Pelé

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Pelé
Pele Africa do Sul Cropped.jpg
Pelé in 2010
Born
Edson Arantes do Nascimento

(1940-10-23) 23 October 1940 (age 78)
Occupation
Height1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)
Spouse(s)
  • Rosemeri dos Reis Cholbi(m. 19661982)
  • Assíria Lemos Seixas(m. 19942008)
  • Marcia Aoki(m. 2016)
Partner(s) Xuxa Meneghel (1981–1986)
Children7
Parent(s) Dondinho, Celeste Arantes
Association football career
Playing position
Youth career
1953–1956 Bauru
Senior career*
YearsTeamApps(Gls)
1956–1974 Santos 638 (619)
1975–1977 New York Cosmos 56 (31)
Total694(650)
National team
1957–1971 Brazil 92 (77)
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only
Website pele10.com

Edson Arantes do Nascimento (Brazilian Portuguese:  [ˈɛtsõ (w)ɐˈɾɐ̃tʃiz du nɐsiˈmẽtu] ; born 23 October 1940), known as Pelé ( [peˈlɛ] ), is a Brazilian retired professional footballer who played as a forward. He is regarded by many in the sport, including football writers, players, and fans, as the greatest player of all time. In 1999, he was voted World Player of the Century by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS), and was one of the two joint winners of the FIFA Player of the Century award. That same year, Pelé was elected Athlete of the Century by the International Olympic Committee. According to the IFFHS, Pelé is the most successful domestic league goal-scorer in football history scoring 650 goals in 694 League matches, and in total 1281 goals in 1363 games, which included unofficial friendlies and is a Guinness World Record. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] During his playing days, Pelé was for a period the best-paid athlete in the world.

Association football team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

Forward (association football) Association Football position played near the opponents goal

Forwards are the players on an association football team who play nearest to the opposing team's goal, and are therefore most responsible for scoring goals.

International Federation of Football History & Statistics organization that chronicles the history and records of association football

The International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS) is an organization that chronicles the history and records of association football. It was founded on 27 March 1984 in Leipzig by Alfredo Pöge with the blessings of general secretary of the FIFA at the time, Helmut Käser. The IFFHS was based at Al-Muroor Street 147, Abu Dhabi for some time but, in 2010, relocated to Bonn, Germany.

Contents

Pelé began playing for Santos at age 15 and the Brazil national team at 16. During his international career, he won three FIFA World Cups: 1958, 1962 and 1970, being the only player ever to do so. Pelé is the all-time leading goalscorer for Brazil with 77 goals in 92 games. At club level he is the record goalscorer for Santos, and led them to the 1962 and 1963 Copa Libertadores. Known for connecting the phrase "The Beautiful Game" with football, Pelé's "electrifying play and penchant for spectacular goals" made him a star around the world, and his teams toured internationally in order to take full advantage of his popularity. Since retiring in 1977, Pelé has been a worldwide ambassador for football and has made many acting and commercial ventures. In 2010, he was named the Honorary President of the New York Cosmos.

Santos FC Brazilian professional association football club based in Vila Belmiro, Santos

Santos Futebol Clube, commonly known simply as Santos, is a Brazilian sports club based in Vila Belmiro, a bairro in the city of Santos. It plays in the Paulistão, the State of São Paulo's premier state league, as well as the Brasileirão, the top tier of the Brazilian football league system.

The Brazil national football team represents Brazil in international men's association football. Brazil is administered by the Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF), the governing body for football in Brazil. They have been a member of FIFA since 1923 and member of CONMEBOL since 1916.

FIFA World Cup association football competition for mens national teams

The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the inaugural tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946 when it was not held because of the Second World War. The current champion is France, which won its second title at the 2018 tournament in Russia.

Averaging almost a goal per game throughout his career, Pelé was adept at striking the ball with either foot in addition to anticipating his opponents' movements on the field. While predominantly a striker, he could also drop deep and take on a playmaking role, providing assists with his vision and passing ability, and he would also use his dribbling skills to go past opponents. In Brazil, he is hailed as a national hero for his accomplishments in football and for his outspoken support of policies that improve the social conditions of the poor. Throughout his career and in his retirement, Pelé received several individual and team awards for his performance in the field, his record-breaking achievements, and legacy in the sport.

In association football, a playmaker is a player who controls the flow of the team's offensive play, and is often involved in passing moves which lead to goals, through their vision, technique, ball control, creativity, and passing ability.

Early years

Born in Tres Coracoes in 1940, Pele has a street named after him in the city - Rua Edson Arantes do Nascimento. A statue of Pele is also prominently placed in a plaza near downtown. Panoramica do Centro de TC.JPG
Born in Três Corações in 1940, Pelé has a street named after him in the city – Rua Edson Arantes do Nascimento. A statue of Pelé is also prominently placed in a plaza near downtown.

Pelé was born Edson Arantes do Nascimento on 23 October 1940, in Três Corações, Minas Gerais, Brazil, the son of Fluminense footballer Dondinho (born João Ramos do Nascimento) and Celeste Arantes. He was the elder of two siblings. [6] He was named after the American inventor Thomas Edison. [7] His parents decided to remove the "i" and call him "Edson", but there was a mistake on the birth certificate, leading many documents to show his name as "Edison", not "Edson", as he is called. [7] [8] He was originally nicknamed "Dico" by his family. [6] [9] He received the nickname "Pelé" during his school days, when it is claimed he was given it because of his pronunciation of the name of his favorite player, local Vasco da Gama goalkeeper Bilé, which he misspoke but the more he complained the more it stuck. In his autobiography, Pelé stated he had no idea what the name means, nor did his old friends. [6] Apart from the assertion that the name is derived from that of Bilé, and that it is Hebrew for "miracle" (פֶּ֫לֶא), the word has no known meaning in Portuguese. [note 1] [10]

Três Corações City in Southeast, Brazil

Três Corações is a municipality in the south of Minas Gerais state in Brazil. As of 2013, the city population was about 80,000, making it one of the largest cities in the south of Minas Gerais. The city is geographically located close to the circumcenter of the three largest metropolitan areas in Brazil. Thus, making it a strategic hub for commerce. The city is internationally famous for being the birthplace of the football legend Pelé.

Minas Gerais State of Brazil

Minas Gerais is a state in the north of Southeastern Brazil. It ranks as the second most populous, the third by gross domestic product (GDP), and the fourth largest by area in the country. The state's capital and largest city, Belo Horizonte, is a major urban and finance center in Latin America, and the sixth largest municipality in Brazil, after the cities of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Brasilia and Fortaleza, but its metropolitan area is the third largest in Brazil with just over 5,500,000 inhabitants, after those of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. Nine Brazilian presidents were born in Minas Gerais, the most of any state.

Dondinho Brazilian footballer and manager

João Ramos do Nascimento was a Brazilian football centre forward player nicknamed Dondinho, and was the father, mentor and trainer of Brazilian legend Pelé. During his own playing career, Dondinho played for a number of small clubs and had an opportunity to play for Atlético Mineiro, but he was brutally injured in his first game. He managed to become a prolific scorer for Bauru, with whom he won the Campeonato do Interior in 1946.

Pelé grew up in poverty in Bauru in the state of São Paulo. He earned extra money by working in tea shops as a servant. Taught to play by his father, he could not afford a proper football and usually played with either a sock stuffed with newspaper and tied with a string or a grapefruit. [11] [6] He played for several amateur teams in his youth, including Sete de Setembro, Canto do Rio, São Paulinho, and Amériquinha. [12] Pelé led Bauru Athletic Club juniors (coached by Waldemar de Brito) to two São Paulo state youth championships. [13] In his mid-teens, he played for an indoor football team called Radium. Indoor football had just become popular in Bauru when Pelé began playing it. He was part of the first Futebol de Salão (indoor football) competition in the region. Pelé and his team won the first championship and several others. [14]

Bauru Municipality in Southeast, Brazil

Bauru is a Brazilian municipality in midwestern region of the state of São Paulo. It is the main city of the mesoregion and microregion of Bauru. The population is 366,992 in an area of 667.68 km². Established in 1896, its boundaries are Reginópolis to the north, Arealva to the northeast, Pederneiras to the east, Agudos and Piratininga to the south and Avaí to the west.

