. The December 1977 title was shared with their final rivals.
  12. The Australian Open was not held during 1986 due to date changes.
  13. 1 2 This is a rare example of a three-peat across the Amateur and Open Eras.