António Costa

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António Costa

Antonio Costa img 6536.jpg
Prime Minister of Portugal
Assumed office
26 November 2015
President Aníbal Cavaco Silva
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
Deputy Eduardo Cabrita
Pedro Siza Vieira
Preceded by Pedro Passos Coelho
Secretary-General of the Socialist Party
Assumed office
22 November 2014
President Carlos César
Preceded by António José Seguro
Leader of the Opposition
In office
22 November 2014 26 November 2015
Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho
Preceded by António José Seguro
Succeeded by Pedro Passos Coelho
76th Mayor of Lisbon
In office
1 August 2007 6 April 2015
Preceded by Carmona Rodrigues
Succeeded by Fernando Medina
Minister of the Internal Administration
In office
12 March 2005 17 May 2007
Prime Minister José Sócrates
Preceded byDaniel Sanches
Succeeded by Rui Pereira
Minister of Justice
In office
25 October 1999 6 April 2002
Prime Minister António Guterres
Preceded byJosé Vera Jardim
Succeeded byCeleste Cardona
Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
In office
28 October 1995 25 October 1999
Prime Minister António Guterres
Preceded by Luís Filipe Menezes
Succeeded by Luís Marques Mendes
Member of the Assembly of the Republic
In office
23 October 2015 26 November 2015
Constituency Lisbon
In office
6 October 1991 13 June 2004
Constituency Lisbon
In office
20 July 2004 11 March 2005
Personal details
Born
António Luís Santos da Costa

(1961-07-17) 17 July 1961 (age 60)
Lisbon, Portugal
Political party Socialist
Spouse(s)
Fernanda Tadeu
(m. 1987)
Relations Ricardo Costa (brother)
Children2
Parents
Residence São Bento Mansion
Alma mater University of Lisbon
Signature AssinaturaAntonioCosta.svg
Website Official website

António Luís Santos da Costa GCIH (Portuguese pronunciation:  [ˈɐ̃ˈtɔnju ˈkɔʃ.tɐ] ; born 17 July 1961) [1] is a Portuguese lawyer and politician serving as the 119th and current Prime Minister of Portugal since 26 November 2015, presiding over the XXI (2015–2019) and XXII Constitutional Governments (2019–present). Previously, he was Minister of Parliamentary Affairs from 1995 to 1999, Minister of Justice from 1999 to 2002, Minister of Internal Administration from 2005 to 2007, and Mayor of Lisbon from 2007 to 2015. He was elected as Secretary General of the Socialist Party in September 2014. [2]

Contents

Early life and education

Costa was born in 1961 in São Sebastião da Pedreira, Lisbon, the son of writer Orlando da Costa (born in Maputo to a family of Goan extraction) and of journalist Maria Antónia Palla. [3] [4]

Costa graduated from the Faculty of Law of the University of Lisbon in the 1980s, when he first entered politics and was elected as a Socialist deputy to the municipal council. He completed the mandatory military service in 1987 [5] and later practiced law briefly from 1988, before entering politics full-time. [6]

Political career

Costa's first role in a Socialist government was as Minister of Parliamentary Affairs under Prime Minister António Guterres between 1997 and 1999. He was Minister of Justice from 1999 to 2002. [6]

Costa was a Member of the European Parliament for the Socialist Party (PES), heading the list for the 2004 European elections after the dramatic death of top candidate António de Sousa Franco. On 20 July 2004 he was elected as one of the 14 Vice-Presidents of the European Parliament. He also served on the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs.[ citation needed ]

Costa resigned as an MEP on 11 March 2005 to become Minister of State and Internal Administration in the government of José Sócrates following the 2005 national elections.[ citation needed ]

Mayor of Lisbon, 2007–2015

António Costa resigned all government offices in May 2007 to become his party's candidate for the municipality of Lisbon, Portugal's capital city. He was elected as Lisbon's mayor on 15 July 2007 and reelected in 2009 and 2013, with a bigger majority each time. In April 2015 he resigned his duties as a mayor, while he was already the Secretary General of the Socialist Party and the party's candidate for Prime Minister, so that he could prepare his campaign for the October 2015 general elections. [7]

