Thompson, Connecticut

Last updated
Thompson, Connecticut
ThompsonCTseal.jpg
Seal
Windham County Connecticut incorporated and unincorporated areas Thompson highlighted.svg
Location in Windham County and the state of Connecticut.
Coordinates: 41°59′04″N71°52′40″W / 41.98444°N 71.87778°W / 41.98444; -71.87778 Coordinates: 41°59′04″N71°52′40″W / 41.98444°N 71.87778°W / 41.98444; -71.87778
CountryFlag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Connecticut.svg  Connecticut
County Windham
NECTA Worcester, MA
Region Northeastern Connecticut
Incorporated1785
Government
  Type Selectman-town meeting
  First selectmanKenneth Beausoleil (D)
   State Senator Mae Flexer
(D-29th District)
   State Rep. Rick Hayes
(D-51st District)
Area
  Total48.7 sq mi (126.1 km2)
  Land46.9 sq mi (121.6 km2)
  Water1.7 sq mi (4.4 km2)
Elevation
469 ft (143 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total9,458
  Density190/sq mi (75/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
06255, 06262, 06277
Area code(s) 860
FIPS code 09-75870
GNIS feature ID0213516
Website http://www.thompsonct.org/

Thompson is a rural town in Windham County, Connecticut, United States. The town was named after Sir Robert Thompson, an English landholder. [1] The population was 9,458 at the 2010 census. [2] Thompson is located in the northeastern corner of the state and is bordered on the north by Webster, Massachusetts and Dudley, Massachusetts, on the east by Douglas, Massachusetts and Burrillville, Rhode Island, on the west by Woodstock, Connecticut, and on the south by Putnam, Connecticut.

Contents

Thompson has the highest-banked race track (Thompson Speedway Motorsports Park, a 5/8 mile oval and a restored 1.7 mile road course) in New England. This speedway holds one of the biggest race programs in New England, The World Series of Auto Racing, where 16 divisions and about 400 cars show up each fall. Another claim to fame is that the Tri-State Marker is located just on the border of Thompson. The term "Swamp Yankee" is thought to have originated in Thompson during the American Revolution in 1776.

Thompson was the site of the Great East Thompson Train Wreck in 1891, one of the worst train wrecks in American history and the only one to involve four trains.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 48.7 square miles (126 km2), of which 46.9 square miles (121 km2) is land and 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2), or 3.51%, is water. Thompson possesses many small ponds, such as Little Pond and Long Pond, as well as two principal lakes: West Thompson Lake and Quaddick Reservoir. Contained within its borders are several moderately sized rivers, including the French River and Five Mile River, both tributaries of the Quinebaug River, which also runs through Thompson. One of the highest points in Thompson and the surrounding villages is Fort Hill at 649 feet (198 m) above sea level. The city is located 64 miles southwest of Boston [3] and 110 miles northeast of Bridgeport. [4] It is on the 41st parallel north, putting it on the same latitude as Lake Ohrid in Albania.

A minor point of geological interest is the Wilsonville Fault, created during the breakup of Pangaea nearly 200 million years ago. [5]

Adjacent towns

Villages

Thompson is composed of ten villages:

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1820 2,928
1840 3,535
1850 4,63831.2%
1860 3,259−29.7%
1870 3,80416.7%
1880 5,05132.8%
1890 5,58010.5%
1900 6,44215.4%
1910 4,804−25.4%
1920 5,0555.2%
1930 4,999−1.1%
1940 5,57711.6%
1950 5,5850.1%
1960 6,21711.3%
1970 7,58021.9%
1980 8,1417.4%
1990 8,6686.5%
2000 8,8782.4%
2010 9,4586.5%
Est. 20149,308 [6] −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
The CT-RI-MA Tri-State marker located in Thompson CT-RI-MA Tripoint.JPG
The CT-RI-MA Tri-State marker located in Thompson

As of the census [8] of 2010, there were 9,458 people, 3,730 households, and 2,587 families residing in the town. The population density was 201.7 people per square mile (78.4/km²). There were 4,171 housing units at an average density of 88.9 per square mile (34.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.6% White, 0.6% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population.

