IIHF Inline Hockey World Championship

Last updated
IIHF Inline Hockey World Championship
Sport Inline hockey
Founded1996
Ceased2017
Last
champion(s)
Flag of the United States.svg  United States (2017)
Most titlesFlag of the United States.svg  United States (7 titles)
Official website IIHF.com

The IIHF Inline Hockey World Championships was an annual international men's inline hockey tournament organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF). The first World Championship was held in 1996 in which eleven nations participated. In 2003, sixteen nations took part and were split into two divisions. The top eight teams played for the World Championship and the other eight played for the Division I title. The last format in use featured the World Championship, Division I and three regional qualification tournaments. The World Championship and Division I tournament were played on odd years and the qualification tournaments were played on even years. The United States was the tournament's most dominant team, winning the World Championship seven times. After 20 editions, the IIHF cancelled the tournament in June 2019.

The International Ice Hockey Federation is a worldwide governing body for ice hockey and in-line hockey. It is based in Zurich, Switzerland, and has 76 members. It manages international ice hockey tournaments and maintains the IIHF World Ranking.

The United States men's national inline hockey team is based in Colorado Springs, Colorado. The team that competes in the IIHF InLine Hockey World Championships is controlled by USA Hockey, while the team that competes in the FIRS Senior Men's Inline Hockey World Championships is controlled by USA Roller Sports. The United States has won 6 of 18 IIHF gold medals and 14 of 18 FIRS gold medals at world championships.

Contents

History

The IIHF Inline Hockey World Championship is one of the youngest IIHF events, but one that has largely grown in importance since its inception in 1996. Inline hockey as a sport has grown rapidly since 1996 and now more nations than ever are fielding teams and the World Championship is becoming increasingly more competitive. During the first three years of the IIHF Inline Hockey World Championship, North American teams dominated the field. The United States and Canada finished in first and second place at each of the first three championships, in which the United States played host to each year.

In 1998, the format of the tournament changed and so, for the first time, did the gold medalist. The tournament was expanded to include two groups, one with the top eight teams in Anaheim, California and the other group, with the next eight nations, hosted in Bratislava, Slovakia. This was one of the earliest signs of inline hockey’s growing popularity around the globe. Canada upset the two-time world champion and hosts, Team USA, for the gold medal. The 2000 World Championship was the first true shift in the standings to Europe’s advantage. Finland finally upgraded its bronze medal and went home with the gold after defeating the hosts, the Czech Republic, in the final game. Team USA closed out the medal winners with a bronze medal. The 2000 World Championship also featured New Zealand and Chile in the world championship mix for the first time. Overall, the 2000 tournament had teams from four continents (North America, South America, Europe and Australia) represented.

New Zealand Country in Oceania

New Zealand is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island, and the South Island —and around 600 smaller islands. It has a total land area of 268,000 square kilometres (103,500 sq mi). New Zealand is situated some 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, fungal, and plant life. The country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington, while its most populous city is Auckland.

Chile Republic in South America

Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. Chilean territory includes the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas, and Easter Island in Oceania. Chile also claims about 1,250,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi) of Antarctica, although all claims are suspended under the Antarctic Treaty.

In 2001, Finland won the gold medal for the second straight year, edging out the host again, this time, Team USA. The Czech Republic took home a medal for the second straight year, earning the bronze medal and again four continents were represented. In 2002, Sweden emerged from out of nowhere to win its first-ever medal, which proved to be gold. The highest the Swede’s had ever finished in the A Group was fifth and it was just Sweden’s third season in the top Group. That year, Germany gave the fans in Nurnberg something to cheer about, earning its first medal at the Inline Hockey World Championship, a bronze medal effort.

In 2003, it was Finland squeaking past Sweden in the final game, while Team USA returned to the podium, claiming the bronze medal. In 2010, USA won its fifth championship, first since 2006 and in 2012, Canada won its first championship since 1998. In July 2015 it was announced that the World Championships would be changed from an annual tournament to a biennial tournament. [1] The change means that three qualification tournaments will be held in the even years to earn promotion to Division I, starting in 2016, and the World Championships will be held in the odd years, starting in 2017. [1] The qualification tournaments have been restructured into three regions to lower travel costs with the regions now being Africa/South America, Asia/Oceania, and Europe/North America. [1] In January 2016 the IIHF announced that two of the qualification tournaments had been realigned with North America moving into the Africa/South America tournament to become Americas/Africa, leaving Europe to have its own qualification tournament. [2]

In June 2019 the IIHF announced that they would no longer govern inline hockey or organize the Inline Hockey World Championships. [3] The IIHF had earlier cancelled the 2019 edition of the tournament due to a lack of applications for hosting the event. [3]

Format

The current format for the World Championships features 16 teams: 8 teams in the Top Division and 8 teams in Division I. If more than 16 teams wish to participate then qualification tournaments are held. In the Preliminary round the 16 teams are split into 4 groups (Groups A through D) with Groups A and B forming the Top Division, and the Groups C and D forming Division I. The teams play each other in a round robin format, and then all teams proceed to the quarterfinals. Single game elimination rounds are played to establish 1st through 8th place.

