66th Street (Manhattan)

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66th Street
Split E66th St jeh.JPG
Two-way block, between 2nd and 3rd Avenues on an otherwise one-way street. Manhattan House, a New York City Landmark, on the right.
Location Manhattan

66th Street is a crosstown street in the New York City borough of Manhattan with portions on the Upper East Side and Upper West Side connected across Central Park via the 66th Street transverse. West 66th Street is notable for hosting the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts between Broadway and Columbus Avenue.

Contents

Route description

Charles Scribner House on 9 East 66th, houses the Polish Permanent Mission to the United Nations Charles Scribner House.JPG
Charles Scribner House on 9 East 66th, houses the Polish Permanent Mission to the United Nations
Carrie Astor House on 3 East 64th, houses the Indian Consulate-General New India House 003.JPG
Carrie Astor House on 3 East 64th, houses the Indian Consulate-General
First Battery Armory, New York National Guard, now used by ABC First Battery Armory 66th jeh.JPG
First Battery Armory, New York National Guard, now used by ABC

The street runs westbound, even though even-numbered streets in Manhattan typically go east. Its eastern end on the Upper East Side at York Avenue opposite Rockefeller University. At Fifth Avenue the street enters Central Park, joining eastbound traffic on the 66th Street transverse across the park. West 66th Street runs through a subsection of the Upper West Side named Lincoln Square. Once it crosses West End Avenue, the street ends at Riverside Boulevard in the Riverside South neighborhood.

East Side

Founder's Hall, located at York Avenue at the eastern foot of East 66th Street, was the first building opened on the campus of Rockefeller University. It was the first major philanthropic foundation created by John D. Rockefeller, Jr. The building was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1974 and is still used as a laboratory. [1]

Manhattan House, located at 200 East 66th Street, was designated as a New York City landmark in 2007 by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission for its influential mid-century modernist architecture. Benny Goodman, Grace Kelly, architect Gordon Bunshaft and other distinguished residents lived there. The street was widened during its construction. [2]

The Cosmopolitan Club is a private women's club located between Park Avenue and Lexington Avenue. Members have included Willa Cather, Ellen Glasgow, Eleanor Roosevelt, Jean Stafford, Helen Hayes, Pearl Buck, Marian Anderson, Margaret Mead, and Abby Aldrich Rockefeller. The building was purchased by the club in 1930. [3]

45 East 66th Street is the site of a red-and-white French Gothic 10-story apartment house completed in 1908 for Charles F. Rodgers as designed by architects Harde & Short. [4] [5] The site was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. [6]

West Side

The block between Columbus Avenue and Central Park West is the address for the ABC News Headquarters and was co-named Peter Jennings Way in 2006 in honor of the late news anchor. [7] The famed Manhattan restaurant Tavern on the Green, which operated from 1934 to 2009, also was located off of West 66th Street, at Central Park West.

66th Street is the site of the Manhattan New York Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The design for the 38-story structure included retail space at ground level, a church center on lower floors and 325 apartments. In 1972, the plan faced opposition from community organizations and Manhattan Borough President Percy Sutton who protested against the policy on exclusion of blacks from ministerial roles in the church, which was not ended until 1978. [8]

The Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts covers a 16.3-acre (6.6 ha) site located between Broadway and Amsterdam Avenue, from West 60th to West 66th Street. The project, designed to consolidate many of the city's cultural institutions on a single site, was constructed on the site of the San Juan Hill neighborhood as part of the "Lincoln Square Renewal Project" during Robert Moses' program of urban renewal in the 1960s. The first structure completed and occupied as part of this renewal was the Fordham University School of Law in 1962. The Dauphin Hotel was among the structures demolished as part of the project.

In 1972, the Chinese government purchased the 10-story Lincoln Square Motor Inn at Broadway for nearly $5 million, which was turned into the Chinese Mission to the United Nations, including offices and residences for its delegation in New York. The location made it the only permanent headquarters of any country to be situated on the West Side of Manhattan. [9] In 1998, the Chinese government swapped the site for buildings located on First Avenue and 34th Street, in order to be closer to the UN. The site was converted into a 100-apartment extension of the Phillips Club, an extended stay hotel. [10]

Lincoln Towers is an apartment complex that consists of six buildings with eight addresses on a 20-acre (81,000 m2) campus, bounded on the south by West 66th Street, on the west by Freedom Place, on the north by West 70th Street, and on the east by Amsterdam Avenue.

A 1986 plan by Donald Trump as part of his Television City proposal would have located the world's tallest building — 150 stories and 1,910 feet (580 m) tall — at the corner of West End Avenue and 66th Street, as part of his development of the 100 acre property along the Hudson River between 59th Street and 72nd Street atop the Penn Central rail yards. [11]

Community organizations

The West 65th and 66th Streets Block Association, founded in April 2018, seeks to promote neighborhood harmony, quality of life and safety through collaborative planning, community action, and policy advocacy. The Block Association has brought attention to larcenies at Duane Reade, lobbied for additional bike corrals for the street, and raised concern about Extell's plans for a 775 ft tower at 36 West 66th Street.