Of the 3,730 households: 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the town, the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 31.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $63,385, and the median income for a family was $75,652. Males had a median income of $52,716 versus $39,362 for females. The per capita income for the town was $29,044. About 5.1% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.7% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.

Schools

Thompson has a public school system in which the elementary, middle, and high school buildings are connected. The Mary R. Fisher Memorial Elementary School has students in pre-K through 4th grade, Thompson Middle School consists of grades 5-8, and Tourtellotte Memorial High School has students in grades 9-12. [9] Also in town are several private schools, the Catholic St Joseph's School, currently serving pre-K - grade 8, and Marianapolis Preparatory, a Marian high school located on historic Thompson Hill. [10] [11]

The original Tourtellotte Memorial High School building, which exists today as administrative offices for the school system, was built in the Greek Revival style. The cornerstone was laid in 1907 and the school opened in 1909. The school is named in memory of Dr. Jacob F. Tourtellotte. Tourtellotte was a ship's surgeon in the U.S. Navy during the Civil War. The school also houses a small museum, called the "Memorial Room" which contains portraits of Tourtellotte and his family, and some of their possessions. It is maintained by the local historical society, and is usually open to the public for tours one Sunday per month. [12]

Marianapolis Preparatory School was established in 1926, sponsored by the Congregation of Marians of the Immaculate Conception. [13] The school is located on the former Ream Estate, built by Norman Bruce Ream, a Director of The Pullman Company, U.S. Steel, and The National Biscuit Company, which is now known as Nabisco. The Estate, including the circa 1900 mansion "Carolyn Hall," named after Ream's wife, was sold to the Marians in 1931, but the Mansion burned down in 1964 and a new main school building was built in its place. [14]

Libraries

Public Library, circa 1908 Thompson, Connecticut Public Library 1908 postcard.jpg
Public Library, circa 1908

The Thompson Public Library [15] is located at 934 Riverside Drive, North Grosvenordale. It is combined with the town's Community Center, and contains 20,400 square feet (1,900 m2) holding 55,000 items, including books, magazines, CDs, DVDs, audio tapes, video tapes, and online resources.

The library was started in 1902 with 1,370 books in a small building on Thompson Hill, now known as the Ellen Larned Memorial Library. Two branches were created, the Quinebaug Branch, in operation from 1961 to 1994, and the Grosvenordale Branch, in operation from 1958 to 1966. Thompson was the first small town in Connecticut to have a bookmobile service, operating from 1966 to 1993. The current library in North Grosvenordale was finished in 1994.

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Windham County, Connecticut County of Connecticut in Connecticut

Windham County is a county located in the northeastern corner of the U.S. state of Connecticut. As of the 2010 census, the population was 118,428, making it the least populous county in Connecticut. It forms the core of the region known as the Quiet Corner.

Providence County, Rhode Island County in Rhode Island

Providence County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of Rhode Island. As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 626,667, or 59.5% of the state's population. Providence County contains the city of Providence, the state capital of Rhode Island and the county's most populous city, with an estimated 179,219 residents in 2016. Providence County is included in the Providence-Warwick, RI-MA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which in turn constitutes a portion of the greater Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT Combined Statistical Area. In 2010, the center of population of Rhode Island was located in Providence County, in the city of Cranston.

Norfolk, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Norfolk is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 1,709 at the 2010 census. The urban center of the town is the Norfolk census-designated place, with a population of 553 at the 2010 census.

North Canaan, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

North Canaan is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 3,315 at the 2010 census. The town center is still called "Canaan", being the main town center of the old town of Canaan prior to North Canaan splitting off as its own town.

Westbrook, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Westbrook is a town in Middlesex County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 6,938 at the 2010 census. The town center is also classified by the U.S. Census Bureau as a census-designated place (CDP).

Voluntown, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Voluntown is a town in New London County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 2,603 at the 2010 census. Voluntown was part of Windham County from 1726 to 1881.