São Paulo (state) State of Brazil

São Paulo is one of the 26 states of the Federative Republic of Brazil and is named after Saint Paul of Tarsus. As the richest Brazilian state and a major industrial complex, often dubbed the "locomotive of Brazil", the state is responsible for 33.9% of the Brazilian GDP. São Paulo also has the second highest Human Development Index (HDI) and GDP per capita, the fourth lowest infant mortality rate, the third highest life expectancy, and the third lowest rate of illiteracy among the federative units of Brazil, being by far, the safest state in the country. The homicide rate is 3.8 per 100 thousand as of 2018, almost 1/4 of the Brazilian rate. São Paulo alone is richer than Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay and Bolivia combined. If São Paulo were an independent country, its nominal GDP would be ranked among the top 20 in the world. The economy of São Paulo State is the most developed in Brazil.

Waldemar de Brito Brazilian footballer

Waldemar de Brito was a Brazilian footballer who played as a forward for several clubs in Brazil and Argentina, as well as for the Brazil national team. He is acknowledged to have discovered Pelé during the latter's early footballing days. His brother, Petronilho de Brito, was also a footballer.

According to Pelé, indoor football presented difficult challenges; he said it was a lot quicker than football on the grass and that players were required to think faster because everyone is close to each other in the pitch. Pelé accredits indoor football for helping him think better on the spot. In addition, indoor football allowed him to play with adults when he was about 14 years old. In one of the tournaments he participated, he was initially considered too young to play, but eventually went on to end up top scorer with fourteen or fifteen goals. "That gave me a lot of confidence", Pelé said, "I knew then not to be afraid of whatever might come". [14]

Club career

Santos

In 1956, de Brito took Pelé to Santos, an industrial and port city located near São Paulo, to try out for professional club Santos FC, telling the directors at Santos that the 15-year-old would be "the greatest football player in the world." [15] Pelé impressed Santos coach Lula during his trial at the Estádio Vila Belmiro, and he signed a professional contract with the club in June 1956. [16] Pelé was highly promoted in the local media as a future superstar. He made his senior team debut on 7 September 1956 at the age of 15 against Corinthians Santo Andre and had an impressive performance in a 7–1 victory, scoring the first goal in his prolific career during the match. [17] [18]

When the 1957 season started, Pelé was given a starting place in the first team and, at the age of 16, became the top scorer in the league. Ten months after signing professionally, the teenager was called up to the Brazil national team. After the 1958 and the 1962 World Cup, wealthy European clubs, such as Real Madrid, Juventus and Manchester United, [19] tried to sign him in vain; in 1958 Inter Milan even managed to get him a regular contract, but Angelo Moratti was forced to tear it down following an attack suffered by the chairman of Santos by a Brazilian fan. [20] However, in 1961 the government of Brazil under President Jânio Quadros declared Pelé an "official national treasure" to prevent him from being transferred out of the country. [11] [21]

Pele with Santos in the Netherlands, October 1962 Pele Schiphol 1962.jpg
Pelé with Santos in the Netherlands, October 1962

Pelé won his first major title with Santos in 1958 as the team won the Campeonato Paulista; Pelé would finish the tournament as top scorer with 58 goals, [22] a record that stands today. A year later, he would help the team earn their first victory in the Torneio Rio-São Paulo with a 3–0 over Vasco da Gama. [23] However, Santos was unable to retain the Paulista title. In 1960, Pelé scored 33 goals to help his team regain the Campeonato Paulista trophy but lost out on the Rio-São Paulo tournament after finishing in 8th place. [24] In the 1960 season, Pelé scored 47 goals and helped Santos regain the Campeonato Paulista. The club went on to win the Taça Brasil that same year, beating Bahia in the finals; Pelé finished as top scorer of the tournament with 9 goals. The victory allowed Santos to participate in the Copa Libertadores, the most prestigious club tournament in the Western hemisphere. [25]

"I arrived hoping to stop a great man, but I went away convinced I had been undone by someone who was not born on the same planet as the rest of us."

—Benfica goalkeeper Costa Pereira following the loss to Santos in 1962. [26]

Santos's most successful Copa Libertadores season started in 1962; [27] the team was seeded in Group One alongside Cerro Porteño and Deportivo Municipal Bolivia, winning every match of their group but one (a 1–1 away tie versus Cerro). Santos defeated Universidad Católica in the semifinals and met defending champions Peñarol in the finals. Pelé scored twice in the playoff match to secure the first title for a Brazilian club. [28] Pelé finished as the second top scorer of the competition with four goals. That same year, Santos would successfully defend the Campeonato Brasileiro (with 37 goals from Pelé) and the Taça Brasil (Pelé scoring four goals in the final series against Botafogo). Santos would also win the 1962 Intercontinental Cup against Benfica. [29] Wearing his number 10 shirt, Pelé produced one of the best performances of his career, scoring a hat-trick in Lisbon as Santos won 5–2. [30] [31] As the defending champions, Santos qualified automatically to the semi-final stage of the 1963 Copa Libertadores. The ballet blanco, the nickname given to Santos for Pelé, managed to retain the title after victories over Botafogo and Boca Juniors. Pelé helped Santos overcome a Botafogo team that contained Brazilian legends such as Garrincha and Jairzinho with a last-minute goal in the first leg of the semi-finals which made it 1–1. In the second leg, Pelé scored a hat-trick in the Estádio do Maracanã as Santos won, 0–4, in the second leg. Santos started the final series by winning, 3–2, in the first leg and defeating Boca Juniors 1–2, in La Bombonera . It was a rare feat in official competitions, with another goal from Pelé. [32] Santos became the first (and to date the only) Brazilian team to lift the Copa Libertadores in Argentine soil. Pelé finished the tournament with 5 goals. Santos lost the Campeonato Paulista after finishing in third place but went on to win the Rio-São Paulo tournament after a 0–3 win over Flamengo in the final, with Pelé scoring one goal. Pelé would also help Santos retain the Intercontinental Cup and the Taça Brasil against Milan and Bahia respectively. [29]

Pele (here pictured in 1965 before a match in Argentina) is the all-time leading goalscorer for Santos. Pele Mar del Plata 1965.PNG
Pelé (here pictured in 1965 before a match in Argentina) is the all-time leading goalscorer for Santos.

In the 1964 Copa Libertadores, Santos were beaten in both legs of the semi-finals by Independiente. The club won the Campeonato Paulista, with Pelé netting 34 goals. Santos also shared the Rio-São Paulo title with Botafogo and won the Taça Brasil for the fourth consecutive year. In the 1965 Copa Libertadores, Santos reached the semi-finals and met Peñarol in a rematch of the 1962 final. After two matches, a playoff was needed to break the tie. [33] Unlike 1962, Peñarol came out on top and eliminated Santos 2–1. [33] Pelé would, however, finish as the topscorer of the tournament with eight goals. [34] This proved to be the start of a decline as Santos failed to retain the Torneio Rio-São Paulo. In 1966, Pelé and Santos also failed to retain the Taça Brasil as Pelé's goals were not enough to prevent a 9–4 defeat by Cruzeiro (led by Tostão) in the final series. The club did, however, win the Campeonato Paulista in 1967, 1968 and 1969. On 19 November 1969, Pelé scored his 1000th goal in all competitions, in what was a highly anticipated moment in Brazil. The goal, popularly dubbed O Milésimo (The Thousandth), occurred in a match against Vasco da Gama, when Pelé scored from a penalty kick, at the Maracanã Stadium. [35]

Pelé states that his most memorable goal was scored at Rua Javari stadium on a Campeonato Paulista match against São Paulo rival Clube Atlético Juventus on 2 August 1959. As there is no video footage of this match, Pelé asked that a computer animation be made of this specific goal. [36] In March 1961, Pelé scored the gol de placa (goal worthy of a plaque), against Fluminense at the Maracanã. [37] Pelé received the ball on the edge of his own penalty area, and ran the length of the field, eluding opposition players with feints, before striking the ball beyond the goalkeeper. [37] A plaque was commissioned with a dedication to "the most beautiful goal in the history of the Maracanã". [38]

In 1967, the two factions involved in the Nigerian Civil War agreed to a 48-hour ceasefire so they could watch Pelé play an exhibition game in Lagos. [39] During his time at Santos, Pelé played alongside many gifted players, including Zito, Pepe, and Coutinho; the latter partnered him in numerous one-two plays, attacks, and goals. [40]

New York Cosmos

Pele signing a football for U.S. President Richard Nixon at the White House in 1973, two years before joining the New York Cosmos President Nixon meeting with Edson "Pele" Arantes do Nacimento, retired professional Brazilian soccer player and... - NARA - 194508.tif
Pelé signing a football for U.S. President Richard Nixon at the White House in 1973, two years before joining the New York Cosmos

After the 1974 season (his 19th with Santos), Pelé retired from Brazilian club football although he continued to occasionally play for Santos in official competitive matches. Two years later, he came out of semi-retirement to sign with the New York Cosmos of the North American Soccer League (NASL) for the 1975 season. Though well past his prime at this point, Pelé was credited with significantly increasing public awareness and interest of the sport in the United States.