Candidate for Prime Minister, 2014–2015

In September 2014, the Socialist Party chose Costa as its candidate to be Prime Minister of Portugal in the 2015 national elections; in a ballot to select the party's candidate, gaining nearly 70 percent of the votes, he defeated party leader António José Seguro, who announced his resignation after the result. [8] By April 2015, he stepped down as mayor to focus on his campaign. [9]

During the campaign, Costa pledged to ease back on austerity and give more disposable income back to households. [10] He proposed to boost incomes, hiring and growth in order to cut the budget deficits while scrapping austerity measures and cutting taxes for the middle and lower classes, asserting that would still allow deficits to reduce in line with the Euro convergence criteria. [11] Also, he pledged to roll back a hugely unpopular hike in value added tax on restaurants and reinstate some benefits for civil servants. [9]

Prime Minister of Portugal, 2015–present

On 4 October 2015, the conservative Portugal Ahead coalition that had ruled the country since 2011 came first in the elections winning 38.6% of the vote, while the Socialist Party came second with 32.3%. Passos Coelho was reappointed Prime Minister the following days, but António Costa formed an alliance with the other parties on the left (the Left Bloc, the Portuguese Communist Party and the Ecologist Party "The Greens"), which altogether constitute a majority in Parliament, and toppled the government on 10 November (the People–Animals–Nature party also voted in favour of the motion of rejection presented by the left alliance). After toppling the conservative government, Costa was chosen as the new Prime Minister of Portugal by President Cavaco Silva on 24 November and assumed office on 26 November. [7] [12]

Since coming to power, Costa's government has managed to combine fiscal discipline with measures to support growth, while reversing most of the austerity policies imposed by the previous center-right administration during the 2010–13 debt crisis. [13]

By March 2017, polls put support for Costa's Socialists at 42 percent, up 10 points from their share of the vote in the 2015 election and close to a level that would give them a majority in parliament were the country to vote again. [14] In the 2017 local elections, Costa further consolidated power in Portugal as his party captured a record haul of 158 town halls out of the country's 308 cities and towns; nationwide, the Socialists’ vote share topped 38 percent, again up from their result in the 2015 parliamentary election. [15]

During his tenure, Portugal experienced its deadliest wildfires ever, firstly in Pedrogão Grande in June 2017 (65 dead) and later across the country in October 2017 (41 dead). [16] In October 2017, the opposition People's Party (CDS) launched a motion of no-confidence in Costa's government over its failure to prevent the loss of human lives in the lethal Iberian wildfires, the second such disaster in four months; the motion was largely symbolic as the minority Socialist government continued to be backed in parliament by two left-wing parties. [17] In early 2019, Costa's government survived another opposition motion of no confidence lodged over a wave of public sector strikes. [18]

Ahead of the 2019 national elections, Costa ruled out a coalition government with the hard left if, as expected, his governing Socialist Party won the election but fell shy of a parliamentary majority. Instead, he indicated he favored a continuation of the current pact in parliament with the Communists and/or the Left Bloc – rather than any formal coalition in which they would have government ministers. [19]

Personal life

In 1987, Costa married Fernanda Maria Gonçalves Tadeu, a teacher. [6] The couple have a son and a daughter.

Costa is a supporter of S.L. Benfica, [20] being a frequent attendant to the games as Lisbon mayor, as opposed to Sporting Lisbon's. He also accompanied Benfica to both Europa League finals, in 2013 and 2014.

Awards

YearCountryAward NameGiven byField of Merit
2017Flag of India.svg  India Pravasi Bharatiya Samman [21] President of India Public Services
Costa receiving the Pravasi Bhartiya Samman from President of India Pranab Mukherjee in 2017 Pranab Mukherjee conferring the Pravasi Bhartiya Samman Award on the Prime Minister of Portuguese Republic, Mr. Antonio Costa, at the 14th Edition of the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD-2017) convention, in Bengaluru, Karnataka.jpg
Costa receiving the Pravasi Bhartiya Samman from President of India Pranab Mukherjee in 2017