Parks and recreation

Richard Tucker Park, covering 0.05 acres (200 m2) is located at the corner of Broadway and Columbus Avenue. [12] [13] The park includes a bust of operatic tenor Richard Tucker by sculptor Milton Hebald dedicated on April 20, 1980, consisting of a larger-than-life size bronze sculpture on a 6-foot-high (1.8 m) granite pedestal. [14] [15] The original 1978 proposal for a seven-foot statue of Tucker, depicted in the role of Des Grieux in the opera Manon Lescaut by Giacomo Puccini, had been opposed by a member of Manhattan Community Board 7, who felt that the piece should have been placed in the Metropolitan Opera Hall of Fame, and not on public property. [16]

Notable residents

Notable current and former residents of 66th Street include:

Transportation

The 66th Street–Lincoln Center station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line is located at the intersection of 66th Street and Broadway. It is served by the 1 and 2 trains.

The M66 provides crosstown bus service between West 66th Street and West End Avenue on the Upper West Side and East 67th Street and York Avenue on the Upper East Side. [25] The route dates back to one established in 1935 by the Comprehensive Omnibus Corporation. [26]

Related Research Articles

Broadway (Manhattan) Avenue in New York

Broadway is a road in the U.S. state of New York. Broadway runs from State Street at Bowling Green for 13 mi (21 km) through the borough of Manhattan and 2 mi (3.2 km) through the Bronx, exiting north from the city to run an additional 18 mi (29 km) through the municipalities of Yonkers, Hastings-On-Hudson, Dobbs Ferry, Irvington, and Tarrytown, and terminating north of Sleepy Hollow in Westchester County.

Manhattan Borough in New York City and county in New York, United States

Manhattan, often referred to by residents of the New York City area as the City, is the most densely populated of the five boroughs of New York City, and coextensive with the County of New York, one of the original counties of the U.S. state of New York. Manhattan serves as the city's economic and administrative center, cultural identifier, and historical birthplace. The borough consists mostly of Manhattan Island, bounded by the Hudson, East, and Harlem rivers; as well as several small adjacent islands. Manhattan additionally contains Marble Hill, a small neighborhood now on the U.S. mainland, that was connected using landfill to the Bronx and separated from the rest of Manhattan by the Harlem River. Manhattan Island is divided into three informally bounded components, each aligned with the borough's long axis: Lower, Midtown, and Upper Manhattan.

Midtown Manhattan central business district in New York City

Midtown Manhattan is the central portion of the New York City borough of Manhattan. Midtown is home to some of the city's most iconic buildings, including the Empire State Building, the Chrysler Building, the Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project, the headquarters of the United Nations, Grand Central Terminal, and Rockefeller Center, as well as Broadway and Times Square.

Upper West Side Neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City

The Upper West Side is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan in New York City. It is bounded by Central Park on the east, the Hudson River on the west, West 59th Street to the south, and West 110th Street to the north.

Upper East Side Neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City

The Upper East Side, sometimes abbreviated UES, is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, between Central Park/Fifth Avenue, 59th Street, the East River, and 96th Street. The area incorporates several smaller neighborhoods, including Lenox Hill, Carnegie Hill, and Yorkville. Once known as the Silk Stocking District, it is now one of the most affluent neighborhoods in New York City.

Union Square, Manhattan intersection and neighborhood in New York City

Union Square is a historic intersection and surrounding neighborhood in Manhattan, New York City, located where Broadway and the former Bowery Road – now Fourth Avenue – came together in the early 19th century. Its name denotes that "here was the union of the two principal thoroughfares of the island". The current Union Square Park is bounded by 14th Street on the south, 17th Street on the north, and Union Square West and Union Square East to the west and east respectively. 17th Street links together Broadway and Park Avenue South on the north end of the park, while Union Square East connects Park Avenue South to Fourth Avenue and the continuation of Broadway on the park's south side. The park is under the aegis of the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation.

Riverside South, Manhattan Building complex in Manhattan, New York

Riverside South is an urban development project in the Lincoln Square neighborhood of the Upper West Side of Manhattan, New York City. It was originated by six civic associations – The Municipal Art Society, Natural Resources Defense Council, The Parks Council, Regional Plan Association, Riverside Park Fund, and Westpride – in partnership with real estate developer Donald Trump. The largely residential complex, located on the site of a former New York Central Railroad yard, includes Trump Place and Riverside Center. The $3 billion project is on 57 acres (23 ha) of land along the Hudson River between 59th Street and 72nd Street.

