Timaru was a parliamentary electorate, in New Zealand's South Island. It existed continuously from 1861 to 1996 and was represented by eleven Members of Parliament.
In the 1860 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of representatives by 12, reflecting the immense population growth since the original electorates were established in 1853. The redistribution created 15 additional electorates with between one and three members, and Timaru was one of the single-member electorates.The electorates were distributed to provinces so that every province had at least two members. Within each province, the number of registered electors by electorate varied greatly. The Timaru electorate had 121 registered electors for the 1861 election.
The electorate is partly urban, and is based on the South Canterbury city of Timaru.
The electorate was formed in 1861 for the 3rd Parliament and existed continuously until the 1996 election.
Francis Jollie was the first representative. In the 1866 election, he successfully stood for Gladstone. Alfred Cox was the next representative. At the nomination meeting, Nathan Fisher was put forward as a candidate but he declined to stand, and Cox was declared elected unopposed.Cox resigned in 1868 partway through the term. Edward Stafford won the resulting 1868 by-election. He represented the electorate for a decade and resigned in 1878.
Richard Turnbull won the 1878 by-election and represented Timaru until 1890, when he died on 17 July.He had contested the 1887 election against Edward George Kerr, the proprietor of The Timaru Herald , and had won with a comfortable majority.
William Hall-Jones won the 1890 by-election. He became Prime Minister during his term, and retired in 1908.
James Craigie was the next representative, from the 1908 election. He retired in 1922. Craigie was succeeded by Frank Rolleston, who was defeated at the 1928 election.
From 1928 to 1985, the seat was held by two Labour MPs: Rev Clyde Carr a Christian minister who was a supporter of John A. Lee and remained a backbencher; and then Sir Basil Arthur a hereditary baronet and later Speaker of the House.
David Lange recalled in My Life (2005) the death of Sir Basil, and also that Labour lost the subsequent 1985 by-election when "the Labour Party organisation insisted on the selection of a candidate who could hardly be less suited to the place" and "was a good lawyer but she did not live in Timaru, and her opinions, and even her appearance, were at odds with the conservative character of the electorate." Jim Sutton won the seat back for Labour in 1993.
Independent Liberal Liberal Reform Labour NationalIndependent
|1861 election||Francis Jollie|
|1866 election||Alfred Cox|
|1868 by-election||Edward Stafford|
|1878 by-election||Richard Turnbull|
|1890 by-election||William Hall-Jones|
|1908 election||James Craigie|
|1922 election||Frank Rolleston|
|1928 election||Clyde Carr|
|1962 by-election||Sir Basil Arthur|
|1985 by-election||Maurice McTigue|
|1993 election||Jim Sutton|
|(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Aoraki)|
|NZ First||Jenny Bloxham||1,459||6.74|
|Christian Heritage||S Brodie||200||0.92|
|Natural Law||S Sole||59||0.27|
|Independent||S R Lusby||53||0.24|
|NZ Party||J M Simpson||53||0.24|
|NZ Party||Bill Greenslade||2,998||13.65|
|Social Credit||Lynley Simmons||1,628||7.41||+2.10|
|Values||J S B Luck||54||0.25|
|Independent Labour||Alan Falloon||31||0.14|
|National gain from Labour||Swing|
|Labour||Sir Basil Arthur||11,033||48.13||+3.96|
|NZ Party||Christine Musgrave||1,855||8.09|
|Social Credit||Lynley Simmons||1,217||5.31||-14.06|
|Labour||Sir Basil Arthur||9,281||44.77||-3.98|
|Social Credit||Lynley Simmons||4,015||19.37|
|Labour||Sir Basil Arthur||9,977||48.75||+1.27|
|Social Credit||Ted Rapsey||2,180||10.65|
|Values||L A Durland||512||2.50|
|Labour||Sir Basil Arthur||8,815||47.48||-10.77|
|Social Credit||Ted Rapsey||1,140||6.14|
|Labour||Sir Basil Arthur||9,760||58.25||+2.24|
|Social Credit||J H L Body||599||3.57|
|New Democratic||D W Armstrong||186||1.11|
|Labour||Sir Basil Arthur||9,412||56.01||+0.95|
|Social Credit||Maurice Hayes||1,084||6.44||-2.58|
|Labour||Sir Basil Arthur||8,929||55.06||-1.28|
|National||Norman Stanley Brown||5,821||35.90|
|Social Credit||Maurice Hayes||1,464||9.02||+4.62|
|Labour||Sir Basil Arthur||9,334||56.34||+3.79|
|National||Maurice John O'Reilly||6,503||39.25|
|Social Credit||Maurice Hayes||729||4.40||+0.43|
|Labour||Sir Basil Arthur||7,578||52.55|
|Social Credit||Maurice Hayes||572||3.97|
|National||Ronald Erle White||7,260||46.81|
|Social Credit||Francis C. Isitt||542||3.49||-0.11|
|Independent||J R Rae||90||0.58|
|Social Credit||Francis C. Isitt||562||3.60|
|Social Credit||George Edmonds||2,853||20.50|
|National||William Leslie Richards||6,701||47.98|
|Reform||Herbert N. Armstrong||4,587||41.11|
|Independent Liberal||James Stephen Keith||816||20.51|
|Independent Labour||Joseph Mahoney||72||1.81|
|Independent Liberal||William Hall-Jones||472||31.78||-22.31|
|Independent||Edward George Kerr||420||28.28||-16.62|
|Conservative||Samuel Frederick Smithson||218||14.68|
|Liberal||Philip E Thoreau||9||0.61|
|Independent Liberal||William Hall-Jones||422||49.41|
|Independent||Edward George Kerr||344||40.28|
|Independent Labour||W F Alpin||88||10.30|
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