In 1975, one week before the Lebanese Civil War, Pelé played a friendly game for the Lebanese club Nejmeh against a team of Lebanese Football League stars, [41] scoring two goals which were not included in his official tally. [42] [43] On the day of the game, 40,000 spectators were at the stadium from early morning to watch the match. [41]

Pele (left) with Eusebio (far right) before a Cosmos v Las Vegas Quicksilvers match, April 1977 Pele joy eusebio.jpg
Pelé (left) with Eusébio (far right) before a Cosmos v Las Vegas Quicksilvers match, April 1977

Hoping to fuel the same kind of awareness in the Dominican Republic, he and the Cosmos team played in an exhibition match against Haitian team, Violette AC, in the Santo Domingo Olympic Stadium on 3 June 1976, where over 25,000 fans watched him score a winning goal in the last seconds of the match, leading the Cosmos to a 2–1 victory. [44] He led the Cosmos to the 1977 NASL championship, in his third and final season with the club. [45]

On 1 October 1977, Pelé closed out his career in an exhibition match between the Cosmos and Santos. Santos arrived in New York after previously defeating the Seattle Sounders in New Jersey, 2–0. The match was played in front of a sold out crowd at Giants Stadium and was televised in the United States on ABC's Wide World of Sports as well as throughout the world. Pelé's father and wife both attended the match, as well as Muhammad Ali and Bobby Moore. [46]

International career

Pelé's first international match was a 2–1 defeat against Argentina on 7 July 1957 at the Maracanã. [47] [48] In that match, he scored his first goal for Brazil aged 16 years and nine months, and he remains the youngest goalscorer for his country. [49] [50]

1958 World Cup

Pele (number 10) dribbles past three Swedish players at the 1958 World Cup. Pele vs swedish defenders 1958.jpg
Pelé (number 10) dribbles past three Swedish players at the 1958 World Cup.

Pelé arrived in Sweden sidelined by a knee injury but on his return from the treatment room, his colleagues stood together and insisted upon his selection. [51] His first match was against the USSR in the third match of the first round of the 1958 FIFA World Cup, where he gave the assist to Vavá's second goal. [52] He was the youngest player of that tournament, and at the time the youngest ever to play in the World Cup. [note 2] [48] Against France in the semifinal, Brazil was leading 2–1 at halftime, and then Pelé scored a hat-trick, becoming the youngest in World Cup history to do so. [54]

17-year-old Pele cries on the shoulder of goalkeeper Gilmar after Brazil won the 1958 World Cup Final. 1958 VM-final Sverige-Brasilien.jpg
17-year-old Pelé cries on the shoulder of goalkeeper Gilmar after Brazil won the 1958 World Cup Final.

On 29 June 1958, Pelé became the youngest player to play in a World Cup final match at 17 years and 249 days. He scored two goals in that final as Brazil beat Sweden 5–2 in Stockholm, the capital. His first goal where he flicked the ball over a defender before volleying into the corner of the net, was selected as one of the best goals in the history of the World Cup. [55] Following Pelé's second goal, Swedish player Sigvard Parling would later comment; "When Pelé scored the fifth goal in that Final, I have to be honest and say I felt like applauding". [56] When the match ended, Pelé passed out on the field, and was revived by Garrincha. [57] He then recovered, and was compelled by the victory to weep as he was being congratulated by his teammates. He finished the tournament with six goals in four matches played, tied for second place, behind record-breaker Just Fontaine, and was named best young player of the tournament. [58]

It was in the 1958 World Cup that Pelé began wearing a jersey with number 10. The event was the result of disorganization: the leaders of the Brazilian Federation did not send the shirt numbers of players and it was up to FIFA to choose the number 10 shirt to Pelé who was a substitute on the occasion. [59] The press proclaimed Pelé the greatest revelation of the 1958 World Cup, and he was also retroactively given the Silver Ball as the second best player of the tournament, behind Didi. [56]

South American Championship

Pelé also played in the South American Championship. In the 1959 competition he was named best player of the tournament and was top scorer with 8 goals, as Brazil came second despite being unbeaten in the tournament. [56] [60] He scored in five of Brazil’s six games, including two goals against Chile and a hat-trick against Paraguay. [61]

1962 World Cup

Pele with Brazil taking on Italy's Giovanni Trapattoni at the San Siro, Milan in 1963 Italy v Brazil, 12 May 1963 - Trapattoni and Pele.jpg
Pelé with Brazil taking on Italy's Giovanni Trapattoni at the San Siro, Milan in 1963

When the 1962 World Cup started, Pelé was the best rated player in the world. [62] In the first match of the 1962 World Cup in Chile, against Mexico, Pelé assisted the first goal and then scored the second one, after a run past four defenders, to go up 2–0. [63] He injured himself in the next game while attempting a long-range shot against Czechoslovakia. [64] This would keep him out of the rest of the tournament, and forced coach Aymoré Moreira to make his only lineup change of the tournament. The substitute was Amarildo, who performed well for the rest of the tournament. However, it was Garrincha who would take the leading role and carry Brazil to their second World Cup title, after beating Czechoslovakia at the final in Santiago. [65]

1966 World Cup

Pelé was the most famous footballer in the world during the 1966 World Cup in England, and Brazil fielded some world champions like Garrincha, Gilmar and Djalma Santos with the addition of other stars like Jairzinho, Tostão and Gérson, leading to high expectations for them. [66] Brazil was eliminated in the first round, playing only three matches. [66] The World Cup was marked, among other things, for brutal fouls on Pelé that left him injured by the Bulgarian and Portuguese defenders. [67]

Pelé scored the first goal from a free kick against Bulgaria, becoming the first player to score in three successive FIFA World Cups, but due to his injury, a result of persistent fouling by the Bulgarians, he missed the second game against Hungary. [66] Brazil lost that game and Pelé, although still recovering, was brought back for the last crucial match against Portugal at Goodison Park in Liverpool by the Brazilian coach Vicente Feola. Feola changed the entire defense, including the goalkeeper, while in midfield he returned to the formation of the first match. During the game, Portugal defender João Morais fouled Pelé, but was not sent off by referee George McCabe; a decision retrospectively viewed as being among the worst refereeing errors in World Cup history. [68] Pelé had to stay on the field limping for the rest of the game, since substitutes were not allowed at that time. [68] After this game he vowed he would never again play in the World Cup, a decision he would later change. [62]

1970 World Cup

Pele trading card from the Mexico 70 series by Panini Panini pele photo only.jpg
Pelé trading card from the Mexico 70 series by Panini

Pelé was called to the national team in early 1969, he refused at first, but then accepted and played in six World Cup qualifying matches, scoring six goals. [69] The 1970 World Cup in Mexico was expected to be Pelé's last. Brazil's squad for the tournament featured major changes in relation to the 1966 squad. Players like Garrincha, Nilton Santos, Valdir Pereira, Djalma Santos and Gilmar had already retired. However, Brazil's 1970 World Cup squad, which included players like Pelé, Rivelino, Jairzinho, Gérson, Carlos Alberto Torres, Tostão and Clodoaldo, is often considered to be the greatest football team in history. [70] [71]

Mario Zagallo (Brazil's 1970 coach with Pele in 2008). Zagallo said of Pele: "A kid in Sweden [1958 World Cup] gave signs of genius, and in Mexico [1970 World Cup] he fulfilled all that promise and closed the book with a golden key. And I had the privilege to see it all from close up." Zagalloepele.jpg
Mário Zagallo (Brazil's 1970 coach with Pelé in 2008). Zagallo said of Pelé: "A kid in Sweden [1958 World Cup] gave signs of genius, and in Mexico [1970 World Cup] he fulfilled all that promise and closed the book with a golden key. And I had the privilege to see it all from close up."

