Tigak language

Last updated
Region New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea
Native speakers
(6,000 cited 1991) [1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 tgc
Glottolog tiga1245

Tigak (or Omo) is an Austronesian language spoken by about 6,000 people (in 1991) [2] in the Kavieng District of New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea.


The Tigak language area includes the provincial capital, Kavieng.


Phoneme inventory of the Tigak language:

Consonant sounds
Labial Alveolar Velar
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive voiceless p t k
voiced b g
Rhotic r
Fricative voiceless β s
lateral ɮ

/r/ can also be realized as [ ɾ ] allophonically. Both /k, ɡ/ are back-released as [k̠, ɡ̠].

Vowel sounds
Front Central Back
High i u
Mid e ɔ
Low a
/i/[ i ], [ ɪ ], [ y ]
/e/[ e ], [ ɛ ]
/a/[ ʌ ], [ a ]

Two vowels /i u/ in word-initial form can also be released as consonantal allophones [w j]. [3]

Related Research Articles

Most languages of Europe belong to the Indo-European language family. Out of a total European population of 744 million as of 2018, some 94% are native speakers of an Indo-European language; within Indo-European, the three largest phyla are Romance, Germanic, and Slavic with more than 200 million speakers each, between them accounting for close to 90% of Europeans. Smaller phyla of Indo-European found in Europe include Hellenic, Baltic, Albanian, Celtic and Indo-Aryan.

Herero language Bantu language of Nambia and Botswana

Herero is a Bantu language spoken by the Herero and Mbanderu peoples in Namibia and Botswana, as well as by small communities of people in southwestern Angola. There were 211,700 speakers in 2014.

Wiradjuri language Traditional language of the Wiradjuri people of Australia

Wiradjuri is a Pama–Nyungan language of the Wiradhuric subgroup. It is the traditional language of the Wiradjuri people of Australia. A progressive revival is underway, with the language being taught in schools. Wiraiari and Jeithi may have been dialects.

Bontoc language Northern Luzon language spoken in the Philippines

Bontoc (Bontok) is the native language of the indigenous Bontoc people of the Mountain Province, in the northern part of the Philippines.

Nkore is a Bantu language spoken by the Nkore ("Banyankore") of south-western Uganda in the former province of Ankole.

Kiga language Language of the Kiga people

Kiga is a Great Lakes Bantu language of the Kiga people (Bakiga). Kiga is a similar and partially mutually intelligible with the Nkore language. It was first written in the second half of the 19th century. Kiga is largely spoken in the ancient Kigezi region which includes about 5 districts, namely;Rubanda, Rukiga, Kabale, Kanungu and some parts of Rukungiri. As of 2021, Kiga is spoken natively by about 1.3 million people in Uganda.

The Nalik language is spoken by 5,000 or so people, based in 17 villages in Kavieng District, New Ireland, Papua New Guinea. It is an Austronesian language and member of the New Ireland group of languages with an SVO phrase structure. New Ireland languages are among the first Papua New Guinea languages recorded by Westerners.

Tabar Group

The Tabar Group is an island group in Papua New Guinea, located 40 km (25 mi) north of New Ireland. It is a part of the Bismarck Archipelago. The Tabar group consists of a short chain of three main islands - Tabar Island in the south, Tatau Island in the center, and Simberi Island in the north - as well as a number of smaller offshore islets. The highest peak is Mount Beirari at 622 m (2,041 ft).

Dyaul Island

Dyaul Island is an island in New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea. Its area is 100 km2. The inhabitants live mainly in seven villages, and frequently visit Kavieng, the capital of the province, for supplies or to sell produce and fish. There are two languages, not counting Tok Pisin, spoken on Dyaul; Tigak and Tiang. Tigak is widely spoken on the western end of the island in two villages. Tiang is spoken across the remainder of the island.

Languages of Papua New Guinea Languages of a geographic region

Papua New Guinea, a sovereign state in Oceania, is the most linguistically diverse country in the world. According to Ethnologue, there are 839 living languages spoken in the country. In 2006, Papua New Guinea Prime Minister Sir Michael Somare stated that "Papua New Guinea has 832 living languages ." Languages with statutory recognition are Tok Pisin, English, Hiri Motu, and Papua New Guinean Sign Language. Tok Pisin, an English-based creole, is the most widely spoken, serving as the country's lingua franca. Papua New Guinean Sign Language became the fourth officially recognised language in May 2015, and is used by the deaf population throughout the country.

Tikana Rural LLG Local-level government in Papua New Guinea

Tikana Rural LLG is a local government area in New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea. The LLG administers the northern section of the island of New Ireland, as well as Djaul Island and some Tigak islands in the strait between New Ireland and New Hanover.

The Gbi and Dorue language, also known as Gbee or Gbi and Dorue, is similar to the Krahn dialect/ language of the Niger–Congo language family. It is spoken in northern Liberia which is a district within Nimba County. Its dialects include Gbi and Dorue. It has a lexical similarity of 0.78 with the Bassa language, and so might be considered a Bassa dialect.

The Tajuasohn language, also known as Tajuason, Tajuoso, and Tajuosohn, is a Kru language of the Niger–Congo language family. It is spoken primarily in Sinoe County in eastern Liberia by members of five local clans.

The Glio-Oubi language (Glio-Ubi) is a Kru language of the Niger–Congo language family. It is spoken in northeast Liberia, where it is known as Glio, and in western Ivory Coast, where it is known as Oubi or Ubi. It has a lexical similarity of 0.75 with the Glaro-Twabo language.

The Poqomam are a Maya people in Guatemala and El Salvador. Their indigenous language is also called Poqomam and is closely related to Poqomchi'. Notable Poqomam settlements are located in Chinautla, Palín (Escuintla), and in San Luis Jilotepeque (Jalapa). Before the Spanish Conquest, the Poqomam had their capital at Chinautla Viejo. The Poqomam that advanced further east, to the territories of present-day El Salvador, were largely displaced by the migration of the Pipil people in the 11th century. The few Poqomam that remained in El Salvador live near the Guatemala border, in the departments of Santa Ana and Ahuachapan.

The Uspantek are a Maya people in Guatemala, principally located in the municipality of Uspantán. The Uspantek language is closely related to K'iche'.

Mandara, also known as Tabar, is an Austronesian language spoken on the Tabar Group of islands, New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea. Three dialects have been identified, Simberi, Tatau and Tabar, corresponding to the three main islands in the group. Recently, a written form of Mandara has been made by a Korean missionary. So far, about 3,000 people are literate in this form of Mandara, and a Bible has been published in it as well.

Mamprusi is a Gur language spoken in northern Ghana by the Mamprusi people. It is partially mutually intelligible with Dagbani. The Mamprusi language is spoken in a broad belt across the northern parts of the Northern Region of Ghana, stretching west to east from Yizeesi to Nakpanduri and centred on the towns of Gambaga/Nalerigu and Walewale. In Mamprusi, one speaker is a Ŋmampuriga, many (plural) are Ŋmampurisi and the land of the Mamprusi is Ŋmampurigu.

Tungag, or Lavongai, is an Austronesian language of New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea.

The Abadi language is an Oceanic language of Papua New Guinea. Specifically, it is located in the Central Province, in the Kairuku district populating five main villages. The language has 2,900 native speakers as of 2011. The language is used among all ages, struggling for restoration. Abadi speakers carry a positive attitude towards their language and strive for improvement.


  1. Tigak at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (ed.) (2005). "Tigak". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (fifteenth ed.). Dallas: SIL.External link in |chapter= (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  3. Beaumont, Clive H. (1974). The Tigak Language of New Ireland. Australian National University.