Tigak language

Last updated
Tigak
Region New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea
Native speakers
(6,000 cited 1991) [1]
Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-3 tgc
Glottolog tiga1245 [2]

Tigak (or Omo) is an Austronesian language spoken by about 6,000 people (in 1991) [3] in the Kavieng District of New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea.

Austronesian languages language family of Southeast Asia and the Pacific

The Austronesian languages are a language family that is widely dispersed throughout Maritime Southeast Asia, Madagascar and the islands of the Pacific Ocean, with a few members in continental Asia. Austronesian languages are spoken by about 386 million people (4.9%), making it the fifth-largest language family by number of speakers. Major Austronesian languages with the highest number of speakers are Malay, Javanese, and Filipino (Tagalog). The family contains 1,257 languages, which is the second most of any language family.

Kavieng District Place in New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea

Kavieng District is the northernmost district of New Ireland Province in Papua New Guinea. The district contains the northern part of the island of New Ireland, as well as New Hannover, and the St. Matthias Group.

New Ireland Province Place in Papua New Guinea

New Ireland Province, formerly New Mecklenburg, is the most northeastern province of Papua New Guinea.

Contents

The Tigak language area includes the provincial capital, Kavieng.

Phonology

Phoneme inventory of the Tigak language:

Consonant sounds
Labial Alveolar Velar
Plosive voicelessptk
voicedbg
Rhotic r
Fricative voicelessβs
lateralɮ
Nasal mnŋ

/r/ can also be realized as [ɾ] allophonically. Both /k, ɡ/ are back-released as [k̠, ɡ̠].

Vowel sounds
Front Central Back
High iu
Mid eɔ
Low a
PhonemeAllophones
/i/[i], [ɪ], [y]
/e/[e], [ɛ]
/a/[ʌ], [a]

Two vowels /i u/ in word-initial form can also be released as consonantal allophones [w j]. [4]

The Pacific and Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (Paradisec) is a cross-institutional project that supports work on endangered languages and cultures of the Pacific and the region around Australia. They digitise reel-to-reel field tapes, have a mass data store and use international standards for metadata description. Paradisec is part of the worldwide community of language archives. Paradisec's main motivation is to ensure that unique recordings of small languages are themselves preserved for the future, and that researchers consider the future accessibility to their materials from other researchers, community members, or anyone who has an interest in such materials.

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References

  1. Tigak at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Tigak". Glottolog 3.0 . Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (ed.) (2005). "Tigak". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (fifteenth ed.). Dallas: SIL.External link in |chapter= (help)CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  4. Beaumont, Clive H. (1974). The Tigak Language of New Ireland. Australian National University.