The front five of Jairzinho, Pelé, Gerson, Tostão and Rivelino together created an attacking momentum, with Pelé having a central role in Brazil's way to the final. [73] All of Brazil's matches in the tournament (except the final) were played in Guadalajara, and in the first match against Czechoslovakia, Pelé gave Brazil a 2–1 lead, by controlling Gerson's long pass with his chest and then scoring. In this match Pelé attempted to lob goalkeeper Ivo Viktor from the half-way line, only narrowly missing the Czechoslovak goal. [74] Brazil went on to win the match, 4–1. In the first half of the match against England, Pelé nearly scored with a header that was saved by the England goalkeeper Gordon Banks. [75] In the second half, he controlled a cross from Tostão before flicking the ball to Jairzinho who scored the only goal. [76]

Against Romania, Pelé scored two goals, with Brazil winning by a final score of 3–2. In the quarterfinals against Peru, Brazil won 4–2, with Pelé assisting Tostão for Brazil's third goal. In their semi-final match, Brazil faced Uruguay for the first time since the 1950 World Cup final round match. Jairzinho put Brazil ahead 2–1, and Pelé assisted Rivelino for the 3–1. During that match, Pelé made one of his most famous plays. [74] Tostão passed the ball for Pelé to collect which Uruguay's goalkeeper Ladislao Mazurkiewicz took notice of and ran off his line to get the ball before Pelé. However, Pelé got there first and fooled Mazurkiewicz with a feint by not touching the ball, causing it to roll to the goalkeepers left, while Pelé went to the goalkeepers right. Pelé ran around the goalkeeper to retrieve the ball and took a shot while turning towards the goal, but he turned in excess as he shot, and the ball drifted just wide of the far post. [77]

Brazil played Italy in the final at the Azteca Stadium in Mexico City. [78] Pelé scored the opening goal with a header after outjumping Italian defender Tarcisio Burgnich. Brazil’s 100th World Cup goal, Pelé‘s leap of joy into the arms of teammate Jairzinho in celebrating the goal is regarded as one of the most iconic moments in World Cup history. [79] He then made assists on Brazil's third goal, scored by Jairzinho, and the fourth finished by Carlos Alberto. The last goal of the game is often considered the greatest team goal of all time because it involved all but two of the team's outfield players. The play culminated after Pelé made a blind pass that went into Carlos Alberto's running trajectory. He came running from behind and struck the ball to score. [80] Brazil won the match 4–1, keeping the Jules Rimet Trophy indefinitely, and Pelé received the Golden Ball as player of the tournament. [56] [81] Burgnich, who marked Pelé during the final, was quoted saying "I told myself before the game, he's made of skin and bones just like everyone else — but I was wrong". [82]

Pelé's last international match was on 18 July 1971 against Yugoslavia in Rio de Janeiro. With Pelé on the field, the Brazilian team's record was 67 wins, 14 draws and 11 losses. [69] Brazil never lost a match while fielding both Pelé and Garrincha. [83]

Style of play

Pele dribbling past a defender while playing for Brazil, May 1960 Pele 1960.jpg
Pelé dribbling past a defender while playing for Brazil, May 1960

Pelé has also been known for connecting the phrase "The Beautiful Game" with football. [84] A prolific goalscorer, he was known for his ability to anticipate opponents in the area and finish off chances with an accurate and powerful shot with either foot. [39] [85] [86] Pelé was also a hard-working team-player, and a complete forward, with exceptional vision and intelligence, who was recognised for his precise passing, and ability to link-up with teammates and provide them with assists. [87] [88] [89]

In his early career, he played in a variety of attacking positions. Although he usually operated inside the penalty area as a main striker or centre-forward, his wide range of skills also allowed him to play in a more withdrawn role, as an inside forward or second striker, or out wide. [74] [87] [90] In his later career, he took on more of a deeper playmaking role behind the strikers, often functioning as an attacking midfielder. [91] [92] [93] Pelé's unique playing style combined speed, creativity, and technical skill with physical power, stamina, and athleticism. His excellent technique, balance, flair, agility, and dribbling skills enabled him to beat opponents with the ball, and frequently saw him use sudden changes of direction and elaborate feints in order to get past players, such as his trademark move, the drible da vaca. [74] [90] [94] Another one of his signature moves was the paradinha, or little stop. [note 3] [95]

Despite his relatively small stature, 5 feet 8 inches (1.73 m), [96] he excelled in the air, due to his heading accuracy, timing, and elevation. [85] [88] [94] [97] Renowned for his bending shots, he was also an accurate free-kick taker, and penalty taker, although he often refrained from taking penalties, stating that he believed it to be a cowardly way to score. [98] [99]

Pelé was also known to be a fair and highly influential player, who stood out for his charismatic leadership and sportsmanship on the pitch. His warm embrace of Bobby Moore following the Brazil vs England game at the 1970 World Cup is viewed as the embodiment of sportsmanship, with The New York Times stating the image “captured the respect that two great players had for each other. As they exchanged jerseys, touches and looks, the sportsmanship between them is all in the image. No gloating, no fist-pumping from Pelé. No despair, no defeatism from Bobby Moore.” [100] Pelé also earned a reputation for often being a decisive player for his teams, due to his tendency to score crucial goals in important matches. [101] [102] [103]

Reception and legacy

"Pelé was one of the few who contradicted my theory: instead of 15 minutes of fame, he will have 15 centuries."

Andy Warhol. [26]

"My name is Ronald Reagan, I'm the President of the United States of America. But you don't need to introduce yourself, because everyone knows who Pelé is."

—US President Ronald Reagan, greeting Pelé at the White House. [26]

Pelé is one of the most lauded players in history and is frequently ranked the best player ever. [104] [105] [106] Among his contemporaries, Dutch star Johan Cruyff stated; "Pelé was the only footballer who surpassed the boundaries of logic." [26] Brazil's 1970 FIFA World Cup-winning captain Carlos Alberto Torres opined; "His great secret was improvisation. Those things he did were in one moment. He had an extraordinary perception of the game." [26] Tostão, his strike partner at the 1970 World Cup; "Pelé was the greatest – he was simply flawless. And off the pitch he is always smiling and upbeat. You never see him bad-tempered. He loves being Pelé." [26] His Brazilian teammate Clodoaldo commented on the adulation he witnessed; "In some countries they wanted to touch him, in some they wanted to kiss him. In others they even kissed the ground he walked on. I thought it was beautiful, just beautiful." [26]

Pelé is the greatest player of all time. He reigned supreme for 20 years. There's no one to compare with him.

West Germany's 1974 World Cup-winning captain Franz Beckenbauer. [56]

Former Real Madrid and Hungary star Ferenc Puskás stated; "The greatest player in history was Di Stéfano. I refuse to classify Pelé as a player. He was above that." [26] Just Fontaine, French striker and leading scorer at the 1958 World Cup; "When I saw Pelé play, it made me feel I should hang up my boots." [26] England's 1966 FIFA World Cup-winning captain Bobby Moore commented: "Pelé was the most complete player I've ever seen, he had everything. Two good feet. Magic in the air. Quick. Powerful. Could beat people with skill. Could outrun people. Only five feet and eight inches tall, yet he seemed a giant of an athlete on the pitch. Perfect balance and impossible vision. He was the greatest because he could do anything and everything on a football pitch. I remember Saldanha the coach being asked by a Brazilian journalist who was the best goalkeeper in his squad. He said Pelé. The man could play in any position". [85] Former Manchester United striker and member of England's 1966 FIFA World Cup-winning team Sir Bobby Charlton stated; "I sometimes feel as though football was invented for this magical player." [26] During the 1970 World Cup, when Manchester United defender Paddy Crerand (who was part of the ITV panel) was asked; "How do you spell Pelé?", he replied with the response; "Easy: G-O-D." [26]

Accolades

1969 Brazil postage stamp commemorating Pele's landmark 1,000th goal Selo Pele 1000 gols 10 cts.jpg
1969 Brazil postage stamp commemorating Pelé's landmark 1,000th goal

