List of fictional robots and androids

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"Maria" from the 1927 movie "Metropolis". Statue in Babelsberg, Germany. Maria from metropolis.JPG
"Maria" from the 1927 movie "Metropolis". Statue in Babelsberg, Germany.

Robots and androids have frequently been depicted or described in works of fiction. The word "robot" itself comes from a work of fiction, Karel Čapek's play, R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots) , written in 1920 and first performed in 1921.

Robot mechanical or virtual artificial agent carrying out physical activities

A robot is a machine—especially one programmable by a computer— capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically. Robots can be guided by an external control device or the control may be embedded within. Robots may be constructed on the lines of human form, but most robots are machines designed to perform a task with no regard to how they look.

An android is a robot or other artificial being designed to resemble a human, and often made from a flesh-like material. Historically, androids were completely within the domain of science fiction and frequently seen in film and television, but recent advances in robot technology now allow the design of functional and realistic humanoid robots.

Karel Čapek Czech writer

Karel Čapek was a Czech writer, playwright and critic. He has become best known for his science fiction, including his novel War with the Newts (1936) and play R.U.R., which introduced the word robot. He also wrote many politically charged works dealing with the social turmoil of his time. Influenced by American pragmatic liberalism, he campaigned in favor of free expression and strongly opposed the rise of both fascism and communism in Europe.

Contents

This list of fictional robots and androids is chronological, and categorised by medium. It includes all depictions of robots, androids and gynoids in literature, television, and cinema; however, robots that have appeared in more than one form of media are not necessarily listed in each of those media. This list is intended for all fictional computers which are described as existing in a humanlike or mobile form. It shows how the concept has developed in the human imagination through history.

A gynoid, or fembot, is a feminine humanoid robot. Gynoids appear widely in science fiction film and art. As more realistic humanoid robot design becomes technologically possible, they are also emerging in real-life robot design.

Static computers depicted in fiction are discussed in the separate list of fictional computers.

Theatre

<i>Coppélia</i> ballet by George Balanchine

Coppélia is a comic ballet originally choreographed by Arthur Saint-Léon to the music of Léo Delibes, with libretto by Charles-Louis-Étienne Nuitter. Nuitter's libretto and mise-en-scène was based upon two stories by E. T. A. Hoffmann: Der Sandmann and Die Puppe. In Greek, κοπελιά means girl, young lady. Coppélia premiered on 25 May 1870 at the Théâtre Impérial l'Opéra, with the 16-year-old Giuseppina Bozzacchi in the principal role of Swanhilda and ballerina Eugénie Fiocre playing the part of Frantz en travestie. The costumes were designed by Paul Lormier and Alfred Albert, the scenery by Charles-Antoine Cambon, and Édouard Desplechin and Jean-Baptiste Lavastre.

Marius Petipa French-Russian ballet dancer and choreographer

Marius Ivanovich Petipa, born Victor Marius Alphonse Petipa, was a French ballet dancer, pedagogue and choreographer. Petipa is considered to be one of the most influential ballet masters and choreographers in ballet history.

Léo Delibes French composer

Clément Philibert Léo Delibes was a French composer of the Romantic era (1815–1910), who specialised in ballets, operas, and other works for the stage. His most notable works include the ballets Coppélia (1870) and Sylvia (1876), as well as the operas Le roi l'a dit (1873) and Lakmé (1883).

Literature

Celia-killer-bots-attacking-thom mango concept-art 02 Celia-killer-bots-attacking-thom mango concept-art 02.png
Celia-killer-bots-attacking-thom mango concept-art 02

19th century and earlier

<i>Kalevala</i> 19th-century work of epic poetry

The Kalevala is a 19th-century work of epic poetry compiled by Elias Lönnrot from Karelian and Finnish oral folklore and mythology.

Statue sculpture primarily concerned as a representational figure

A statue is a free-standing sculpture in which the realistic, full-length figures of persons or animals or non-representational forms are carved in a durable material like wood, metal, or stone. Typical statues are life-sized or close to life-size; a sculpture that represents persons or animals in full figure but that is small enough to lift and carry is a statuette or figurine, while one more than twice life-size is a colossal statue.