Somers, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Somers is a town in Tolland County, Connecticut. The population was 11,444 at the 2010 census. The town center is listed by the U.S. Census Bureau as a census-designated place (CDP). In 2007, Money Magazine named Somers, Connecticut 53rd on its list of 100 Best Places to Live, based on "economic opportunity, good schools, safe streets, things to do and a real sense of community."

Union, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Union is a town located in the northeastern part of Tolland County, Connecticut, United States and is part of the Quinebaug and Shetucket Rivers Valley National Heritage Corridor. The population was 854 at the 2010 census, making it the least populous town and municipality in Connecticut. Union includes the village of Mashapaug located in the Eastern Uplands at the Massachusetts state line. Also, Union is located 33 miles northeast of the state capital, Hartford and 67 mi (108 km) southwest of Boston as well as 153 mi (246 km) northeast of New York City.

Plainfield, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Plainfield is a town in Windham County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 15,405 at the 2010 census. The town comprises four villages: Plainfield, Moosup, Wauregan, and Central Village. Each village has their own respective United States Post Office and fire department. The entire town is serviced by the 860 area code.

Putnam, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Putnam is a town in Windham County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 9,584 at the 2010 census. It is home to WINY, an AM radio station.

Sterling, Connecticut Town in Connecticut, United States

Sterling is a town in Windham County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 3,099 at the 2000 census.

Dudley, Massachusetts Town in Massachusetts, United States

Dudley is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 11,390 at the 2010 census.

Burrillville, Rhode Island Town in Rhode Island, United States

Burrillville is a town in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. The population was 15,955 at the 2010 census.

Holland (CDP), Massachusetts Census-designated place in Massachusetts, United States

Holland is a census-designated place (CDP) in the town of Holland in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States, comprising the town center and other populated areas in the eastern part of the town. The population was 1,464 at the 2010 census, out of a total 2,481 people in the town. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Holland, Massachusetts Town in Massachusetts, United States

Holland is a town in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 2,481 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Hopedale, Massachusetts Town in Massachusetts, United States

Hopedale is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 5,911 at the 2010 census.

Webster, Massachusetts Town in Massachusetts, United States

Webster is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 16,767 at the 2010 census.

Hatfield, Massachusetts Town in Massachusetts, United States

Hatfield is a town in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 3,279 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. The census-designated place of Hatfield consists of the town center and surrounding areas.

Route 131 (Connecticut–Massachusetts) highway in Connecticut and Massachusetts

Route 131 is a state highway in the U.S. states of Massachusetts and Connecticut. It serves the southwestern portion of the Worcester metropolitan area. It begins at Route 12 in the North Grosvenor Dale section of the town of Thompson in Connecticut and ends at U.S. Route 20 in the center of Sturbridge in Massachusetts.

Southbridge, Massachusetts Town in Massachusetts, United States

The Town of Southbridge has a city form of government with a city council legislative body, but via a statute calls itself a Town. It is located in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 16,719 at the 2010 census. Southbridge is one of thirteen Massachusetts municipalities that have applied for, and been granted, city forms of government but wish to retain "The town of" in their official names.

References

  1. "Profile for Thompson, Connecticut". ePodunk . Retrieved 2010-05-11.
  2. "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Thompson town, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
  3. https://www.google.com/search?source=hp&ei=jmfCW9uBKM7TjgTw577oBA&q=distance+Thompson%2C+Connecticut+to+prague&btnK=Google+Search&oq=distance+Thompson%2C+Connecticut+to+prague&gs_l=psy-ab.3...922.5130..5462...1.0..0.125.2034.16j5......0....1j2..gws-wiz.......0j0i131j33i22i29i30j33i299j33i160.SYMd3RYyJ7g
  4. "USGS NE CT Survey" . Retrieved 2011-06-16.
  5. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. http://district.thompsonk12.org
  9. http://www.schoolofstjoseph.org
  10. http://www.marianapolis.org/About/About
  11. http://www.thompsonhistorical.org
  12. http://www.marianapolis.org/About/History
  13. Echoes of Old Thompson, Vol I