Recognition

Civil awards and decorations

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References

  1. "Leadership". Party of European Socialists . Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  2. António Costa's Biography on the Portuguese Government's official webpage Archived 8 December 2015 at the Wayback Machine .
  3. Then Came A Gandhi Archived 12 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine , outlookindia.com, retrieved 10 September 2015
  4. "'Proud of my roots in Goa': Portugal PM Antonio Costa's Q&A with HT". Hindustan Times. 6 January 2017. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  5. "António Costa" (PDF). Jornal de Campanha — Socialist Party. August 2015. p. 3. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  6. 1 2 3 Axel Bugge (4 October 2015), Portuguese Socialist leader Costa candidate for PM Archived 16 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine Reuters .
  7. 1 2 Agence France-Presse (25 November 2015), Portugal gets Antonio Costa as new PM after election winner only lasted 11 days Archived 24 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine The Guardian .
  8. Andrei Khalip (28 September 2014), Portugal opposition Socialists choose mayor of Lisbon as candidate for PM in next year's election Archived 25 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine Reuters .
  9. 1 2 Axel Bugge (1 April 2015), Lisbon Socialist mayor steps down to campaign for Portugal PM Archived 4 October 2015 at the Wayback Machine Reuters .
  10. Axel Bugge (18 September 2015), Portugal election race still in dead heat, no majority win: poll Archived 4 October 2015 at the Wayback Machine Reuters .
  11. Andrei Khalip (17 September 2015), Portuguese PM and Socialist opponent clash over austerity as election nears Archived 17 October 2015 at the Wayback Machine Reuters .
  12. Patricia Kowsmann and Matt Moffett (24 November 2015). "Socialist Leader António Costa Is Named as Portugal's Prime Minister". The Wall Street Journal . Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  13. Andrei Khalip (13 April 2018), Portugal government targets budget surplus in 2020, irks allies Archived 15 April 2018 at the Wayback Machine Reuters .
  14. Axel Bugge (31 March 2017), As Europe left struggles, Portugal's alliance wins over voters and Brussels Archived 21 June 2017 at the Wayback Machine Reuters .
  15. Paul Ames (2 October 2017), Portugal’s Socialists toast ‘biggest ever’ election win Archived 3 October 2017 at the Wayback Machine Politico Europe .
  16. "Portugal and Spain wildfires: Dozens dead and injured". BBC. Archived from the original on 16 October 2017. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
  17. Axel Bugge and Andrei Khalip (17 October 2017), Portugal's government faces no-confidence vote over forest fires Archived 27 December 2017 at the Wayback Machine Reuters .
  18. Andrei Khalip and Mark Heinrich (20 February 2019), Portuguese PM withstands no confidence motion in parliament   Reuters .
  19. Andrei Khalip (29 August 2019), Portugal PM rules out coalition government after October election Reuters .
  20. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 September 2016. Retrieved 29 July 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. Deepika, K.C. (10 January 2017). "Awarding PIOs in recognition of their services". The Hindu. ISSN   0971-751X . Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  22. "Cidadãos Nacionais Agraciados com Ordens Portuguesas". Página Oficial das Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas. Archived from the original on 17 August 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
  23. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 "Cidadãos Nacionais Agraciados com Ordens Estrangeiras". Página Oficial das Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas. Archived from the original on 15 July 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
  24. Presidencia del Gobierno: "Real Decreto 577/2016, de 25 de noviembre, por el que se concede la Gran Cruz de la Real y Distinguida Orden Española de Carlos III al Excelentísimo Señor Antonio Luis Santos da Costa, Primer Ministro de la República Portuguesa" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish) (286): 82949. 26 November 2016. ISSN   0212-033X. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 March 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
Political offices
Preceded by
Luís Filipe Menezes
Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
1995–1999
Succeeded by
Luís Marques Mendes
Preceded by
José Vera Jardim
Minister of Justice
1999–2002
Succeeded by
Celeste Cardona
Preceded by
Daniel Sanches
Minister of the Internal Administration
2005–2007
Succeeded by
Rui Pereira
Preceded by
Carmona Rodrigues
Mayor of Lisbon
2007–2015
Succeeded by
Fernando Medina
Preceded by
António José Seguro
Leader of the Opposition
2014–2015
Succeeded by
Pedro Passos Coelho
Preceded by
Pedro Passos Coelho
Prime Minister of Portugal
2015–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
António José Seguro
Secretary-General of the Socialist Party
2014–present
Incumbent
Academic offices
Preceded by
Jean-Claude Juncker
Invocation Speaker of the College of Europe
2017
Antonio Tajani