Homer name ascribed by the ancient Greeks to the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey

Homer is the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature. The Iliad is set during the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy by a coalition of Greek kingdoms. It focuses on a quarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior Achilles lasting a few weeks during the last year of the war. The Odyssey focuses on the ten-year journey home of Odysseus, king of Ithaca, after the fall of Troy. Many accounts of Homer's life circulated in classical antiquity, the most widespread being that he was a blind bard from Ionia, a region of central coastal Anatolia in present-day Turkey. Modern scholars consider these accounts legendary.

Early 1900s

Thomas Edison American inventor and businessman

Thomas Alva Edison was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor. He is credited with developing many devices in fields such as electric power generation, mass communication, sound recording, and motion pictures. These inventions, which include the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and the long-lasting, practical electric light bulb, had a widespread impact on the modern industrialized world. He was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production and teamwork to the process of invention, working with many researchers and employees. He is often credited with establishing the first industrial research laboratory.

Gustave Le Rouge French writer

Gustave Henri Joseph Le Rouge was a French writer who embodied the evolution of modern science fiction at the beginning of the 20th century, by moving it away from the juvenile adventures of Jules Verne and incorporating real people into his stories, thus bridging the gap between Vernian and Wellsian science fiction.

Tik-Tok (Oz)

Tik-Tok is a fictional character from the Oz books by American author L. Frank Baum. He has been termed "the prototype robot," and is widely considered to be the one of the first robots to appear in modern literature, though the term "Robot" was not used until the 1920s, in the play R.U.R.

1920s

1930s

1940s

1950s and 1960s

1970s

1980s

1990s

2000s

Radio

Music

Film

1940s and earlier

Italian film The Mechanical Man (1921), a movie which shows a battle between robots. L'uomo meccanico 1.png
Italian film The Mechanical Man (1921), a movie which shows a battle between robots.

1950s

1960s

1970s

1980s

1990s

2000s

2010s

Television films and series

1960s and earlier

1970s

1980s

1990s

2000s

2010s

Comics

Comic Books/graphic novels

American

Australian

British

Franco-Belgian

Other European

  • The domestico elettrodomestico, one of the more striking robots in Disney comics, looking like a clown, from the comic "Zio Paperone e il domestico elettrodomestico" by Guido Martina and Giuseppe Perego (1967)
  • Robbie, a recurring robot constructed by inventor Knox in German series Fix und Foxi , first drawn by Massimo Fecchi (1976)
  • Robots from the planet Des from the Polish series Bogowie z kosmosu (Gods from the Space), written by Arnold Mostowicz and Alfred Górny and illustrated by Bogusław Polch (1978)
  • RanXerox , a mechanical creature made from Xerox photocopier parts, by Italian artists Stefano Tamburini and Tanino Liberatore; first appeared in 1978, in Italian, in the magazine Cannibale
  • Uèr, an "electro-chemical" android capable of human feelings, in the Italian comic book Milady 3000 by Magnus (1980)
  • Link is an android in a team of human agents in the Italian comics series Agenzia Alfa , published by Sergio Bonelli (1997–present; Nathan Never and Legs Weaver are on the same team, although having series of their own). Link's name could be a tribute to Adam Link. His look has some similarity to Star Trek's Data in an alternate timeline, except for a silver strip of hair on top of his head.

South American

Manga (Japanese comics)

Comic strips

Web comics

Web-based media

Animated shorts/series

Flash

  • Rya Botkins and June Crane of Matt Wilson's Bonus Stage (though Crane's status is disputed, as she has claimed to be human)
  • The Robot, a contestant in the Strongest Man in the World Contest, from Homestar Runner . [7]
  • The Visor Robot, a futuristic robot with a visor, from Homestar Runner [8]
  • The Grape-Nuts Robot, created by Bubs to imitate Strong Bad from Homestar Runner [9]
  • Schniz, Fulker, CPDoom, and various background characters from Andrew Kauervane's [10] My God, Robots!

Web series

Machinima

Podcasts

Computer and video games

See also

Notes

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