34th Street (Manhattan) West-east street in Manhattan, New York

34th Street is a major crosstown street in the New York City borough of Manhattan. It runs the width of Manhattan Island from West Side Highway on the West Side to the FDR Drive on the East Side. 34th Street is used as a crosstown artery between New Jersey to the west and Queens to the east, connecting the Lincoln Tunnel to New Jersey with the Queens Midtown Tunnel to Long Island.

Ninth Avenue (Manhattan) North-south avenue in Manhattan, New York

Ninth Avenue, known as Columbus Avenue between West 59th and 110th Streets, is a thoroughfare on the West Side of Manhattan in New York City. Traffic runs downtown (southbound) along the full stretch from Chelsea to the Upper West Side, except for the lowermost three blocks where traffic runs northbound carrying traffic from Greenwich Street.

Eleventh Avenue (Manhattan) North-south avenue in Manhattan, New York

Eleventh Avenue is a north-south thoroughfare on the far West Side of the borough of Manhattan in New York City, located near the Hudson River. Eleventh Avenue originates in the Meatpacking District in the Greenwich Village and West Village neighborhoods at Gansevoort Street, where Eleventh Avenue, Tenth Avenue, and West Street intersect. It is considered part of the West Side Highway between 22nd and Gansevoort Streets.

66th Street–Lincoln Center station New York City Subway station in Manhattan

66th Street–Lincoln Center is a local station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of 66th Street and Broadway, it is served by the 1 train at all times, and by the 2 train during late nights.

Lincoln Square, Manhattan square and neighborhood in New York City

Lincoln Square is the name of both a square and the surrounding neighborhood within the Upper West Side of the New York City borough of Manhattan. Lincoln Square is centered on the intersection of Broadway and Columbus Avenue, between West 65th and West 66th streets. The neighborhood is bounded by Columbus Avenue and Amsterdam Avenue to the east and west, and West 66th and 63rd Street to the north and south. However, the term can be extended to refer to the neighborhood between West 59th Street and West 72nd Street. It is bounded by Hell's Kitchen, Riverside South, Central Park, and the Upper West Side proper.

72nd Street West-east street in Manhattan, New York

72nd Street is one of the major bi-directional crosstown streets in New York City's borough of Manhattan. The street primarily runs through the Upper West Side and Upper East Side neighborhoods. It is one of the few streets to go through Central Park via Women's Gate, Terrace Drive, and Inventors Gate, though Terrace Drive is often closed to vehicular traffic.

79th Street (Manhattan) West-east street in Manhattan, New York

79th Street is a major two-way street on the Upper East Side and Upper West Side of the New York City borough of Manhattan. It runs in two major sections: between East End and Fifth Avenues on the Upper East Side, and between Columbus Avenue and Henry Hudson Parkway on the Upper West Side. The two segments are connected by the 79th Street transverse across Central Park, as well as one block of 81st Street.

96th Street (Manhattan) West-east street in Manhattan, New York

96th Street is a major two-way street on the Upper East Side and Upper West Side sections of the New York City borough of Manhattan. It runs in two major sections: between the FDR Drive and Fifth Avenue on the Upper East Side, and between Central Park West and Henry Hudson Parkway on the Upper West Side. The two segments are connected by the 97th Street transverse across Central Park, which links the disconnected segments of 96th and 97th Streets on each side.

M10 and M20 buses Bus routes in Manhattan, New York

The Eighth Avenue Line is a public transit line in Manhattan, New York City, United States, running mostly along Eighth Avenue from Lower Manhattan to Harlem. Originally a streetcar line, it is now the M10 bus route and the M20 bus route, operated by the New York City Transit Authority. The M10 bus now only runs north of 57th Street, and the M20 runs south of 66th Street. The whole line was a single route, the M10, until 2000 when the M20 was created.

New York Railways Company

The New York Railways Company operated street railways in Manhattan, New York City, United States between 1911 and 1925. The company went into receivership in 1919 and control was passed to the New York Railways Corporation in 1925 after which all of its remaining lines were replaced with bus routes.

M104 (New York City bus) Bus route in Manhattan, New York

The Broadway Line is a surface transit line in Manhattan, New York City, United States, running mainly along 42nd Street and Broadway from Murray Hill to Harlem. Formerly a streetcar line operated by the Third Avenue Railway, it is now the M104 bus route operated by the New York City Transit Authority, a subsidiary of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. This bus route no longer runs along the entire route of the former streetcar.

M86 (New York City bus) Bus route in Manhattan, New York

The 86th Street Crosstown Line is a bus line in Manhattan, New York City, United States, running mostly along 86th Street on the Upper West and Upper East Sides of Manhattan. Originally a streetcar line, it now comprises the M86 Select Bus Service bus line.