Since retiring, Pelé has continued to be lauded by players, coaches, journalists and others. Brazilian attacking midfielder Zico, who represented Brazil at the 1978, 1982 and 1986 FIFA World Cup, stated; "This debate about the player of the century is absurd. There's only one possible answer: Pelé. He's the greatest player of all time, and by some distance I might add". [56] French three time Balon D'or winner Michel Platini said; "There's Pelé the man, and then Pelé the player. And to play like Pelé is to play like God." Joint FIFA Player of the Century, Argentina's 1986 FIFA World Cup-winning captain Diego Maradona stated; "It's too bad we never got along, but he was an awesome player". [56] Prolific Brazilian striker Romário, winner of the 1994 FIFA World Cup and player of the tournament; "It's only inevitable I look up to Pelé. He's like a God to us". [56] Five-time FIFA Ballon d'Or winner Cristiano Ronaldo said: "Pelé is the greatest player in football history, and there will only be one Pelé", while José Mourinho, two-time UEFA Champions League winning manager, commented; "I think he is football. You have the real special one – Mr. Pelé." [107] Real Madrid honorary president and former player, Alfredo Di Stéfano, opined: "The best player ever? Pelé. Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo are both great players with specific qualities, but Pelé was better". [108]

Pele wearing the Cosmos' #10. The number was retired in his honor Pele libro elegido.jpg
Pelé wearing the Cosmos' #10. The number was retired in his honor

Presenting Pelé the Laureus Lifetime Achievement Award, former South African president Nelson Mandela said; "To watch him play was to watch the delight of a child combined with the extraordinary grace of a man in full." [109] US politician and political scientist Henry Kissinger stated, "Performance at a high level in any sport is to exceed the ordinary human scale. But Pelé's performance transcended that of the ordinary star by as much as the star exceeds ordinary performance." [110] After a reporter asked if his fame compared to that of Jesus, Pelé quipped, "There are parts of the world where Jesus Christ is not so well known." [82]

Young visitors to the Pele Museum, opened in 2014, in Santos, Brazil Alckmin prestigia inauguracao do Museu Pele em Santos. (14251157108).jpg
Young visitors to the Pelé Museum, opened in 2014, in Santos, Brazil

In 1999, the International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS) voted Pelé the World Player of the Century. That same year, the International Olympic Committee elected him the Athlete of the Century. According to the IFFHS, Pelé is the most successful league goal-scorer in the world, scoring 1281 goals in 1363 games, which included unofficial friendlies and tour games. In 1999, Time magazine named Pelé one of the 100 Most Important People of the 20th Century. During his playing days, Pelé was for a period the highest-paid athlete in the world. [111] Pelé's "electrifying play and penchant for spectacular goals" made him a star around the world. To take full advantage of his popularity, his teams toured internationally. [39] During his career, he became known as "The Black Pearl" (A Pérola Negra), "The King of Football" (O Rei do Futebol), "The King Pelé" (O Rei Pelé) or simply "The King" (O Rei). [11] In 2014, the city of Santos inaugurated the Pelé museum – Museu Pelé – which displays a 2,400 piece collection of Pelé memorabilia. [112] Approximately $22 million was invested in the construction of the museum, housed in a 19th century mansion. [113]

Personal life

Relationships and children

Children of Pelé
  • By Anizia Machado
    • Sandra (1964–2006)
  • By Lenita Kurtz
    • Flávia (born 1968)
  • By Rosemeri dos Reis Cholbi
    • Kelly Cristina (born 1967)
    • Edson (born 1970)
    • Jennifer (born 1978)
  • By Assíria Lemos Seixas
    • Joshua (born 1996)
    • Celeste (born 1996)
A practicing Catholic, Pele donated a signed jersey to Pope Francis. Accompanied with a signed football from Ronaldo, it is located in one of the Vatican Museums. Pele's jersey donated to Pope Francis.JPG
A practicing Catholic, Pelé donated a signed jersey to Pope Francis. Accompanied with a signed football from Ronaldo, it is located in one of the Vatican Museums.

Pelé has married three times, and has had several affairs, producing several children. On 21 February 1966, Pelé married Rosemeri dos Reis Cholbi. [115] They had two daughters and one son: Kelly Cristina (born 13 January 1967), who married Dr. Arthur DeLuca, Jennifer (b. 1978), and their son Edson ("Edinho", b. 27 August 1970). The couple divorced in 1982. [116] In May 2014, Edinho was jailed for 33 years for laundering money from drug trafficking. [117] On appeal the sentence was reduced to 12 years and 10 months. [118]

From 1981 to 1986, Pelé was romantically linked with TV presenter Xuxa, which was influential in launching her career. She was 17 when they started dating. [119] In April 1994, Pelé married psychologist and gospel singer Assíria Lemos Seixas, who gave birth on 28 September 1996 to twins Joshua and Celeste through fertility treatments. The couple divorced in 2008. [120]

Pelé had at least two more children from former affairs. Sandra Machado, who was born from an affair Pelé had in 1964 with a housemaid, Anizia Machado, fought for years to be acknowledged by Pelé, who refused to submit to DNA tests. [121] [122] [123] Although she was recognized by courts as his biological daughter based on DNA evidence in 1993, Pelé never acknowledged his eldest daughter even after her death in 2006, nor her two children, Octavio and Gabriel. [122] [123] Pelé also had another daughter, Flávia Kurtz, in an extramarital affair in 1968 with journalist Lenita Kurtz. Flávia was recognized by him as his daughter. [121]

At the age of 73, Pelé announced his intention to marry 41-year-old Marcia Aoki, a Japanese-Brazilian importer of medical equipment from Penápolis, São Paulo, whom he had been dating from 2010. They first met in the mid-1980s in New York, before meeting again in 2008. [124] They married in July 2016. [125]

Politics

In 1970, Pelé was investigated by the Brazilian military dictatorship for suspected leftist sympathies. Declassified documents showed Pelé was investigated after being handed a manifesto calling for the release of political prisoners. Pelé himself did not get further involved within political struggles in the country. [126]

In 1976, Pelé was on a Pepsi-sponsored trip in Lagos, Nigeria, when that year's attempted Military Coup took place. Pelé was trapped in a hotel together with Arthur Ashe and other tennis pros, who were participating in the interrupted 1976 Lagos WCT tournament. Pelé and his crew eventually left the hotel to stay at the residence of Brazil's ambassador as they couldn't leave the country for a couple of days. Later the airport was opened and Pelé left the country disguised as a pilot. [127] [128]

In June 2013, he was criticized in public opinion for his conservative views. [129] [130] During the 2013 protests in Brazil, Pelé asked for people to "forget the demonstrations" and support the Brazil national team. [131]

Health

In 1977, Brazilian media reported that Pelé had his right kidney removed. [132] In November 2012, Pelé underwent a successful hip operation. [133] In December 2017, Pelé appeared in a wheelchair at the 2018 World Cup draw in Moscow where he was pictured with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Diego Maradona. [134] A month later he collapsed from exhaustion and was taken to hospital. [134]

After football

Pele at the White House on 10 September 1986, with U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Brazil President Jose Sarney Ronald Reagan with Pele, President Sarney of Brazil.jpg
Pelé at the White House on 10 September 1986, with U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Brazil President José Sarney

In 1994, Pelé was appointed a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador. [135] In 1995, Brazilian President Fernando Henrique Cardoso appointed Pelé to the position of Extraordinary Minister for Sport. During this time he proposed legislation to reduce corruption in Brazilian football, which became known as the "Pelé law." [136] Pelé left his position in 2001 after he was accused of involvement in a corruption scandal that stole $700,000 from UNICEF. It was claimed that money given to Pelé's company for a benefit match was not returned after it was cancelled, although nothing was proven, and it was denied by UNICEF. [137] [138] In 1997, he received an honorary knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II at a ceremony in Buckingham Palace. [139] Pelé also helped inaugurate the 2006 FIFA World Cup finals, alongside supermodel Claudia Schiffer. [71]

Pele, Brazil's Extraordinary Minister for Sport, with US President Bill Clinton in Rio de Janeiro, 15 October 1997 Pele-Clinton 1997.jpg
Pelé, Brazil's Extraordinary Minister for Sport, with US President Bill Clinton in Rio de Janeiro, 15 October 1997