A round-robin tournament is a competition in which each contestant meets all other contestants in turn. A round-robin contrasts with an elimination tournament, in which participants are eliminated after a certain number of losses.

The IIHF consists of two tournaments. The Top Division tournament is the main one and below that is the Division I tournament. At the end of the tournament the best seven teams of the Top Division and the winner of Division I will be qualified for the next IIHF Inline Hockey World Championship Top Division. The last-placed team of the Top Division will be relegated to the next IIHF Inline Hockey World Championship Division I. Additionally, the bottom three placed teams in Division I are relegated to the Qualification tournaments which are split into the three regions of Africa / South America, Asia / Oceania, and Europe / North America. [1] The winners of the Qualification tournaments will gain promotion to the next Division I tournament. [1]

The ranking of the groups is based according to the result of the last World Championships performance of the respective countries in the IIHF Inline Hockey Program and the qualification rounds. All games in the preliminary round and in the playoffs will be played with 5-minute sudden-death overtime and a penalty shootout in case of a tie. The final games will be played with a 12- minute sudden-death overtime, followed by a penalty shootout competition in case of a tie.

Divisions

The last format of the IIHF Inline Hockey World Championships involved the Top Division and Division I playing on odd years and three regional qualification tournaments playing on even years. The regional qualification tournaments were Americas/Africa, Asia/Oceania and Europe. [2] For a full list of IIHF members, see List of members of the International Ice Hockey Federation.

Top Division and Division I

The Top Division comprised the top eight inline hockey nations in the world, split into Groups A and B. Division I comprised eight teams, split into Groups C and D.

TeamAppearancesDebutMost recentBest result
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 12 1998 2017 12th (2001, 2015)
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 19 1996 2017 9th (2000)
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 19 1996 2015 4th (2007)
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 2 2002 2004 15th (2002, 2004)
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 13 2000 2017 8th (2001)
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 4 2008 2015 16th (2008, 2012, 2013, 2015)
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 12 1996 2017 1st (1998, 2012, 2015)
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 2 2000 2002 14th (2000)
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei 2 2005 2009 15th (2009)
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 8 2006 2017 8th (2017)
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 2 1996 1997 5th (1997)
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 18 1998 2017 1st (2011)
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 20 1996 2017 1st (2000, 2001, 2003, 2014)
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 20 1996 2017 2nd (2012)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 16 1998 2017 8th (2012, 2014)
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 17 2000 2017 9th (2001, 2002, 2005)
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 3 1996 1998 7th (1996, 1998)
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 15 1996 2014 9th (2003)
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia 3 2014 2017 10th (2017)
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia 3 2005 2007 13th (2006)
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 3 1997 2000 8th (2000)
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 10 2000 2017 10th (2007)
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 1 2005 2005 15th (2005)
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 3 1996 1998 4th (1997)
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia 18 2000 2017 2nd (2008)
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 15 2002 2017 4th (2012)
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 4 2003 2011 16th (2003, 2007, 2009, 2011)
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 18 1998 2017 1st (2002, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009)
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 3 1996 1998 3rd (1997)
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 20 1996 2017 1st (1996, 1997, 2004, 2006, 2010, 2013, 2017)

Qualification tournaments

The IIHF ran regional qualification tournaments in the year prior to the World Championship. The winner of each tournament qualified for a place in the Division I tournament. The last regional qualification tournaments to be used were Americas/Africa, Asia/Oceania and Europe.

Key:

TeamAppearancesDebutMost recentBest result
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 2 2013 ROTW 2015 ROTW 1st (2013 ROTW, 2015 ROTW)
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 1 2016 E 2016 E 2nd (2016 E)
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 1 2016 E 2016 E 6th (2016 E)
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1 2013 ROTW 2013 ROTW 2nd (2013 ROTW)
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 5 2010 E 2016 E 1st (2012 E, 2013 E, 2015 E)
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 1 2015 ROTW 2015 ROTW 3rd (2015 ROTW)
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei 2 2012 ROTW 2016 AO 2nd (2012 ROTW)
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 1 2010 E 2010 E 1st (2010 E)
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong 1 2015 ROTW 2015 ROTW 2nd (2015 ROTW)
Flag of India.svg  India 1 2016 AO 2016 AO 4th (2016 AO)
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland 1 2014 E 2014 E 2nd (2014 E)
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel 3 2010 E 2016 E 2nd (2015 E)
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 1 2016 AO 2016 AO 2nd (2016 AO)
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia 3 2013 E 2016 E 1st (2014 E, 2016 E)
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  Macedonia 5 2012 E 2016 E 3rd (2012 E, 2014 E)
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia 2 2009 A 2011 A 2nd (2009 A, 2011 A)
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 2 2012 ROTW 2016 AO 1st (2012 ROTW, 2016 AO)
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 2 2015 E 2016 E 3rd (2015 E)
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 3 2009 A 2012 ROTW 1st (2009 A, 2011A)
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 4 2010 E 2016 E 2nd (2012 E)

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References

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