Tigak language

Last updated
Region New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea
Native speakers
(6,000 cited 1991) [1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 tgc
Glottolog tiga1245

Tigak (or Omo) is an Austronesian language spoken by about 6,000 people (in 1991) [2] in the Kavieng District of New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea.


The Tigak language area includes the provincial capital, Kavieng.


Phoneme inventory of the Tigak language:

Consonant sounds
Labial Alveolar Velar
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive voiceless p t k
voiced b g
Rhotic r
Fricative voiceless β s
lateral ɮ

/r/ can also be realized as [ ɾ ] allophonically. Both /k,ɡ/ are back-released as [k̠,ɡ̠].

Vowel sounds
Front Central Back
High i u
Mid e ɔ
Low a
/i/[ i ], [ ɪ ], [ y ]
/e/[ e ], [ ɛ ]
/a/[ ʌ ], [ a ]

Two vowels /iu/ in word-initial form can also be released as consonantal allophones [wj]. [3]

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  1. Tigak at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. Gordon, Raymond G. Jr., ed. (2005). "Tigak". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (fifteenth ed.). Dallas: SIL.{{cite book}}: External link in |chapter= (help)
  3. Beaumont, Clive H. (1974). The Tigak Language of New Ireland. Australian National University.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)