In 1993, Pelé publicly accused the Brazilian football administrator Ricardo Teixeira of corruption after Pelé's television company was rejected in a contest for the Brazilian domestic rights to the 1994 World Cup. [140] Pelé accusations led to an eight-year feud between the pair. [141] As a consequence of the affair, the President of FIFA, João Havelange banned Pelé from the draw for the 1994 FIFA World Cup in Las Vegas. Criticisms over the ban were perceived to have negatively affected Havelange's chances of re-election as FIFA's president in 1994. [140]

Pelé has published several autobiographies, starred in documentary films, and composed musical pieces, including the soundtrack for the film Pelé in 1977. [142] He appeared in the 1981 film Escape to Victory , about a World War II-era football match between Allied prisoners of war and a German team. Pelé starred alongside other footballers of the 1960s and 1970s, with actors Michael Caine, and Sylvester Stallone. [143] in 1969, Pelé starred in a telenovela called Os Estranhos, about first contact with aliens. It was created to drum up interest in the Apollo missions. [144] In 2001, had a cameo role in the satire film, Mike Bassett: England Manager . [145]

Pele at the World Economic Forum in Switzerland, 2006 Pele - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2006.jpg
Pelé at the World Economic Forum in Switzerland, 2006

In November 2007, Pelé was in Sheffield, England to mark the 150th anniversary of the world's oldest football club, Sheffield F.C. [146] Pelé was the guest of honour at Sheffield's anniversary match against Inter Milan at Bramall Lane. [146] As part of his visit, Pelé opened an exhibition which included the first public showing in 40 years of the original hand-written rules of football. [146] Pelé scouted for Premier League club Fulham in 2002. [147] He made the draw for the qualification groups for the 2006 FIFA World Cup finals. [148] On 1 August 2010, Pelé was introduced as the Honorary President of a revived New York Cosmos, aiming to field a team in Major League Soccer. [149] In August 2011, ESPN reported that Santos were considering bringing him out of retirement for a cameo role in the 2011 FIFA Club World Cup, although this turned out to be false. [150]

Brazil President Lula and Pele in commemoration of 50 years since the first World Cup title won by Brazil in 1958, at the Palacio do Planalto, 2008 Pele & Lula.jpg
Brazil President Lula and Pelé in commemoration of 50 years since the first World Cup title won by Brazil in 1958, at the Palácio do Planalto, 2008

The most notable area of Pelé's life since football is his ambassadorial work. In 1992, he was appointed a UN ambassador for ecology and the environment. [151] He was also awarded Brazil's Gold Medal for outstanding services to the sport in 1995. In 2012, Pelé was awarded an honorary degree from the University of Edinburgh for "significant contribution to humanitarian and environmental causes, as well as his sporting achievements". [152]

In 2009, Pelé assisted the Rio de Janeiro bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics. In July 2009 he spearheaded the Rio 2016 presentation to the Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa General Assembly in Abuja, Nigeria. [153]

On 12 August 2012, Pelé was an attendee at the 2012 Olympic hunger summit hosted by UK Prime Minister David Cameron at 10 Downing Street, London, part of a series of international efforts which have sought to respond to the return of hunger as a high-profile global issue. [154] [155] Later on the same day, Pelé appeared at the closing ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, following the handover section to the next host city for the 2016 Summer Olympics, Rio de Janeiro. [156]

Pele with Vladimir Putin at the opening of the Confederations Cup 2017 in Saint Petersburg, Russia The opening of the Confederations Cup 2017 in St. Petersburg 14.jpg
Pelé with Vladimir Putin at the opening of the Confederations Cup 2017 in Saint Petersburg, Russia

In March 2016, Pelé filed a lawsuit against Samsung Electronics in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois seeking US$30 million in damages claiming violations under the Lanham Act for false endorsement and a state law claim for violation of his right of publicity. [157] The suit alleged, that at one point Samsung and Pelé came close to entering into a licensing agreement for Pelé to appear in a Samsung advertising campaign. Samsung abruptly pulled out of the negotiations. The October 2015 Samsung ad in question, included a partial face shot of a man who allegedly "very closely resembles" Pelé and also a superimposed high-definition television screen next to the image of the man featuring a "modified bicycle or scissors-kick", often used by Pelé. [157]

Honours

International

Brazil

Club

Santos

New York Cosmos

Individual

In December 2000, Pelé and Maradona shared the prize of FIFA Player of the Century by FIFA. [167] The award was originally intended to be based upon votes in a web poll, but after it became apparent that it favoured Diego Maradona, many observers complained that the Internet nature of the poll would have meant a skewed demographic of younger fans who would have seen Maradona play, but not Pelé. FIFA then appointed a "Family of Football" committee of FIFA members to decide the winner of the award together with the votes of the readers of the FIFA magazine. The committee chose Pelé. Since Maradona was winning the Internet poll, however, it was decided he and Pelé should share the award. [168]

Orders

Personal records

Career statistics

Club

Pelé's goalscoring record is often reported by FIFA as being 1281 goals in 1363 games. [56] This figure includes goals scored by Pelé in friendly club matches, like international tours Pelé completed with Santos and the New York Cosmos, and a few games Pelé played in for the Brazilian armed forces teams during his national service in Brazil. [245] He was listed in the Guinness World Records for most career goals scored in football. [246]

The tables below record every goal Pelé scored in major club competitions for Santos and the New York Cosmos.

ClubSeason Campeonato Paulista Rio-São Paulo [note 6] Campeonato Brasileiro Série A [note 7] Domestic competitions
Sub-total
International CompetitionsTotal
Official
Total inc.
Friendlies
Copa Libertadores Intercontinental Cup
AppsGoalsAppsGoalsAppsGoalsAppsGoalsAppsGoalsAppsGoalsAppsGoalsAppsGoals
Santos 19560*0*11112*2*
195714+15*19+17* [note 8] [note 9] 9538*41*38*41*67*57*
1958385888466646*66*60*80*
1959 [250] 3245764*2*395143*53*83*100*
1960 [251] 303330003333000033*33*67*59*
19612647785*73355000038*62*74*110*
19622637005*2*26374*4*2537*48*50*62*
1963 [252] 19228144*827364*5*123651*52*67*
19642134436*725370*0*0031*44*47*57*
19653049754*2*37547*80048*64*66*97*
196614130*0*5*2*14*13*000019*15*38*31*
1967181714*9*32*26*000032*26*65*56*
1968211717*11*38*28*000038*28*73*55*
1969252612*12*37*38*000037*38*61*57*
197015713*4*28*11*000028*11*54*47*
1971198211409000040972*60*
197220916536140000361474*55*
19731911301949300000493066*45*
197410117927100000271049*19*
Total4124705349173*100*638*619*1517 [note 10] 3765664311201033*
ClubSeason League Post seasonOtherTotal
AppsGoalsAppsGoalsAppsGoalsAppsGoals
NY Cosmos 19759514102315
197622132218114226
19772513641164223
Total563186432710764

International

Pelé is the top scorer of the Brazil national football team with 77 goals in 92 official appearances. [56] In addition, he scored 18 times in 22 unofficial games. This makes an unofficial total of 114 games and 95 goals. He also scored 12 goals and is credited with 10 assists in 14 World Cup appearances, including 4 goals and 7 assists in 1970. [17] Pelé shares with Uwe Seeler, Miroslav Klose and Cristiano Ronaldo the achievement of being the only players to have scored in four separate World Cup tournaments. [253] [254]

