Austin, Mississippi

Last updated
Austin, Mississippi
Lloyd's map of the lower Mississippi River from St. Louis to the Gulf of Mexico (map no. 3).jpg
1862 map showing Austin
USA Mississippi location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Austin, Mississippi
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Austin, Mississippi
Coordinates: 34°38′26″N90°26′57″W / 34.64056°N 90.44917°W / 34.64056; -90.44917 Coordinates: 34°38′26″N90°26′57″W / 34.64056°N 90.44917°W / 34.64056; -90.44917
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Tunica
Elevation
197 ft (60 m)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
38676
GNIS feature ID666428

Austin is an unincorporated community in Tunica County, Mississippi, United States. [1]

Unincorporated area Region of land not governed by own local government

In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land that is not governed by a local municipal corporation; similarly an unincorporated community is a settlement that is not governed by its own local municipal corporation, but rather is administered as part of larger administrative divisions, such as a township, parish, borough, county, city, canton, state, province or country. Occasionally, municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, and services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are very rare; typically remote, outlying, sparsely populated or uninhabited areas.

Tunica County, Mississippi County in the United States

Tunica County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,778. Its county seat is Tunica. The county is named for the Tunica Native Americans. Most migrated to central Louisiana during the colonial period.

Mississippi U.S. state in the United States

Mississippi is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Mississippi is the 32nd largest and 34th-most populous of the 50 United States. Mississippi is bordered to the north by Tennessee, to the east by Alabama, to the south by the Gulf of Mexico, to the southwest by Louisiana, and to the northwest by Arkansas. Mississippi's western boundary is largely defined by the Mississippi River. Jackson is both the state's capital and largest city. Greater Jackson, with an estimated population of 580,166 in 2018, is the most populous metropolitan area in Mississippi and the 95th-most populous in the United States.

Contents

Once a thriving shipping port on the Mississippi River, Austin served as county seat from 1847 to 1888. Earlier county seats were Commerce and Peyton. [2] [3]

Mississippi River largest river system in North America

The Mississippi River is the second-longest river and chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system. Its source is Lake Itasca in northern Minnesota and it flows generally south for 2,320 miles (3,730 km) to the Mississippi River Delta in the Gulf of Mexico. With its many tributaries, the Mississippi's watershed drains all or parts of 32 U.S. states and two Canadian provinces between the Rocky and Appalachian mountains. The main stem is entirely within the United States; the total drainage basin is 1,151,000 sq mi (2,980,000 km2), of which only about one percent is in Canada. The Mississippi ranks as the fourth-longest and fifteenth-largest river by discharge in the world. The river either borders or passes through the states of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Louisiana.

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Commerce, Mississippi Ghost Town in Mississippi, United States

Commerce is a ghost town in Tunica County, Mississippi, United States. Commerce Landing was the town's port.

History

Austin was founded in 1847 and named for Austin Miller, who donated the land on which the town and a courthouse were built. [3]

Austin was burned in 1863 by Union soldiers of the Mississippi Marine Brigade under the command of Alfred W. Ellet. Two houses were spared. [4]

Mississippi Marine Brigade

The Mississippi Marine Brigade was a Union Army unit raised during the American Civil War as part of the United States Ram Fleet. These soldiers acted as marines aboard United States Army rams patrolling the Mississippi River. The unit was commanded by members of the Ellet family and was organized as part of the Regular Army instead of a State unit.

Alfred W. Ellet Union Army general

Alfred Washington Ellet was a civil engineer and a brigadier general in the Union Army who commanded the United States Ram Fleet during the American Civil War.

The town rebuilt and was incorporated in 1871, though it is no longer incorporated. [3]

In 1884, the area was flooded when a nearby levee broke. When waters receded, a large sandbar had been left between the town and the Mississippi River, and steamboats could no longer land. The completion of the Louisville, New Orleans and Texas Railway 3 mi (4.8 km) east of Austin in the late 1880s further contributed to its isolation.

Louisville, New Orleans and Texas Railway

The Louisville, New Orleans and Texas Railway was built between 1888 and 1890 and was admitted to the Illinois Central Railroad system in 1892. It ran between Memphis, Tennessee, and New Orleans, Louisiana, through Vicksburg, Mississippi, and Baton Rouge.

