Tigak language

Last updated
Region New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea
Native speakers
(6,000 cited 1991) [1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 tgc
Glottolog tiga1245 [2]

Tigak (or Omo) is an Austronesian language spoken by about 6,000 people (in 1991) [3] in the Kavieng District of New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea.


The Tigak language area includes the provincial capital, Kavieng.


Phoneme inventory of the Tigak language:

Consonant sounds
Labial Alveolar Velar
Plosive voicelessptk
Rhotic r
Fricative voicelessβs
Nasal mnŋ

/r/ can also be realized as [ɾ] allophonically. Both /k, ɡ/ are back-released as [k̠, ɡ̠].

Vowel sounds
Front Central Back
High iu
Mid eɔ
Low a
/i/[i], [ɪ], [y]
/e/[e], [ɛ]
/a/[ʌ], [a]

Two vowels /i u/ in word-initial form can also be released as consonantal allophones [w j]. [4]

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  1. Tigak at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Tigak". Glottolog 3.0 . Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (ed.) (2005). "Tigak". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (fifteenth ed.). Dallas: SIL.External link in |chapter= (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  4. Beaumont, Clive H. (1974). The Tigak Language of New Ireland. Australian National University.