#DateVenueHomeResultVisitorCompetitionGoalsCumulative Goals
1.7 July 1957Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil 1–2Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Roca Cup 11
2.10 July 1957São PauloFlag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil 2–0Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Roca Cup 12
3.4 May 1958Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil 5–1Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay Oswaldo Cruz Cup13
4.14 May 1958Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil 4–0Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Friendly03
5.18 May 1958São PauloFlag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil 3–1Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Friendly25
6.15 June 1958GothenburgFlag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil 2–0Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union World Cup 05
7.19 June 1958GothenburgFlag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil 1–0Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales World Cup 16
8.24 June 1958StockholmFlag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil 5–2Flag of France.svg  France World Cup 39
9.29 June 1958StockholmFlag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil 5–2Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden World Cup 211
10.10 March 1959Buenos AiresFlag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil 2–2Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru Copa América 112
11.15 March 1959Buenos AiresFlag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil 3–0Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Copa América 214
12.21 March 1959Buenos AiresFlag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil 4–2Flag of Bolivia (state).svg  Bolivia Copa América 115
13.26 March 1959Buenos AiresFlag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil 3–1Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Copa América 015
14.29 March 1959Buenos AiresFlag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil 4–1Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay Copa América 318
15.4 April 1959Buenos AiresFlag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 1–1Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil Copa América 119
16.13 May 1959Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil 2–0Flag of England.svg  England Friendly019
17.17 September 1959Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil 7–0Flag of Chile.svg  Chile O'Higgins Cup322
18.20 September 1959São PauloFlag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil 1–0Flag of Chile.svg  Chile O'Higgins Cup022
19.29 April 1960CairoFlag of the United Arab Republic.svg  United Arab Republic 0–5Flag of Brazil (1960-1968).svg  Brazil Friendly022
20.1 May 1960AlexandriaFlag of the United Arab Republic.svg  United Arab Republic 1–3Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Friendly325
21.6 May 1960CairoFlag of the United Arab Republic.svg  United Arab Republic 0–3Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Friendly025
22.10 May 1960CopenhagenFlag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 3–4Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Friendly025
23.9 July 1960MontevideoFlag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 0–1Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Atlantic Cup 025
24.12 July 1960Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 5–1Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Atlantic Cup 126
25.21 April 1962Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 6–0Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay Oswaldo Cruz Cup127
26.24 April 1962São PauloFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 4–0Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay Oswaldo Cruz Cup229
27.6 May 1962São PauloFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2–1Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Friendly029
28.9 May 1962Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1–0Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Friendly130
29.12 May 1962Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 3–1Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales Friendly131
30.16 May 1962São PauloFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 3–1Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales Friendly233
31.30 May 1962Viña del MarFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2–0Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico World Cup 134
32.2 June 1962Viña del MarFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 0–0Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia World Cup 034
33.13 April 1963São PauloFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2–3Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Roca Cup 034
34.16 April 1963Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 5–2Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Roca Cup 337
35.21 April 1963LisbonFlag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 1–0Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Friendly037
36.28 April 1963ParisFlag of France.svg  France 2–3Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Friendly340
37.2 May 1963AmsterdamFlag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 1–0Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Friendly040
38.5 May 1963HamburgFlag of Germany.svg  West Germany 1–2Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Friendly141
39.12 May 1963MilanFlag of Italy.svg  Italy 3–0Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Friendly041
40.30 May 1964Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 5–1Flag of England.svg  England Taça das Nações142
41.3 June 1964São PauloFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 0–3Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Taça das Nações042
42.7 June 1964Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 4–1Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Taça das Nações143
43.2 June 1965Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 5–0Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Friendly346
44.6 June 1965Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2–0Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany Friendly147
45.9 June 1965Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 0–0Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Friendly047
46.17 June 1965OranFlag of Algeria.svg  Algeria 0–3Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Friendly148
47.24 June 1965PortoFlag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 0–0Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Friendly048
48.30 June 1965StockholmFlag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 1–2Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Friendly149
49.4 July 1965MoscowFlag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 0–3Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Friendly251
50.21 November 1965Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2–2Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union Friendly152
51.19 May 1966Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1–0Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Friendly052
52.4 June 1966São PauloFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 4–0Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru Friendly153
53.8 June 1966Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2–1Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Friendly053
54.12 June 1966Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2–1Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia Friendly255
55.15 June 1966Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2–2Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia Friendly156
56.25 June 1966GlasgowFlag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 1–1Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Friendly056
57.30 June 1966GöteborgFlag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 2–3Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Friendly056
58.12 July 1966LiverpoolFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2–0Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria World Cup 157
59.19 July 1966LiverpoolFlag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 3–1Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil World Cup 057
60.25 July 1968AsunciónFlag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay 0–4Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Oswaldo Cruz Cup259
61.28 July 1968AsunciónFlag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay 1–0Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Oswaldo Cruz Cup059
62.31 October 1968Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1–2Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Friendly059
63.3 November 1968Belo HorizonteFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2–1Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Friendly160
64.6 November 1968Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2-1FIFA XIFriendly060
65.14 December 1968Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2–2Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany Friendly060
66.17 December 1968Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 3–3Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia Friendly161
67.7 April 1969Porto AlegreFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2–1Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru Friendly061
68.9 April 1969Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 3–2Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru Friendly162
69.12 June 1969Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2–1Flag of England.svg  England Friendly062
70.6 August 1969BogotáFlag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 0–2Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil World Cup Qualifiers 062
71.10 August 1969CaracasFlag of Venezuela (state).svg  Venezuela 0–5Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil World Cup Qualifiers 264
72.17 August 1969AsunciónFlag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay 0–3Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil World Cup Qualifiers 064
73.21 August 1969Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 6–2Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia World Cup Qualifiers 165
74.24 August 1969Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 6–0Flag of Venezuela (state).svg  Venezuela World Cup Qualifiers 267
75.31 August 1969Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1–0Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay World Cup Qualifiers 168
76.4 March 1970Porto AlegreFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 0–2Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Friendly068
77.8 March 1970Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2–1Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Friendly169
78.22 March 1970São PauloFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 5–0Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Friendly271
79.26 March 1970Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2–1Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Friendly071
80.12 April 1970Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 0–0Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay Friendly071
81.26 April 1970São PauloFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 0–0Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Friendly071
82.29 April 1970Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1–0Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Friendly071
83.3 June 1970GuadalajaraFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 4–1Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia World Cup 172
84.7 June 1970GuadalajaraFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1–0Flag of England.svg  England World Cup 072
85.10 June 1970GuadalajaraFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 3–2Flag of Romania.svg  Romania World Cup 274
86.14 June 1970GuadalajaraFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 4–2Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru World Cup 074
87.17 June 1970GuadalajaraFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 3–1Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay World Cup 074
88.21 June 1970Mexico CityFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 4–1Flag of Italy.svg  Italy World Cup 175
89.30 September 1970Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2–1Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Friendly075
90.4 October 1970Santiago de ChileFlag of Chile.svg  Chile 1–5Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Friendly176
91.11 July 1971São PauloFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1–1Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Friendly177
92.18 July 1971Rio de JaneiroFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2–2Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia Friendly077
Non-full international appearances (22) and goals (19)
#DateVenueHomeResultVisitorGoalsCumulative GoalsNotes
1.1958-05-21São Paulo Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 5–0 Flag of Brazil.svg Corinthians 00
2.1960-05-08Malmö Flag of Sweden.svg Malmö FF 1–7 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 22
3.1960-05-12Milano Flag of Italy.svg Inter Milan 2–2 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 24
4.1960-05-16Lisbon Flag of Portugal.svg Sporting Lisbon 0–4 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 04
5.1963-05-03Eindhoven Flag of the Netherlands.svg PSV Eindhoven 0–1 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 04
6.1966-05-01Rio de Janeiro Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 2–0 Flag of Brazil.svg Rio Grande do Sul 04
7.1966-06-21Madrid Flag of Spain.svg Atlético Madrid 3–5 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 37
8.1966-07-04Stockholm Flag of Sweden.svg AIK 2–4 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 29
9.1966-07-06Malmö Flag of Sweden.svg Malmö FF 1–3 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 211
10.1968-11-13Curitiba Flag of Brazil.svg Selection of Paraná1–2 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 011
11.1969-07-06Salvador Flag of Brazil.svg Bahia 0–4 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 112
12.1969-07-09Aracaju Flag of Brazil.svg Sergipe2–8 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 012
13.1969-07-13Recife Flag of Brazil.svg Pernambuco1–6 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 113
14.1969-08-01Bogotá Flag of Colombia.svg Millonarios 0–2 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 013
15.1969-09-03Belo Horizonte Flag of Brazil.svg Minas Gerais2–1 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 114
16.1970-03-14Rio de Janeiro Flag of Brazil.svg Bangu 1–1 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 014
17.1970-04-05Manaus Flag of Brazil.svg Amazonas A1–4 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 115
18.1970-04-19Belo Horizonte Flag of Brazil.svg Minas Gerais1–3 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 015
19.1970-05-06 Guadalajara Flag of Mexico.svg Guadalajara XI0–3 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 116
20.1970-05-17 León Flag of Mexico.svg León XI2–5 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 218
21.1970-05-24 Irapuato Flag of Mexico.svg Irapuato 0–3 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 018
22.1973-12-19 Rio de Janeiro Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 2–1Rest of the World119 [255] [256]

