Thonzylamine

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Thonzylamine
Thonzylamine.svg
Clinical data
SynonymsNeohetramine
AHFS/Drugs.com International Drug Names
ATC code
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEMBL
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
ECHA InfoCard 100.001.913 OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Chemical and physical data
Formula C16H22N4O
Molar mass 286.372 g/mol g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
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Thonzylamine (or neohetramine) [1] is an antihistamine and anticholinergic used as an antipruritic.

Antihistamine drug that binds to but does not activate histamine receptors, thereby blocking the actions of histamine or histamine agonists

Antihistamines are drugs which treat allergic rhinitis and other allergies. Typically people take antihistamines as an inexpensive, generic, over-the-counter drug that can provide relief from nasal congestion, sneezing, or hives caused by pollen, dust mites, or animal allergy with few side effects. Antihistamines are usually for short-term treatment. Chronic allergies increase the risk of health problems which antihistamines might not treat, including asthma, sinusitis, and lower respiratory tract infection. Consultation of a medical professional is recommended for those who intend to take antihistamines for longer-term use.

An anticholinergic agent is a substance that blocks the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the central and the peripheral nervous system. These agents inhibit parasympathetic nerve impulses by selectively blocking the binding of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine to its receptor in nerve cells. The nerve fibers of the parasympathetic system are responsible for the involuntary movement of smooth muscles present in the gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract, lungs, and many other parts of the body. Anticholinergics are divided into three categories in accordance with their specific targets in the central and peripheral nervous system: antimuscarinic agents, ganglionic blockers, and neuromuscular blockers.

Antipruritics, also known as anti-itch drugs, are medications that inhibit the itching often associated with sunburns, allergic reactions, eczema, psoriasis, chickenpox, fungal infections, insect bites and stings like those from mosquitoes, fleas, and mites, and contact dermatitis and urticaria caused by plants such as poison ivy or stinging nettle.

Contents

Synthesis

Thonzylamine synthesis: H. L. Friedman and A, V. Tolstouhov, U.S. Patent 2,465,865 (1949). Thonzylamine synthesis.svg
Thonzylamine synthesis: H. L. Friedman and A, V. Tolstouhov, U.S. Patent 2,465,865 (1949).

See also

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Zolamine chemical compound

Zolamine is an antihistamine and anticholinergic used as an antipruritic.

References

  1. Arminio, J. J.; Sweet, C. C. (1949). "The prophylaxis and treatment of the common cold with neohetramine (thonzylamine hydrochloride)". Industrial medicine & surgery. 18 (12): 509–511. PMID   15393969.