References

  1. Founder's Hall Archived June 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine , National Park Service. Accessed August 17, 2008.
  2. NYC Landmark Registry Archived February 7, 2009, at the Wayback Machine , New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, announcement dated October 30, 2007. Accessed October 28, 2008.
  3. "Club in Murray Hill District Buys East 66th Street Site", The New York Times , June 21, 1930. Accessed August 21, 2008.
  4. Gray, Christopher. "STREETSCAPES: 45 East 66th Street; For a Jewel on the East Side, A Loving Facade Restoration", The New York Times , October 16, 1988. Accessed August 20, 2008.
  5. 45 East 66th Street, New York Architecture Images. Accessed August 20, 2008.
  6. New York – New York County, National Register of Historic Places. Accessed August 20, 2008.
  7. "Metro Briefing", The New York Times , February 22, 2006. Accessed August 5, 2008.
  8. "West Side Residents Oppose Mormon Project, Charging Racism", The New York Times , December 15, 1972. Accessed August 17, 2008.
  9. Teltsch, Kathleen. "Chinese Mission Buys a Motel on West Side; 10-Story Building to Be Used as Office and Living Site Chinese Purchase Motel on the West Side", The New York Times , March 17, 1972. Accessed August 17, 2008.
  10. "POSTINGS: Hotel Expanding Into Old Chinese Mission; 100 Rooms On W. 66th St.", The New York Times , June 28, 1998. Accessed August 17, 2007.
  11. Gottlieb, Martin. "TRUMP PLAN: WIDE IMPACT ON WEST SIDE", The New York Times , April 30, 1986. Accessed August 17, 2008.
  12. Richard Tucker Square, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed August 17, 2008.
  13. Crow, Kelly. "NEIGHBORHOOD REPORT: UPPER WEST SIDE – BUZZ; An Old Friend Returns, Herbs and Fruit In Hand", The New York Times , July 20, 2003. Accessed August 17, 2008.
  14. Richard Tucker, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed August 17, 2008.
  15. Richard Tucker, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed August 17, 2008.
  16. Pace, Eric. "Tucker Statue for Park Studied", The New York Times , May 9, 1978. Accessed August 17, 2008.
  17. "James B. Conant Is Dead at 84; Harvard President for 20 Years; From Chemistry to Top Post", The New York Times , February 12, 1978. Accessed August 20, 2008.
  18. Ulysses S. Grant, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed August 17, 2008. "After serving two terms as U.S. President (1868–76), Grant retired to New York City in 1884 and lived at 3 East 66th Street until his death in 1885."
  19. Gray, Christopher. "Streetscapes:: Sidestreet Prestige; When Cachet Was Off 5th Ave.", The New York Times , September 20, 1992. Accessed August 20, 2008. "Henry Havemeyer, the sugar refiner, took 1 East 66th Street for his Romanesque-style mansion at the northeast corner of Fifth in the 1880s, and Andrew Carnegie chose 2 East 91st Street for his mansion, now the Cooper-Hewitt Museum, at the turn of the century."
  20. Petrash, Antonia (June 25, 2013). Long Island and the Woman Suffrage Movement. Arcadia Publishing. pp. PT85. ISBN   978-1-61423-964-2.
  21. Brooklyn Blue Book and Long Island Society Register. Brooklyn Life Publishing Company. 1920. p. 232.
  22. "Phyllis McGinley, Essayist and Poet Who Won Pulitzer in '61, Dies at 72", The New York Times , February 23, 1978. Accessed August 20, 2008.
  23. "Edward Streeter, Humorist, Dies at 84", The New York Times , April 2, 1976. Accessed August 20, 2008. "Edward Streeter, humorist and author of two best-selling novels, "Father of the Bride" and "Dere Mable," died Wednesday at Roosevelt Hospital. He was 84 years old and lived at 200 East 66th Street."
  24. Strausbaugh, John. "In the Mansion Land of the ‘Fifth Avenoodles’", December 14, 2007. Accessed August 20, 2008. "By the time Brooke Astor, widow of Caroline’s grandson Vincent, died this year at the age of 105, the area had been home to generations of poor immigrants, and to the likes of Andy Warhol (57 East 66th Street, between Madison and Park Avenues)..."
  25. M66: Local crosstown service between Upper East Side and West Side Archived November 9, 2008, at the Wayback Machine , New York City Bus, effective April 2008. Accessed August 17, 2008.
  26. "CROSSTOWN BUSES START ON 65TH ST.; La Guardia Is Cash Passenger on First One Out After Making a Brief Speech.", The New York Times , February 16, 1935. Accessed August 17, 2008.

Coordinates: 40°46′06″N73°58′09″W / 40.7683°N 73.9691°W / 40.7683; -73.9691