Non-full International appearances (playing for club teams)

Non-full International appearances (playing for club teams) (46) and goals (51)
#DatePelé´s teamResultOpponentGoalsCumulative Goals
1.21/01/1959 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 3–1 Flag of Costa Rica.svg Costa Rica 00
2.17/02/1959 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 3–2 Flag of Curacao.svg Curaçao 00
3.23/05/1959 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 3–3 Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria 22
4.24/05/1959 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 2–0 Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria 13
5.25/05/1960 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 5–2 Flag of Poland.svg Poland 25
6.18/01/1961 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 2–1 Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia 27
7.29/01/1961 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 3–1 Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala 29
8.11/06/1961 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 3–1 Flag of Israel.svg Israel 110
9.14/02/1962 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 3–1 Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil 111
10.10/12/1962 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 2–1 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union 112
11.16/01/1965 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 6–4 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia 315
12.28/05/1967 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 4–1 Flag of Senegal.svg Senegal 318
13.31/05/1967 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 4–0 Flag of Gabon.svg Gabon 119
14.02/06/1967 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 2–1 Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg Congo 120
15.04/06/1967 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 2–1 Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg Ivory Coast 121
16.07/06/1967 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 3–2 Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg Congo 324
17.13/01/1968 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 4–1 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia 024
18.26/01/1969 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 2–2 Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria 226 [257]
19.09/02/1969 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 1–1 Flag of Algeria.svg Algeria 026
20.19/01/1969 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 3–2 Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg Congo 228
21.21/01/1969 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 2–0 Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg Congo 028
22.23/01/1969 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 2–3 Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg Congo 230
23.10/12/1970 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 4–1 Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong 232
24.11/12/1970 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 4–0 Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong 335
25.13/12/1970 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 5–2 Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong 136
26.17/12/1970 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 4–0 Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong 238
27.23/01/1971 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 4–1 Flag of France.svg Martinique 139
28.31/01/1971 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 1–1 Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica 039
29.26/01/1971 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 2-1 Flag of France.svg Guadeloupe 140
30.17/02/1971 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 2–0 Flag of Haiti.svg Haiti 040
31.26/05/1972 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 3–0 Flag of Japan.svg Japan 242
32.02/06/1972 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 3–2 Flag of South Korea.svg Korea 143
33.10/06/1972 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 6–1 Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand 245
34.17/06/1972 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 2–2 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia 045
35.21/06/1972 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 3–2 Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia 146
36.05/09/1972 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 1–0 Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago 147
37.12/02/1973 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 1–1 Flag of Kuwait.svg Kuwait 148
38.16/02/1973 Flag of Brazil.svg Santos 7–1 Flag of Bahrain.svg Bahrain 250
39.23/05/1976 Flag of the United States.svg American All-Stars0–4 Flag of Italy.svg Italy 050
40.31/05/1976 Flag of the United States.svg American All-Stars1–3 Flag of England.svg England 050
41.08/09/1976 Flag of the United States.svg New York Cosmos 1–1 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada 050
42.10/09/1976 Flag of the United States.svg New York Cosmos 1–3 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada 050
43.25/09/1976 Flag of the United States.svg New York Cosmos 2–2 Flag of Japan.svg Japan 050
44.14/09/1977 Flag of the United States.svg New York Cosmos 1–3 Flag of Japan.svg Japan 050
45.17/09/1977 Flag of the United States.svg New York Cosmos 1–1 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China 050
46.20/09/1977 Flag of the United States.svg New York Cosmos 1–2 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China 151

[4] [2]

FIFA World Cup goals

FIFA World Cup goals
#DateVenueOpponentScoreResultWorld CupRound
1.1958-06-19 Ullevi, Gothenburg, SwedenFlag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales 1–01–0 1958 Quarterfinal
2.1958-06-24 Råsunda Stadium, Solna, SwedenFlag of France.svg  France 1–32–5 1958 Semifinal
3.1958-06-24 Råsunda Stadium, Solna, SwedenFlag of France.svg  France 1–42–5 1958 Semifinal
4.1958-06-24 Råsunda Stadium, Solna, SwedenFlag of France.svg  France 1–52–5 1958 Semifinal
5.1958-06-29 Råsunda Stadium, Solna, SwedenFlag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 1–32–5 1958 Final
6.1958-06-29 Råsunda Stadium, Solna, SwedenFlag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 2–52–5 1958 Final
7.1962-05-30 Estadio Sausalito, Viña del Mar, ChileFlag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 2– 02–0 1962 Group stage
8.1966-07-12 Goodison Park, Liverpool, EnglandFlag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 1–02–0 1966 Group stage
9.1970-06-03 Estadio Jalisco, Guadalajara, MexicoFlag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 2–14–1 1970 Group stage
10.1970-06-10 Estadio Jalisco, Guadalajara, MexicoFlag of Romania.svg  Romania 1–03–2 1970 Group stage
11.1970-06-10 Estadio Jalisco, Guadalajara, MexicoFlag of Romania.svg  Romania 3–13–2 1970 Group stage
12.1970-06-21 Estadio Azteca, Mexico City, MexicoFlag of Italy.svg  Italy 1–04–1 1970 Final

Source: [69]

TeamYearTournamentFriendlyTotalGoal average
AppsGoalsAppsGoalsAppsGoals
Brazil 19572200221.00
19584633791.13
1959811109111.22
19602141620.89
1961000000-
19624444881.00
19632354770.88
19643200320.67
19650089891.13
19662174950.85
1967000000-
19680074740.63
19696631970.71
197064941580.57
19710021210.50
Total4143513492770.84
Career total (incl. unofficial matches) [258] 41436956114950.83

Summary

Pelé numbers differ between sources mostly due to friendly games. The RSSSF states that Pelé scored 767 goals in 831 official games, 1281 goals in 1365 overall while he was active, and 1284 in 1375 taking into account benefit games after retirement. [234] The following table is a compendium of sources that include data from Santos and FIFA official websites among others. [259]

MatchesGoalsRatio
Domestic Tournaments7026560.94
International Tournaments18241.33
Brazil national football team 92770.84
Official8127570.93
Friendly matches and defunct Tournaments5545260.95
Total136612830.94
MatchesGoalsRatio
International matches (Official and Friendlies)5034790.95
Domestic matches (Official and Friendlies)8638040.93
Total136612830.94
MatchesGoalsRatio
Santos FC [260] 111610910.98
New York Cosmos [260] 111650.59
Brazil 114950.83
Other25321.28
Total136612830.94

See also

Notes

  1. Pelé presumed that it was an insult since the word had no meaning in Portuguese. He discovered in the 2000s that the word meant "miracle" in Hebrew. [10]
  2. The mark was surpassed by Northern Ireland's Norman Whiteside in the 1982 FIFA World Cup. He scored his first World Cup goal against Wales in quarter-finals, the only goal of the match, to help Brazil advance to semifinals, while becoming the youngest ever World Cup goalscorer at 17 years and 239 days. [53]
  3. Pelé would stop in the middle of a run-up to a penalty kick before shooting the ball; goalkeepers complained that this gave strikers an unfair advantage, however, and in the 1970s, FIFA banned this move from competitions. [95]
  4. The 1973 Paulista was held jointly with Portuguesa. [163]
  5. The 1964 Torneio Rio-São Paulo was held jointly with Botafogo. [165]
  6. Soccer Europe compiled this list from The Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. [247]
  7. Statistics from 1957 to 1974 for the Taça de Prata, Taça Brasil and Copa Libertadores were taken from Soccer Europe website. Soccer Europe lists The Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation, but do not give a season-by-season breakdown. [248]
  8. In 1957, the Paulista Championship was divided in two phases: Blue Series and White Series. In the first, Pelé scored 19 goals in 14 games, and in the Blue Series, scored 17 goals in 15 games. See [249]
  9. This number was inferred from a Santos fixture list from rsssf.com and this list of games Pelé played.
  10. Statistics from 1957 to 1974 for the Taça de Prata, Taça Brasil and Copa Libertadores were taken from Soccer Europe website. Soccer Europe lists The Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation, but do not give a season-by-season breakdown. [248]

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