In 1888, the county seat was moved to Tunica, a more accessible location. [3]

The construction of the Hardin Cutoff in 1942, which created Tunica Lake, moved the Mississippi River an additional 7 mi (11 km) west of Austin. [5]

Notable person

Related Research Articles

DeSoto County, Mississippi U.S. county in Mississippi, United States

DeSoto County is a county located on the northwest border of the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 161,252, making it the third-most populous county in Mississippi. Its county seat is Hernando.

Coahoma County, Mississippi U.S. county in Mississippi, United States

Coahoma County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,151. Its county seat is Clarksdale.

Tunica, Mississippi Town in Mississippi, United States

Tunica is a town in and the county seat of Tunica County, Mississippi, United States, near the Mississippi River. Until the early 1990s when casino gambling was introduced in the area, Tunica had been one of the most impoverished places in the United States. Despite this economic improvement, Tunica's population continues to decline from its peak in 1970.

Tallahatchie River river in the United States of America

The Tallahatchie River is a river in Mississippi which flows 230 miles (370 km) from Tippah County, through Tallahatchie County, to Leflore County, where it joins the Yalobusha River to form the Yazoo River. The river is navigable for about 100 miles.

Tunica Resorts, Mississippi Census-designated place & unincorporated community in Mississippi, United States

Tunica Resorts, formerly Robinsonville, is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in northern Tunica County, Mississippi, north of the county seat of Tunica. The community is situated mostly between the Mississippi River and U.S. Route 61 along the border with Arkansas.

Walls, Mississippi Place in Mississippi, United States

Walls is a town located in northern DeSoto County, Mississippi, United States, near the Mississippi River, part of the larger region known as "The Delta", and known for its rich, dark soil. As it is in the upper northwest corner of Mississippi, it is in the Memphis, Tennessee metropolitan area. Its ZIP code is 38680. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 1,162, with an estimated population of 1,263 in 2014.

Mhoon Landing, Mississippi Unincorporated community in Mississippi, United States

Mhoon Landing is an unincorporated community located on the Mississippi River in Tunica County, Mississippi, United States. It is approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) northwest of North Tunica and approximately 12 miles (19 km) southwest of Tunica Resorts.

Coldwater River (Mississippi) river in the United States of America

The Coldwater River is a river which flows for 220 miles (350 km) through northwestern Mississippi in the United States. It is a tributary of the Tallahatchie River, and part of the watershed of the Mississippi River, via the Yazoo River.

Lake Beulah (Mississippi) lake of the United States of America

Lake Beulah is an oxbow lake located in Bolivar County, Mississippi and Desha County, Arkansas, United States. The Arkansas-Mississippi border follows the center of the narrow, curving lake.

Prentiss, Bolivar County, Mississippi Ghost town in Mississippi, United States

Prentiss is a ghost town in Bolivar County, Mississippi, United States.

Peyton, Tunica County, Mississippi Ghost Town in Mississippi, United States

Peyton is a ghost town in Tunica County, Mississippi, United States.

Bolivar, Mississippi Unincorporated community in Mississippi, United States

Bolivar is an unincorporated community in Bolivar County, Mississippi.

Tunica Lake is an oxbow lake located in Lee County, Arkansas and Tunica County, Mississippi. The Arkansas-Mississippi border follows the center of the narrow, curving lake.

Port Royal, Mississippi Ghost town in Mississippi, United States

Port Royal is a ghost town in Coahoma County, Mississippi, United States.

Trotter Landing, Mississippi Ghost town in Mississippi, United States

Trotter Landing is a ghost town in Tunica County, Mississippi, United States.

Harbert Landing, Mississippi Ghost town in Mississippi, United States

Harbert Landing is a ghost town in Tunica County, Mississippi, United States.

Harriet Byron McAllister American philanthropist known as the "Mother of Greenville", Mississippi

Harriet Byron McAllister Blanton Theobald was an American philanthropist and is referred to as the "Mother of Greenville", Mississippi. She deeded much of her land and right of ways to what would become the new site of Greenville, Mississippi after 1865.

References

  1. "Austin". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey.
  2. Ensign, Bridgman & Fanning's Lake and River Guide: Being a Traveler's Companion to the Cities, Towns, and Villages on the Western Waters of the United States. Ensign, Bridgman & Fanning. 1856.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Communities of Tunica County, Mississippi". MSGenWeb. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
  4. Jones, Terry L. (2002). Historical Dictionary of the Civil War. Scarecrow Press.
  5. Bragg, Marion (1977). "Historic Names and Places on the Lower Mississippi River" (PDF). Mississippi River Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-02-24.
  6. "Sport McAllister". BaseballReference.com. Retrieved December 21, 2016.